SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 13
KEVIN LYNCH
site planning
Vandana S. Talikoti
M.Arch (HD)
2nd sem
• Shopping centers and commercial strips
• Industrial districts
• Institutions
• Open spaces
• Renewal
Shopping centers and commercial strips
• The location of shopping center depends on analysis of market, its
accessibility, distribution of population, its buyers, the location of its
competitors, means of access, its capacity, time distance and customary routes
to travel for other purpose.
• Position of major intersection or close to free ways makes accesses
complicated.
• Position along the highway which is already flowing full and used by high
speed through traffic discourage the customers.
A common thumb rule divides the shopping centers into three types
1. The neighborhood center, dominated by a super market containing about
40,00 sq. feet selling area and serving 10,000 people.
2. A community center featuring departmental store have 100,000-300,000 sq.
feet area and serves 20,000 to 100,000 people.
3. Regional center have land of 50-75 acre for 3-4 departmental store for a mass
population.
Typical shopping center
layouts.
• Centers usually take of the general form, which maybe as
traditional pattern as a street or strip or maybe bent in U or
L shape sets back from the artery it facing.
• The general forms maybe varied further by using two levels
instead of one by allowing the vehicles to penetrate the
interior of the building, by making the stores double
fronted and by roofing the pedestrian ways.
• In high density areas the stores maybe sandwiched
between the layers of parking and the store can be multi
level.
Sources : kevin lynch ,
site planning book
Store location
• The location of the store is critical as the location should expose store fronts
to the maximum foot traffic.
• Certain stores are considered to be primary attractions to draw customers
by their own power.
• These stores not only pull customers but also pull buyers past other stores,
and also distributed traffic evenly.
• The activities such as movie goers or people buying weeks grocery must not
be allowed to interfere with other movements in the center.
• Secondary activates are distributed to encourage balanced pedestrian
movements in the center.
• Grouping of shops such as women's wear, family ware, food, house ware
and so on.
• Cinemas, car accessories sale and super markets are placed separately, and
these can be redirected from the parking it self.
• The entrance from the parking and from the bus terminals, stair ways,
elevators and escalator are the details of the pedestrian movement.
Shopping centers and commercial
strips
Stone town shopping center, san Francisco, California. A
typical new mall showing its large external parking lots,
lack of fit with the surroundings.
Sources : google images
Circulation
• The relation between the circulation of cars, service trucks and shoppers on
the foot are the standard are the prominent criteria to be dealt.
• Vehicular accesses has been put to one side of the store and the pedestrian
on the other.
• This pattern creates the pedestrian world along the front of the stores,
within a given distance from the shopping area. But the view from the street
on entering may not be handsomer.
• By designing a special entrances, giving stores double frontages and using
prominent signs some of the problems maybe dealt such as
a. How to cross service zone ?
b. Where to go to reach the store they want
c. Washrooms
d. Food courts
• Usually these shopping centers are designed for people arriving by private
vehicles, some centers are now providing bus terminals as integral part.
Parking
• The simple standard relate to the number of parking spaces to the total area
of selling space.
• Area liable to peak loads will require five and a half space per 1000 sq. feet,
which will satisfy the demand of all.
• The reserve parking of such kind is usually placed outside the access road
that rings the main parking lots.
• The farthest parking lot should not be more than 600 feet from selling area.
• Everyday parking works best when placed within 300 feet.
• To minimize the distance between shop and parking, the stores can be
shifted in two levels, multi level deck parking maybe used.
• For the parking maneuver the 45 or 60 degree parking is easiest, but it
requires comfortable one ways.
• There should be walk ways and these walk ways and aisles should point
towards the center.
• The circulatory systems must take the loads of the public roads and have
sufficient length so that the traffic can slow down gradually.
• Service traffic should branch away from the passenger traffic.
Environmental details
• Special landscaping and
paving can be justified, as well
as out door furniture, use of
colour, sculpture, fountains,
and special displays are the
scope of adornment.
• The inclusion of out door
spaces such as restaurants and
kiosks, resting places
auditoriums meeting rooms
libraries and nurseries and
play area for kids.
• Signs are carefully coordinated
for harmony and legibility so
that they also become
ornamental
The merceria, Venice congested but
dramatic, the display windows are at
arms' reach
Interior malls
• The sequence of interior space is proportioned to give the sense of intimacy,
contrast and activity.
• Covering the shopping mall not only permits the equable climate but also
use of special plants, birds, sounds, and odors at the same time opens the
goods directly to the pedestrian streets.
• The shopping mall should not be too long to discourage the movement, two
level shopping are used to bring the shops closer.
• To minimize the climb or decent the escalators are provided, or else it is
difficult to induce shoppers to all the levels resulting in dead spaces.
• Shopping magnets will also be distributed to even out the foot traffic.
Commercial strips
• Another type of commercial development is as important as new shopping
centers. In its gaudy confusion it seems to symbolize the worst of our
material culture.
• It is an extended traffic hazard.
• Site plan relegates itself to the occasional place : the campus, the down
town plaza or the cultural center.
Future growth
• Primary stores, fixed in location will probably grow vertically. Other stores
are added to the periphery .
• Locations maybe left for adding new cross malls, with new primary stores.
• Modular spacing's can be used for easy remodeling spaces.
• Large expansions may be met more efficiently by building another center
rather then addition.
Older shopping districts
• The older shopping centers and districts hampered by fragmented
ownership, scarcity of space complex existing structures and high land
values but with some advantage of traditional dominance use mixture,
transit accessibility and historic association are seeking to use some new
regional centers
• They fit walk ways sub ways, corridors, elevators in one integrated
movement system
• Most downtowns are sophisticated in their management of traffic.
Industrial districts
• In industries of moderate size prefer to cluster together for accesses, service
and protection, also to avoid complaints and to obtain adequate sites.
• Industrial districts require flat lands and inexpensive sites that can support
heavy loads.
• Housing for the employees, commuting distance should be in range, but the
district itself should lie to leeward of nearby housing areas.
Industrial districts
• Good access is the primary requirement of the industry, for services trucks
and workers coming by private cars.
• As small and medium industries make less use of rail, many industries
orient on highways but it is still desirable to locate on rail line for flexibility
of service for future tenants.

