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Broadening Pathways for
Editors and Authors
American Chemical Society
Publications
Racquel Jemison (R_Jemison@acs.org)
Christina MacLaughlin (C_Maclaughlin@acs.org)
Paulomi Majumder (P_Majumder@acs.org)
1
American Chemical Society 2
ACS Vision, Mission, and
Core Values
Vision
Improving all people’s lives
through the transforming power
of chemistry
Mission
Advancing the broader
chemistry enterprise and its
practitioners for the benefit of
Earth and all its people
Core Values
Passion for chemistry and the
global chemistry enterprise
Focus on members
Professionalism, safety, and
ethics
Diversity, equity, inclusion, and
respect (DEIR)
American Chemical Society 3
ACS Strategic Goal 5
Embrace and Advance
Inclusion in Chemistry
Promote diversity, equity,
inclusion, and respect; identify
and dismantle barriers to
success; and create a
welcoming and supportive
environment so that all ACS
members, employees, and
volunteers can thrive.
American Chemical Society 4
Initial Diversity Action Commitment
June 2020 Joint Editorial:
• Expressed support to
marginalized communities
• Acknowledged known issues
within chemistry and ACS journals
• Strategically committed to efforts
to sustainably advance DEIR
Initial commitments made:
• Gather and make public baseline statistics on
diversity within our journals and annually report on
progress
• Train editors to recognize and interrupt bias in peer
review
• Appoint an ombudsperson to serve as a liaison between
Editors and our community
• Develop an actionable diversity plan for each journal
• Include the diversity of journal contributors as an
explicit measurement of Editor-in-Chief performance
Read the editorial “Confronting Racism in
Chemistry Journals”:
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.0c10979
DEMOGRAPHIC DATA
COLLECTION
5
American Chemical Society 6
Demographic Data: Purpose and Goals
Diverse perspectives contribute
to a more successful enterprise
Rationale and Goals:
• To identify areas where
representation can be improved by
formulating targeted strategies to
address bias and demographic
imbalance in journal communities
• Support ACS’ efforts to embed
DEIR in products
• External annual reporting via
Diversity Data Reports, programs,
and services
2021 Report 2022 Report 2023 Report
American Chemical Society 7
Approach to Data Collection
 Questions developed in collaboration with the ACS
Committee on Minority Affairs, ACS Pride, Joint
commitment for action on inclusion and diversity in
publishing
 ACS authors, reviewers, editors, Editorial Advisory Board
(EAB) members
 Self-identification of gender and racial identities, career
stage; geo location from ACS Paragon Plus user accounts
 Collection via email-distributed survey from 2021-2023;
moved to ACS Paragon Plus submission system for all data
collection in May 2023
 Respondents may opt out of completing the survey without
impacting their access to ACS Paragon Plus functionality
 Changes in 2023 onward: separating racial and ethnic
identities into different questions, new questions on
transgender identity, as well as disability and accessibility
Examples of new survey questions:
How would you identify yourself in terms of race? Please select ALL
the groups that apply to you:
 Asian or Pacific Islander
 Black
 Hispanic or Latino/a/x
 Indigenous (e.g. North American Indian Navajo, South American
Indian Quechua, Aboriginal, or Torres Strait Islander)
 Middle Eastern or North African
 White
 Prefer not to disclose
 Self-describe _______
Do you identify as transgender (a gender other than the one you were
assigned at birth)?
 Yes
 No
 Unsure
 Prefer not to say
Do you currently have a disability or health condition that impacts
how you might read, review, or submit a publication?
