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Plan of Presentation
 What is Internet of Things?
 How IoT Works?
 Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT
 Knowledge Management – From Data to Wisdom
 The Future of IoT
 The Potential of IoT
 Few Applications of IoT
 Technological Challenges of IoT
 Criticisms & Controversies of IoT
 References
2
What is IoT?
The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of
physical objects or "things" embedded with
electronics, software, sensors, and network
connectivity, which enables these objects to collect
and exchange data.
3
"Things," in the IoT sense, can refer to a wide variety
of devices such as heart monitoring implants, biochip
transponders on farm animals, electric clams in coastal
waters, automobiles with built-in sensors, DNA analysis
devices for environmental/food/pathogen monitoring or
field operation devices that assist fire-fighters in search
and rescue operations.
These devices collect useful data with the help of
various existing technologies and then autonomously flow
the data between other devices.
4
How IoT Works?
Internet of Things is not the result of a single novel
technology; instead, several complementary technical
developments provide capabilities that taken together help
to bridge the gap between the virtual and physical world.
These capabilities include:
 Communication and cooperation
 Addressability
 Identification
 Sensing
 Actuation
 Embedded information processing
 Localization
 User interfaces
5
How IoT Works?
6
RFID Sensor Smart Tech Nano Tech
To identify
and track
the data
of things
To collect
and process
the data to
detect the
changes in
the physical
status of
things
To enhance
the power of
the network
by devolving
processing
capabilities to
different part
of the
network.
To make the
smaller and
smaller
things have
the ability to
connect and
interact.
The Structure of IoT
The IoT can be viewed as a gigantic network
consisting of networks of devices and computers
connected through a series of intermediate technologies
where numerous technologies like RFIDs, wireless
connections may act as enablers of this connectivity.
 Tagging Things : Real-time item traceability and addressability
by RFIDs.
 Feeling Things : Sensors act as primary devices to collect data
from the environment.
 Shrinking Things : Miniaturization and Nanotechnology has
provoked the ability of smaller things to interact and connect
within the “things” or “smart devices.”
 Thinking Things : Embedded intelligence in devices through
sensors has formed the network connection to the Internet. It
can make the “things” realizing the intelligent control. 7
Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT
8
“Change is the only thing permanent in this world”
IoT as a Network of Networks:
9
These networks connected with added security, analytics, and
management capabilities. This will allow IoT to become even
more powerful in what it can help people achieve.
Knowledge Management –
Turning Data into Wisdom
10
The more data that is created, the better understanding and
wisdom people can obtain.
Technology roadmap of IoT
11
Applications of IoT
"The Ultimate Goal of IOT is to Automate Human Life."
12
Few Applications of IoT
Building and Home automation
Manufacturing
Medical and Healthcare systems
Media
Environmental monitoring
Infrastructure management
Energy management
Transportation
Better quality of life for elderly
... ... ...
You name it, and you will have it in IoT!
13
14
15
16
Sensors in even the holy cow!
In the world of IoT, even the cows will be connected
and monitored. Sensors are implanted in the ears of cattle.
This allows farmers to monitor cows’ health and track their
movements, ensuring a healthier, more plentiful supply of
milk to consume. On average, each cow generates about
200 MB of information per year. 17
18
19
20
TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES OF IoT
At present IoT is faced with many challenges, such as:
 Scalability
 Technological Standardization
 Inter operability
 Discovery
 Software complexity
 Data volumes and interpretation
 Power Supply
 Interaction and short range communication
 Wireless communication
 Fault tolerance
21
22
Criticisms and Controversies of IoT
Scholars and social observers and pessimists have
doubts about the promises of the ubiquitous
computing revolution, in the areas as:
 Privacy
 Security
 Autonomy and Control
 Social control
 Political manipulation
 Design
 Environmental impact
 Influences human moral decision making
23
24
References
1. www.google.com
2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things
3. Cisco whitepaper, "The Internet of Things" - How the Next
Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything, by Dave Evans,
April 2011.
4. GE cloud expo 2014, "Industrial Internet as a Service", by Shyam
Varan Nath, Principal Architect.
