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Internet Governance:
Why does it matter to Bangladesh?
Paul Wilson
bdNOG 1 & APNIC Regional Meeting 3
23 May 2014
The Internet story…
1980	
  
1983	
  
1992	
  
1998	
  
1989	
  
2000	
  
1993	
   1999	
  
It didn’t just happen…
Standards development
Registry management – IP and DNS
Rootserver operation
Network interconnection
Cooperation
By the way…
The story continues…
1980	
  
1983	
  
1992	
  
2000	
  
2006	
  
2003	
  1998	
   2014	
  
3B	
  
2016	
  
$4.2T	
  
1989	
   1993	
   1999	
  
The birth of “Internet Governance”
•  World Summit on the Information
Society (WSIS)
•  Geneva Phase 2002-3
–  Internet recognised
–  “Internet Governance” became a
key focus
–  Created WGIG – the Working
Group on Internet Governance
•  Tunis Phase 2004-5
–  WGIG report
–  “Internet Organisations” under a
spotlight
–  Competing proposals and
“solutions”
What did WSIS achieve?
•  Working definition of “Internet
Governance”
•  Recognition of the
“Multi-stakeholder Process”
•  Call for “Enhanced
Cooperation” among
Governments
•  Call for establishment of IGF:
Internet Governance Forum
–  New type of multistakeholder
forum within the UN system
–  5-year mandate
Internet Governance Forum
•  IGF is the recognised global
forum for IG discussions
–  “not for decision making, but for
decision makers”
•  Open to all stakeholders, on an
equal footing
•  Annual IGF Event
–  8 so far, next Istanbul, Turkey
–  Up to 2,000 participants, many
workshops and sessions.
•  Regional and national IGFs
–  APrIGF
–  Bangladesh IGF
More recent events…
Montevideo Statement
•  October 2013: Internet technical
organizations met in Montevideo
•  Expressed concern about Internet
fragmentation and loss of trust in
the Internet
•  Called for
–  Progress on globalization of
ICANN and IANA functions
–  Community-wide effort of Internet
Governance challenges
–  More effort on IPv6 deployment
•  January 2014: APNIC EC
endorsement
9
NETmundial
•  “Global Multistakeholder Meeting
on the Future of Internet
Governance”
–  Principles
–  Roadmap
•  Output: “Multistakeholder
Statement of Sao Paulo”
–  Unified addressing system
–  Open standards
–  Multistakeholder model
–  Strengthen IGF
•  Focus on the IANA oversight
transition process
IANA Transition
•  March 2014: NTIA announcement
and ICANN 49 (SG)
–  Transition of IANA oversight from
USG to global community
–  Call for process to be developed
–  ICANN as facilitator
•  APNIC Process to be developed
–  “Cooperation SIG” proposed
–  Consultation sessions
–  Accountability review
–  APNIC Survey 2014
•  For info and mailing list
www.apnic.net/ianaxfer
11
IANA Transition
12
Why is this important to
Bangladesh?
The Internet is Growing
150m114m
Mobile Phone
Penetration
36m
Internet Penetration
Population
Internet in Bangladesh
Internet in Bangladesh
An Open Internet drives Growth
Technical + Skills + Policy Enablers
Connectivity InnovationContent
Technical Considerations
Internet built on IPv4 –
but IPv4 is running out
The open Internet requires IPv6
340 trillion trillion trillion addresses
24% online, 0.02% IPv6:
An opportunity for BD
Skills Considerations
Skilled networking professionals
needed to build the Internet
Shortage of 482,000 network
professionals in AP by 2016
Increased training is vital to bridge
this gap
Sharing of knowledge and
experience: bdNOG
Policy Considerations
Creating an environment where
the Internet can flourish
Government Investment:
a2i Program, IPv6?
Industry can show leadership
on Internet issues
Embrace Bangladesh’s role
on the global stage
Get involved!
Take an interest in BD Internet
discussions
Work with Government - play your
part as industry leaders
Participate in IGF process
See you soon!
You’re Invited!
•  APNIC 38: Brisbane, Australia, 9-19 Sep 2014
•  APRICOT 2015: Fukuoka, Japan, 24 Feb-6 Mar 2015
22
Questions?
Thank you!
Paul Wilson
dg@apnic.net

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Internet Governance: Why does it matter to Bangladesh?

