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Evolution of an IXP

                Towards InterCloud Exchange




Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Background: what TOP-IX is
             NO PROFIT Consortium
             IXP since 2002
             From 2006 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (DP)
               DP aims to diffuse the use of broadband Internet and to foster innovation by
              providing support to early stage Internet ventures. DP works at the
             level of infrastructure (i.e. band, server, hosting, housing, etc.) and sets out to
                 support the trialling - at a pre-competitive stage - of technologies,
                services, operational and business models as well as to support innovative
                                    initiatives that use broadband Internet.




giovedì 23 settembre 2010
•19 node
                                                                                                                            •3 Long haul 10 GBE Ring
            The                            evolution timeline                                                               •N x 10 GBE trunk
                                                                                  •18 node                                  (metro)
                                                                                  •2	
  Long	
  haul	
  10	
  GBE	
  Ring   •25	
  Gbps	
  Traffic	
  X
                                                                                  •N x 10 GBE trunk (metro)
                                                                                  •10 Gbps Traffic X
                                                            •8 node
                                                            •2 Long haul FO Gbe
                                                            •10 GBE trunk
                                                            •2 Gbps Traffic X

                                                                                                                                    2010
                             •6 node
                                                                                                  2008
                             •2 Long haul FO Gbe                                                                       •International interconnection
                             •500 Mps Traffic X                                            •Regional expansion 	

 72 members - Lyon – France)
                                                                                                                        (LyonIX
                                                                                          •Public Admin &         •
                                                                                                  Research        •120+ star-up hosted
                                                                           2006
                                                                                          •CDN provider           •CLOUD	
  paradigm
 •2 node (metro Torino)
                                                        •Development	
  program           •64 members
 •1 Gbe
                                                       (start-­‐up	
  support	
  program) •
                                                                                            56 start-up hosted
 •100 Mps Traffic X
                                                        •37 members                       •Star)ng	
  virtualiza)on	
  
                                                                                          process
                                        2004            •1st startup –hosted
                                                        •1	
  apps	
  1	
  server
                                  •Interregional development
                                  •Local	
  Government	
  joins
     2002                         •24 members
•Start	
  opera)on
•14 members
© mario bros. courtesy NINTENDO

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
The value of Exchange:
                            what’s next on the net?


                                     Demand for           The value of
                                    “high level”        exchange is moving
          The cost of
                                   communication        on up the stack
         bandwidth is
                                   (more than IP)         from the IP to
         decreasing
                                  exchange is rising       platform and
                                                            applications




giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Evolution: Internet and Cloud Computing


                               TCP/IP      IP                                  BGP


                        1968   1974       1978                 “Cloud computing 1995
                                                            1986       1991 1994 is at
                                                                the same stage [pre-
                    Arpanet                                   Internet]. Each cloud is a
                                                           NSFNet        CIX     commercial
1960                                                                              operators
                                                                 system unto itself.”         2000

                                                                      Vint Cerf
                 1990                                                                2020
                                           SOAP AWS API


                     1990s      1999       2003    2006    2009        2010s


                     Grid       ASP               Amazon InterCloud   InterCloud
                   Computing Consortium            AWS    proposed     Exchange?

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Beyond bandwidth: content and
                     processing
                                 CDNs

                                        Cloud IaaS
                                        Operators
                  ISPs


                                IXP

   •Internet eXchanges attract CDN and Cloud operators
   •Content and processing power concentrate at IXs
   •No exchange of resources between CDNs or Clouds
    (Ships in the Night)


giovedì 23 settembre 2010
When clouds are rising....
              1. What is the role of
                 Internet eXchanges?