 Yes
 No
 Prefer not to say
American Chemical Society 8
Data Analysis and Findings
 Data only used and reported in aggregate and in
accordance with ACS Privacy Policy
 ACS journal portfolio-wide, and 11 journal subject areas
analyses
 2023 Diversity Data Report focus on comparison of
demographic changes over time between 2021 and 2023
with comprehensive data reporting in Supporting
Information
 Observed statistically significant changes to demographic
distributions amongst ACS user groups across race,
gender, career stage, and geographic location
 Most notable demographic shifts observed between 2021
and 2023 were in career stage representation among
authors, reviewers, editors, and EAB members; shift to
higher proportions of ACS user groups at earlier career
stages
20.0%
26.0%
28.9%
40.2%
38.4%
37.1%
25.2%
22.0%
21.0%
14.6%
13.6%
13.0%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
2021
2022
2023
Published Corresponding Authors by Time Since
Doctorate
0-10 years 11-20 years 21-30 years 31+ years
23.4%
26.7%
27.9%
34.3%
34.0%
34.6%
23.1%
22.1%
21.7%
19.2%
17.1%
15.8%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
2021
2022
2023
Reviewers Completing Reviews by Time Since Doctorate
0-10 years 11-20 years 21-30 years 31+ years
American Chemical Society 9
Geographic Representation
 Statistically significant (p<0.001) increases in proportion of authors and reviewers located in
South Asia, as well as East Asia and the Pacific between 2021 and 2023
 While chemists from around the world are active in ACS journals’ author and reviewer
communities, most researchers are located in East Asia and the Pacific, Europe and Central
Asia, South Asia, and the United States and Canada
25%
35%
45%
55%
65%
2021 2022 2023
Proportion
of
Authors
or
Reviewers
Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Geographic Region -
East Asia & Pacific
All authors
submitting
Corresponding
authors
submitting
All authors
published
Corresponding
authors
published
Invited
reviewers
3%
4%
5%
6%
7%
8%
2021 2022 2023
Proportion
of
Authors
or
Reviewers
Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Geographic Region -
South Asia
All authors
submitting
Corresponding
authors
submitting
All authors
published
Corresponding
authors
published
Invited
reviewers
American Chemical Society 10
Racial and Ethnic Representation
 Statistically significant (p<0.05) increase in percentage of East Asian and South Asian
identifying authors and reviewers between 2021 and 2023
 East Asian, South Asian, and White persons are the most highly represented racial/ethnic
identities among the ACS journal author and reviewer communities surveyed
27%
32%
37%
42%
47%
2021 2022 2023
Proportion
of
Authors
or
Reviewers
Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Race/Ethnicity - East Asian
All authors
submitting
Corresponding
authors
submitting
All authors
published
Corresponding
authors
published
Invited
reviewers
5%
6%
7%
8%
9%
2021 2022 2023
Proportion
of
Authors
or
Reviewers
Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Race/Ethnicity - South Asian
All authors
submitting
Corresponding
authors
submitting
All authors
published
Corresponding
authors
published
Invited
reviewers
American Chemical Society 11
Gender Representation
 Majority of ACS journals’ authors and reviewers between 2021 and 2023 identified as men;
proportion of women participating in these roles has increased over time.
 Individuals identifying as nonbinary or choosing to self-describe their gender identity comprised
a small proportion of authors and reviewers without notable change during this time period.
