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Daksh 2019 - Placement Excellence Program
Best practice of interview preparation
An IIMB NSRCEL & Goldman Sachs Supported Firm
Agenda
1.  Different types of interviews
2.  Type of interview & how to prepare
•  Behavioural
•  Situational
•  Resume based
•  Industry/ functions based
•  Case based
•  Guesstimates
•  Some common questions
3.  Type of role & typical line of questioning
Different types of interviews
•  Behavioural
•  Situational
•  Resume based
•  Industry/ functions based
•  Case based
•  Guesstimates
Behavioral interviews
•  In behavioral interviews, you need to showcase your knowledge,
skills and competencies by giving specific examples from past
experiences
•  Expect questions like "Tell me a time when..." or "Give me an
example of when..."
Behavioral questions examples
•  Tell me a time when you have to take calculated risk?
•  Tell me a time you have take initiative to solve a problem?
•  Tell me about a time when you took a decision under pressure
•  Tell me about a time when you committed to a team member but
could not live up to their expectations. How did you earn their trust
again?
•  Tell me about a time when you had to analyze large amount of data
to solve a problem ?
Behavioral interviews – how to prepare?
•  Create an "Behavioral preparation sheet" in excel and write one line
each of whatever you have done in the past
(Use Amazon 14 principles of leadership as reference)
•  In next column describe each instance in detail using STAR format
Use a structure approach – STAR framework
•  Situation
An event, project or challenged faced
•  Task
Your responsibilities, assignment or objective of the project
•  Action
Steps taken to relieve or rectify the situation
•  Results
Results of action taken. Try to bring out not only specific impacts
but also how it helped the company in their overall business
STAR framework - Example
•  Executive Summary
I completed a very complex SAP logistics development project within 4
days (as opposed to 7 days) despite working alone as my coworker got
some personal emergency
•  Situation
Once, in my last job, my coworker had a family emergency and needed to
miss work for some days. But we also need to also develop a very
complex and urgent logistics development for a client. In this situation I
had to work alone.
STAR framework - Example
•  Task
My supervisor instructed me to take on the project alone, and with no
leniency on the deadline, I had few days to complete the project that
originally should have done with two resources.
•  Actions (Bring your skills here)
I negotiated with my boss for a reduction in my weekly goals, allotting
me more time to attack the special project. As far as my weekly goals, I
was able to delegate them out evenly to some of my teammates.
STAR framework - Example
•  Results
With the reduction in my daily goals, I was able to dedicate more time to
the special project. This allowed me to finish it on time and with complete
accuracy. My supervisor appreciated my attitude and drive, and I was
given several more projects after that, along with an eventual promotion
and pay raise.
Behavioral questions: Common mistakes/ issues
•  Choosing a story that is not impactful
•  Choosing a story in which you can not explain your role
•  Poor communication skill
•  Telling a story with too much technicalities
•  Telling a story which is too much detailed (use executive summary,
be crisp, sense check in between)
Situational interviews
•  Like a behavioral interview, during situational interview candidates
are asked specific questions about what may happen on a job.
•  The candidate is asked to assess a situation and to provide solutions
on how he or she would handle it.
•  In many cases, situation based interview questions involve
problem- solving and handling difficult issues and circumstances in
the workplace.
Situational interviews – How to prepare
•  Try to come up with a similar situation in the past and answer it like
a behavioral question
•  If it is a pure play problem solving situational question then follow
the rules of case interviews
Situational questions – Examples
•  What you will do if your team members are not listening to you?
•  If you have to set up a Ola service in Gaya what you will do?
•  Suppose you are in charge of the packing department. Associates
working for you are not packing the products in the correct size of
box indicated by the system (100% correct). The error rate is high.
What will you do?
Situational questions: Common mistakes/ issues
•  Too much idealistic stand
•  Not using logic/ facts/ data/ examples
•  Giving up too early
Resume based interviews
•  Be very thorough about your resume
•  Not knowing any point written in resume in great detail is strict no-
no
•  If you have done lot of job shifts, be ready to answer that
•  If you have shown poor academics, be ready to defend that
•  If you have travelled across countries/ geographies etc. , be ready to
talk about the difference in culture etc.
•  Be prepared with all the details in a structured format
Resume based questions - Example
•  You have saved xyz mn in this project, this seems unbelievable can
you explain?
•  You have worked in this project tell me some of the learnings from
this project?
•  You have worked in this industry how you can convince us that your
experience is relevant to us?
Fit interviews
•  May be a part of evaluation with no direct questions
•  Do lot of homework about the culture of company (Use Glassdoor)
Industry/ function knowledge based interviews
•  Industry structure, KSF, key players, new trends, disruptions,
future potential
•  Knowledge of company/ its products etc.
