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International Politics.
Fahad Sattar (06)
Masab Farooq (10)
Mati Ullah (11)
M. Asif Sukhera (13)
Political System:
A political system is
basically of politics and
government in a country.
It governs a complete set of
rules,regulations institutions
and attitudes.
Changing political system
The political environment of countries is
critical concern for the international
marketers.
International law recognize the right of
nation to allow or deny the foreign firm to
do the business.
Political Factors Effecting on IB
Political and legal differences
Political and legal forces
Trade and investment Restrictions
Restraining Forces
Government policies and restrictions
Political environment.
Examples Of Changing
Political Systems
USSR:
The economy of USSR is moving from command economy advocated
by the communist ideology to the market driven economy.
China:
China is realizing that it must walk a fin line b/w commitment to its
current philosophy and the need to attract the outside investment. It wants
to attract foreign capital to ensure that is economic engine continues to
work efficiently.
A set of integrated beliefs, theories and doctrines that helps to
direct the actions of a society is called ideology.
The ideologies that help to explain
the nations economic policies are
given below
Political Systems
Economic Systems.
A system of government in which the people either
directly or through their elected officials decide what is to
be done.
Right to express opinions freely
Election of representatives for limited terms of office
Independent court system that protects individual
property and rights
Relatively non-political bureaucracy and defense
infrastructure.
A system of government in which one individual or party maintains
complete control and either refuse to recognize other parties or
suppresses them.
There are many types of totalitarianism, out of which
three main types are given below
Communism
Theocratic Totalitarianism
Secular Totalitarianism
A political system in which the government owns all property and makes all
decision regarding production and distribution of goods and services.
A system of governance in which a religious group exercises total
power and repress or persecutes non-orthodox factions.
A system of governance in which the military controls everything
and makes decision which it deems to be in the best interest of the
country.
Economic Systems
 There are three basic system, ( capitalism, socialism
and mixed).
 For the purpose of analysis we classify the system in
terms of
a) Resource Allocation (market driven v/s
centrally determined)
b) Property Ownership ( private v/s public)
Economic Systems
Market-Drive Economy:
An economy in which goods and
services are allocated on the basis
of consumer demand.
An economy in which goods and services are allocated
based on a plan formulated by a committee that decides
what is to be offered.
Economic Systems
Economic systems
characterized
by a combination
of market and
centrally driven
planning.
Govt. Control Of Assets
The process of selling government assets to private buyers.
Privatization:
Contract management:
A process by which and organization transfers operating
responsibility of an industry without transferring the legal title
and ownership.
Govt. Control Of Assets
Reasons for Privatization:
 More efficient to have the goods and services provided by private
business than by government
 Change in political culture brings about a desire to sell off these assets
 The company is making money and the govt. feels that there is more to
be gained by selling now than by holding on
 the purchase price can be used to reduce the national debt
 Company is losing money and govt. has to assume the losses out of the
national treasury
 The company needs research and development funds in order to
maintain a competitive stance
 International funding agencies are making assistance to the country
conditional on reduction in the size of govt.
Govt. Control Of Assets
Reasons for Nationalization:
 Promoting economics development
 Earning profits for national Treasury
 Preventing companies from going bankrupt and closing their
doors
 Enhancing programs that are in national interest
 Increasing the political or economic control of those in power
 Ensuring goods and services to all citizens regardless of their
economic status
A process by which the government takes control of business
assets, Sometimes with remuneration of the owners and other
times without such remuneration.

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International politics

  • 1.
  • 3. Fahad Sattar (06) Masab Farooq (10) Mati Ullah (11) M. Asif Sukhera (13)
  • 4. Political System: A political system is basically of politics and government in a country. It governs a complete set of rules,regulations institutions and attitudes.
  • 5. Changing political system The political environment of countries is critical concern for the international marketers. International law recognize the right of nation to allow or deny the foreign firm to do the business.
  • 6. Political Factors Effecting on IB Political and legal differences Political and legal forces Trade and investment Restrictions Restraining Forces Government policies and restrictions Political environment.
  • 7. Examples Of Changing Political Systems USSR: The economy of USSR is moving from command economy advocated by the communist ideology to the market driven economy. China: China is realizing that it must walk a fin line b/w commitment to its current philosophy and the need to attract the outside investment. It wants to attract foreign capital to ensure that is economic engine continues to work efficiently.
  • 8.
  • 9. A set of integrated beliefs, theories and doctrines that helps to direct the actions of a society is called ideology. The ideologies that help to explain the nations economic policies are given below Political Systems Economic Systems.
  • 10. A system of government in which the people either directly or through their elected officials decide what is to be done. Right to express opinions freely Election of representatives for limited terms of office Independent court system that protects individual property and rights Relatively non-political bureaucracy and defense infrastructure.
  • 11. A system of government in which one individual or party maintains complete control and either refuse to recognize other parties or suppresses them. There are many types of totalitarianism, out of which three main types are given below Communism Theocratic Totalitarianism Secular Totalitarianism
  • 12. A political system in which the government owns all property and makes all decision regarding production and distribution of goods and services. A system of governance in which a religious group exercises total power and repress or persecutes non-orthodox factions. A system of governance in which the military controls everything and makes decision which it deems to be in the best interest of the country.
  • 13. Economic Systems  There are three basic system, ( capitalism, socialism and mixed).  For the purpose of analysis we classify the system in terms of a) Resource Allocation (market driven v/s centrally determined) b) Property Ownership ( private v/s public)
  • 14. Economic Systems Market-Drive Economy: An economy in which goods and services are allocated on the basis of consumer demand. An economy in which goods and services are allocated based on a plan formulated by a committee that decides what is to be offered.
  • 15. Economic Systems Economic systems characterized by a combination of market and centrally driven planning.
  • 16. Govt. Control Of Assets The process of selling government assets to private buyers. Privatization: Contract management: A process by which and organization transfers operating responsibility of an industry without transferring the legal title and ownership.
  • 17. Govt. Control Of Assets Reasons for Privatization:  More efficient to have the goods and services provided by private business than by government  Change in political culture brings about a desire to sell off these assets  The company is making money and the govt. feels that there is more to be gained by selling now than by holding on  the purchase price can be used to reduce the national debt  Company is losing money and govt. has to assume the losses out of the national treasury  The company needs research and development funds in order to maintain a competitive stance  International funding agencies are making assistance to the country conditional on reduction in the size of govt.
  • 18. Govt. Control Of Assets Reasons for Nationalization:  Promoting economics development  Earning profits for national Treasury  Preventing companies from going bankrupt and closing their doors  Enhancing programs that are in national interest  Increasing the political or economic control of those in power  Ensuring goods and services to all citizens regardless of their economic status A process by which the government takes control of business assets, Sometimes with remuneration of the owners and other times without such remuneration.