24%
25%
26%
27%
28%
29%
30%
31%
32%
33%
2021 2022 2023
Proportion
of
Authors
or
Reviewers
Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Gender - Women
All authors
submitting
Corresponding
authors
submitting
All authors
published
Corresponding
authors
published
Invited
reviewers
31.8%
30.5%
41.2%
43.2%
38.6%
60.5%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
Coauthors submitting
Corresponding authors…
EAB members
ECAB members
Editors
Topic Editors
Proportion of Women Across ACS User Groups - 2023
EAB: Editorial Advisory Board
ECAB: Early Career Advisory Board
American Chemical Society 12
Editor Demographics in 2023
21.6%
22.1%
1.6%
0.8%
3.2%
3.2%
0.7%
46.8%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
East Asia & Pacific
Europe & Central Asia
Latin America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa
Oceania
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa
United States & Canada
Editors by Geographic Region - 2023
5.8%
37.0%
38.4%
18.9%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50%
0-10 years
11-20 years
21-30 years
31+ years
Editors by Time Since Doctorate - 2023
59.3%
38.6%
0.0%
2.1%
0% 20% 40% 60% 80%
Man
Woman
Self-Describe/nonbinary
Prefer not to say
Editors by Gender - 2023
1.3%
1.3%
0.5%
28.2%
0.0%
5.8%
1.8%
4.2%
1.8%
51.6%
3.2%
4.0%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70%
African / Black
African American / Black
Caribbean
East Asian
Indigenous
Latino or Hispanic
Middle Eastern / North…
South Asian
Southeast Asian
White
Prefer not to say
Self-describe
Editors by Race/Ethnicity - 2023
EXPANDING DIVERSITY AND
INCLUSION IN OUR JOURNAL
COMMUNITIES
13
American Chemical Society 14
Diversifying our Editorial Boards –
Change over time
Editor-in-Chief search process
• Diverse search committee
• Strategies to seek more diverse
candidates
– Open calls/self-nomination
– Geographic pools
– Gender balanced
Topic Editors
• Focus on early career and
underrepresented researchers
• Focus on emerging topical areas
82.10%
74.00%
62.60%
17.90%
26.00%
37.40%
0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100%
2012
2017
2022
Editor Gender Over time
Man Woman
*Prior to 2021, outdated
identifiers based on biological
sex were used in the survey
instead of gender, and only
binary options were provided.
8.80%
15.85%
21.15%
13.87%
16.20%
21.48%
74.40%
62.54%
48.79%
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%
2012
2017
2022
Editor Geographical Distribution Over Time
East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia Latin America & Caribbean
Middle East & North Africa Oceania South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa United States & Canada
American Chemical Society 15
Diversifying our Editorial Boards
1
Advancing DEIR, self-paced course for ACS
Editors
• Identify bias through peer review process
• Explore how to promote an inclusive culture
American Chemical Society 16
Engaging Early Career Chemists
ACS Author Lab
• Empower authors to prepare and submit strong manuscripts
• Guidance on replying respectfully to reviewers
ACS Reviewer Lab
• Identifying and combating potential biases
• Writing a professional and respectful review
• *New* Mandarin translation and accessibility improvements
Early Career Boards
• Within 10 years of formal training
• Established best practices on organizing Early Career Boards
Highlights through Special Issues & Collections
• Promotes visibility of research by emerging investigators
Journal & Lectureship Awards
• Recently revamped to incorporate DEIR
• Specific awards focused on early career researchers
American Chemical Society 17
Empowering Authors
Author Name Change Policy Launched October 2020
Inclusive policies involve centering the author:
• No correction/erratum or notice
• No permission from co-authors
• No legal proof of change
• Verification via other mechanism, such as ORCiD
• Gender-affirming customer service training
>500 publication updates requested since October 2020
Partnered with U.S. National Laboratories in June 2021 to
support institutional name change policies
ACS Diversity and Inclusion Cover Art Series
seeks to amplify marginalized voices and recognize historically
excluded or underserved populations of chemists
https://axial.acs.org/publishing/acs-diversity-inclusion-cover-art-
series
American Chemical Society 18
Continuous Learning Journey
DEIR
Prioritization
Existing
Experiences
and
Knowledge
Resources
and Training
Practical
Learning
Modules
Facilitated
Discussions
Community
Engagement
American Chemical Society 19
Supplementary slides
American Chemical Society 20
Demographic Data Section
Supplementary Slides
American Chemical Society 21
Demographic Survey Questions – 2023 Onward
Developed in collaboration with Joint Commitment
for action on inclusion and diversity in publishing
American Chemical Society 22
Demographic Survey Questions – 2023
onward, continued
Developed in collaboration with Joint
Commitment for action on inclusion and
diversity in publishing
American Chemical Society 23
Demographic Survey: Email-hosted
survey questions (2021-2023)

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Jemison, MacLaughlin, and Majumder "Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors"

  • 1. Broadening Pathways for Editors and Authors American Chemical Society Publications Racquel Jemison (R_Jemison@acs.org) Christina MacLaughlin (C_Maclaughlin@acs.org) Paulomi Majumder (P_Majumder@acs.org) 1
  • 2. American Chemical Society 2 ACS Vision, Mission, and Core Values Vision Improving all people’s lives through the transforming power of chemistry Mission Advancing the broader chemistry enterprise and its practitioners for the benefit of Earth and all its people Core Values Passion for chemistry and the global chemistry enterprise Focus on members Professionalism, safety, and ethics Diversity, equity, inclusion, and respect (DEIR)
  • 3. American Chemical Society 3 ACS Strategic Goal 5 Embrace and Advance Inclusion in Chemistry Promote diversity, equity, inclusion, and respect; identify and dismantle barriers to success; and create a welcoming and supportive environment so that all ACS members, employees, and volunteers can thrive.
