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Geography of Galicia
and its bodies of water
March 2012
Spain: location
Southern Europe
Area: 504,645 km²
7.800 km of coast,
incluiding the
Canary and
Balearic Islands
Spain: location
Spain: seas and oceans
Mediterranean Sea: warmer than
the others
Cantabric Sea
Atlantic Ocean
The mediterranean coasts:
 Mild temperatures
 Irregular rainfall
Spain: different climates
Inland : the climate is more extreme
• Low temperatures in Winter and high in Summer
• Irregular rainfall
North:
• Low temperatures in Winter and mild in
Summer
• Abundant rainfall
 Situated in Northwestern Spain
 Area of 29,574 km²
 1500 km of coast
 Four provinces: three of them are in the sea shore.
 Oceanic climate: Winters and Summers are mild with abundant rainfall
Galicia: our region
 Ocean/Seas. Most important. They condition the
climate
 Rivers
 Lakes (fresh water) and lagoons (salt water)
 Subterranean waters
Galicia’s bodies of water: types
 The most important geographical feature of our coast
 Inlet that advances into the ocean
 They coincide with the mouth of a river
 They are subject to the tides
Rias (estuaries)
Rivers that flow into the rias
Rias
Northern
Rias:
Ferrol,
Coruña…
Southern
Rias:
Arousa,
Pontevedra
…
They are different in the
height of the coast and in
their size
They are very productive due to the rise of cold waters
coming from Atlantic currents
Rias
Rias of Coruña, Betanzos and Ferrol
TIDES
The average tide is approximately 2.7 meters
Today (March 15th) High tide: 1 m Low tide: 1,1 m
Ria of Ferrol:
data
 Average salt in sea: 34-
35,6/1000 g salt/kg water
 Mix of fresh water and sea
salt water.
 Salinity suffers variations in
Winter due to continental
water.
 This influence is much
smaller at depths over 20
meters
Surface water temperature
Minimum of 10-12 ºC in Winter
Maximum of 18-20 ºC in Summer
Rias uses
 Fishing
 Recreation
Cariño harbour (near Ferrol)Coruña harbour
Fishing in Galicia
1,500 km of coast
4,500 km2 aprox. of fishing ground
INDICATORS:
1 boat/km2
17 fishermen/km of coast
4 fishermen/km2
4 sale points/100km of coast
Cedeira harbour (near Ferrol)
Fishing
• Shellfish on foot: 5,693
people
• Shellfish on boat: 4,836
people
• Inshore fishing: 9,249 people
• Deep-sea fishing: North Sea
5,177 people
• Aquaculture (turbot): 4,264
people
• Rafts: mussels and oysters Ría of Vigo with rafts
Shellfishing
More than 190
comercial kinds
 Octopus (Octopus
vulgaris)
 Clams (Venerupis
pullastra)
 Barnacles (Pollicipes
pollicipes)
 Sepia (Sepia
officinalis)
 Cockles
(Cerastoderma edule)
 Spider crab (Maja
squinado)
 Crab (Nécora puber)
 Scad (Trachurus
trachurus)
 Mackerel (Scomber
scomber)
 Sardine (Sardina
pilchardus)
 Whiting pout
(Trisopterus luscus)
 Sea bass
(Dicentrarchus
labrax)
Main species captured
 Ferrol
 A Coruña
 Vigo
 Vilagarcía
 Marín
 San Ciprián
Harbours
Ferrol harbour with a huge cruise
 A Coruña
 Vigo
 Cedeira
 Celeiro
 Ribeira
Fishing ports
Gran Sol fleet, Vigo Celeiro (Lugo)
A Coruña
 Beaches. In Galicia there are hundreds of beaches. Only 15
km from Ferrol we have more than 21 beaches
Water sports:
 Surf
 Rowing
 Sailing
 Canoeing
 Scuba diving
Recreational uses
Galicia has:
• 86 nautical installations (20% of Spain’s)
•12,000 moorings
•19,000 licenses to practice water sports
Doniños beach. Ferrol
The Pantin Classic
International
Competition takes place
in Pantín, near Ferrol,
every September
Surf
Dinghy sailing race. Ferrol,
August 2011
Tall ships Atlantic
Challenge 2009. Vigo
Sailing
Sailing is a sport with a big tradition here in Galicia
Tradicional Galician Boats
Chalana
Dorna
NATIONAL PARKS
Atlantic Islands National Park (Southwestern
Galicia)
Cies Island National Park
Coastal Lagoons
They are small and briny in different degrees
They are important to safeguard the typical Galician
flora and fauna (wetland
Near Ferrol we have two lagoons
Doniños lagoon Valdoviño lagoon
 Shipyards in Ferrol and Vigo
 2011: 55 % of all the vessels built in Spain.
