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JAN GAMA VISHA
Dr Anu MariamVarghese
2nd MD Scholar
Dept ofAgadatantra GAVC ,TVM
CONTENTS
• Jangama visha
• JangamaVisha adishtanas
• Examples
• Venom delivery system
• Examples
• Sarpa visha causes
• Sarpa visha types
JAN GAMA VISHA
• Visha ,basing upon its origin ,has been classified into two categories Jangama (animal
poison) and sthavara ( plant and mineral poison).
JANGAMA VISHA ADISHTANA
• Ah,Charaka -1 Damshtra
• SU,AS – 16
AS – Sonitha (blood) and sparsa (touch) instead of T
unda (beak) andVishardhita (flatus) of Su ,others same
• Drishti - sight • Lala - saliva
• Niswasa - breathing • Artava - menstrual blood
• Nagha - nails, claws • Damshtra - tusk, canine teeth
• Sakrit - excreta • Sooka - hair, bristles,
stings
• Mutra - urine • Pitha - bile
• Sukra - semen • Sava - cadaver/ dead
body
• Mukha - mouth • Asthi - bones
(AS.Utta.40/10)
(Su.Kalpa 3/3)
JANGAMA VISHA ADHISTANA
No Adhistana Examples
1 Drishti Divya sarpa
2 Niswasa Divya sarpa
3 Nagha Marjara, makara, manduka, godha, ghrihagolika, lutha, sambooka
4 Sakrit /
pureesha
Chipita, picchitaka, kashayavaasika,sarshapaka
5 Mutra Varcha keeta, koundnyaka, lutha
6 Sukra Mushika, lutha
7 Lala Lutha
8 Artava Lutha
9 Mukhasamdamsa Lutha, mashika, kanaba, jalayuka
10 Visardhitha Chitrasira, sarava,arimedaka, sarikamukha
Sl. no Adhistana Examples
11 Tunda Uchitinga,varati ,satapadi,sukavalbika,sringibramara
12 Asthi Vishahathashti,sarpakandaka
13 Pitha Sakuli matsya,raktaraji,varati matsya.
14 Suka/ aara Vrischka,viswabhara,varati,rajivamatsya,uchitinga,samudra vrischika
15 sava Keeta sarpa mrita deha
16 Dramshtra Bhouma sarpa, marjara,swa,vanara,makara,manduka,pakamatsya,godha,
shambhuka,prachalaka,grihagodhika,chatushpadakeeta.
JANGAMA VISHA SAMANYA LAKSHANA
• Mentioned in Charaka Chikitsa 23rd chaper
• Mostly generalised symptoms
“VENOMOUS” & “POISONOUS” ANIMALS
• Venomous animals : capable of producing a poison in a highly developed secretory
gland or group of cells and that can deliver their toxin during a biting or stinging
act.
• Eg:snakes,spiders
• Poisonous animals: those whose tissues, either in part or in their entirety, are
toxic
• Eg:dart frog
VENOM DELIVERY SYSTEM
• Ectodermic origin.
• Constituted by type III cells:
• They are Secretory cells with canaliculi - for collecting and conducting the secretion until
its destination.
• Morphology of the venom glands - vary according to the species.
• Composed of long secretory tubules, attached to a sac-like reservoir
• The venom glands - two free tubular portions that are individually connected to the
venom reservoir .
• Tubules :cylindrical and present some slight protuberances on their surface, produced by
imprinting of their epithelial cells..
• Reservoir: muscular structure, constituted by muscular fibers arranged obliquely and
transversely in four different lobules.
• Histological studies :
• The tubular portion of the venom glands : composed by cylindrical cells and its epithelium
internally coated with cuticle.
• Another secretory epithelium was found inside the reservoir, being denominated convoluted
gland
• Reservoir tissue- Some tracheas are present
• At its proximal region, there is an excretory duct that leads the stored venom until it
reaches the sting.
VENOM DELIVERY SYSTEM IN DIFFERENT SPECIES
SNAKES
Special glands near the upper jaw of the snakes which are akin to human
parotid gland.
•
• Telson,the terminal segment is vesicular in shape and
at the tip possess a sharp hollow stinger with tiny pores
which serves as oulet for venom
• secreted by two poison glands contained in the telson.
S C O R P I O N
SPIDERS
• Spiders have six pairs of appendages.
• The first pair
,called the chelicerae, constitute the jaws.
• Each chelicera ends in a fang containing the opening
• of a poison gland
• The venom ducts pass through the chelicerae,which
• sometimes also contain the venom glands
WASP
• T
wo important associated exocrine glands:
• Venom gland & Dufour gland .
• The venom gland discharges
• At the tip of the sting,
• Dufour gland is not directly related.