              2. Are IXPs valuable also
                 in a cloud
                 environment?

              3. To what extent
                 Internet peering is
                 similar to Cloud
                 peering?


giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Internet : Internet eXchange
                           =
       Cloud Computing : InterCloud eXchange

            InterCloud	
  eXchange	
  (ICX)
                               	
  
            A	
  Communica+on	
  pla.orm	
  
             capable	
  to	
  introduce	
  the	
  
                   same	
  benefits	
  of	
  IX	
  
              (peering,...)	
  in	
  the	
  cloud	
  
                     environment.	
  




giovedì 23 settembre 2010
InterCloud eXchange


     I.Neutral	
  Access	
  Point,
     II.where	
  cloud	
  systems	
  
          communicate	
  by	
  standard	
  
          protocols,	
  
     III.in	
  a	
  trusted	
  environment.




giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Cloud layers
                                                         Software
                                                            as a
                                                          Service
                                              Platform
                                                 as a
                                               Service
                            Instrastructure
                                  as a
                                Service

      Infrastructure

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
ICX: IaaS Peering
                                                                   Integration suite layer



                                       !"#$%&'&    !"#$%&(&   !"#$%&)&   !"#$%&*&


                                                                                     !"
     !"        !"#$%$       &'()*$%$
                                                                                     #"
                                                                                     $"
     #"
                !"#$%"$#&'$$%(")&                                                    %"
     6"                             $%&'()*+,-"'./01%2'"3*14+(5"                     &"
   78$"
  OSI                                                                               OSI


giovedì 23 settembre 2010
ICX: PaaS Peering
                        Trusted	
  connec,on,	
  API	
  exchange,
                              Common	
  framework                           !"#$%&'&     !"#$%&-&
                                                                             !#((#)&      !#((#)&
                                                                               *+,&         *+,&
                                                                                                     !"

                                           ()*+,"#"         ()*+,"!"                                 #"
                                            -./0+1).23,""
                                            /34*+/534"
                                                            -./0+1).23,""
                                                            /34*+/534"
                                                                                !""#$%&&'()*$
                                                                                                     $"
      !"      $%&"'"        ()*+,"'"
                                                                                                     %"

                                                 :11%"833/.79"                                       &"
      #"
               $703/730"833/.79"                                                                     '"
      '"
                                       !"#$%&'()*+$,-./"0$+1'/2(%3+                                  ("
     6%$"                                                                                           )*+"
  OSI                                                                                                OSI


giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Common Issues
                                  Flexibility

                                  Neutrality

                               Interoperability
    Internet                                       InterCloud
   eXchange                    SLA	
  management
                                                    eXchange

                                  Exchange

                                    Trade

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues

            Flexibility

            Neutrality

       Interoperability

     SLA	
  management

            Exchange

                Trade

                                                   28

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues


           Flexibility

          Neutrality

      Interoperability

    SLA	
  management

           Exchange

               Trade

                                                   29

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues

           Flexibility

           Neutrality

     Interoperability

    SLA	
  management

           Exchange

               Trade

                                                   30

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues


           Flexibility

           Neutrality

      Interoperability

   SLA	
  management

           Exchange

               Trade

                                                   31

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues


           Flexibility

           Neutrality

      Interoperability

    SLA	
  management

           Exchange

               Trade

                                                   32

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues


           Flexibility

           Neutrality

      Interoperability

    SLA	
  management

           Exchange

              Trade

                                                   33

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
ICX: first steps
    Pooling resources across different AS’s over a trusted hi-capacity infrastructure

    •CPU                                                 !"#$%&'
    •RAM                                                 3  !$4,"56'
    •iSCSI / NFS storage                                    7+-8.*)'
                                                            4,"56'




                                      =/-8'";'?.2*'
                                      7-)6:"/*'           !"#$%&'          49%'7-):"/*)'
                                      3  >-2*+-<5*)6'   ()*+"#",-*./'      3  9)+8)+';.+:'
                                         4":#@'                               *)2*<)6'
                                         A+"5#'            0-/12'



                       Italian
                 University Network                      =/-8'";'!5+-/'
                      (GARR)                             3  >.*.'4)/*+)'




giovedì 23 settembre 2010
ICX: early examples
                             ! !"#$%&
                               ! "#$%&'()*+#(,*(-,.#/01#2,
                                 &*(*3'&'(),454)'&,

