SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Expected Outcome:
The learner identifies a story
from the Old Testament that
demonstrates the Jewish
belief in one God
Star of David
 The six points of the
Star of David
symbolize God's rule
over the universe in
all six directions:
 north, south, east,
west, up and down.
Judaism
 Followers of Judaism are known as
Jews.
 Hebrew, Yiddish, and Jews also refers
to Judaism.
 It is the oldest of the three main
religions of the Middle East, (Around
2000 BC)
Judaism’s Basic Beliefs
 Belief in Torah- holy
book (Old Testament)
 One God
 Still awaiting the
Messiah
 Do not believe in the
New Testament or
Jesus’ role as the
Messiah
Other Beliefs and Practices
 Worship at a
Synagogue
-house of worship
 Strict dietary
requirements. (Can
only eat what is
“kosher”. (Permitted)
 What is Kosher food?
Some Jewish Religious
Observances
 Rosh Hashanah- the
Jewish New Year.
Introspection for the
future.
 Yom Kippur-a “day of
atonement”. Fasting
and repentance to
“atone” for your sins
Modern day Israel
 Was created in
1948 as a Jewish
homeland
 Has repeatedly
come under attack
from Palestinians
and other Arab
countries upset over
their displacement
for the creation of
Israel
Judaism is…
 “A 4000 year old tradition with ideas
about what it means to be human and how
to make the world a holy place”
(Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life)
 A “covenant relationship” between God
and the Hebrew people
 A celebration and sanctification of life
 A faith, a people, a way of life…
A 4000 year old tradition…
 The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob
(“Israel”) – origins of the Hebrew people
(more than 3800 years ago)
 Enslaved in ancient Egypt and freed by
Moses (more than 3300 years ago)
 Hebrew monarchy in the “Promised Land”
(The Land of Israel), ends 6th century
BCE
As a faith, Jews Believe…
 In one God, creator of the universe, personal
but non-corporeal
 In prophets of old – especially Moses, through
whom Torah was revealed to the Hebrew
people
 In Torah (first five books of the Bible),
containing religious, moral and social law which
guides the life of a Jew
 the Hebrew Bible does not include the New
Testament
As a people, Jews are…
 A nation in Diaspora (dispersed)
 15 – 16 million in worldwide population
 United by a common heritage (an “ethnic”
religion), divided in contemporary practice:
 Orthodox:
 Modern
 Chasidic (Ultra Orthodox)
 Reformed (18th century Germany)
 Conservative – moderates, response to
reform
 Reconstructionalism (20th century America)
As a way of life, Judaism is
based on…
 613 commandments found in Torah (“Written Law”)
 Talmud (“Oral Law”) – commentary of ancient rabbis
that elaborates on how to apply God’s Law in
everyday life through:
 Dietary rules (Kashrut/Kosher)
 Dress and other symbols
 Prayer and devotion to the one God
 The Temple and Temple rites
 Observance of Holy days
 Proper social relations between male and female, in
business, judicial rulings, etc.
 Thus sanctifying life, blessing it in every way
How does Judaism sanctify
life?
Life cycle celebrations:
 Bris – ritual circumcision, sign of the covenant
 Bar/Bat Mitzvah – full adult status and
responsibility within the religion
 Marriage - "Be fruitful and multiply" (Gen.
1:22)
 Death – funerals, mourning (sitting “Shiva”),
and memorials (“Yartzeits”)
How does Judaism sanctify
time?
The Jewish Holidays:
 High Holidays:
 Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year)
 Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)
 Sukkot, the “Festival of Booths” (fall
harvest festival)
 Simchat Torah – celebrating Torah
 Chanukah, the “Festival of Lights”
More Holy Days…
 Purim (“Lots”) – a carnival (commemorates
events told in book of Esther)
 Pesach (“Passover”) – commemorates the
exodus from Egypt (events told in Exodus)
 Shavuot (“weeks,” Pentecost) –
commemorates receipt of Torah at Sinai
 Other, minor festivals
 Shabbat (Sabbath, 7th day, on Saturday) –
the “Day of Rest”
How is Judaism related to
Christianity?
 Judaism predates Christianity – it is the foundation
of Christianity but is not a part of it
 Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the
Apostles
 Jews do not believe that Jesus was anything more
than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000
years ago – Jews still await their messiah
 The Jewish messiah would not be divine. He would
be a political figure who restores the Hebrew
monarchy and causes peace to reign on Earth
 Jews are not concerned about salvation and the
“world to come”
What are Jews really concerned
about?
 Tikkun Olam - “repairing this world” through
justice and righteousness; through “deed, not
creed”
 The heart of Judaism is in the home and family,
social responsibility and doing Mitzvot (“good
deeds” based on God’s commandments)
 Through education and hard work we make our
lives, the lives of others, and the world, what
God intended it to be – Holy!
LeChaim!
To Life!
To Life!
Web resources
 Judaism 101: http://jewfaq.org/
”an online encyclopedia of Judaism, covering Jewish
beliefs, people, places, things, language, scripture,
holidays, practices and customs”
 ReligiousTolerance.org on Judaism:
http://www.religioustolerance.org/judaism.htm
 This P0werpoint presentation available at:
http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/Rel232/resource/judaism.ppt