•  Understanding of function and its theoretical/ practical aspects
•  Knowing current trends, future projections etc.
Questions related to emerging technology domain
•  Use cases
•  Benefits
•  Business case (RoI)
•  Risks
•  What companies are doing to convince clients to adopt emerging
technology
Interviews around MBA courses / Value add from MBA
•  At least be ready with two subjects fully
•  Know all the important frameworks 5S, 4P, BCG matrix, Porter's
etc.
•  For preparing for value add from MBA type of question, use your
Behavioral preparation sheet, in which add one more column and
write how you will do it differently post MBA
Some common questions
•  TMAY
•  One line about you/ broad facts (years of exp, graduation)
•  Relevant work ex (role/ name of the company)
•  Your relevant expertise
•  Achievement
•  Anything you want to highlight or anything you want a recruiter
to ask questions on
•  Why you are interested in the job/ role
Some common questions
•  What is your weakness
•  Don’t be evasive
•  Understand which trait has ‘consistently’ impacted your work performance
•  What are you doing to improve and what’s the status
•  Use examples/ stories
•  Why do you want to join this role
•  Tell genuinely how it aligns with your short term/ long term objective
•  Talk about learning opportunities, quality peers etc.
•  You can reuse some relevant facts/ examples mentioned by them in PPT/
website
What is a case
Source: McKinsey Deck
Case : Car manufacturer’s case
Source: McKinsey Deck
An approach to solve case
Source: McKinsey Deck
Clarify
Source: McKinsey Deck
Case example - clarify
Source: McKinsey Deck
Structure
Source: McKinsey Deck
Use hypotheses & structure the problem – IH1
•  IH1
The issue could be due to inefficiencies in production to delivery
logistics and order processing
•  Structure 1
I will analyze time taken and inventory level in end to end value chain of
car order in dealership to final delivery of car to customers
Car purchase by customer >> Locate car >> Manufacture>> Transport >>
Final Delivery
Use hypotheses & structure the problem – IH2
•  IH2
The issue could be due to misalignment of car order event and car
manufacturing schedule.
•  Structure 2
I will analyze time taken and inventory level from manufacturing of car to
final delivery to customers
Manufacturing of car >> FG Warehouse >> Transport >> Final Delivery
Analyse
Source: McKinsey Deck
Analyse
Source: McKinsey Deck
Conclude
Source: McKinsey Deck
Conclude
Case interview: Common mistakes/ issues
•  Not listening the question properly
•  Not clarifying
•  Directly jumping to the solution
•  Not laying down your approach
•  Not asking key questions or asking irrelevant questions
•  Not thinking aloud
•  Not taking interviewers’ hint
•  Not doing data driven analysis
•  Not concluding properly (or concluding without confidence)
Guesstimate - 1
Estimate the number of 4 wheelers in Delhi
Approach
Guesstimate - 2
Estimate the number of flights take off from Delhi
Type of role & typical line of questioning
Role Typical line of questioning
Consulting •  Case studies
•  Guesstimates
•  Behavioral/ Resume based
•  Use cases/ business cases of different techniques/ tools/
technologies
Product
Management
•  Product case studies
•  Guesstimates
•  Behavioral/ Resume based
BD/ Sales •  Resume based
•  Situational
•  Behavioral
•  Case studies
•  Negotiations
Type of role & typical line of questioning
Role Typical line of questioning
Operations/
Project
Management
•  Behavioral
•  Situational
•  Resume based
•  Case studies
•  If you have to set up operations/ unit/ department
Analytics •  Analytics case study
•  With this kind of business problem what data you need,
what analysis you will do and how you will present your
findings
•  Use cases/ business cases of different techniques/ tools/
technologies
Type of role & typical line of questioning
Role Typical line of questioning
Strategy •  Industry understanding
•  Firms understanding
•  Key trends in the industry
•  Growth strategy/ Entry strategy etc.