More Related Content

What's hot

Le corbusiers planning concepts
Le corbusiers planning conceptsLe corbusiers planning concepts
Le corbusiers planning concepts
ctlachu
 

What's hot (20)

Image of city
Image of cityImage of city
Image of city
 
Medieval.cities.of.europe
Medieval.cities.of.europeMedieval.cities.of.europe
Medieval.cities.of.europe
 
RADIAL CITY PLANNING
RADIAL CITY PLANNINGRADIAL CITY PLANNING
RADIAL CITY PLANNING
 
conservation - a case study on historic towns
conservation - a case study on historic townsconservation - a case study on historic towns
conservation - a case study on historic towns
 
1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
1.2 town planning greek and roman culture1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
1.2 town planning greek and roman culture
 
urban morphology
 urban morphology  urban morphology
urban morphology
 
Planning concept of Chandigarh city.
Planning concept of Chandigarh city.Planning concept of Chandigarh city.
Planning concept of Chandigarh city.
 
Image of the city, kevin lynch & case study.
Image of the city, kevin lynch & case study.Image of the city, kevin lynch & case study.
Image of the city, kevin lynch & case study.
 
Frank lloyd wright
Frank lloyd wrightFrank lloyd wright
Frank lloyd wright
 
Urban design
Urban designUrban design
Urban design
 
Urban Design
Urban Design Urban Design
Urban Design
 
Chandigarh city planning by Le Corbusier
Chandigarh city planning by Le CorbusierChandigarh city planning by Le Corbusier
Chandigarh city planning by Le Corbusier
 
EKISTICS
EKISTICSEKISTICS
EKISTICS
 
Site Planning- Principles and Considerations
Site Planning- Principles and Considerations Site Planning- Principles and Considerations
Site Planning- Principles and Considerations
 
Le corbusiers planning concepts
Le corbusiers planning conceptsLe corbusiers planning concepts
Le corbusiers planning concepts
 
Ekistics
EkisticsEkistics
Ekistics
 
Site Planning and Design Principles - اساسيات تخطيط وتصميم المواقع
Site Planning and Design Principles - اساسيات تخطيط وتصميم المواقعSite Planning and Design Principles - اساسيات تخطيط وتصميم المواقع
Site Planning and Design Principles - اساسيات تخطيط وتصميم المواقع
 
Bhubaneswar an ideal capital city
Bhubaneswar   an ideal capital cityBhubaneswar   an ideal capital city
Bhubaneswar an ideal capital city
 
Sir patrick geddes
Sir patrick geddesSir patrick geddes
Sir patrick geddes
 
Image of the city- Book review
Image of the city- Book reviewImage of the city- Book review
Image of the city- Book review
 