More Related Content

Similar to judaism_week4.ppt

08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx
08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx
08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx
oswald1horne84988
 
Judaism(1).pptx
Judaism(1).pptxJudaism(1).pptx
Judaism(1).pptx
BacharRenny
 
JUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptx
JUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptxJUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptx
JUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptx
LaniavelFaithMahilum
 
christianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptx
christianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptxchristianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptx
christianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptx
cjoypingaron
 
Christianity
ChristianityChristianity
Christianity
Mohd Tariq Choudhary
 
christianity-180702171740 (1).pdf
christianity-180702171740 (1).pdfchristianity-180702171740 (1).pdf
christianity-180702171740 (1).pdf
Noelrai1
 
Week-4.pdf
Week-4.pdfWeek-4.pdf
Week-4.pdf
Jeffrey Niñal
 
Realworldsreligion1
Realworldsreligion1Realworldsreligion1
Realworldsreligion1
Angelo Rivera
 
Basic facts about Judiasm
Basic facts about JudiasmBasic facts about Judiasm
Basic facts about Judiasm
Huong Lam
 
Basic Facts about Judaism
Basic Facts about JudaismBasic Facts about Judaism
Basic Facts about Judaism
Huong Lam
 
Hum1020 seeking the divine the three major world religions
Hum1020 seeking the divine   the three major world religionsHum1020 seeking the divine   the three major world religions
Hum1020 seeking the divine the three major world religions
ProfWillAdams
 
Wh five world_religions
Wh five world_religionsWh five world_religions
Wh five world_religions
jmseymou
 
Themes Of History
Themes Of HistoryThemes Of History
Themes Of History
zmiers
 

Similar to judaism_week4.ppt (13)

08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx
08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx
08 Christianity A GENERAL FACTS Origins As with Bu.docx
 
Judaism(1).pptx
Judaism(1).pptxJudaism(1).pptx
Judaism(1).pptx
 
JUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptx
JUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptxJUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptx
JUDAISM group 4 presentation.pptx
 
christianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptx
christianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptxchristianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptx
christianity-130708081311-phpapp02 [Autosaved].pptx
 
Christianity
ChristianityChristianity
Christianity
 
christianity-180702171740 (1).pdf
christianity-180702171740 (1).pdfchristianity-180702171740 (1).pdf
christianity-180702171740 (1).pdf
 
