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Introduction to WordPress

                                           Saturday 19 Sep 09
                                          Software Freedom Day
                                                Melbourne

                                                  Kathy Reid
                                           kathy@kathyreid.id.au
                                         http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
                                      http://slideshare.net/KathyReid
Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
This workshop is for YOU
                                               Let me know
                                           if there's something
                                               you would like
                                          covered in more depth
                                           or in a different way

                                          If it's too technical,
                                                 let me know

Kathy Reid                            If it's not technical enough,
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                             let me know
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
What is WordPress?
                                            Blogging software
                                               Online journal
                                        Basic content management

                              Slide 3
                                               Easy to learn
                                               Easy to teach
                                             Well documented
                                        Lots of resources available

Kathy Reid                                 Free (or mostly free)
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                         Open Source
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Two types of WordPress

                                               Hosted online
                                        (You don't have to install it on
                                              your own server)
                              Slide 4
                                          Available for download
                                              and installation
                                          if you have web hosting
                                          (requires PHP/MySQL)
Kathy Reid                               http://www.wordpress.org
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Hosted online – getting started


                                        Go to http://www.wordpress.com
                                               Create an account
                              Slide 5    Confirm your account details
                                               Create a new blog

                                        http://yourblog.wordpress.com

Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Slide 6




Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Exercise 1: Your first WordPress blog
                                        1.Go to
                                         http://www.wordpress.com
                                        2.Sign up for an account
                                         (if you wish)
                              Slide 7   3.Create a new blog
                                        4.Name if whatever you would
                                         like
                                        5.Go to your new blog
                                        6.Have a look around :)
Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Handy terms
                                        Post: A blog post, or news story.
                                         Generally content in a post has a
                                         short life time. Posts can be
                                         grouped into categories

                              Slide 8
                                        Page: Like a 'normal' web page of
                                         content – such as 'About Us',
                                         'Contact' etc. Generally content
                                         in a page has a long life time

Kathy Reid                              Blogroll: A list of links, usually to
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                    other blogs or websites of
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au              people you 'follow' or like to read
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Your first WordPress post

                                        The WordPress bar at the top of
                                           your site is a quick way to
                                              administer your site
                              Slide 9
                                             Let's do a New Post

