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It’s Game Time
Matt Jenkins <mdj@emdeejay.net>
OzKFest April 2015
ScramWorks
• Design has evolved to higher capacity SRAM
• 1 or 2 chips for 8MB or 16MB capacity
• 3.3V circuitry
• 100% RamWorks compatibility
• AE and Nishida Radio video connectors
• Soon, and with brothers
Serial Segue
• Communicates between computer systems
• Or between parts within a computer system
• Increasing replacing parallel communications
• USB
• Serial ATA
• PCI-e slots are serial busses
Serial Style
• Asynchronous
• Rely on accurate timing on each end point
• Synchronous
• Clock is provided on the bus
• Flow Control
• In band
• Out of band
Serial - RS232
• Super Serial Card, Apple IIc, 6551 ACIA
• Asynchronous
• In band and out of band flow control
• XON/XOFF, RTS/CTS
• Logic level and line level.
• 115,200Kbps to many megabits
Serial - intercomponent
• Widely used in Arduino
• RTC, Stepper Motor, GPIO, Servo
• i2c
• SPI
• 1-wire
i2c
• Inter-Integrated Circuit
• 2-wire, synchronous, half-duplex
• 10Khz, 100Khz, 400Khz modes
• Open-drain
• Multi-master capable
i2c
• Data line - SDA
• Clock line - SCL
• Master drives clock
• All devices share data line
• Actual speed can be variable (0-100Khz)
i2c
(Image from Wikipedia)
Apple II - i2c ?
• Can it be done ?
• i2c allows slower speeds
• Ought to be easy!
• Where do we plug it in ?
Apple II Game Port
• 4 Annunciator outputs
• 3 Pushbutton inputs
• 4 Paddle Inputs
• 1 Utility Strobe
Apple II Game Port
Apple II Game Port
• Inputs and outputs are TTL
• But i2c is open drain
• Going to need some electronics!
Emitter Follower
Open Drain
Apple i2c - Schematic
• Two MOSFETs
• Two Resistors
• Two sets required to do both SDA and SCL
Apple i2c - SDA schematic
1243774
Apple i2c - Code
• Some simple assembly language
• Merlin 8/16 (32?)
• Macros should help
• Ampersand extensions for Applesoft
Apple i2c - Code
AN0OFF EQU $C058
AN0ON EQU $C059
AN1OFF EQU $C05A
AN1ON EQU $C05B
PB0 EQU $C061
PB1 EQU $C062
PB2 EQU $C063
Apple i2c - Code
SDAOFF MAC
BIT AN0ON
<<<
SDAON MAC
BIT AN0OFF
<<<
SCLOFF MAC
BIT AN1ON
<<<
SCLON MAC
BIT AN1OFF
<<<
Apple i2c - Code
SCLSTAT MAC
LDA PB1
<<<
SCLWAIT MAC
WAIT SCLSTAT
BMI WAIT
NOP
<<<
I2CSTART MAC
SDAOFF
NOP
NOP
NOP
NOP
SCLOFF
<<<
I2CCLOCK MAC
SCLON
NOP
NOP
SCLOFF
NOP
<<<
Summary
• Not working yet (sorry!)
• Questions ?

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It's game time

  • 1. It’s Game Time Matt Jenkins <mdj@emdeejay.net> OzKFest April 2015
  • 2. ScramWorks • Design has evolved to higher capacity SRAM • 1 or 2 chips for 8MB or 16MB capacity • 3.3V circuitry • 100% RamWorks compatibility • AE and Nishida Radio video connectors • Soon, and with brothers
  • 3. Serial Segue • Communicates between computer systems • Or between parts within a computer system • Increasing replacing parallel communications • USB • Serial ATA • PCI-e slots are serial busses
  • 4. Serial Style • Asynchronous • Rely on accurate timing on each end point • Synchronous • Clock is provided on the bus • Flow Control • In band • Out of band
  • 5. Serial - RS232 • Super Serial Card, Apple IIc, 6551 ACIA • Asynchronous • In band and out of band flow control • XON/XOFF, RTS/CTS • Logic level and line level. • 115,200Kbps to many megabits
  • 6. Serial - intercomponent • Widely used in Arduino • RTC, Stepper Motor, GPIO, Servo • i2c • SPI • 1-wire
  • 7. i2c • Inter-Integrated Circuit • 2-wire, synchronous, half-duplex • 10Khz, 100Khz, 400Khz modes • Open-drain • Multi-master capable
  • 8. i2c • Data line - SDA • Clock line - SCL • Master drives clock • All devices share data line • Actual speed can be variable (0-100Khz)
  • 10. Apple II - i2c ? • Can it be done ? • i2c allows slower speeds • Ought to be easy! • Where do we plug it in ?
  • 11. Apple II Game Port • 4 Annunciator outputs • 3 Pushbutton inputs • 4 Paddle Inputs • 1 Utility Strobe
  • 13. Apple II Game Port • Inputs and outputs are TTL • But i2c is open drain • Going to need some electronics!
  • 16. Apple i2c - Schematic • Two MOSFETs • Two Resistors • Two sets required to do both SDA and SCL
  • 17. Apple i2c - SDA schematic 1243774
  • 18. Apple i2c - Code • Some simple assembly language • Merlin 8/16 (32?) • Macros should help • Ampersand extensions for Applesoft
  • 19. Apple i2c - Code AN0OFF EQU $C058 AN0ON EQU $C059 AN1OFF EQU $C05A AN1ON EQU $C05B PB0 EQU $C061 PB1 EQU $C062 PB2 EQU $C063
  • 20. Apple i2c - Code SDAOFF MAC BIT AN0ON <<< SDAON MAC BIT AN0OFF <<< SCLOFF MAC BIT AN1ON <<< SCLON MAC BIT AN1OFF <<<
  • 21. Apple i2c - Code SCLSTAT MAC LDA PB1 <<< SCLWAIT MAC WAIT SCLSTAT BMI WAIT NOP <<< I2CSTART MAC SDAOFF NOP NOP NOP NOP SCLOFF <<< I2CCLOCK MAC SCLON NOP NOP SCLOFF NOP <<<
  • 22. Summary • Not working yet (sorry!) • Questions ?