Similar to Kevin lynch site planning ch 15

Maket geography ppt1 (1)
Maket geography ppt1 (1)Maket geography ppt1 (1)
Maket geography ppt1 (1)
Arooj Mahe
 
Retail store layout
Retail store layoutRetail store layout
Retail store layout
Rahul Jha
 
Retail store design
Retail store designRetail store design
Retail store design
Rahul Jha
 

Similar to Kevin lynch site planning ch 15 (20)

6. Retail Location Planning, Retail Site Location
6. Retail Location Planning, Retail Site Location6. Retail Location Planning, Retail Site Location
6. Retail Location Planning, Retail Site Location
 
Retail locations
Retail locationsRetail locations
Retail locations
 
RM_Unit_3_New[1].pptx
RM_Unit_3_New[1].pptxRM_Unit_3_New[1].pptx
RM_Unit_3_New[1].pptx
 
Retail Location
Retail LocationRetail Location
Retail Location
 
Commercial Mall Literature Review
Commercial Mall Literature ReviewCommercial Mall Literature Review
Commercial Mall Literature Review
 
Store Layouts
Store LayoutsStore Layouts
Store Layouts
 
11 Retail Store Management
11   Retail Store Management11   Retail Store Management
11 Retail Store Management
 
11-retailstoremanagement-191111132431 (1).pdf
11-retailstoremanagement-191111132431 (1).pdf11-retailstoremanagement-191111132431 (1).pdf
11-retailstoremanagement-191111132431 (1).pdf
 
Literature review and Case study on Commercial Complex in Nepal, Durbar mall,...
Literature review and Case study on Commercial Complex in Nepal, Durbar mall,...Literature review and Case study on Commercial Complex in Nepal, Durbar mall,...
Literature review and Case study on Commercial Complex in Nepal, Durbar mall,...
 
Retail Store Layout
   Retail Store Layout   Retail Store Layout
Retail Store Layout
 
Retail store operations
Retail store operationsRetail store operations
Retail store operations
 
Retail Store Planning Design and its trends.pptx
Retail Store Planning Design and its trends.pptxRetail Store Planning Design and its trends.pptx
Retail Store Planning Design and its trends.pptx
 
10. Retail Store Design
10. Retail Store Design10. Retail Store Design
10. Retail Store Design
 
15. mall management
15. mall management15. mall management
15. mall management
 
Maket geography ppt1 (1)
Maket geography ppt1 (1)Maket geography ppt1 (1)
Maket geography ppt1 (1)
 
Retail store layout
Retail store layoutRetail store layout
Retail store layout
 
Retail location
Retail locationRetail location
Retail location
 
Mantri mall by param
Mantri mall by paramMantri mall by param
Mantri mall by param
 
Retail locations
Retail locations Retail locations
Retail locations
 
Retail store design
Retail store designRetail store design
Retail store design
 

Recently uploaded

Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance Physical Plan...
Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance  Physical Plan...Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance  Physical Plan...
Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance Physical Plan...
JIT KUMAR GUPTA
 
一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
cyebo
 
Heuristic Evaluation of System & Application
Heuristic Evaluation of System & ApplicationHeuristic Evaluation of System & Application
Heuristic Evaluation of System & Application
Jaime Brown
 
一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
cyebo
 

Recently uploaded (20)

iF_Design_Trend_Report_twentytwenrythree
iF_Design_Trend_Report_twentytwenrythreeiF_Design_Trend_Report_twentytwenrythree
iF_Design_Trend_Report_twentytwenrythree
 
Redefining Globalization, urbanisation and Localisation
Redefining Globalization, urbanisation and LocalisationRedefining Globalization, urbanisation and Localisation
Redefining Globalization, urbanisation and Localisation
 
Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance Physical Plan...
Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance  Physical Plan...Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance  Physical Plan...
Knowing, Understanding and Planning Cities- Role and Relevance Physical Plan...
 
Abdulaziz Tariq Abdulaziz Mustafa CV 2024
Abdulaziz Tariq Abdulaziz Mustafa CV 2024Abdulaziz Tariq Abdulaziz Mustafa CV 2024
Abdulaziz Tariq Abdulaziz Mustafa CV 2024
 
Design Portofolios - Licensed Architect / BIM Specialist
Design Portofolios - Licensed Architect / BIM SpecialistDesign Portofolios - Licensed Architect / BIM Specialist
Design Portofolios - Licensed Architect / BIM Specialist
 
