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Human Trafficking for CSE In Goa:
Situation, Interventions and
Challenges.
I. Introduction:
 •Human     trafficking for commercial sexual
 exploitation is a universal phenomenon.

 •Goa   is also affected with the problem of human
 trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation.

 •Goais mainly a destination state i.e a large
 number of victims are from outside the state.

 •The  national study conducted by the NHRC in
 2005 found that Goa is one of the major
 destinations states in India.
Statistics:
    State/Country - Number of Victims

Sl. No Country           Total
                         Number
1        Bangladesh                 4
2        Nepal                     27
3        Russia                     2
4        India                    146
         Total                    179
Sl. No    State           Total Number
1        Andhra Pradesh             14
2        Assam                      5
3        Bihar                      1
4        Delhi                      2
5        Goa                        16
6        Gujarat                    1
7        Karnataka                  7
8        Kerala                     1
9        Maharashtra                5
10       Manipur                    31
11       Mizoram                    4
12       Madhya Pradesh             1
13       Mumbai                     39
14       Nagaland                   8
15       Rajasthan                  1
16       Sikkim                     1
17       UP                         3
18       Uttarakhand                1
19       West Bengal                9
II. Human trafficking in Goa

               Forms

Hotel   and lodge
Flat
Dance Club
Conference
Massage Parlour
Statistics
  Forms             No of victims

  Hotel and lodge   44

  Flat              38

  Dance club        45

  Conference        10

  Massage Parlour   42
Trafficking from Nagaland
 A notorious massage parlor owner
  from Goa advertised in the local
  news paper for beautician.
 Interview conducted in Nagaland.
 Taken to Goa.
 Rescued by the Goa police after
  information from Mizoram police.
III. Interventions: 1. Rescue
    AHTU Unit – Now units in each district.
    Local police station also involved in rescue.
    Nodal Ngo Appointed
    Nodal office - WCD
    SDM involved in Rescue - Sec 16
    Rescue along with Ngo members.
    No discrimination based on age.
    Victim Friendly
    Statement in the presence of Ngo members.
    Ngo members accompany the victim and the police for
     medical examination.
    Ngo member accompany the victim when the victim is
     produced before the CWC/Magistrate for safe custody and
2. Safety & Protection:
 Production      before       the
  magistrate/CWC in all the
  cases.
 Not    allowed without the
  permission of the magistrate
 GCA prevents meeting of the
  members
3. Inquiry
   No  discrimination based on Age
   Sec 17
   Magistrate Visits the Protective Home
   Assistance of panel members
   Home Investigation Report
   Report of the Counselor
   Views of the Victim
   Final Order
4. Repatriation
  InIndia and also to Nepal and
  Bangladesh

  Escort   – Expenses by the state
  Government,              Counselor
  accompanies the victim, lady police
  officers.

  Average   Time for Indian
5. Rehabilitation at Protective Home:
  One Protective Home as per Sec 21 of
   ITPA.
  Being managed by the Department of
   Women & Child Development, Goa
  Yearly average – 50 inmates.
  DWCD & Arz collaboration since 2001.
  DWCD:       Administration,      protection,
   shelter, escorting, food, clothing , etc
  Arz – Counseling, Income generation,
   self development, recreation, follow-up,
   mobilization of services in Goa and
   source states, after care, etc
6. Non Institutional Rehabilitation
I. Swift Wash –
 Economic rehabilitation to members of
   prostitution Market
 Employment - ESI, Provident Fund
 Initial Support – Ration, rent, deposit, etc
 Psycho        –      Social       Services   –
  Counseling, Psychiatrist, Health, legal, etc
 Crèche
 Education of Children
2. PRABHAT
   A scheme drafted by DWCD in consultation
    with Ngo in Goa.

   Victims can be of any age or gender.

   Option of institution and non institution based
    rehabilitation to the victim.

   Scheme provides various kinds of options -
    education, vocational training, job, economic
    enterprise, etc.
7. Prosecution
  Children’s  Court – Child Friendly.
  No special Court – established by the
   state sec 22 A and central
   government sec 22AA
  Trials take time.
  Low Conviction Rate : Victims
   repatriated or/and rehabilitated.
IV. Role of service providers in the source
states:
1. Social Welfare/Ngo
     Address verification
     Tracing Family
     Home Investigation Report
     Arranging for Documents – Citizen Certificate,
      Birth certificate, Identity proof of relatives.
     Receiving Victims
     Escorting the victims
     Services to the victims and family – Counseling,
      protection, rehabilitation, follow-up
     Arranging for victims at the time of deposition of
      victims during the trial.
     Sharing Information about the trafficking.
2. Police:

 Sharing  Information about
  Trafficking of girls for CSE.
 Taking action against the traffickers
  when received information from the
  destination state.
 Verifying the information shared by
  the victim and the traffickers.
Areas requires attention:
 Speedy   Home Investigation Report.
 Speedy Repatriation
 Transit/short stay shelter for the adult
  victims.
 Prosecution of traffickers in Transit and
  source.
 Rehabilitation services for the victims in
  source states to prevent re-trafficking.
 Arranging victim for deposition.
How we can achieve?