•  Some questions on some popular frameworks/ cases
•  Resume based
•  Case studies
General
Management
•  Resume based
•  Situational
•  Behavioral
Type of role & typical line of questioning
Role Typical line of questioning
Technology •  Understanding of used cases of technology in
businesses
•  Business case
•  Resume based
•  Behavioral
•  Situational
Preparation tips
•  The McKinsey Way
•  BCG interactive cases/ practice cases other companies portal
•  Case in Point/ Consulting books from consulting club
•  Form a case group (max 2-3 people) and practice a lot
•  Prepare for each and every point of your resume
•  Practice other interview questions in detail
•  Understand what is the value add from MBA
•  Understand key frameworks
•  MBA subjects
•  Strategy
•  Finance
•  Marketing
•  Operations
•  Some tools: Excel modeling
•  Stats/ R/python for analytics role
•  Moreover ability to connect all the knowledge gained
Interview preperation spjimr

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Interview preperation spjimr

  • 1. Daksh 2019 - Placement Excellence Program Best practice of interview preparation An IIMB NSRCEL & Goldman Sachs Supported Firm
  • 2. Agenda 1.  Different types of interviews 2.  Type of interview & how to prepare •  Behavioural •  Situational •  Resume based •  Industry/ functions based •  Case based •  Guesstimates •  Some common questions 3.  Type of role & typical line of questioning
  • 3. Different types of interviews •  Behavioural •  Situational •  Resume based •  Industry/ functions based •  Case based •  Guesstimates
  • 4. Behavioral interviews •  In behavioral interviews, you need to showcase your knowledge, skills and competencies by giving specific examples from past experiences •  Expect questions like "Tell me a time when..." or "Give me an example of when..."
  • 5. Behavioral questions examples •  Tell me a time when you have to take calculated risk? •  Tell me a time you have take initiative to solve a problem? •  Tell me about a time when you took a decision under pressure •  Tell me about a time when you committed to a team member but could not live up to their expectations. How did you earn their trust again? •  Tell me about a time when you had to analyze large amount of data to solve a problem ?
  • 6. Behavioral interviews – how to prepare? •  Create an "Behavioral preparation sheet" in excel and write one line each of whatever you have done in the past (Use Amazon 14 principles of leadership as reference) •  In next column describe each instance in detail using STAR format
  • 7. Use a structure approach – STAR framework •  Situation An event, project or challenged faced •  Task Your responsibilities, assignment or objective of the project •  Action Steps taken to relieve or rectify the situation •  Results Results of action taken. Try to bring out not only specific impacts but also how it helped the company in their overall business
  • 8. STAR framework - Example •  Executive Summary I completed a very complex SAP logistics development project within 4 days (as opposed to 7 days) despite working alone as my coworker got some personal emergency •  Situation Once, in my last job, my coworker had a family emergency and needed to miss work for some days. But we also need to also develop a very complex and urgent logistics development for a client. In this situation I had to work alone.
  • 9. STAR framework - Example •  Task My supervisor instructed me to take on the project alone, and with no leniency on the deadline, I had few days to complete the project that originally should have done with two resources. •  Actions (Bring your skills here) I negotiated with my boss for a reduction in my weekly goals, allotting me more time to attack the special project. As far as my weekly goals, I was able to delegate them out evenly to some of my teammates.
  • 10. STAR framework - Example •  Results With the reduction in my daily goals, I was able to dedicate more time to the special project. This allowed me to finish it on time and with complete accuracy. My supervisor appreciated my attitude and drive, and I was given several more projects after that, along with an eventual promotion and pay raise.
  • 11. Behavioral questions: Common mistakes/ issues •  Choosing a story that is not impactful •  Choosing a story in which you can not explain your role •  Poor communication skill •  Telling a story with too much technicalities •  Telling a story which is too much detailed (use executive summary, be crisp, sense check in between)
  • 12. Situational interviews •  Like a behavioral interview, during situational interview candidates are asked specific questions about what may happen on a job. •  The candidate is asked to assess a situation and to provide solutions on how he or she would handle it. •  In many cases, situation based interview questions involve problem- solving and handling difficult issues and circumstances in the workplace.
  • 13. Situational interviews – How to prepare •  Try to come up with a similar situation in the past and answer it like a behavioral question •  If it is a pure play problem solving situational question then follow the rules of case interviews
  • 14. Situational questions – Examples •  What you will do if your team members are not listening to you? •  If you have to set up a Ola service in Gaya what you will do? •  Suppose you are in charge of the packing department. Associates working for you are not packing the products in the correct size of box indicated by the system (100% correct). The error rate is high. What will you do?
  • 15. Situational questions: Common mistakes/ issues •  Too much idealistic stand •  Not using logic/ facts/ data/ examples •  Giving up too early
  • 16. Resume based interviews •  Be very thorough about your resume •  Not knowing any point written in resume in great detail is strict no- no •  If you have done lot of job shifts, be ready to answer that •  If you have shown poor academics, be ready to defend that •  If you have travelled across countries/ geographies etc. , be ready to talk about the difference in culture etc. •  Be prepared with all the details in a structured format
  • 17. Resume based questions - Example •  You have saved xyz mn in this project, this seems unbelievable can you explain? •  You have worked in this project tell me some of the learnings from this project? •  You have worked in this industry how you can convince us that your experience is relevant to us?
