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Introduction to:
MicrosoftWindows
Submitted By: Suryakant verma
Assistant Professor,
Department of Pharmaceutics,
MicrosoftWindows
INTRODUCTION:-
 Microsoft Windows, or simply Windows, is a metafamily
of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold
by Microsoft. It consists of several families of operating systems,
each of which cater to a certain sector of the computing industry
with the OS typically associated with IBM PC
compatible architecture. Active Windows families
include Windows NT and Windows Embedded; these may
encompass subfamilies, e.g. Windows Embedded
Compact (Windows CE) or Windows Server. Defunct Windows
families include Windows 9x, Windows Mobile and Windows
Phone.
 Windows OS, computer operating system (OS) developed
by Microsoft Corporation to run personal computers (PCs).
Featuring the first graphical user interface (GUI) for IBM-
compatible PCs, the Windows OS soon dominated the PC
market. Approximately 90 percent of PCs run some version of
Windows.
Microsoft Windows
Screenshot of Windows 10 (Creators Update, version 1703),
showing the Action Center and Start Menu
Developer Microsoft
Working state Publicly released
Source model Closed/ shared source
Initial release November 20, 1985; 31 years ago, as Windows 1.0
Latest release 1703 (10.0.15063.296) (May 9, 2017; 12 days ago) [±]
Latest preview RS3 (10.0.16193.1001) (May 11, 2017; 10 days ago) [±]
Marketing target Personal computing
Available in 137 languages
Update method  Windows Update
 Windows Anytime Upgrade
 Windows Store
 WSUS
Package manager Windows Installer (.msi), Windows Store (.appx)
Platforms ARM, IA-32, Itanium, x86-64, DEC
Alpha, MIPS, PowerPC
Kernel type  Windows NT family: Hybrid
 Windows CE: Hybrid
 Windows 9x and earlier: Monolithic (MS-DOS)
Default user interface Windows shell
License Proprietary commercial software
Official website windows.microsoft.com
Evolution of Windows
 Windows 3.1
◦ First widely used successful version of
Windows
◦ Replaced MS-DOS
 Windows 95
◦ Introduced Start button, taskbar for
multitasking, and My Computer for easier file
management
 Windows NT
◦ Intended for business computing
◦ Increased reliability and security
Evolution of Windows (Continued)
 Windows 98
◦ Active desktop displays Web content
◦ EnablesWeb conventions on the desktop
 Windows 2000
◦ Security of NT with Windows 98 Interface
◦ Windows 2000 Professional and Windows 2000
Server
 Windows Me (Millennium Edition)
◦ Successor to Windows 98 for home computing
TheWindows Desktop
Start Button
Taskbar (multitasking)
My Computer
Anatomy of a Window
 Title bar with Min, Max or Restore, and Close buttons
 Menu bar,Toolbar, and Address bar
 Status bar and Scroll bars
The Devices on a System
 Drive A is always a floppy disk
 Drive B is a second floppy disk (obsolete)
 Drive C is always a fixed disk
 Drives D, E, are variable
◦ CD ROM
◦ Zip drive or removable media
◦ Network drives
Pull-down Menus
 Pull-down menu
 Dimmed command
 Ellipsis
 Check
 Bullet
 Arrowhead
 Submenu
Dialog Boxes
 Tabbed dialog box
 Option buttons
 Check box
 Text box
 Spin button
 Command buttons
Dialog Boxes continued
• Command buttons
• Open List Box
• Scroll bar
• List box
• Tabbed dialog box
• Help button ?
• Cancel button
• OK button
Moving and Sizing a Window
 To Move a Window
◦ Click and drag the title bar
 To Size aWindow
◦ Click and drag a corner to change the length
and width in proportion with one another
◦ Click and drag a border to change just the
length or the width
Formatting a Floppy
 Disk capacity
◦ 720Kb
◦ 1.44Mb
 Types of formatting
◦ Quick (erase)
◦ Full
 Label
File Management
 My Computer
◦ Simpler and less sophisticated
◦ Can result in multiple open windows at one
time
 Windows Explorer
◦ Hierarchical view on left
◦ Contents of the selected folder on the right
 Multiple views available for both
◦ Small icons, Large icons, List, and Details view
Windows Explorer
 Folder
◦ Expanded
◦ Collapsed
 Files
◦ Program file
◦ Data file
 File names
◦ Name
◦ Extension
(type)
Moving and Copying Files
 Moving Files
◦ Click and drag to a
different folder on the
same drive
◦ Cut and Paste
◦ Shortcut Menu
 Copying Files
◦ Click and drag from one
drive to another
◦ Copy and Paste
◦ Shortcut Menu
The Help Command
 Accessed from the
Start button
 Tabs
◦ Contents tab
◦ Index tab
◦ Search tab
◦ Favorites tab
 Web help
Introduction to ms windows

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Introduction to ms windows

  • 1. Introduction to: MicrosoftWindows Submitted By: Suryakant verma Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmaceutics,
  • 2. MicrosoftWindows INTRODUCTION:-  Microsoft Windows, or simply Windows, is a metafamily of graphical operating systems developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft. It consists of several families of operating systems, each of which cater to a certain sector of the computing industry with the OS typically associated with IBM PC compatible architecture. Active Windows families include Windows NT and Windows Embedded; these may encompass subfamilies, e.g. Windows Embedded Compact (Windows CE) or Windows Server. Defunct Windows families include Windows 9x, Windows Mobile and Windows Phone.  Windows OS, computer operating system (OS) developed by Microsoft Corporation to run personal computers (PCs). Featuring the first graphical user interface (GUI) for IBM- compatible PCs, the Windows OS soon dominated the PC market. Approximately 90 percent of PCs run some version of Windows.
