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Adaptation Committee
Monitoring and Evaluation of Adaptation
Summary of lessons and key messages from
the AC’s workshop on M&E of adaptation
Juan Hoffmaister
Adaptation Committee, Co-Chair
Bonn, NAP Expo 2014
AC Work on M&E - Three Guiding Questions
The AC Expert workshop on M&E of adaptation (Nadi, Fiji, 9 – 11
September 2013)
• Q1: Given the diverse set of indicators that currently exist to measure
and evaluate adaptation, how can we build a common understanding of
success in achieving climate resilience?
• Q2: How can a framework be created that links individual assessments
with national level assessments to broaden the focus from the means of
achieving the outcomes (individual interventions) to the desired end result
(countries becoming less vulnerable and having more adaptive capacity)?
• Q3: How can results from M&E be reported and disseminated to promote
learning and identification of good practices?
All details and report on the web <unfccc.int/6053>
Common understanding of successful adaptation
• Success is context specific Indicators of success therefore differ.
• Common indicators not necessary but common
understanding of success useful
• Pragmatism vs. idealism
• Complement indicators by learning through dialogue and
qualitative narratives
• Indicators to also monitor outcomes and impacts, in addition
to process
Linking national level assessment and project/program level M&E
• Adding up indicators from local level to get an aggregate number is
neither necessarily possible nor desirable.
• Instead, national level assessments could measure different
aspects of adaptive capacity than subnational/project-based
assessments.
• E.g. national level assessments could seek to measure the
degree of coordination and integration of adaptation into national
priorities.
Enhancing learning on adaptation through M&E
• M&E has multiple purposes and benefits, including raising
awareness, learning, accountability etc. - it is a tool not an end in itself.
• Learning is a key in M&E and should be encouraged through creating
the necessary enabling environment, drawing from different sources
of knowledge, establishing respective communication channels and
incentives, building in and budgeting for learning and involving all
relevant stakeholders.
• Peer-to-peer learning and participatory approaches can be effective
and help to reveal underlying inequality/rights/ structural causes for
vulnerability.
• M&E systems are often designed without learning in mind.
• Learning from M&E is not only about successes and good practices, but
also about learning from failures/non-delivery.
Additional lessons and key messages from the workshop
• Planning and allocation of resources, both technical and financial, are
key for effective M&E systems.
• There does not always need to be a separate M&E system for climate
change adaptation. It could build on existing national frameworks,
allowing for the incorporation of updates and new indicators to measure
adaptation.
• Important to raise awareness among stakeholder including through
capacity-building, and to promote coordination particularly between
ministries responsible for planning, finance and climate change to ensure
that adaptation is integrated into the national M&E framework.
Additional lessons and key messages from the workshop
• Based on experience to date, there seems to be a clear distinction
between developed and developing countries in term of who drives/uses
the M&E. In many developing countries, M&E are donor-driven and for
the purpose of accountability.
• Strong institutional structures are needed for coordination of
monitoring and also reporting. There is value to having a coordinating
body, which sees all reports at national level and can identify good
practices, lessons learned, and areas for synergies and coordination.
• Practical tools, e.g. scorecards and tables etc., could be used to create
a system to satisfy monitoring and reporting requirements and at the
same time be flexible enough to allow for tailoring to national
circumstances.
Adaptation Committee
Additional details and report on the web
<unfccc.int/6053>
Contact: AC@unfccc.int
Thank you

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Juan Hoffmaister, Adaptation Committee, Co-Chair: Summary of lessons and key messages from the AC’s workshop on M&E of adaptation

  • 1. Adaptation Committee Monitoring and Evaluation of Adaptation Summary of lessons and key messages from the AC’s workshop on M&E of adaptation Juan Hoffmaister Adaptation Committee, Co-Chair Bonn, NAP Expo 2014
  • 2. AC Work on M&E - Three Guiding Questions The AC Expert workshop on M&E of adaptation (Nadi, Fiji, 9 – 11 September 2013) • Q1: Given the diverse set of indicators that currently exist to measure and evaluate adaptation, how can we build a common understanding of success in achieving climate resilience? • Q2: How can a framework be created that links individual assessments with national level assessments to broaden the focus from the means of achieving the outcomes (individual interventions) to the desired end result (countries becoming less vulnerable and having more adaptive capacity)? • Q3: How can results from M&E be reported and disseminated to promote learning and identification of good practices? All details and report on the web <unfccc.int/6053>
  • 3. Common understanding of successful adaptation • Success is context specific Indicators of success therefore differ. • Common indicators not necessary but common understanding of success useful • Pragmatism vs. idealism • Complement indicators by learning through dialogue and qualitative narratives • Indicators to also monitor outcomes and impacts, in addition to process
  • 4. Linking national level assessment and project/program level M&E • Adding up indicators from local level to get an aggregate number is neither necessarily possible nor desirable. • Instead, national level assessments could measure different aspects of adaptive capacity than subnational/project-based assessments. • E.g. national level assessments could seek to measure the degree of coordination and integration of adaptation into national priorities.
  • 5. Enhancing learning on adaptation through M&E • M&E has multiple purposes and benefits, including raising awareness, learning, accountability etc. - it is a tool not an end in itself. • Learning is a key in M&E and should be encouraged through creating the necessary enabling environment, drawing from different sources of knowledge, establishing respective communication channels and incentives, building in and budgeting for learning and involving all relevant stakeholders. • Peer-to-peer learning and participatory approaches can be effective and help to reveal underlying inequality/rights/ structural causes for vulnerability. • M&E systems are often designed without learning in mind. • Learning from M&E is not only about successes and good practices, but also about learning from failures/non-delivery.
  • 6. Additional lessons and key messages from the workshop • Planning and allocation of resources, both technical and financial, are key for effective M&E systems. • There does not always need to be a separate M&E system for climate change adaptation. It could build on existing national frameworks, allowing for the incorporation of updates and new indicators to measure adaptation. • Important to raise awareness among stakeholder including through capacity-building, and to promote coordination particularly between ministries responsible for planning, finance and climate change to ensure that adaptation is integrated into the national M&E framework.
  • 7. Additional lessons and key messages from the workshop • Based on experience to date, there seems to be a clear distinction between developed and developing countries in term of who drives/uses the M&E. In many developing countries, M&E are donor-driven and for the purpose of accountability. • Strong institutional structures are needed for coordination of monitoring and also reporting. There is value to having a coordinating body, which sees all reports at national level and can identify good practices, lessons learned, and areas for synergies and coordination. • Practical tools, e.g. scorecards and tables etc., could be used to create a system to satisfy monitoring and reporting requirements and at the same time be flexible enough to allow for tailoring to national circumstances.
  • 8. Adaptation Committee Additional details and report on the web <unfccc.int/6053> Contact: AC@unfccc.int Thank you