  • 4. American Chemical Society 4 Initial Diversity Action Commitment June 2020 Joint Editorial: • Expressed support to marginalized communities • Acknowledged known issues within chemistry and ACS journals • Strategically committed to efforts to sustainably advance DEIR Initial commitments made: • Gather and make public baseline statistics on diversity within our journals and annually report on progress • Train editors to recognize and interrupt bias in peer review • Appoint an ombudsperson to serve as a liaison between Editors and our community • Develop an actionable diversity plan for each journal • Include the diversity of journal contributors as an explicit measurement of Editor-in-Chief performance Read the editorial “Confronting Racism in Chemistry Journals”: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acsami.0c10979
  • 6. American Chemical Society 6 Demographic Data: Purpose and Goals Diverse perspectives contribute to a more successful enterprise Rationale and Goals: • To identify areas where representation can be improved by formulating targeted strategies to address bias and demographic imbalance in journal communities • Support ACS’ efforts to embed DEIR in products • External annual reporting via Diversity Data Reports, programs, and services 2021 Report 2022 Report 2023 Report
  • 7. American Chemical Society 7 Approach to Data Collection  Questions developed in collaboration with the ACS Committee on Minority Affairs, ACS Pride, Joint commitment for action on inclusion and diversity in publishing  ACS authors, reviewers, editors, Editorial Advisory Board (EAB) members  Self-identification of gender and racial identities, career stage; geo location from ACS Paragon Plus user accounts  Collection via email-distributed survey from 2021-2023; moved to ACS Paragon Plus submission system for all data collection in May 2023  Respondents may opt out of completing the survey without impacting their access to ACS Paragon Plus functionality  Changes in 2023 onward: separating racial and ethnic identities into different questions, new questions on transgender identity, as well as disability and accessibility Examples of new survey questions: How would you identify yourself in terms of race? Please select ALL the groups that apply to you:  Asian or Pacific Islander  Black  Hispanic or Latino/a/x  Indigenous (e.g. North American Indian Navajo, South American Indian Quechua, Aboriginal, or Torres Strait Islander)  Middle Eastern or North African  White  Prefer not to disclose  Self-describe _______ Do you identify as transgender (a gender other than the one you were assigned at birth)?  Yes  No  Unsure  Prefer not to say Do you currently have a disability or health condition that impacts how you might read, review, or submit a publication?  Yes  No  Prefer not to say
  • 8. American Chemical Society 8 Data Analysis and Findings  Data only used and reported in aggregate and in accordance with ACS Privacy Policy  ACS journal portfolio-wide, and 11 journal subject areas analyses  2023 Diversity Data Report focus on comparison of demographic changes over time between 2021 and 2023 with comprehensive data reporting in Supporting Information  Observed statistically significant changes to demographic distributions amongst ACS user groups across race, gender, career stage, and geographic location  Most notable demographic shifts observed between 2021 and 2023 were in career stage representation among authors, reviewers, editors, and EAB members; shift to higher proportions of ACS user groups at earlier career stages 20.0% 26.0% 28.9% 40.2% 38.4% 37.1% 25.2% 22.0% 21.0% 14.6% 13.6% 13.0% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2021 2022 2023 Published Corresponding Authors by Time Since Doctorate 0-10 years 11-20 years 21-30 years 31+ years 23.4% 26.7% 27.9% 34.3% 34.0% 34.6% 23.1% 22.1% 21.7% 19.2% 17.1% 15.8% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2021 2022 2023 Reviewers Completing Reviews by Time Since Doctorate 0-10 years 11-20 years 21-30 years 31+ years