CENTIPEDE
• Characterized by the external body segmentation,
with a pair of articulated legs connected to each segment.
•Connected to the forehead is a pair of forceps,the maxillipeds,
with venomous fang-like tips.
• The venom is produced by a pair of glands one of each located in each maxillipeds
FROG
• The parotoid gland - external skin gland on the back, neck, and shoulder of toads and some frogs.
• Secrete a number of milky alkaloid substances
- bufotoxins.
• Bufotoxins : act as neurotoxins to deter predation.
SARPA VISHA
• Ample narrations about snakes are present in Brihattrayi and Laghutrayi
• These references are the most authentic sources,influencing contemporaryAyurveda .
SARPA VISHA CAUSES
• In search of food
• Out of fear
• When trampled or touched by feet
• More accumulation of venom
• In angry
• Those who indulge in sinful acts
• By hatredness
• From instigation by God,sages,God of death
(Su.Ka.3/12)
(AH.Utt.36/6)
(Ca.chi 23/162)
(Prayogasamuchayam)
SARPA VISHA TYPES
Susrutha – 2 Divya sarpa,Bhauma sarpa
• Bhauma sarpa – 80
• Darveekara - 26
• Mandali - 22
• Rajila - 10
• Nirvisha - 12
• Vaikaranja - 3
• Vaikaranjobava-7
Divya sarpa
• Vasuki
• Takshaka
• Mahidhara
• Nagendra etc..
AS
• 2 types - Bhauma sarpa – Darveekara,Mandali,Raajimanda
- Divya sarpa
AH, Vishajyotsnika, Prayoga samuchyam,Charaka, Kriyakoumudhi
• Bhauma sarpa – Darveekara,Mandali,Rajila
M.Ni
• 3 types –Bhogi,Mandali,Rajila
• Varna bheda –Susrutha -4,Brahmana,Kshatreeya,Vaishya,Sudra
• Linga bheda- Charaka -3,Stree,Purusha,Napumsaka
(Su.kal 4/9)
REFERENCES
• Susrutha samhitha kalpasthanam
• Astangasangraha Uttarasthana
• Charaka samhitha Chikitsasthana
• Astangahridaya Uttarasthana
• Prayoga Samuchayam
• Vishajyotsnika
• Kriyakoumudhi
• Wikipedia
• VV Pillay Modern medical toxicology
“THE ULTIMATE INSPIRATION IS THE DEADLINE”

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JANGAMA VISHA .pptx-

  • 1. JAN GAMA VISHA Dr Anu MariamVarghese 2nd MD Scholar Dept ofAgadatantra GAVC ,TVM
  • 2. CONTENTS • Jangama visha • JangamaVisha adishtanas • Examples • Venom delivery system • Examples • Sarpa visha causes • Sarpa visha types
  • 3. JAN GAMA VISHA • Visha ,basing upon its origin ,has been classified into two categories Jangama (animal poison) and sthavara ( plant and mineral poison).
  • 4. JANGAMA VISHA ADISHTANA • Ah,Charaka -1 Damshtra • SU,AS – 16 AS – Sonitha (blood) and sparsa (touch) instead of T unda (beak) andVishardhita (flatus) of Su ,others same • Drishti - sight • Lala - saliva • Niswasa - breathing • Artava - menstrual blood • Nagha - nails, claws • Damshtra - tusk, canine teeth • Sakrit - excreta • Sooka - hair, bristles, stings • Mutra - urine • Pitha - bile • Sukra - semen • Sava - cadaver/ dead body • Mukha - mouth • Asthi - bones
  • 6. JANGAMA VISHA ADHISTANA No Adhistana Examples 1 Drishti Divya sarpa 2 Niswasa Divya sarpa 3 Nagha Marjara, makara, manduka, godha, ghrihagolika, lutha, sambooka 4 Sakrit / pureesha Chipita, picchitaka, kashayavaasika,sarshapaka 5 Mutra Varcha keeta, koundnyaka, lutha 6 Sukra Mushika, lutha 7 Lala Lutha 8 Artava Lutha 9 Mukhasamdamsa Lutha, mashika, kanaba, jalayuka 10 Visardhitha Chitrasira, sarava,arimedaka, sarikamukha
  • 7. Sl. no Adhistana Examples 11 Tunda Uchitinga,varati ,satapadi,sukavalbika,sringibramara 12 Asthi Vishahathashti,sarpakandaka 13 Pitha Sakuli matsya,raktaraji,varati matsya. 14 Suka/ aara Vrischka,viswabhara,varati,rajivamatsya,uchitinga,samudra vrischika 15 sava Keeta sarpa mrita deha 16 Dramshtra Bhouma sarpa, marjara,swa,vanara,makara,manduka,pakamatsya,godha, shambhuka,prachalaka,grihagodhika,chatushpadakeeta.