  • 1. Internet Governance: Why does it matter to Bangladesh? Paul Wilson bdNOG 1 & APNIC Regional Meeting 3 23 May 2014
  • 2. The Internet story… 1980   1983   1992   1998   1989   2000   1993   1999  
  • 3. It didn’t just happen… Standards development Registry management – IP and DNS Rootserver operation Network interconnection Cooperation By the way…
  • 4. The story continues… 1980   1983   1992   2000   2006   2003  1998   2014   3B   2016   $4.2T   1989   1993   1999  
  • 5. The birth of “Internet Governance” •  World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) •  Geneva Phase 2002-3 –  Internet recognised –  “Internet Governance” became a key focus –  Created WGIG – the Working Group on Internet Governance •  Tunis Phase 2004-5 –  WGIG report –  “Internet Organisations” under a spotlight –  Competing proposals and “solutions”
  • 6. What did WSIS achieve? •  Working definition of “Internet Governance” •  Recognition of the “Multi-stakeholder Process” •  Call for “Enhanced Cooperation” among Governments •  Call for establishment of IGF: Internet Governance Forum –  New type of multistakeholder forum within the UN system –  5-year mandate
  • 7. Internet Governance Forum •  IGF is the recognised global forum for IG discussions –  “not for decision making, but for decision makers” •  Open to all stakeholders, on an equal footing •  Annual IGF Event –  8 so far, next Istanbul, Turkey –  Up to 2,000 participants, many workshops and sessions. •  Regional and national IGFs –  APrIGF –  Bangladesh IGF
  • 9. Montevideo Statement •  October 2013: Internet technical organizations met in Montevideo •  Expressed concern about Internet fragmentation and loss of trust in the Internet •  Called for –  Progress on globalization of ICANN and IANA functions –  Community-wide effort of Internet Governance challenges –  More effort on IPv6 deployment •  January 2014: APNIC EC endorsement 9
  • 10. NETmundial •  “Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance” –  Principles –  Roadmap •  Output: “Multistakeholder Statement of Sao Paulo” –  Unified addressing system –  Open standards –  Multistakeholder model –  Strengthen IGF •  Focus on the IANA oversight transition process
  • 11. IANA Transition •  March 2014: NTIA announcement and ICANN 49 (SG) –  Transition of IANA oversight from USG to global community –  Call for process to be developed –  ICANN as facilitator •  APNIC Process to be developed –  “Cooperation SIG” proposed –  Consultation sessions –  Accountability review –  APNIC Survey 2014 •  For info and mailing list www.apnic.net/ianaxfer 11
  • 13. Why is this important to Bangladesh?
  • 14. The Internet is Growing 150m114m Mobile Phone Penetration 36m Internet Penetration Population
  • 17. An Open Internet drives Growth Technical + Skills + Policy Enablers Connectivity InnovationContent
  • 18. Technical Considerations Internet built on IPv4 – but IPv4 is running out The open Internet requires IPv6 340 trillion trillion trillion addresses 24% online, 0.02% IPv6: An opportunity for BD
  • 19. Skills Considerations Skilled networking professionals needed to build the Internet Shortage of 482,000 network professionals in AP by 2016 Increased training is vital to bridge this gap Sharing of knowledge and experience: bdNOG
  • 20. Policy Considerations Creating an environment where the Internet can flourish Government Investment: a2i Program, IPv6? Industry can show leadership on Internet issues Embrace Bangladesh’s role on the global stage
  • 21. Get involved! Take an interest in BD Internet discussions Work with Government - play your part as industry leaders Participate in IGF process See you soon!
  • 22. You’re Invited! •  APNIC 38: Brisbane, Australia, 9-19 Sep 2014 •  APRICOT 2015: Fukuoka, Japan, 24 Feb-6 Mar 2015 22