Week-4.pdf
Week-4.pdfWeek-4.pdf
Week-4.pdf
 
Realworldsreligion1
Realworldsreligion1Realworldsreligion1
Realworldsreligion1
 
Basic facts about Judiasm
Basic facts about JudiasmBasic facts about Judiasm
Basic facts about Judiasm
 
Basic Facts about Judaism
Basic Facts about JudaismBasic Facts about Judaism
Basic Facts about Judaism
 
Hum1020 seeking the divine the three major world religions
Hum1020 seeking the divine   the three major world religionsHum1020 seeking the divine   the three major world religions
Hum1020 seeking the divine the three major world religions
 
Wh five world_religions
Wh five world_religionsWh five world_religions
Wh five world_religions
 
Themes Of History
Themes Of HistoryThemes Of History
Themes Of History
 

More from MICHAELISIDORO2

POLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptx
POLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptxPOLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptx
POLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptx
MICHAELISIDORO2
 
stylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptx
stylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptxstylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptx
stylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptx
MICHAELISIDORO2
 
power_its nature.pptx
power_its nature.pptxpower_its nature.pptx
power_its nature.pptx
MICHAELISIDORO2
 
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptxRELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
MICHAELISIDORO2
 
Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx
Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptxLesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx
Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx
MICHAELISIDORO2
 
21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx
21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx
21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx
MICHAELISIDORO2
 
confucianism_IWRBS.pptx
confucianism_IWRBS.pptxconfucianism_IWRBS.pptx
confucianism_IWRBS.pptx
MICHAELISIDORO2
 

More from MICHAELISIDORO2 (7)

POLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptx
POLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptxPOLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptx
POLI GOV_FOR DEMO.pptx
 
stylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptx
stylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptxstylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptx
stylisticdevices_21st century lit.pptx
 
power_its nature.pptx
power_its nature.pptxpower_its nature.pptx
power_its nature.pptx
 
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptxRELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
RELIGION AND BELIEF SYSTEMS.pptx
 
Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx
Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptxLesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx
Lesson 6 Intersubjectivity.pptx
 
21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx
21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx
21stcenturyliteratureintroduction_module1lesson1.pptx
 
confucianism_IWRBS.pptx
confucianism_IWRBS.pptxconfucianism_IWRBS.pptx
confucianism_IWRBS.pptx
 

Recently uploaded

Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)
Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)
Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)
Eusebio Yu
 
312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town
312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town
312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town
Rick Peterson
 
The Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - Message
The Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - MessageThe Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - Message
The Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - Message
Cole Hartman
 
The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...
The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...
The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...
Phoenix O
 
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_Restoration
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_RestorationThe_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_Restoration
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_Restoration
Network Bible Fellowship
 
PPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptx
PPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptxPPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptx
PPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptx
ImamHidayat99
 
THE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptx
THE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptxTHE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptx
THE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptx
ElianaLouiseMTalisik
 
Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)
Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)
Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)
Exotic India
 
Sanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu Expert
Sanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu ExpertSanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu Expert
Sanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu Expert
Sanatan Vastu
 
Chandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon God
Chandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon GodChandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon God
Chandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon God
Exotic India
 
Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)
Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)
Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)
heartfulness
 
A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord, the taste of the Lord The taste of...
A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord,  the taste of the Lord The taste of...A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord,  the taste of the Lord The taste of...
A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord, the taste of the Lord The taste of...
franktsao4
 
A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons to Learn ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...
A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons    to Learn   ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons    to Learn   ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...
A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons to Learn ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...
OH TEIK BIN
 
Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31
Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31
Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31
JL de Belen
 
The Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdf
The Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdfThe Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdf
The Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdf
AstroAnuradha
 
Seminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptx
Seminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptxSeminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptx
Seminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptx
lexielhyn
 
快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样
快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样
快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样
cfk7atz3
 
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24
deerfootcoc
 
English - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdf
English - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdfEnglish - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdf
English - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdf
Filipino Tracts and Literature Society Inc.
 
Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)
Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)
Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)
Darul Amal Chishtia
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)
Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)
Marks of a Disciple - Persecution (John 15:18-27)
 
312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town
312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town
312 A Wise Woman of Abel Beth Maakah Saves The Town
 
The Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - Message
The Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - MessageThe Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - Message
The Hope of Salvation - Jude 1:24-25 - Message
 
The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...
The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...
The Enchantment and Shadows_ Unveiling the Mysteries of Magic and Black Magic...
 
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_Restoration
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_RestorationThe_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_Restoration
The_Chronological_Life_of_Christ_Part_104_Repentance_and_Restoration
 
PPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptx
PPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptxPPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptx
PPT Manasik Haji dan Umroh oleh imam hidayat.pptx
 
THE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptx
THE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptxTHE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptx
THE NARROW GATE.it discusses about the two gates pptx
 
Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)
Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)
Protector & Destroyer: Agni Dev (The Hindu God of Fire)
 
Sanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu Expert
Sanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu ExpertSanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu Expert
Sanatan Vastu | Experience Great Living | Vastu Expert
 
Chandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon God
Chandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon GodChandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon God
Chandra Dev: Unveiling the Mystery of the Moon God
 
Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)
Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)
Heartfulness Magazine - June 2024 (Volume 9, Issue 6)
 
A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord, the taste of the Lord The taste of...
A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord,  the taste of the Lord The taste of...A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord,  the taste of the Lord The taste of...
A375 Example Taste the taste of the Lord, the taste of the Lord The taste of...
 
A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons to Learn ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...
A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons    to Learn   ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons    to Learn   ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...
A Free eBook ~ Valuable LIFE Lessons to Learn ( 5 Sets of Presentations)...
 
Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31
Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31
Trusting God's Providence | Verse: Romans 8: 28-31
 
The Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdf
The Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdfThe Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdf
The Vulnerabilities of Individuals Born Under Swati Nakshatra.pdf
 
Seminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptx
Seminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptxSeminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptx
Seminar on Music on the Liturgy Parish .pptx
 
快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样
快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样
快速办理(PU毕业证书)普渡大学毕业证文凭证书一模一样
 
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24
Deerfoot Church of Christ Bulletin 6 16 24
 
English - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdf
English - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdfEnglish - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdf
English - The Book of 1st Samuel the Prophet.pdf
 
Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)
Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)
Monthly Khazina-e-Ruhaniyaat Jun’2024 (Vol.15, Issue 2)
 