             A**>BC,         ! '()*+,*%-&
                               ! 6##7'/*+8',$#&7%+(3,3/9-,:*4'-,#(,
                                 #%/;/9-,
                             ! '+./+&&9--<'2*/',
                               ! =*(*39(3,>?@,

                             ! D(3*39(3,/'4#%/$'4,#(,-9E'/'(),89/)%*<9F'-,


              G**>BC,
                               '(89/#(&'()4,
                               ! 01%23"$-&$<#%-,9()'3/*+#(,
                               ! 4$2)3567$/&'*/<5,)/9*<4,
                               ! 8".9%*7&'*/<5,)/9*<4,



giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Conclusions
          Most of our Cloud Exchange infrastructure is at
          “Proof-of-Concept” stage.
          Useful to identify the dynamics that become relevant
          when increasing the scale of the system
            •     Optimal use of HW resources
            •     Better reliability of services/applications
            •     Resources provided and received even out
                  between participants
            •     Brokering of resources

giovedì 23 settembre 2010
Questions?
                            luca.cicchelli@top-ix.org




giovedì 23 settembre 2010

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Inter cloud exchange v1 (2010 09-17)

  • 1. Evolution of an IXP Towards InterCloud Exchange Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 2. Background: what TOP-IX is NO PROFIT Consortium IXP since 2002 From 2006 DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM (DP) DP aims to diffuse the use of broadband Internet and to foster innovation by providing support to early stage Internet ventures. DP works at the level of infrastructure (i.e. band, server, hosting, housing, etc.) and sets out to support the trialling - at a pre-competitive stage - of technologies, services, operational and business models as well as to support innovative initiatives that use broadband Internet. giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 3. •19 node •3 Long haul 10 GBE Ring The evolution timeline •N x 10 GBE trunk •18 node (metro) •2  Long  haul  10  GBE  Ring •25  Gbps  Traffic  X •N x 10 GBE trunk (metro) •10 Gbps Traffic X •8 node •2 Long haul FO Gbe •10 GBE trunk •2 Gbps Traffic X 2010 •6 node 2008 •2 Long haul FO Gbe •International interconnection •500 Mps Traffic X •Regional expansion 72 members - Lyon – France) (LyonIX •Public Admin & • Research •120+ star-up hosted 2006 •CDN provider •CLOUD  paradigm •2 node (metro Torino) •Development  program •64 members •1 Gbe (start-­‐up  support  program) • 56 start-up hosted •100 Mps Traffic X •37 members •Star)ng  virtualiza)on   process 2004 •1st startup –hosted •1  apps  1  server •Interregional development •Local  Government  joins 2002 •24 members •Start  opera)on •14 members © mario bros. courtesy NINTENDO giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 4. The value of Exchange: what’s next on the net? Demand for The value of “high level” exchange is moving The cost of communication on up the stack bandwidth is (more than IP) from the IP to decreasing exchange is rising  platform and applications giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 5. Evolution: Internet and Cloud Computing TCP/IP IP BGP 1968 1974 1978 “Cloud computing 1995 1986 1991 1994 is at the same stage [pre- Arpanet Internet]. Each cloud is a NSFNet CIX commercial 1960 operators system unto itself.” 2000 Vint Cerf 1990 2020 SOAP AWS API 1990s 1999 2003 2006 2009 2010s Grid ASP Amazon InterCloud InterCloud Computing Consortium AWS proposed Exchange? giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 6. Beyond bandwidth: content and processing CDNs Cloud IaaS Operators ISPs IXP •Internet eXchanges attract CDN and Cloud operators •Content and processing power concentrate at IXs •No exchange of resources between CDNs or Clouds (Ships in the Night) giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 7. When clouds are rising.... 1. What is the role of Internet eXchanges? 