Week of Action 2022_EIT Climate-KIC_Headers
Week of Action 2022_EIT Climate-KIC_HeadersWeek of Action 2022_EIT Climate-KIC_Headers
Week of Action 2022_EIT Climate-KIC_Headers
 
spColumn-Manual design column by spcolumn software.pdf
spColumn-Manual design column by spcolumn software.pdfspColumn-Manual design column by spcolumn software.pdf
spColumn-Manual design column by spcolumn software.pdf
 
Heidi Livengood's Professional CADD Portfolio
Heidi Livengood's Professional CADD PortfolioHeidi Livengood's Professional CADD Portfolio
Heidi Livengood's Professional CADD Portfolio
 
NO1 Popular kala jadu karne wale ka contact number kala jadu karne wale baba ...
NO1 Popular kala jadu karne wale ka contact number kala jadu karne wale baba ...NO1 Popular kala jadu karne wale ka contact number kala jadu karne wale baba ...
NO1 Popular kala jadu karne wale ka contact number kala jadu karne wale baba ...
 
一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版谢菲尔德大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
 
Heuristic Evaluation of System & Application
Heuristic Evaluation of System & ApplicationHeuristic Evaluation of System & Application
Heuristic Evaluation of System & Application
 
FW25-26 Fashion Key Items Trend Book Peclers Paris
FW25-26 Fashion Key Items Trend Book Peclers ParisFW25-26 Fashion Key Items Trend Book Peclers Paris
FW25-26 Fashion Key Items Trend Book Peclers Paris
 
Design lessons from Singapore | Volume 3
Design lessons from Singapore | Volume 3Design lessons from Singapore | Volume 3
Design lessons from Singapore | Volume 3
 
Claire's designing portfolio presentation
Claire's designing portfolio presentationClaire's designing portfolio presentation
Claire's designing portfolio presentation
 
Dos And Dont's Of Logo Design For 2024..
Dos And Dont's Of Logo Design For 2024..Dos And Dont's Of Logo Design For 2024..
Dos And Dont's Of Logo Design For 2024..
 
Eric Parein CV. Parein in English is best pronounced as PARE-IN
Eric Parein CV. Parein in English is best pronounced as PARE-INEric Parein CV. Parein in English is best pronounced as PARE-IN
Eric Parein CV. Parein in English is best pronounced as PARE-IN
 
Spring 2024 wkrm_Enhancing Campus Mobility.pdf
Spring 2024 wkrm_Enhancing Campus Mobility.pdfSpring 2024 wkrm_Enhancing Campus Mobility.pdf
Spring 2024 wkrm_Enhancing Campus Mobility.pdf
 
The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Modern Healthcare.pptx
The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Modern Healthcare.pptxThe Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Modern Healthcare.pptx
The Impact of Artificial Intelligence on Modern Healthcare.pptx
 
BIT Khushi gandhi project.pdf graphic design
BIT Khushi gandhi project.pdf graphic designBIT Khushi gandhi project.pdf graphic design
BIT Khushi gandhi project.pdf graphic design
 
