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What does a Ph.D. teach you?




A lot of skills apart from science
Skills learnt

Search for information

Identify a problem

Propose a solution

Organize thoughts

Make a presentation

Manage people

Manage resources

Manage time
Where else can science be used?


        Patent office                             FDA/DCGI



Patent agent/attorney                       Regulatory affairs dept


                             Company



Business consultant                         Scientific/medical writing




       Consultancies                           Consumers/end
                                                   users
Opportunities in Patent Law




An introductory talk for research students


                 CPMB

   Harish Chandran Avaronnan, Ph.D.

               Novozymes
What is a Patent?


              A patent is a type of intellectual property


     A product of the mind which has been reduced to practice


Patents can be obtained for product, process, machine, apparatus etc
          including improvements over existing inventions


          Provided they are novel, non-obvious and useful



       What are the implications of owning a patent?
A grant made by a government; that confers upon the creator of an
invention, the right to exclude any other person from making, using,
or selling the invention covered by the patent; for a set period of
time, in exchange for a disclosure of an invention.


Patents are territorial. A patent obtained in one country cannot be
enforced in another country.


A patent does not give the patentee a right to practice the invention.
It only gives the right to prevent others from practicing the
invention. One needs to make sure that one does not infringe other
existing patents.


Patents have an expiry date


Patents can be challenged or opposed
Players in the patenting arena


                         Government



     Patent Office                            Courts

                      PAt/PAy
                                      PAy
PAt/ PAy/                                            PAy
Self


   Innovators                                 Competitors
                          PAy



  PAt: Patent Agent                         PAy: Patent Attorney
Patent agent                Territorial

                    Has a technical degree

       Passed the patent agent exam of the patent office

Can practice only before the patent office and not before a court

             Cannot give validity or legal opinions

                        Patent Attorney               Territorial

               Has a technical and a law degree

       Passed the patent agent exam of the patent office

 Can practice both before the patent office and before a court

              Can give validity and legal opinions
Patent office

                                                   Territorial
                      Examiner of Patents

Examines patent applications

Searches for prior art

Issues examination report and subsequent office actions

Reports to the Assistant Controller of Patents (in India)

Qualification: Post Graduate in science or a technical degree

On the job training. Need not be a patent agent.
Innovator
      Administrator/Officer/Executive/Manager/Vice president

Opportunity search/analysis

Patentability search/analysis                        Global

Drafting of patent applications

Prosecution of patent applications before the patent office

Follow up patent filings/life-cycle management

Validity search/analysis

Assisting attorneys with their analysis

Docketing and Formalities responsibility

Qualifications: Any degree and loads of experience!!!
Competitor

             Officer/Executive/Manager/Vice president

Infringement search/analysis                            Global

Coordinating with attorneys in opposing patent applications before
the patent office

Helping attorneys in their analysis

Validity search/analysis

Assisting attorneys/business group during licensing

Qualification: any degree with loads of experience!!!
Law Firm


     Paralegal/Technical specialist/Patent agent/Patent attorney

Patent docketing
                                                     Territorial
Patent drafting

Patent prosecution

Patent litigation

Patent licensing

Legal opinions

Qualification: Any technical and/or law degree
Knowledge/Legal Process Outsourcing

       Patent searcher/Patent analyst/Team leader/Boss!!!

Patent docketing
                                                 Global
Patentability search/analysis

Validity search/analysis

Infringement search/analysis

Patent drafting

Assisting attorneys in their opinions

Qualifications: Any technical degree
How does one get in?

                         Be technically competent


   Work and network hard                 Join industry as a researcher



                Demonstrate an interest in patent law




Join the Patent Office        Join the IP team          Join a law firm




                           Career in Patent law
Do you have it in you?

Interest in all developments happening in science/biology

A lot of reading and analysis of literature

No bench work!!!

Explain scientific concepts to lay people

Interest in the legal aspects of science and language

“Business in Science” and “Science in Business”
Where to find more information?

