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ITALY
FLAG
The flag of Italy (bandiera d'Italia, often referred to in Italian as il
Tricolore) is a tricolour featuring three equally sized vertical pales of
green, white, and red, with the green at the hoist side. Its current form has been
in use since 19 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948.[1]
The first entity to use the Italian tricolour was the Cispadane Republic
in 1797, which supplanted Milan after Napoleon's victorious army crossed Italy
in 1796. The colours chosen by the Cispadane Republic were red and
white, which were the colours of the recently conquered flag of Milan; and
green, which was the colour of the uniform of the Milanese civic guard. During
this time, many small French-proxy republics of Jacobin inspiration supplanted
the ancient absolute Italian states and almost all, with variants of colour, used
flags characterised by three bands of equal size, clearly inspired by the French
model of 1790.
Some have attributed particular values to the colours, and a common
interpretation is that the green represents the country's plains and the hills;
white, the snow-capped Alps; and red, blood spilt in the Wars of Italian
Independence. A more religious interpretation is that the green represents
hope, the white represents faith, and the red represents charity; this references
the three theological virtues.
LOCATION
 Italy is a unitary parliamentary republic in Southern Europe. To the north, Italy borders
France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia, and is approximately delimited by the Alpine
watershed, enclosing the Po Valley and the Venetian Plain. To the south, it consists of the entirety of the
Italian Peninsula and the two biggest Mediterranean islands of Sicily and Sardinia.
SURFACE AND POPULATION
 Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate climate. With 60 million inhabitants, it
is the 5th most populous country in Europe. Italy is also the 4th-largest economy in the European
Union, 3rd in the Eurozone and 9th in the world
POLITICAL SYSTEM
 Italy has been a unitary parliamentary republic since 2 June 1946, when the monarchy was abolished by
a constitutional referendum. The President of Italy (Presidente della Repubblica), currently Giorgio
Napolitano since 2006, is Italy's head of state. The President is elected for a single seven years
mandate by the Parliament of Italy in joint session. Italy has a written democratic constitution, resulting
from the work of a Constituent Assembly formed by the representatives of all the anti-fascist forces that
contributed to the defeat of Nazi and Fascist forces during the Civil War.
CAPITAL
 Italy's capital and largest city, Rome, has for centuries been the leading political and religious centre of
Western civilisation, serving as the capital of both the Roman Empire and Christianity.
MOST IMPORTANT CITIES
 Rome.
 Venice.
 Palermo.
 Florence.
 Milan.
 Turin.
 Naples.
 Verona.
 Bologna.
 Genoa.
CUISINE
 Modern Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th
century BC. Italian cuisine in itself takes heavy influences, including Etruscan, ancient Greek, ancient
Roman, Byzantine, and Jewish. Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World with the introduction of
items such as potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize, now central to the cuisine but not introduced in quantity until the
18th century. Italian cuisine is noted for its regional diversity, abundance of difference in taste, and is known to be one of the
most popular in the world, wielding strong influence abroad.
 The Mediterranean diet forms the basis of Italian cuisine, rich in pasta, fish and vegetables and characterized by its extreme
simplicity and variety, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Italian cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the
ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation. Dishes and recipes are often derivatives from local and familial tradition
rather than created by chefs, so many recipes are ideally suited for home cooking, this being one of the main reasons behind
the ever increasing worldwide popularity of Italian cuisine, from America to Asia. Ingredients and dishes vary widely by
region.
 A key factor in the success of Italian cuisine is the country's food industry, that rely heavily on traditional products: Italy is the
country with the most traditional specialities protected under EU law. Cheese, cold cuts and wine are a major part of Italian
cuisine, with many regional declinations and Protected Designation of Origin or Protected Geographical Indication
labels, and along with coffee (especially espresso) make up a very important part of the Italian gastronomic culture. Desserts
have a long tradition of merging local flavours such as citrus fruits, pistachio and almonds with sweet cheeses like
mascarpone and ricotta or exotic tastes as cocoa, vanilla and cinnamon. Gelato, tiramisù and cassata are among the most
famous examples of Italian desserts, cakes and patisserie.
FAMOUS PEOPLE
 Christopher Columbous.
 Leonardo Da Vinci.
 Michelangelo Buonarroti.
 Galileo Galilei.
 Dante Alighieri.
 Luciano Pavarotti.
 Andrea Bocelli.
 Laura Pausini.
 Eros Ramazzotti.