  • 8.
  • 9. JANGAMA VISHA SAMANYA LAKSHANA • Mentioned in Charaka Chikitsa 23rd chaper • Mostly generalised symptoms
  • 10. “VENOMOUS” & “POISONOUS” ANIMALS • Venomous animals : capable of producing a poison in a highly developed secretory gland or group of cells and that can deliver their toxin during a biting or stinging act. • Eg:snakes,spiders • Poisonous animals: those whose tissues, either in part or in their entirety, are toxic • Eg:dart frog
  • 11. VENOM DELIVERY SYSTEM • Ectodermic origin. • Constituted by type III cells: • They are Secretory cells with canaliculi - for collecting and conducting the secretion until its destination. • Morphology of the venom glands - vary according to the species. • Composed of long secretory tubules, attached to a sac-like reservoir
  • 12. • The venom glands - two free tubular portions that are individually connected to the venom reservoir . • Tubules :cylindrical and present some slight protuberances on their surface, produced by imprinting of their epithelial cells.. • Reservoir: muscular structure, constituted by muscular fibers arranged obliquely and transversely in four different lobules.
  • 13. • Histological studies : • The tubular portion of the venom glands : composed by cylindrical cells and its epithelium internally coated with cuticle. • Another secretory epithelium was found inside the reservoir, being denominated convoluted gland • Reservoir tissue- Some tracheas are present • At its proximal region, there is an excretory duct that leads the stored venom until it reaches the sting.
  • 14. VENOM DELIVERY SYSTEM IN DIFFERENT SPECIES SNAKES Special glands near the upper jaw of the snakes which are akin to human parotid gland. •
  • 15. • Telson,the terminal segment is vesicular in shape and at the tip possess a sharp hollow stinger with tiny pores which serves as oulet for venom • secreted by two poison glands contained in the telson. S C O R P I O N
  • 16. SPIDERS • Spiders have six pairs of appendages. • The first pair ,called the chelicerae, constitute the jaws. • Each chelicera ends in a fang containing the opening • of a poison gland • The venom ducts pass through the chelicerae,which • sometimes also contain the venom glands
  • 17. WASP • T wo important associated exocrine glands: • Venom gland & Dufour gland . • The venom gland discharges • At the tip of the sting, • Dufour gland is not directly related.
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  • 19. CENTIPEDE • Characterized by the external body segmentation, with a pair of articulated legs connected to each segment. •Connected to the forehead is a pair of forceps,the maxillipeds, with venomous fang-like tips. • The venom is produced by a pair of glands one of each located in each maxillipeds
  • 20. FROG • The parotoid gland - external skin gland on the back, neck, and shoulder of toads and some frogs. • Secrete a number of milky alkaloid substances - bufotoxins. • Bufotoxins : act as neurotoxins to deter predation.
  • 21. SARPA VISHA • Ample narrations about snakes are present in Brihattrayi and Laghutrayi • These references are the most authentic sources,influencing contemporaryAyurveda .
  • 22. SARPA VISHA CAUSES • In search of food • Out of fear • When trampled or touched by feet • More accumulation of venom • In angry • Those who indulge in sinful acts • By hatredness • From instigation by God,sages,God of death
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  • 27. SARPA VISHA TYPES Susrutha – 2 Divya sarpa,Bhauma sarpa • Bhauma sarpa – 80 • Darveekara - 26 • Mandali - 22 • Rajila - 10 • Nirvisha - 12 • Vaikaranja - 3 • Vaikaranjobava-7 Divya sarpa • Vasuki • Takshaka • Mahidhara • Nagendra etc..
  • 28. AS • 2 types - Bhauma sarpa – Darveekara,Mandali,Raajimanda - Divya sarpa AH, Vishajyotsnika, Prayoga samuchyam,Charaka, Kriyakoumudhi • Bhauma sarpa – Darveekara,Mandali,Rajila M.Ni • 3 types –Bhogi,Mandali,Rajila • Varna bheda –Susrutha -4,Brahmana,Kshatreeya,Vaishya,Sudra • Linga bheda- Charaka -3,Stree,Purusha,Napumsaka
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  • 33. REFERENCES • Susrutha samhitha kalpasthanam • Astangasangraha Uttarasthana • Charaka samhitha Chikitsasthana • Astangahridaya Uttarasthana • Prayoga Samuchayam • Vishajyotsnika • Kriyakoumudhi • Wikipedia • VV Pillay Modern medical toxicology
  • 34. “THE ULTIMATE INSPIRATION IS THE DEADLINE”