judaism_week4.ppt

  • 1.
  • 2. Expected Outcome: The learner identifies a story from the Old Testament that demonstrates the Jewish belief in one God
  • 3.
  • 4.
  • 5. Star of David  The six points of the Star of David symbolize God's rule over the universe in all six directions:  north, south, east, west, up and down.
  • 6.
  • 7.
  • 8.
  • 9.
  • 10.
  • 11.
  • 12. Judaism  Followers of Judaism are known as Jews.  Hebrew, Yiddish, and Jews also refers to Judaism.  It is the oldest of the three main religions of the Middle East, (Around 2000 BC)
  • 13. Judaism’s Basic Beliefs  Belief in Torah- holy book (Old Testament)  One God  Still awaiting the Messiah  Do not believe in the New Testament or Jesus’ role as the Messiah
  • 14.
  • 15. Other Beliefs and Practices  Worship at a Synagogue -house of worship  Strict dietary requirements. (Can only eat what is “kosher”. (Permitted)  What is Kosher food?
  • 16. Some Jewish Religious Observances  Rosh Hashanah- the Jewish New Year. Introspection for the future.  Yom Kippur-a “day of atonement”. Fasting and repentance to “atone” for your sins
  • 17. Modern day Israel  Was created in 1948 as a Jewish homeland  Has repeatedly come under attack from Palestinians and other Arab countries upset over their displacement for the creation of Israel
  • 18. Judaism is…  “A 4000 year old tradition with ideas about what it means to be human and how to make the world a holy place” (Rabbi Harold Kushner, To Life)  A “covenant relationship” between God and the Hebrew people  A celebration and sanctification of life  A faith, a people, a way of life…
  • 19. A 4000 year old tradition…  The Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob (“Israel”) – origins of the Hebrew people (more than 3800 years ago)  Enslaved in ancient Egypt and freed by Moses (more than 3300 years ago)  Hebrew monarchy in the “Promised Land” (The Land of Israel), ends 6th century BCE
  • 20. As a faith, Jews Believe…  In one God, creator of the universe, personal but non-corporeal  In prophets of old – especially Moses, through whom Torah was revealed to the Hebrew people  In Torah (first five books of the Bible), containing religious, moral and social law which guides the life of a Jew  the Hebrew Bible does not include the New Testament
  • 21. As a people, Jews are…  A nation in Diaspora (dispersed)  15 – 16 million in worldwide population  United by a common heritage (an “ethnic” religion), divided in contemporary practice:  Orthodox:  Modern  Chasidic (Ultra Orthodox)  Reformed (18th century Germany)  Conservative – moderates, response to reform  Reconstructionalism (20th century America)
  • 22. As a way of life, Judaism is based on…  613 commandments found in Torah (“Written Law”)  Talmud (“Oral Law”) – commentary of ancient rabbis that elaborates on how to apply God’s Law in everyday life through:  Dietary rules (Kashrut/Kosher)  Dress and other symbols  Prayer and devotion to the one God  The Temple and Temple rites  Observance of Holy days  Proper social relations between male and female, in business, judicial rulings, etc.  Thus sanctifying life, blessing it in every way
  • 23. How does Judaism sanctify life? Life cycle celebrations:  Bris – ritual circumcision, sign of the covenant  Bar/Bat Mitzvah – full adult status and responsibility within the religion  Marriage - "Be fruitful and multiply" (Gen. 1:22)  Death – funerals, mourning (sitting “Shiva”), and memorials (“Yartzeits”)
  • 24. How does Judaism sanctify time? The Jewish Holidays:  High Holidays:  Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year)  Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement)  Sukkot, the “Festival of Booths” (fall harvest festival)  Simchat Torah – celebrating Torah  Chanukah, the “Festival of Lights”
  • 25. More Holy Days…  Purim (“Lots”) – a carnival (commemorates events told in book of Esther)  Pesach (“Passover”) – commemorates the exodus from Egypt (events told in Exodus)  Shavuot (“weeks,” Pentecost) – commemorates receipt of Torah at Sinai  Other, minor festivals  Shabbat (Sabbath, 7th day, on Saturday) – the “Day of Rest”
  • 26. How is Judaism related to Christianity?  Judaism predates Christianity – it is the foundation of Christianity but is not a part of it  Jesus was Jewish, as were his followers and the Apostles  Jews do not believe that Jesus was anything more than a good and wise man who lived and died 2000 years ago – Jews still await their messiah  The Jewish messiah would not be divine. He would be a political figure who restores the Hebrew monarchy and causes peace to reign on Earth  Jews are not concerned about salvation and the “world to come”
  • 27. What are Jews really concerned about?  Tikkun Olam - “repairing this world” through justice and righteousness; through “deed, not creed”  The heart of Judaism is in the home and family, social responsibility and doing Mitzvot (“good deeds” based on God’s commandments)  Through education and hard work we make our lives, the lives of others, and the world, what God intended it to be – Holy!
  • 29. Web resources  Judaism 101: http://jewfaq.org/ ”an online encyclopedia of Judaism, covering Jewish beliefs, people, places, things, language, scripture, holidays, practices and customs”  ReligiousTolerance.org on Judaism: http://www.religioustolerance.org/judaism.htm  This P0werpoint presentation available at: http://www.nvcc.edu/home/lshulman/Rel232/resource/judaism.ppt