一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
一比一原版格林威治大学毕业证成绩单如何办理
 

Kevin lynch site planning ch 15

  • 1. KEVIN LYNCH site planning Vandana S. Talikoti M.Arch (HD) 2nd sem
  • 2.
  • 3. • Shopping centers and commercial strips • Industrial districts • Institutions • Open spaces • Renewal
  • 4. Shopping centers and commercial strips • The location of shopping center depends on analysis of market, its accessibility, distribution of population, its buyers, the location of its competitors, means of access, its capacity, time distance and customary routes to travel for other purpose. • Position of major intersection or close to free ways makes accesses complicated. • Position along the highway which is already flowing full and used by high speed through traffic discourage the customers. A common thumb rule divides the shopping centers into three types 1. The neighborhood center, dominated by a super market containing about 40,00 sq. feet selling area and serving 10,000 people. 2. A community center featuring departmental store have 100,000-300,000 sq. feet area and serves 20,000 to 100,000 people. 3. Regional center have land of 50-75 acre for 3-4 departmental store for a mass population.
  • 5. Typical shopping center layouts. • Centers usually take of the general form, which maybe as traditional pattern as a street or strip or maybe bent in U or L shape sets back from the artery it facing. • The general forms maybe varied further by using two levels instead of one by allowing the vehicles to penetrate the interior of the building, by making the stores double fronted and by roofing the pedestrian ways. • In high density areas the stores maybe sandwiched between the layers of parking and the store can be multi level. Sources : kevin lynch , site planning book
  • 6. Store location • The location of the store is critical as the location should expose store fronts to the maximum foot traffic. • Certain stores are considered to be primary attractions to draw customers by their own power. • These stores not only pull customers but also pull buyers past other stores, and also distributed traffic evenly. • The activities such as movie goers or people buying weeks grocery must not be allowed to interfere with other movements in the center. • Secondary activates are distributed to encourage balanced pedestrian movements in the center. • Grouping of shops such as women's wear, family ware, food, house ware and so on. • Cinemas, car accessories sale and super markets are placed separately, and these can be redirected from the parking it self. • The entrance from the parking and from the bus terminals, stair ways, elevators and escalator are the details of the pedestrian movement.
  • 7. Shopping centers and commercial strips Stone town shopping center, san Francisco, California. A typical new mall showing its large external parking lots, lack of fit with the surroundings. Sources : google images
  • 8. Circulation • The relation between the circulation of cars, service trucks and shoppers on the foot are the standard are the prominent criteria to be dealt. • Vehicular accesses has been put to one side of the store and the pedestrian on the other. • This pattern creates the pedestrian world along the front of the stores, within a given distance from the shopping area. But the view from the street on entering may not be handsomer. • By designing a special entrances, giving stores double frontages and using prominent signs some of the problems maybe dealt such as a. How to cross service zone ? b. Where to go to reach the store they want c. Washrooms d. Food courts • Usually these shopping centers are designed for people arriving by private vehicles, some centers are now providing bus terminals as integral part.
  • 9. Parking • The simple standard relate to the number of parking spaces to the total area of selling space. • Area liable to peak loads will require five and a half space per 1000 sq. feet, which will satisfy the demand of all. • The reserve parking of such kind is usually placed outside the access road that rings the main parking lots. • The farthest parking lot should not be more than 600 feet from selling area. • Everyday parking works best when placed within 300 feet. • To minimize the distance between shop and parking, the stores can be shifted in two levels, multi level deck parking maybe used. • For the parking maneuver the 45 or 60 degree parking is easiest, but it requires comfortable one ways. • There should be walk ways and these walk ways and aisles should point towards the center. • The circulatory systems must take the loads of the public roads and have sufficient length so that the traffic can slow down gradually. • Service traffic should branch away from the passenger traffic.
  • 10. Environmental details • Special landscaping and paving can be justified, as well as out door furniture, use of colour, sculpture, fountains, and special displays are the scope of adornment. • The inclusion of out door spaces such as restaurants and kiosks, resting places auditoriums meeting rooms libraries and nurseries and play area for kids. • Signs are carefully coordinated for harmony and legibility so that they also become ornamental The merceria, Venice congested but dramatic, the display windows are at arms' reach
  • 11. Interior malls • The sequence of interior space is proportioned to give the sense of intimacy, contrast and activity. • Covering the shopping mall not only permits the equable climate but also use of special plants, birds, sounds, and odors at the same time opens the goods directly to the pedestrian streets. • The shopping mall should not be too long to discourage the movement, two level shopping are used to bring the shops closer. • To minimize the climb or decent the escalators are provided, or else it is difficult to induce shoppers to all the levels resulting in dead spaces. • Shopping magnets will also be distributed to even out the foot traffic. Commercial strips • Another type of commercial development is as important as new shopping centers. In its gaudy confusion it seems to symbolize the worst of our material culture. • It is an extended traffic hazard. • Site plan relegates itself to the occasional place : the campus, the down town plaza or the cultural center.
  • 12. Future growth • Primary stores, fixed in location will probably grow vertically. Other stores are added to the periphery . • Locations maybe left for adding new cross malls, with new primary stores. • Modular spacing's can be used for easy remodeling spaces. • Large expansions may be met more efficiently by building another center rather then addition. Older shopping districts • The older shopping centers and districts hampered by fragmented ownership, scarcity of space complex existing structures and high land values but with some advantage of traditional dominance use mixture, transit accessibility and historic association are seeking to use some new regional centers • They fit walk ways sub ways, corridors, elevators in one integrated movement system • Most downtowns are sophisticated in their management of traffic.
  • 13. Industrial districts • In industries of moderate size prefer to cluster together for accesses, service and protection, also to avoid complaints and to obtain adequate sites. • Industrial districts require flat lands and inexpensive sites that can support heavy loads. • Housing for the employees, commuting distance should be in range, but the district itself should lie to leeward of nearby housing areas. Industrial districts • Good access is the primary requirement of the industry, for services trucks and workers coming by private cars. • As small and medium industries make less use of rail, many industries orient on highways but it is still desirable to locate on rail line for flexibility of service for future tenants.