  • 18. Fit interviews •  May be a part of evaluation with no direct questions •  Do lot of homework about the culture of company (Use Glassdoor)
  • 19. Industry/ function knowledge based interviews •  Industry structure, KSF, key players, new trends, disruptions, future potential •  Knowledge of company/ its products etc. •  Understanding of function and its theoretical/ practical aspects •  Knowing current trends, future projections etc.
  • 20. Questions related to emerging technology domain •  Use cases •  Benefits •  Business case (RoI) •  Risks •  What companies are doing to convince clients to adopt emerging technology
  • 21. Interviews around MBA courses / Value add from MBA •  At least be ready with two subjects fully •  Know all the important frameworks 5S, 4P, BCG matrix, Porter's etc. •  For preparing for value add from MBA type of question, use your Behavioral preparation sheet, in which add one more column and write how you will do it differently post MBA
  • 22. Some common questions •  TMAY •  One line about you/ broad facts (years of exp, graduation) •  Relevant work ex (role/ name of the company) •  Your relevant expertise •  Achievement •  Anything you want to highlight or anything you want a recruiter to ask questions on •  Why you are interested in the job/ role
  • 23. Some common questions •  What is your weakness •  Don’t be evasive •  Understand which trait has ‘consistently’ impacted your work performance •  What are you doing to improve and what’s the status •  Use examples/ stories •  Why do you want to join this role •  Tell genuinely how it aligns with your short term/ long term objective •  Talk about learning opportunities, quality peers etc. •  You can reuse some relevant facts/ examples mentioned by them in PPT/ website
  • 24. What is a case Source: McKinsey Deck
  • 25. Case : Car manufacturer’s case Source: McKinsey Deck
  • 26. An approach to solve case Source: McKinsey Deck
  • 28. Case example - clarify Source: McKinsey Deck
  • 30. Use hypotheses & structure the problem – IH1 •  IH1 The issue could be due to inefficiencies in production to delivery logistics and order processing •  Structure 1 I will analyze time taken and inventory level in end to end value chain of car order in dealership to final delivery of car to customers Car purchase by customer >> Locate car >> Manufacture>> Transport >> Final Delivery
  • 31. Use hypotheses & structure the problem – IH2 •  IH2 The issue could be due to misalignment of car order event and car manufacturing schedule. •  Structure 2 I will analyze time taken and inventory level from manufacturing of car to final delivery to customers Manufacturing of car >> FG Warehouse >> Transport >> Final Delivery
  • 36. Case interview: Common mistakes/ issues •  Not listening the question properly •  Not clarifying •  Directly jumping to the solution •  Not laying down your approach •  Not asking key questions or asking irrelevant questions •  Not thinking aloud •  Not taking interviewers’ hint •  Not doing data driven analysis •  Not concluding properly (or concluding without confidence)
  • 37. Guesstimate - 1 Estimate the number of 4 wheelers in Delhi
  • 39. Guesstimate - 2 Estimate the number of flights take off from Delhi
  • 40. Type of role & typical line of questioning Role Typical line of questioning Consulting •  Case studies •  Guesstimates •  Behavioral/ Resume based •  Use cases/ business cases of different techniques/ tools/ technologies Product Management •  Product case studies •  Guesstimates •  Behavioral/ Resume based BD/ Sales •  Resume based •  Situational •  Behavioral •  Case studies •  Negotiations
  • 41. Type of role & typical line of questioning Role Typical line of questioning Operations/ Project Management •  Behavioral •  Situational •  Resume based •  Case studies •  If you have to set up operations/ unit/ department Analytics •  Analytics case study •  With this kind of business problem what data you need, what analysis you will do and how you will present your findings •  Use cases/ business cases of different techniques/ tools/ technologies
  • 42. Type of role & typical line of questioning Role Typical line of questioning Strategy •  Industry understanding •  Firms understanding •  Key trends in the industry •  Growth strategy/ Entry strategy etc. •  Some questions on some popular frameworks/ cases •  Resume based •  Case studies General Management •  Resume based •  Situational •  Behavioral
  • 43. Type of role & typical line of questioning Role Typical line of questioning Technology •  Understanding of used cases of technology in businesses •  Business case •  Resume based •  Behavioral •  Situational
  • 44. Preparation tips •  The McKinsey Way •  BCG interactive cases/ practice cases other companies portal •  Case in Point/ Consulting books from consulting club •  Form a case group (max 2-3 people) and practice a lot •  Prepare for each and every point of your resume •  Practice other interview questions in detail •  Understand what is the value add from MBA •  Understand key frameworks •  MBA subjects •  Strategy •  Finance •  Marketing •  Operations •  Some tools: Excel modeling •  Stats/ R/python for analytics role •  Moreover ability to connect all the knowledge gained