  • 9. American Chemical Society 9 Geographic Representation  Statistically significant (p<0.001) increases in proportion of authors and reviewers located in South Asia, as well as East Asia and the Pacific between 2021 and 2023  While chemists from around the world are active in ACS journals’ author and reviewer communities, most researchers are located in East Asia and the Pacific, Europe and Central Asia, South Asia, and the United States and Canada 25% 35% 45% 55% 65% 2021 2022 2023 Proportion of Authors or Reviewers Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Geographic Region - East Asia & Pacific All authors submitting Corresponding authors submitting All authors published Corresponding authors published Invited reviewers 3% 4% 5% 6% 7% 8% 2021 2022 2023 Proportion of Authors or Reviewers Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Geographic Region - South Asia All authors submitting Corresponding authors submitting All authors published Corresponding authors published Invited reviewers
  • 10. American Chemical Society 10 Racial and Ethnic Representation  Statistically significant (p<0.05) increase in percentage of East Asian and South Asian identifying authors and reviewers between 2021 and 2023  East Asian, South Asian, and White persons are the most highly represented racial/ethnic identities among the ACS journal author and reviewer communities surveyed 27% 32% 37% 42% 47% 2021 2022 2023 Proportion of Authors or Reviewers Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Race/Ethnicity - East Asian All authors submitting Corresponding authors submitting All authors published Corresponding authors published Invited reviewers 5% 6% 7% 8% 9% 2021 2022 2023 Proportion of Authors or Reviewers Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Race/Ethnicity - South Asian All authors submitting Corresponding authors submitting All authors published Corresponding authors published Invited reviewers
  • 11. American Chemical Society 11 Gender Representation  Majority of ACS journals’ authors and reviewers between 2021 and 2023 identified as men; proportion of women participating in these roles has increased over time.  Individuals identifying as nonbinary or choosing to self-describe their gender identity comprised a small proportion of authors and reviewers without notable change during this time period. 24% 25% 26% 27% 28% 29% 30% 31% 32% 33% 2021 2022 2023 Proportion of Authors or Reviewers Authoring and Reviewing Activity by Gender - Women All authors submitting Corresponding authors submitting All authors published Corresponding authors published Invited reviewers 31.8% 30.5% 41.2% 43.2% 38.6% 60.5% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Coauthors submitting Corresponding authors… EAB members ECAB members Editors Topic Editors Proportion of Women Across ACS User Groups - 2023 EAB: Editorial Advisory Board ECAB: Early Career Advisory Board
  • 12. American Chemical Society 12 Editor Demographics in 2023 21.6% 22.1% 1.6% 0.8% 3.2% 3.2% 0.7% 46.8% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia Latin America & Caribbean Middle East & North Africa Oceania South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa United States & Canada Editors by Geographic Region - 2023 5.8% 37.0% 38.4% 18.9% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 0-10 years 11-20 years 21-30 years 31+ years Editors by Time Since Doctorate - 2023 59.3% 38.6% 0.0% 2.1% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% Man Woman Self-Describe/nonbinary Prefer not to say Editors by Gender - 2023 1.3% 1.3% 0.5% 28.2% 0.0% 5.8% 1.8% 4.2% 1.8% 51.6% 3.2% 4.0% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% African / Black African American / Black Caribbean East Asian Indigenous Latino or Hispanic Middle Eastern / North… South Asian Southeast Asian White Prefer not to say Self-describe Editors by Race/Ethnicity - 2023
  • 13. EXPANDING DIVERSITY AND INCLUSION IN OUR JOURNAL COMMUNITIES 13
  • 14. American Chemical Society 14 Diversifying our Editorial Boards – Change over time Editor-in-Chief search process • Diverse search committee • Strategies to seek more diverse candidates – Open calls/self-nomination – Geographic pools – Gender balanced Topic Editors • Focus on early career and underrepresented researchers • Focus on emerging topical areas 82.10% 74.00% 62.60% 17.90% 26.00% 37.40% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% 2012 2017 2022 Editor Gender Over time Man Woman *Prior to 2021, outdated identifiers based on biological sex were used in the survey instead of gender, and only binary options were provided. 8.80% 15.85% 21.15% 13.87% 16.20% 21.48% 74.40% 62.54% 48.79% 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% 2012 2017 2022 Editor Geographical Distribution Over Time East Asia & Pacific Europe & Central Asia Latin America & Caribbean Middle East & North Africa Oceania South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa United States & Canada