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Italy

  • 2. FLAG The flag of Italy (bandiera d'Italia, often referred to in Italian as il Tricolore) is a tricolour featuring three equally sized vertical pales of green, white, and red, with the green at the hoist side. Its current form has been in use since 19 June 1946 and was formally adopted on 1 January 1948.[1] The first entity to use the Italian tricolour was the Cispadane Republic in 1797, which supplanted Milan after Napoleon's victorious army crossed Italy in 1796. The colours chosen by the Cispadane Republic were red and white, which were the colours of the recently conquered flag of Milan; and green, which was the colour of the uniform of the Milanese civic guard. During this time, many small French-proxy republics of Jacobin inspiration supplanted the ancient absolute Italian states and almost all, with variants of colour, used flags characterised by three bands of equal size, clearly inspired by the French model of 1790. Some have attributed particular values to the colours, and a common interpretation is that the green represents the country's plains and the hills; white, the snow-capped Alps; and red, blood spilt in the Wars of Italian Independence. A more religious interpretation is that the green represents hope, the white represents faith, and the red represents charity; this references the three theological virtues.
  • 3. LOCATION  Italy is a unitary parliamentary republic in Southern Europe. To the north, Italy borders France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia, and is approximately delimited by the Alpine watershed, enclosing the Po Valley and the Venetian Plain. To the south, it consists of the entirety of the Italian Peninsula and the two biggest Mediterranean islands of Sicily and Sardinia.
  • 4. SURFACE AND POPULATION  Italy covers an area of 301,338 km2 and has a largely temperate climate. With 60 million inhabitants, it is the 5th most populous country in Europe. Italy is also the 4th-largest economy in the European Union, 3rd in the Eurozone and 9th in the world
  • 5. POLITICAL SYSTEM  Italy has been a unitary parliamentary republic since 2 June 1946, when the monarchy was abolished by a constitutional referendum. The President of Italy (Presidente della Repubblica), currently Giorgio Napolitano since 2006, is Italy's head of state. The President is elected for a single seven years mandate by the Parliament of Italy in joint session. Italy has a written democratic constitution, resulting from the work of a Constituent Assembly formed by the representatives of all the anti-fascist forces that contributed to the defeat of Nazi and Fascist forces during the Civil War.
  • 6. CAPITAL  Italy's capital and largest city, Rome, has for centuries been the leading political and religious centre of Western civilisation, serving as the capital of both the Roman Empire and Christianity.
  • 7. MOST IMPORTANT CITIES  Rome.  Venice.  Palermo.  Florence.  Milan.  Turin.  Naples.  Verona.  Bologna.  Genoa.
  • 8. CUISINE  Modern Italian cuisine has developed through centuries of social and political changes, with roots as far back as the 4th century BC. Italian cuisine in itself takes heavy influences, including Etruscan, ancient Greek, ancient Roman, Byzantine, and Jewish. Significant changes occurred with the discovery of the New World with the introduction of items such as potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers and maize, now central to the cuisine but not introduced in quantity until the 18th century. Italian cuisine is noted for its regional diversity, abundance of difference in taste, and is known to be one of the most popular in the world, wielding strong influence abroad.  The Mediterranean diet forms the basis of Italian cuisine, rich in pasta, fish and vegetables and characterized by its extreme simplicity and variety, with many dishes having only four to eight ingredients. Italian cooks rely chiefly on the quality of the ingredients rather than on elaborate preparation. Dishes and recipes are often derivatives from local and familial tradition rather than created by chefs, so many recipes are ideally suited for home cooking, this being one of the main reasons behind the ever increasing worldwide popularity of Italian cuisine, from America to Asia. Ingredients and dishes vary widely by region.  A key factor in the success of Italian cuisine is the country's food industry, that rely heavily on traditional products: Italy is the country with the most traditional specialities protected under EU law. Cheese, cold cuts and wine are a major part of Italian cuisine, with many regional declinations and Protected Designation of Origin or Protected Geographical Indication labels, and along with coffee (especially espresso) make up a very important part of the Italian gastronomic culture. Desserts have a long tradition of merging local flavours such as citrus fruits, pistachio and almonds with sweet cheeses like mascarpone and ricotta or exotic tastes as cocoa, vanilla and cinnamon. Gelato, tiramisù and cassata are among the most famous examples of Italian desserts, cakes and patisserie.
  • 9. FAMOUS PEOPLE  Christopher Columbous.  Leonardo Da Vinci.  Michelangelo Buonarroti.  Galileo Galilei.  Dante Alighieri.  Luciano Pavarotti.  Andrea Bocelli.  Laura Pausini.  Eros Ramazzotti.