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Adlerian Play Therapy
Kottman Chapters 1-3
Adlerian Principles
 People Are Socially Embedded
• Family
• Neighborhood
• School
Psychological Boxes
 Smart
 Lazy
 Good
 Bad
 Phobic
Social Interest
 Sense of Connectedness
 Sense of Belonging
 Sense of Friendliness
 Primary Responsiblity of Counselor to
Work with Parent to Foster Social
Interest
People Are Goal Directed
 Behavior is Purposeful
 Understanding Goals is Key
 Behavior Tells Us What the Goals Are
 Four Basic Goals of Discouraged
Children
Four mistaken goals of
discouraged children
 Attention
 Power
 revenge
 display of inadequacy
Determining the Child’s Goal
 Child’s Behavior
 People’s Reaction to Child’s Behavior
 Child’s Reaction to Correction
Goals of Positive Behavior
 Attention, Involvement, Contribution
 Autonomy and Self-Responsibility
 Justice and Fairness
 Avoiding Conflict and Acceptance of
Other Peoples Opinion
The Ultimate Goal of Therapy
 Move from Goals of Misbehavior to
Goals of Positive Behavior
People view Life Subjectively
 Children sometimes make erroneous
conclusions/interpretations
 Sometimes these faulty conclusions are
incorporated into their lifestyle--Basic
convictions about themselves, others,
and the world
Inferiority
 Inferiority is the distance between self-
perception and self-ideal
 Two responses to inferiority are:
• Discouragement
• Inspiration
 Encouragement is a key antidote to
being overwhelmed by feeling of
inferiority
People are creative
 Help client explore:
• Assets
• Lifestyle
• Goals
• Behaviors
Four Phases of Counseling
 Building the relationship
 Exploring client’s lifestyle
 Helping client gain insight into their
lifestyle
 Reeducating about how to reach goals
more constructively
Play therapy techniques
 Tracking
 Restatement of content
 Reflection of feeling
 Questioning strategies
 Active interaction with the child
 Cleaning room together/limit setting
 Encouragement
Investigating Child’s Lifestyle
 Observation of child’s play
 Questioning techniques with child and
parents
 Art therapy
Lifestyle Investigation
 What are goals of child’s behavior?
 What is the family constellation?
 What is the family atmosphere?
 What are child’s early recollections?
Insight
 Lifestyle information is organized by the
counselor and shared with the child and
parent(s)
 Tentative hypotheses, metaphors, and
humor are used to help child and
parent(s) decide which behaviors,
attitudes,thoughts, and feelings they
want to change
Reeducation
 The counselor helps the child and
parent(s) move from insight into action,
i.e. develop new ways of interacting with
others
• Brainstorming
• Problems solving
• Teaching
Adlerian Play Therapy Overview
 5types of toys and theapuetic uses
• Family/nurtuting toys----family contellation
and atmosphere
• Scary toys----mistaken beliefs, perceived
threats and past traumas
• Aggressive toys----control and trust issues
• Expressive toys---feelings, family
relationships and their unique creativity
• Pretend/fantasy toys----relationships and
practice new behaviors
Family/nuturing toys-examples
 doll house
 dolls
 animal families
 people puppets
 stuffed animals
 sand /sandbox
Scary toys-examples
 snakes
 rats
 dinosaurs
 alligator
 shark
Aggressive toys-examples
 punch bag
 weapons--dart gun,sword, rubber knives
 toy soldiers, tanks, cannons
 plastic shield
 handcuffs
Expressive toys-examples
 easel and paints
 crayons and markers
 play dough or clay
 finger paints
 glue, newsprint,scissors
Pretend/fantasy toys-examples
 masks
 doctors kit
 dress up clothes
 cars, trucks, airplanes, boats
 puppets and theatre
 magic wands
 telephones
kottman1-3-adlerian-play-therapy.ppt

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kottman1-3-adlerian-play-therapy.ppt

  • 2. Adlerian Principles  People Are Socially Embedded • Family • Neighborhood • School
  • 3. Psychological Boxes  Smart  Lazy  Good  Bad  Phobic
  • 4. Social Interest  Sense of Connectedness  Sense of Belonging  Sense of Friendliness  Primary Responsiblity of Counselor to Work with Parent to Foster Social Interest
  • 5. People Are Goal Directed  Behavior is Purposeful  Understanding Goals is Key  Behavior Tells Us What the Goals Are  Four Basic Goals of Discouraged Children
  • 6. Four mistaken goals of discouraged children  Attention  Power  revenge  display of inadequacy
  • 7. Determining the Child’s Goal  Child’s Behavior  People’s Reaction to Child’s Behavior  Child’s Reaction to Correction
  • 8. Goals of Positive Behavior  Attention, Involvement, Contribution  Autonomy and Self-Responsibility  Justice and Fairness  Avoiding Conflict and Acceptance of Other Peoples Opinion
  • 9. The Ultimate Goal of Therapy  Move from Goals of Misbehavior to Goals of Positive Behavior
  • 10. People view Life Subjectively  Children sometimes make erroneous conclusions/interpretations  Sometimes these faulty conclusions are incorporated into their lifestyle--Basic convictions about themselves, others, and the world
  • 11. Inferiority  Inferiority is the distance between self- perception and self-ideal  Two responses to inferiority are: • Discouragement • Inspiration  Encouragement is a key antidote to being overwhelmed by feeling of inferiority
  • 12. People are creative  Help client explore: • Assets • Lifestyle • Goals • Behaviors
  • 13. Four Phases of Counseling  Building the relationship  Exploring client’s lifestyle  Helping client gain insight into their lifestyle  Reeducating about how to reach goals more constructively
  • 14. Play therapy techniques  Tracking  Restatement of content  Reflection of feeling  Questioning strategies  Active interaction with the child  Cleaning room together/limit setting  Encouragement
  • 15. Investigating Child’s Lifestyle  Observation of child’s play  Questioning techniques with child and parents  Art therapy
  • 16. Lifestyle Investigation  What are goals of child’s behavior?  What is the family constellation?  What is the family atmosphere?  What are child’s early recollections?
  • 17. Insight  Lifestyle information is organized by the counselor and shared with the child and parent(s)  Tentative hypotheses, metaphors, and humor are used to help child and parent(s) decide which behaviors, attitudes,thoughts, and feelings they want to change
  • 18. Reeducation  The counselor helps the child and parent(s) move from insight into action, i.e. develop new ways of interacting with others • Brainstorming • Problems solving • Teaching
  • 19. Adlerian Play Therapy Overview  5types of toys and theapuetic uses • Family/nurtuting toys----family contellation and atmosphere • Scary toys----mistaken beliefs, perceived threats and past traumas • Aggressive toys----control and trust issues • Expressive toys---feelings, family relationships and their unique creativity • Pretend/fantasy toys----relationships and practice new behaviors
  • 20. Family/nuturing toys-examples  doll house  dolls  animal families  people puppets  stuffed animals  sand /sandbox
  • 21. Scary toys-examples  snakes  rats  dinosaurs  alligator  shark
  • 22. Aggressive toys-examples  punch bag  weapons--dart gun,sword, rubber knives  toy soldiers, tanks, cannons  plastic shield  handcuffs
  • 23. Expressive toys-examples  easel and paints  crayons and markers  play dough or clay  finger paints  glue, newsprint,scissors
  • 24. Pretend/fantasy toys-examples  masks  doctors kit  dress up clothes  cars, trucks, airplanes, boats  puppets and theatre  magic wands  telephones