2. Are IXPs valuable also in a cloud environment? 3. To what extent Internet peering is similar to Cloud peering? giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 8. Internet : Internet eXchange = Cloud Computing : InterCloud eXchange InterCloud  eXchange  (ICX)   A  Communica+on  pla.orm   capable  to  introduce  the   same  benefits  of  IX   (peering,...)  in  the  cloud   environment.   giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 9. InterCloud eXchange I.Neutral  Access  Point, II.where  cloud  systems   communicate  by  standard   protocols,   III.in  a  trusted  environment. giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 10. Cloud layers Software as a Service Platform as a Service Instrastructure as a Service Infrastructure giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 11. ICX: IaaS Peering Integration suite layer !"#$%&'& !"#$%&(& !"#$%&)& !"#$%&*& !" !" !"#$%$ &'()*$%$ #" $" #" !"#$%"$#&'$$%(")& %" 6" $%&'()*+,-"'./01%2'"3*14+(5" &" 78$" OSI OSI giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 12. ICX: PaaS Peering Trusted  connec,on,  API  exchange, Common  framework !"#$%&'& !"#$%&-& !#((#)& !#((#)& *+,& *+,& !" ()*+,"#" ()*+,"!" #" -./0+1).23,"" /34*+/534" -./0+1).23,"" /34*+/534" !""#$%&&'()*$ $" !" $%&"'" ()*+,"'" %" :11%"833/.79" &" #" $703/730"833/.79" '" '" !"#$%&'()*+$,-./"0$+1'/2(%3+ (" 6%$" )*+" OSI OSI giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 13. Common Issues Flexibility Neutrality Interoperability Internet InterCloud eXchange SLA  management eXchange Exchange Trade giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 14. InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues Flexibility Neutrality Interoperability SLA  management Exchange Trade 28 giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 15. InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues Flexibility Neutrality Interoperability SLA  management Exchange Trade 29 giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 16. InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues Flexibility Neutrality Interoperability SLA  management Exchange Trade 30 giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 17. InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues Flexibility Neutrality Interoperability SLA  management Exchange Trade 31 giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 18. InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues Flexibility Neutrality Interoperability SLA  management Exchange Trade 32 giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 19. InterNet and InterCloud: framing the issues Flexibility Neutrality Interoperability SLA  management Exchange Trade 33 giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 20. ICX: first steps Pooling resources across different AS’s over a trusted hi-capacity infrastructure •CPU !"#$%&' •RAM 3  !$4,"56' •iSCSI / NFS storage 7+-8.*)' 4,"56' =/-8'";'?.2*' 7-)6:"/*' !"#$%&' 49%'7-):"/*)' 3  >-2*+-<5*)6' ()*+"#",-*./' 3  9)+8)+';.+:' 4":#@' *)2*<)6' A+"5#' 0-/12' Italian University Network =/-8'";'!5+-/' (GARR) 3  >.*.'4)/*+)' giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 21. ICX: early examples ! !"#$%& ! "#$%&'()*+#(,*(-,.#/01#2, &*(*3'&'(),454)'&, A**>BC, ! '()*+,*%-& ! 6##7'/*+8',$#&7%+(3,3/9-,:*4'-,#(, #%/;/9-, ! '+./+&&9--<'2*/', ! =*(*39(3,>?@, ! D(3*39(3,/'4#%/$'4,#(,-9E'/'(),89/)%*<9F'-, G**>BC, '(89/#(&'()4, ! 01%23"$-&$<#%-,9()'3/*+#(, ! 4$2)3567$/&'*/<5,)/9*<4, ! 8".9%*7&'*/<5,)/9*<4, giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 22. Conclusions Most of our Cloud Exchange infrastructure is at “Proof-of-Concept” stage. Useful to identify the dynamics that become relevant when increasing the scale of the system • Optimal use of HW resources • Better reliability of services/applications • Resources provided and received even out between participants • Brokering of resources giovedì 23 settembre 2010
  • 23. Questions? luca.cicchelli@top-ix.org giovedì 23 settembre 2010