 Knowledge     about services,
 Sharing of information about the
  traffickers, their networks and modus
  operandi and collaboration.
 Learning from each other’s work.
 Collaboration between the service
  providers.
Thank You

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Kohima consultation - Arun

  • 1. Human Trafficking for CSE In Goa: Situation, Interventions and Challenges.
  • 2. I. Introduction: •Human trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation is a universal phenomenon. •Goa is also affected with the problem of human trafficking for commercial sexual exploitation. •Goais mainly a destination state i.e a large number of victims are from outside the state. •The national study conducted by the NHRC in 2005 found that Goa is one of the major destinations states in India.
  • 3. Statistics: State/Country - Number of Victims Sl. No Country Total Number 1 Bangladesh 4 2 Nepal 27 3 Russia 2 4 India 146 Total 179
  • 4. Sl. No State Total Number 1 Andhra Pradesh 14 2 Assam 5 3 Bihar 1 4 Delhi 2 5 Goa 16 6 Gujarat 1 7 Karnataka 7 8 Kerala 1 9 Maharashtra 5 10 Manipur 31 11 Mizoram 4 12 Madhya Pradesh 1 13 Mumbai 39 14 Nagaland 8 15 Rajasthan 1 16 Sikkim 1 17 UP 3 18 Uttarakhand 1 19 West Bengal 9
  • 5. II. Human trafficking in Goa Forms Hotel and lodge Flat Dance Club Conference Massage Parlour
  • 6. Statistics Forms No of victims Hotel and lodge 44 Flat 38 Dance club 45 Conference 10 Massage Parlour 42
  • 7. Trafficking from Nagaland  A notorious massage parlor owner from Goa advertised in the local news paper for beautician.  Interview conducted in Nagaland.  Taken to Goa.  Rescued by the Goa police after information from Mizoram police.
  • 8. III. Interventions: 1. Rescue  AHTU Unit – Now units in each district.  Local police station also involved in rescue.  Nodal Ngo Appointed  Nodal office - WCD  SDM involved in Rescue - Sec 16  Rescue along with Ngo members.  No discrimination based on age.  Victim Friendly  Statement in the presence of Ngo members.  Ngo members accompany the victim and the police for medical examination.  Ngo member accompany the victim when the victim is produced before the CWC/Magistrate for safe custody and
  • 9. 2. Safety & Protection:  Production before the magistrate/CWC in all the cases.  Not allowed without the permission of the magistrate  GCA prevents meeting of the members
  • 10. 3. Inquiry  No discrimination based on Age  Sec 17  Magistrate Visits the Protective Home  Assistance of panel members  Home Investigation Report  Report of the Counselor  Views of the Victim  Final Order
  • 11. 4. Repatriation  InIndia and also to Nepal and Bangladesh  Escort – Expenses by the state Government, Counselor accompanies the victim, lady police officers.  Average Time for Indian
  • 12. 5. Rehabilitation at Protective Home:  One Protective Home as per Sec 21 of ITPA.  Being managed by the Department of Women & Child Development, Goa  Yearly average – 50 inmates.  DWCD & Arz collaboration since 2001.  DWCD: Administration, protection, shelter, escorting, food, clothing , etc  Arz – Counseling, Income generation, self development, recreation, follow-up, mobilization of services in Goa and source states, after care, etc
  • 13. 6. Non Institutional Rehabilitation I. Swift Wash –  Economic rehabilitation to members of prostitution Market  Employment - ESI, Provident Fund  Initial Support – Ration, rent, deposit, etc  Psycho – Social Services – Counseling, Psychiatrist, Health, legal, etc  Crèche  Education of Children
  • 14.
  • 15. 2. PRABHAT  A scheme drafted by DWCD in consultation with Ngo in Goa.  Victims can be of any age or gender.  Option of institution and non institution based rehabilitation to the victim.  Scheme provides various kinds of options - education, vocational training, job, economic enterprise, etc.
  • 16. 7. Prosecution  Children’s Court – Child Friendly.  No special Court – established by the state sec 22 A and central government sec 22AA  Trials take time.  Low Conviction Rate : Victims repatriated or/and rehabilitated.
  • 17. IV. Role of service providers in the source states: 1. Social Welfare/Ngo  Address verification  Tracing Family  Home Investigation Report  Arranging for Documents – Citizen Certificate, Birth certificate, Identity proof of relatives.  Receiving Victims  Escorting the victims  Services to the victims and family – Counseling, protection, rehabilitation, follow-up  Arranging for victims at the time of deposition of victims during the trial.  Sharing Information about the trafficking.
  • 18. 2. Police:  Sharing Information about Trafficking of girls for CSE.  Taking action against the traffickers when received information from the destination state.  Verifying the information shared by the victim and the traffickers.
  • 19. Areas requires attention:  Speedy Home Investigation Report.  Speedy Repatriation  Transit/short stay shelter for the adult victims.  Prosecution of traffickers in Transit and source.  Rehabilitation services for the victims in source states to prevent re-trafficking.  Arranging victim for deposition.
  • 20. How we can achieve?  Knowledge about services,  Sharing of information about the traffickers, their networks and modus operandi and collaboration.  Learning from each other’s work.  Collaboration between the service providers.