 2012: 28 % of all the vessels built in Spain.
The Naval restructuring began in 1982 and hasn’t finished yet.
Naval Industry
Ferrol shipyard
In Galicia there are many small rivers, but the most
important ones are the Miño(310 km) and its tributaire
the Sil
Rivers
Miño river and Roman bridge
in Ourense
Sil river
 Human supply.
 Recreation.
 Power
 Irrigation
River Uses
Traditional irrigation channel in Galicia
Human supply: dam
Forcadas dam: Ferrol’s supply of drinking water
Used years ago to wash clothes by hand. Now they
are being restored and preserved as part of Galicia’s
ethnographic heritage.
Human supply: washing places
Waste water treatment plants
in Galicia
Energetic use of the rivers
 Galicia is one of the
biggest producers of
hydroelectric power in
Spain
 147 hydroelectric power
stations (large and small)
 38 large hydrolectric
power stations
Fervenza dam in the Xallas river
(Coruña)
Small Hydroelectric Power Stations
(less than 10 MW)
Belelle river
Hydroelectric Power Stations
(10-50 MW)
Subterranean Waters
• Wells: used years ago to get drinking water.
• Fountains: very common in many Galician towns and
villages.
St. Roque fountain (18th century) FerrolFurado river fountain (Ferrol)
 Very common in Galicia.
 Used since Roman times to treat respiratory, rheumatic or skin deseases.
 The most important ones are in Ourense and the hot water flows at more
than 60 ºC.
 Nowadays, most of them are part of spas.
Hot springs
Roman hot spring in Ourense

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Its bodies of water (Galicia)

  • 1. Geography of Galicia and its bodies of water March 2012
  • 3. Southern Europe Area: 504,645 km² 7.800 km of coast, incluiding the Canary and Balearic Islands Spain: location
  • 5. Mediterranean Sea: warmer than the others Cantabric Sea Atlantic Ocean
  • 6. The mediterranean coasts:  Mild temperatures  Irregular rainfall Spain: different climates Inland : the climate is more extreme • Low temperatures in Winter and high in Summer • Irregular rainfall North: • Low temperatures in Winter and mild in Summer • Abundant rainfall
  • 7.  Situated in Northwestern Spain  Area of 29,574 km²  1500 km of coast  Four provinces: three of them are in the sea shore.  Oceanic climate: Winters and Summers are mild with abundant rainfall Galicia: our region
  • 8.  Ocean/Seas. Most important. They condition the climate  Rivers  Lakes (fresh water) and lagoons (salt water)  Subterranean waters Galicia’s bodies of water: types
  • 9.  The most important geographical feature of our coast  Inlet that advances into the ocean  They coincide with the mouth of a river  They are subject to the tides Rias (estuaries) Rivers that flow into the rias
  • 11. They are very productive due to the rise of cold waters coming from Atlantic currents Rias Rias of Coruña, Betanzos and Ferrol
  • 12. TIDES The average tide is approximately 2.7 meters Today (March 15th) High tide: 1 m Low tide: 1,1 m
  • 13. Ria of Ferrol: data  Average salt in sea: 34- 35,6/1000 g salt/kg water  Mix of fresh water and sea salt water.  Salinity suffers variations in Winter due to continental water.  This influence is much smaller at depths over 20 meters Surface water temperature Minimum of 10-12 ºC in Winter Maximum of 18-20 ºC in Summer
  • 14. Rias uses  Fishing  Recreation Cariño harbour (near Ferrol)Coruña harbour
  • 15. Fishing in Galicia 1,500 km of coast 4,500 km2 aprox. of fishing ground INDICATORS: 1 boat/km2 17 fishermen/km of coast 4 fishermen/km2 4 sale points/100km of coast Cedeira harbour (near Ferrol)