                                          (Click on New Post in your
                                                WordPress bar)
Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
10
Editing interface
                                         ●   Title – useful for SEO
                                         ●   Slug – also called a
                                             permalink – the permanent
                                             link to a post
                              Slide 11
                                         ●   WYSIWYG editor
                                             –   Many similar functions to
                                                 Word
                                             –   If you know HTML you can also
Kathy Reid                                       use code if you prefer
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Exercise 2: Your first post
                                        Use the editing interface to;
                                            –   Give your first post a title
                                            –   Add some content to the post
                                            –   Format the content
                             Slide 12
                                                 ●   Use some bullets
                                                 ●   Try a quotation
                                        ●   Can you find the 'kitchen
                                            sink' button?
Kathy Reid                              ●   What extra formatting does
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au                 the kitchen sink give you?
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Media
                                        ●   Different media types can be
                                            uploaded and inserted into
                                            the web page.
                                        ●   The hosted version of
                             Slide 13       WordPress has limits on
                                            how many media files can
                                            be uploaded
                                        ●   Meta data such as caption
Kathy Reid                                  and description can be
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                       saved with the media file
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
14
15
Exercise 3: Adding media to a Post
                                        ●   Start a new Post
                                        ●   Use the editing interface to
                                            upload a picture
                                        ●   Give the picture a name and
                             Slide 16
                                            a caption
                                        ●   Insert the picture into your
                                            post
                                        ●   What different options do
Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                       you have for sizing the
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au                 picture in the post?
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Tags
                                        ●   Words to describe the
                                            content of your post
                                        ●   Used by search engines for
                                            indexing
                             Slide 17
                                        ●   Can be used to generate a
                                            'tag cloud' – which is an
                                            alternative method to allow
                                            users to navigate your
Kathy Reid                                  website
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Categories
                                        ●   Categories are a way to group
                                            Posts
                                        ●   (remember the difference
                                            between Posts and Pages,
                                            right? )
                             Slide 18
                                        ●   For instance, 'News' might be a
                                            category, or 'Events' might be a
                                            category
                                        ●   (limited lifespan of content)
Kathy Reid                              ●   By default, WordPress will put
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au                 Posts into the 'Uncategorised'
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid         category
Exercise 4: Putting a post in a category
                                         ●   Create a new post
                                         ●   Add some content
                                         ●   Create a new category
                             Slide 19    ●   Assign the post to the new
                                             category
                                         ●   View the WordPress site
                                         ●   How has the categories list
Kathy Reid                                   changed?
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Comments (and spam)
                                       ●   WordPress is intended to
                                           generate discussion – so is
                                           designed to allow people to
                                           make comments
                            Slide 20   ●   WordPress comments are a
                                           key target for spammers
                                       ●   You MUST have Akismet
                                           installed for anti-spam on
Kathy Reid                                 comments (comes with
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                      WordPress by default)
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Comments (cont'd)
                                        ●   You will need to have a
                                            sense of what is spam and
                                            what isn't spam – spammers
                                            are getting ever more clever
                             Slide 21       at making their comments
                                            look genuine
                                        ●   Generally, if the comment
                                            includes a link to a website
                                            then it is spam.
Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                   ●   Oh, a note to spammers:
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid         DIE IN A FIRE!!!!
Publishing
                                       ●   You can preview a post
                                           before publishing it to
                                           double check (good idea!)
                                       ●   You can delay publishing so
                            Slide 22       that a post can be written,
                                           but published in the future
                                       ●   Posts can be public, private
                                           or protected via password
Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Pages
                                       ●   Very similar to posts,
                                           generally used for content
                                           with a longer lifespan such
                                           as 'About' or 'Contact'
                            Slide 23   ●   Pages have a hierarchy,
                                           which is created by
                                           assigning a page to a parent
                                           page
Kathy Reid                             ●   Pages can't have tags,
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                      categories etc
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
24
Quick review
                                       ●   Creating a WordPress.com blog
                                       ●   Difference between posts and
                                           pages
                                       ●   Dealing with uploading and
                            Slide 25       inserting media
                                       ●   Tags
                                       ●   Categories
                                       ●   Publishing and viewing
Kathy Reid                                 permissions
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                  ●   Pages
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Dashboard
                                       ●   The 'hub' of your WordPress
                                           websites
                                       ●   Gives you an overview of
                                           how many posts, pages,
                            Slide 26       comments etc you have
                                       ●   Includes a newsfeed from
                                           WordPress.org for
                                           information and helpful hints
Kathy Reid                             ●   On the hosted solution,
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au                includes basic stats for your
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid        site
27
Appearance, Themes, Widgets, Plugins
                                       ●   WordPress is easy to customise
                                           and extend..free!
                                       ●   Themes customise the look and
                                           feel of your WordPress site
                            Slide 28   ●   Widgets are 'bits' of
                                           functionality that are displayed
                                           on your site
                                       ●   Plugins also add functionality –
                                           but the functionality may or may
Kathy Reid                                 not be displayed
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Themes
                                       ●   Develop your own theme
                                           (for advanced WordPress
                                           users – requires HTML and
                                           CSS knowledge)
                            Slide 29   ●   Install a ready made theme
                                           that fits the nature of your
                                           website (easiest)
                                       ●   The hosted solution is just a
Kathy Reid                                 case of 'pick a theme' and
kathy@kathyreid.id.au                      change it!
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Widgets
                                       ●   Managed via the
                                           'Appearance' menu in the
                                           Dashboard
                                       ●   The Theme must be capable
                            Slide 30       of supporting Widgets




Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
Additional resources

                                                     FLOSS Manual
                                             (Free/Libre and Open Source
                                                        Software)
                             Slide 31
                                        http://en.flossmanuals.net/wordpress

                                           WordPress – downloads, docs,
                                                       themes
                                             http://www.wordpress.org

Kathy Reid
kathy@kathyreid.id.au
http://blog.kathyreid.id.au
http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid

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Introduction to WordPress

  • 1. Introduction to WordPress Saturday 19 Sep 09 Software Freedom Day Melbourne Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://slideshare.net/KathyReid Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 2. This workshop is for YOU Let me know if there's something you would like covered in more depth or in a different way If it's too technical, let me know Kathy Reid If it's not technical enough, kathy@kathyreid.id.au let me know http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 3. What is WordPress? Blogging software Online journal Basic content management Slide 3 Easy to learn Easy to teach Well documented Lots of resources available Kathy Reid Free (or mostly free) kathy@kathyreid.id.au Open Source http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 4. Two types of WordPress Hosted online (You don't have to install it on your own server) Slide 4 Available for download and installation if you have web hosting (requires PHP/MySQL) Kathy Reid http://www.wordpress.org kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 5. Hosted online – getting started Go to http://www.wordpress.com Create an account Slide 5 Confirm your account details Create a new blog http://yourblog.wordpress.com Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 7. Exercise 1: Your first WordPress blog 1.Go to http://www.wordpress.com 2.Sign up for an account (if you wish) Slide 7 3.Create a new blog 4.Name if whatever you would like 5.Go to your new blog 6.Have a look around :) Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 8. Handy terms Post: A blog post, or news story. Generally content in a post has a short life time. Posts can be grouped into categories Slide 8 Page: Like a 'normal' web page of content – such as 'About Us', 'Contact' etc. Generally content in a page has a long life time Kathy Reid Blogroll: A list of links, usually to kathy@kathyreid.id.au other blogs or websites of http://blog.kathyreid.id.au people you 'follow' or like to read http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 9. Your first WordPress post The WordPress bar at the top of your site is a quick way to administer your site Slide 9 Let's do a New Post (Click on New Post in your WordPress bar) Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
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  • 11. Editing interface ● Title – useful for SEO ● Slug – also called a permalink – the permanent link to a post Slide 11 ● WYSIWYG editor – Many similar functions to Word – If you know HTML you can also Kathy Reid use code if you prefer kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 12. Exercise 2: Your first post Use the editing interface to; – Give your first post a title – Add some content to the post – Format the content Slide 12 ● Use some bullets ● Try a quotation ● Can you find the 'kitchen sink' button? Kathy Reid ● What extra formatting does kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au the kitchen sink give you? http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 13. Media ● Different media types can be uploaded and inserted into the web page. ● The hosted version of Slide 13 WordPress has limits on how many media files can be uploaded ● Meta data such as caption Kathy Reid and description can be kathy@kathyreid.id.au saved with the media file http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
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  • 16. Exercise 3: Adding media to a Post ● Start a new Post ● Use the editing interface to upload a picture ● Give the picture a name and Slide 16 a caption ● Insert the picture into your post ● What different options do Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au you have for sizing the http://blog.kathyreid.id.au picture in the post? http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 17. Tags ● Words to describe the content of your post ● Used by search engines for indexing Slide 17 ● Can be used to generate a 'tag cloud' – which is an alternative method to allow users to navigate your Kathy Reid website kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 18. Categories ● Categories are a way to group Posts ● (remember the difference between Posts and Pages, right? ) Slide 18 ● For instance, 'News' might be a category, or 'Events' might be a category ● (limited lifespan of content) Kathy Reid ● By default, WordPress will put kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au Posts into the 'Uncategorised' http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid category
  • 19. Exercise 4: Putting a post in a category ● Create a new post ● Add some content ● Create a new category Slide 19 ● Assign the post to the new category ● View the WordPress site ● How has the categories list Kathy Reid changed? kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 20. Comments (and spam) ● WordPress is intended to generate discussion – so is designed to allow people to make comments Slide 20 ● WordPress comments are a key target for spammers ● You MUST have Akismet installed for anti-spam on Kathy Reid comments (comes with kathy@kathyreid.id.au WordPress by default) http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 21. Comments (cont'd) ● You will need to have a sense of what is spam and what isn't spam – spammers are getting ever more clever Slide 21 at making their comments look genuine ● Generally, if the comment includes a link to a website then it is spam. Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au ● Oh, a note to spammers: http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid DIE IN A FIRE!!!!
  • 22. Publishing ● You can preview a post before publishing it to double check (good idea!) ● You can delay publishing so Slide 22 that a post can be written, but published in the future ● Posts can be public, private or protected via password Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 23. Pages ● Very similar to posts, generally used for content with a longer lifespan such as 'About' or 'Contact' Slide 23 ● Pages have a hierarchy, which is created by assigning a page to a parent page Kathy Reid ● Pages can't have tags, kathy@kathyreid.id.au categories etc http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
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  • 25. Quick review ● Creating a WordPress.com blog ● Difference between posts and pages ● Dealing with uploading and Slide 25 inserting media ● Tags ● Categories ● Publishing and viewing Kathy Reid permissions kathy@kathyreid.id.au ● Pages http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 26. Dashboard ● The 'hub' of your WordPress websites ● Gives you an overview of how many posts, pages, Slide 26 comments etc you have ● Includes a newsfeed from WordPress.org for information and helpful hints Kathy Reid ● On the hosted solution, kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au includes basic stats for your http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid site
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  • 28. Appearance, Themes, Widgets, Plugins ● WordPress is easy to customise and extend..free! ● Themes customise the look and feel of your WordPress site Slide 28 ● Widgets are 'bits' of functionality that are displayed on your site ● Plugins also add functionality – but the functionality may or may Kathy Reid not be displayed kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 29. Themes ● Develop your own theme (for advanced WordPress users – requires HTML and CSS knowledge) Slide 29 ● Install a ready made theme that fits the nature of your website (easiest) ● The hosted solution is just a Kathy Reid case of 'pick a theme' and kathy@kathyreid.id.au change it! http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 30. Widgets ● Managed via the 'Appearance' menu in the Dashboard ● The Theme must be capable Slide 30 of supporting Widgets Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid
  • 31. Additional resources FLOSS Manual (Free/Libre and Open Source Software) Slide 31 http://en.flossmanuals.net/wordpress WordPress – downloads, docs, themes http://www.wordpress.org Kathy Reid kathy@kathyreid.id.au http://blog.kathyreid.id.au http://www.slideshare.net/KathyReid