Search “science career forum”
http://scforum.aaas.org/


Search “intellectual property law forum”
http://www.intelproplaw.com/


Search “chronicle of higher education”
http://chronicle.com/
Katrathu Kaimann Alavu

Kallaathathu Ulagalavu



      Thank you

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IPR issues in the patent era -

  • 1. What does a Ph.D. teach you? A lot of skills apart from science
  • 2. Skills learnt Search for information Identify a problem Propose a solution Organize thoughts Make a presentation Manage people Manage resources Manage time
  • 3. Where else can science be used? Patent office FDA/DCGI Patent agent/attorney Regulatory affairs dept Company Business consultant Scientific/medical writing Consultancies Consumers/end users
  • 4. Opportunities in Patent Law An introductory talk for research students CPMB Harish Chandran Avaronnan, Ph.D. Novozymes
  • 5. What is a Patent? A patent is a type of intellectual property A product of the mind which has been reduced to practice Patents can be obtained for product, process, machine, apparatus etc including improvements over existing inventions Provided they are novel, non-obvious and useful What are the implications of owning a patent?
  • 6. A grant made by a government; that confers upon the creator of an invention, the right to exclude any other person from making, using, or selling the invention covered by the patent; for a set period of time, in exchange for a disclosure of an invention. Patents are territorial. A patent obtained in one country cannot be enforced in another country. A patent does not give the patentee a right to practice the invention. It only gives the right to prevent others from practicing the invention. One needs to make sure that one does not infringe other existing patents. Patents have an expiry date Patents can be challenged or opposed
  • 7. Players in the patenting arena Government Patent Office Courts PAt/PAy PAy PAt/ PAy/ PAy Self Innovators Competitors PAy PAt: Patent Agent PAy: Patent Attorney
  • 8. Patent agent Territorial Has a technical degree Passed the patent agent exam of the patent office Can practice only before the patent office and not before a court Cannot give validity or legal opinions Patent Attorney Territorial Has a technical and a law degree Passed the patent agent exam of the patent office Can practice both before the patent office and before a court Can give validity and legal opinions
  • 9. Patent office Territorial Examiner of Patents Examines patent applications Searches for prior art Issues examination report and subsequent office actions Reports to the Assistant Controller of Patents (in India) Qualification: Post Graduate in science or a technical degree On the job training. Need not be a patent agent.
  • 10. Innovator Administrator/Officer/Executive/Manager/Vice president Opportunity search/analysis Patentability search/analysis Global Drafting of patent applications Prosecution of patent applications before the patent office Follow up patent filings/life-cycle management Validity search/analysis Assisting attorneys with their analysis Docketing and Formalities responsibility Qualifications: Any degree and loads of experience!!!
  • 11. Competitor Officer/Executive/Manager/Vice president Infringement search/analysis Global Coordinating with attorneys in opposing patent applications before the patent office Helping attorneys in their analysis Validity search/analysis Assisting attorneys/business group during licensing Qualification: any degree with loads of experience!!!
  • 12. Law Firm Paralegal/Technical specialist/Patent agent/Patent attorney Patent docketing Territorial Patent drafting Patent prosecution Patent litigation Patent licensing Legal opinions Qualification: Any technical and/or law degree
  • 13. Knowledge/Legal Process Outsourcing Patent searcher/Patent analyst/Team leader/Boss!!! Patent docketing Global Patentability search/analysis Validity search/analysis Infringement search/analysis Patent drafting Assisting attorneys in their opinions Qualifications: Any technical degree
  • 14. How does one get in? Be technically competent Work and network hard Join industry as a researcher Demonstrate an interest in patent law Join the Patent Office Join the IP team Join a law firm Career in Patent law
  • 15. Do you have it in you? Interest in all developments happening in science/biology A lot of reading and analysis of literature No bench work!!! Explain scientific concepts to lay people Interest in the legal aspects of science and language “Business in Science” and “Science in Business”
  • 16. Where to find more information? Search “science career forum” http://scforum.aaas.org/ Search “intellectual property law forum” http://www.intelproplaw.com/ Search “chronicle of higher education” http://chronicle.com/
  • 17. Katrathu Kaimann Alavu Kallaathathu Ulagalavu Thank you