  • 16. Fishing • Shellfish on foot: 5,693 people • Shellfish on boat: 4,836 people • Inshore fishing: 9,249 people • Deep-sea fishing: North Sea 5,177 people • Aquaculture (turbot): 4,264 people • Rafts: mussels and oysters Ría of Vigo with rafts
  • 18. More than 190 comercial kinds  Octopus (Octopus vulgaris)  Clams (Venerupis pullastra)  Barnacles (Pollicipes pollicipes)  Sepia (Sepia officinalis)  Cockles (Cerastoderma edule)  Spider crab (Maja squinado)  Crab (Nécora puber)  Scad (Trachurus trachurus)  Mackerel (Scomber scomber)  Sardine (Sardina pilchardus)  Whiting pout (Trisopterus luscus)  Sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) Main species captured
  • 19.  Ferrol  A Coruña  Vigo  Vilagarcía  Marín  San Ciprián Harbours Ferrol harbour with a huge cruise
  • 20.  A Coruña  Vigo  Cedeira  Celeiro  Ribeira Fishing ports Gran Sol fleet, Vigo Celeiro (Lugo) A Coruña
  • 21.  Beaches. In Galicia there are hundreds of beaches. Only 15 km from Ferrol we have more than 21 beaches Water sports:  Surf  Rowing  Sailing  Canoeing  Scuba diving Recreational uses Galicia has: • 86 nautical installations (20% of Spain’s) •12,000 moorings •19,000 licenses to practice water sports Doniños beach. Ferrol
  • 22. The Pantin Classic International Competition takes place in Pantín, near Ferrol, every September Surf
  • 23. Dinghy sailing race. Ferrol, August 2011 Tall ships Atlantic Challenge 2009. Vigo Sailing Sailing is a sport with a big tradition here in Galicia
  • 25. NATIONAL PARKS Atlantic Islands National Park (Southwestern Galicia) Cies Island National Park
  • 26. Coastal Lagoons They are small and briny in different degrees They are important to safeguard the typical Galician flora and fauna (wetland Near Ferrol we have two lagoons Doniños lagoon Valdoviño lagoon
  • 27.  Shipyards in Ferrol and Vigo  2011: 55 % of all the vessels built in Spain.  2012: 28 % of all the vessels built in Spain. The Naval restructuring began in 1982 and hasn’t finished yet. Naval Industry Ferrol shipyard
  • 28. In Galicia there are many small rivers, but the most important ones are the Miño(310 km) and its tributaire the Sil Rivers Miño river and Roman bridge in Ourense Sil river
  • 29.  Human supply.  Recreation.  Power  Irrigation River Uses Traditional irrigation channel in Galicia
  • 30. Human supply: dam Forcadas dam: Ferrol’s supply of drinking water
  • 31. Used years ago to wash clothes by hand. Now they are being restored and preserved as part of Galicia’s ethnographic heritage. Human supply: washing places
  • 32. Waste water treatment plants in Galicia
  • 33. Energetic use of the rivers  Galicia is one of the biggest producers of hydroelectric power in Spain  147 hydroelectric power stations (large and small)  38 large hydrolectric power stations Fervenza dam in the Xallas river (Coruña)
  • 34. Small Hydroelectric Power Stations (less than 10 MW) Belelle river
  • 36. Subterranean Waters • Wells: used years ago to get drinking water. • Fountains: very common in many Galician towns and villages. St. Roque fountain (18th century) FerrolFurado river fountain (Ferrol)
  • 37.  Very common in Galicia.  Used since Roman times to treat respiratory, rheumatic or skin deseases.  The most important ones are in Ourense and the hot water flows at more than 60 ºC.  Nowadays, most of them are part of spas. Hot springs Roman hot spring in Ourense