  • 3. Microsoft Windows Screenshot of Windows 10 (Creators Update, version 1703), showing the Action Center and Start Menu
  • 4. Developer Microsoft Working state Publicly released Source model Closed/ shared source Initial release November 20, 1985; 31 years ago, as Windows 1.0 Latest release 1703 (10.0.15063.296) (May 9, 2017; 12 days ago) [±] Latest preview RS3 (10.0.16193.1001) (May 11, 2017; 10 days ago) [±] Marketing target Personal computing Available in 137 languages Update method  Windows Update  Windows Anytime Upgrade  Windows Store  WSUS Package manager Windows Installer (.msi), Windows Store (.appx) Platforms ARM, IA-32, Itanium, x86-64, DEC Alpha, MIPS, PowerPC Kernel type  Windows NT family: Hybrid  Windows CE: Hybrid  Windows 9x and earlier: Monolithic (MS-DOS) Default user interface Windows shell License Proprietary commercial software Official website windows.microsoft.com
  • 5. Evolution of Windows  Windows 3.1 ◦ First widely used successful version of Windows ◦ Replaced MS-DOS  Windows 95 ◦ Introduced Start button, taskbar for multitasking, and My Computer for easier file management  Windows NT ◦ Intended for business computing ◦ Increased reliability and security
  • 6. Evolution of Windows (Continued)  Windows 98 ◦ Active desktop displays Web content ◦ EnablesWeb conventions on the desktop  Windows 2000 ◦ Security of NT with Windows 98 Interface ◦ Windows 2000 Professional and Windows 2000 Server  Windows Me (Millennium Edition) ◦ Successor to Windows 98 for home computing
  • 7. TheWindows Desktop Start Button Taskbar (multitasking) My Computer
  • 8. Anatomy of a Window  Title bar with Min, Max or Restore, and Close buttons  Menu bar,Toolbar, and Address bar  Status bar and Scroll bars
  • 9. The Devices on a System  Drive A is always a floppy disk  Drive B is a second floppy disk (obsolete)  Drive C is always a fixed disk  Drives D, E, are variable ◦ CD ROM ◦ Zip drive or removable media ◦ Network drives
  • 10. Pull-down Menus  Pull-down menu  Dimmed command  Ellipsis  Check  Bullet  Arrowhead  Submenu
  • 11. Dialog Boxes  Tabbed dialog box  Option buttons  Check box  Text box  Spin button  Command buttons
  • 12. Dialog Boxes continued • Command buttons • Open List Box • Scroll bar • List box • Tabbed dialog box • Help button ? • Cancel button • OK button
  • 13. Moving and Sizing a Window  To Move a Window ◦ Click and drag the title bar  To Size aWindow ◦ Click and drag a corner to change the length and width in proportion with one another ◦ Click and drag a border to change just the length or the width
  • 14. Formatting a Floppy  Disk capacity ◦ 720Kb ◦ 1.44Mb  Types of formatting ◦ Quick (erase) ◦ Full  Label
  • 15. File Management  My Computer ◦ Simpler and less sophisticated ◦ Can result in multiple open windows at one time  Windows Explorer ◦ Hierarchical view on left ◦ Contents of the selected folder on the right  Multiple views available for both ◦ Small icons, Large icons, List, and Details view
  • 16. Windows Explorer  Folder ◦ Expanded ◦ Collapsed  Files ◦ Program file ◦ Data file  File names ◦ Name ◦ Extension (type)
  • 17. Moving and Copying Files  Moving Files ◦ Click and drag to a different folder on the same drive ◦ Cut and Paste ◦ Shortcut Menu  Copying Files ◦ Click and drag from one drive to another ◦ Copy and Paste ◦ Shortcut Menu
  • 18. The Help Command  Accessed from the Start button  Tabs ◦ Contents tab ◦ Index tab ◦ Search tab ◦ Favorites tab  Web help