  • 15. American Chemical Society 15 Diversifying our Editorial Boards 1 Advancing DEIR, self-paced course for ACS Editors • Identify bias through peer review process • Explore how to promote an inclusive culture
  • 16. American Chemical Society 16 Engaging Early Career Chemists ACS Author Lab • Empower authors to prepare and submit strong manuscripts • Guidance on replying respectfully to reviewers ACS Reviewer Lab • Identifying and combating potential biases • Writing a professional and respectful review • *New* Mandarin translation and accessibility improvements Early Career Boards • Within 10 years of formal training • Established best practices on organizing Early Career Boards Highlights through Special Issues & Collections • Promotes visibility of research by emerging investigators Journal & Lectureship Awards • Recently revamped to incorporate DEIR • Specific awards focused on early career researchers
  • 17. American Chemical Society 17 Empowering Authors Author Name Change Policy Launched October 2020 Inclusive policies involve centering the author: • No correction/erratum or notice • No permission from co-authors • No legal proof of change • Verification via other mechanism, such as ORCiD • Gender-affirming customer service training >500 publication updates requested since October 2020 Partnered with U.S. National Laboratories in June 2021 to support institutional name change policies ACS Diversity and Inclusion Cover Art Series seeks to amplify marginalized voices and recognize historically excluded or underserved populations of chemists https://axial.acs.org/publishing/acs-diversity-inclusion-cover-art- series
  • 18. American Chemical Society 18 Continuous Learning Journey DEIR Prioritization Existing Experiences and Knowledge Resources and Training Practical Learning Modules Facilitated Discussions Community Engagement
  • 19. American Chemical Society 19 Supplementary slides
  • 20. American Chemical Society 20 Demographic Data Section Supplementary Slides
  • 21. American Chemical Society 21 Demographic Survey Questions – 2023 Onward Developed in collaboration with Joint Commitment for action on inclusion and diversity in publishing
  • 22. American Chemical Society 22 Demographic Survey Questions – 2023 onward, continued Developed in collaboration with Joint Commitment for action on inclusion and diversity in publishing
  • 23. American Chemical Society 23 Demographic Survey: Email-hosted survey questions (2021-2023)

Editor's Notes

  1. The American Chemical Society is a publisher and member-based professional association with over 200,000 in the global membership community. As an employer of over 2,000 staff located worldwide, having a clear vision, mission, and core values ensure alignment from leadership to staff, to members, and our publishing community. Our core value of Diversity Equity Inclusion and Respect has transformed over several iterations.
  2. The addition of Strategic Goal 5 anchors the core value into work that impacts all that ACS does. The goal of promoting DEIR, identifying and removing barriers, and creating a welcoming culture are three major elements that underpin the work.
  3. The initial diversity action commitment, shared in a June 2020 joint editorial was actually released before the addition of Strategic Goal 5 – very much an indicator of just how much this work was prioritized from the top down. That editorial The strategic commitments tackle the challenges of broadening representation, reducing opportunities for bias, and increasing accountability.
  4. The approach that the Publications Division has taken to ensure more sustainable DEIR strategies is one that can be used across multiple business units, sizes, and sectors. We recognize that at the American Chemical Society, we have both the buy-in from our Board of Directors and Executive Leadership Team down to individual contributor level. We also have the privilege .