5. Dr. Mazlan Abbas, MIMOS Berhad, Wisma IEM, Petaling Jaya
25
THANK YOU
26

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IoT and Big Data internet of thingd .pdf

  • 1. 1
  • 2. Plan of Presentation  What is Internet of Things?  How IoT Works?  Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT  Knowledge Management – From Data to Wisdom  The Future of IoT  The Potential of IoT  Few Applications of IoT  Technological Challenges of IoT  Criticisms & Controversies of IoT  References 2
  • 3. What is IoT? The Internet of Things (IoT) is the network of physical objects or "things" embedded with electronics, software, sensors, and network connectivity, which enables these objects to collect and exchange data. 3
  • 4. "Things," in the IoT sense, can refer to a wide variety of devices such as heart monitoring implants, biochip transponders on farm animals, electric clams in coastal waters, automobiles with built-in sensors, DNA analysis devices for environmental/food/pathogen monitoring or field operation devices that assist fire-fighters in search and rescue operations. These devices collect useful data with the help of various existing technologies and then autonomously flow the data between other devices. 4
  • 5. How IoT Works? Internet of Things is not the result of a single novel technology; instead, several complementary technical developments provide capabilities that taken together help to bridge the gap between the virtual and physical world. These capabilities include:  Communication and cooperation  Addressability  Identification  Sensing  Actuation  Embedded information processing  Localization  User interfaces 5
  • 6. How IoT Works? 6 RFID Sensor Smart Tech Nano Tech To identify and track the data of things To collect and process the data to detect the changes in the physical status of things To enhance the power of the network by devolving processing capabilities to different part of the network. To make the smaller and smaller things have the ability to connect and interact.
  • 7. The Structure of IoT The IoT can be viewed as a gigantic network consisting of networks of devices and computers connected through a series of intermediate technologies where numerous technologies like RFIDs, wireless connections may act as enablers of this connectivity.  Tagging Things : Real-time item traceability and addressability by RFIDs.  Feeling Things : Sensors act as primary devices to collect data from the environment.  Shrinking Things : Miniaturization and Nanotechnology has provoked the ability of smaller things to interact and connect within the “things” or “smart devices.”  Thinking Things : Embedded intelligence in devices through sensors has formed the network connection to the Internet. It can make the “things” realizing the intelligent control. 7
  • 8. Current Status & Future Prospect of IoT 8 “Change is the only thing permanent in this world”
  • 9. IoT as a Network of Networks: 9 These networks connected with added security, analytics, and management capabilities. This will allow IoT to become even more powerful in what it can help people achieve.
  • 10. Knowledge Management – Turning Data into Wisdom 10 The more data that is created, the better understanding and wisdom people can obtain.
  • 12. Applications of IoT "The Ultimate Goal of IOT is to Automate Human Life." 12
  • 13. Few Applications of IoT Building and Home automation Manufacturing Medical and Healthcare systems Media Environmental monitoring Infrastructure management Energy management Transportation Better quality of life for elderly ... ... ... You name it, and you will have it in IoT! 13
  • 14. 14
  • 15. 15
  • 16. 16
  • 17. Sensors in even the holy cow! In the world of IoT, even the cows will be connected and monitored. Sensors are implanted in the ears of cattle. This allows farmers to monitor cows’ health and track their movements, ensuring a healthier, more plentiful supply of milk to consume. On average, each cow generates about 200 MB of information per year. 17
  • 18. 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. 20
  • 21. TECHNOLOGICAL CHALLENGES OF IoT At present IoT is faced with many challenges, such as:  Scalability  Technological Standardization  Inter operability  Discovery  Software complexity  Data volumes and interpretation  Power Supply  Interaction and short range communication  Wireless communication  Fault tolerance 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. Criticisms and Controversies of IoT Scholars and social observers and pessimists have doubts about the promises of the ubiquitous computing revolution, in the areas as:  Privacy  Security  Autonomy and Control  Social control  Political manipulation  Design  Environmental impact  Influences human moral decision making 23
  • 24. 24
  • 25. References 1. www.google.com 2. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_of_Things 3. Cisco whitepaper, "The Internet of Things" - How the Next Evolution of the Internet Is Changing Everything, by Dave Evans, April 2011. 4. GE cloud expo 2014, "Industrial Internet as a Service", by Shyam Varan Nath, Principal Architect. 5. Dr. Mazlan Abbas, MIMOS Berhad, Wisma IEM, Petaling Jaya 25