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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT AND COPY
RIGHT IN INDIAN CONTEXT
Knowledge Sharing session
BPCL , Rourkela
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT
 Intellectual property rights (IPR) can be defined as the rights given
to people over the creation of their minds. They usually give the
creator an exclusive right over the use of his/her creations for a certain
period of time.
Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind: inventions,
literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs
used in commerce.
 IP is divided into two categories :
1. Industrial property: includes inventions (patents), trademarks,
industrial designs, and geographic indications of source.
2. Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels,
poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as
drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural
designs. Rights related to copyright include those of performing
artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their
recordings, and those of broadcasters in their radio and television
programs.
DIVISION AND SUBDIVISION OF IPR
Intellectual Property Right
Patents
Protection of Integrated Circuits layout design
Trademarks
Industrial designs
Undisclosed information
Geographical indications of goods
Biological diversity
Plant varieties and farmers rights
Copyright
Writings
Paintings
Musical works
Dramatics works
Audiovisual works
Sound recordings
Photographic works
Broadcast
Sculpture
Drawings
Architectural works
What is Patent?
Patent is a grant for an invention by the Government to the inventor in
exchange for full disclosure of the invention to make use of and exploit their
inventions for a limited period of time.
What is Trademark?
A trade mark (popularly known as brand name) in layman’s language is a
visual symbol which may be a word signature, name, device, label, numerals or
combination of colours used by one undertaking on goods or services or other
articles of commerce to distinguish it from other similar goods or services
originating from a different undertaking.
What is Design?
A Design refers to the features of shape, configuration, pattern,
ornamentation or composition of lines or colours applied to any article, whether in
two or three dimensional (or both) forms
What is Geographical Indications Of Goods ?
Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial
property which refers to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a
place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product.
What are Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout design?
Semiconductor Integrated Circuit means a product having transistors and
other circuitry elements, which are inseparably formed on a semiconductor material
or an insulating material or inside the semiconductor material and designed to
perform an electronic circuitry function.
DURATION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS
Types of Intellectual
Property Right (IPR)
Duration
Patent 20 years from the date of filing of patent
application
Trademark 10 years from the date of making of the
application
Copyright 60 years generally
Geographical Indication 10 years from the date of registration
Biological diversity 18 years for trees and vines, 15 years for
other crops and extant varieties.
Integrated Circuits layout
design
10 years counted from the date of filing an
application for registration
Different law of IPR with the year of establishment
(Chronologically) in India:
1.The Copyright Act, 1957
2. The Patents Rules, 1970
3. The Trade Marks Act, 1999,
4. The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and
Protection) Act, 1999
5. The Designs Act, 2000
6. The Semiconductors Integrated Circuits Layout-Design
Act, 2000
7. The Protection of Plant varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act
8. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002
9. Intellectual Property Rights (Imported Goods) Rules,
2007
COPYRIGHT
 Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the
creator of an original work like literary, dramatic, musical and artistic
works and the producers of cinematograph films and sound
recordings exclusive rights for its use and distribution.
Copyright is the set of exclusive rights granted to the author or
creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute
and adapt the work. Copyright lasts for a certain time period after
which the work is said to enter the public domain. Copyright gives
protection for the expression of an idea and not for the idea itself.
Copyright protects and reward creativity of writers, artists,
designers, dramatists, musicians, architects and producers of
sound recordings, cinematograph films and computer software,
creates an atmosphere conducive to creativity, which induces them to
create more and motivates others to create.
The Indian Copyright Act, 1957–Itwas the extension of British
Copyright Act, 1911 (amendment in 1983, 1984, 1992, 1994 and 1999,
2012).
Copyrighted work Scopes of works Responsibilities Duration(year)
Literary work
(writing)
Books Author
Proprietor Lifetime of author +60years
Compilation Articles
Magazines
Newspaper
Dramatics works Plays
author of the work; Lifetime of author +60years
Choreographic work
Musical works Audiovisual works the composer
Lifetime of composer+60years
Music, Graphical Notation
Artistic work Paintings Painters / sculptor
/ Architechturer
Lifetime of painter +60years
Sculpture
Drawings(Includes diagrams ,
maps, charts etc)
Architectural works
Sound recordings Producer 60 years from the publication
Photographic works Photographs Photographer 60 years from the publication
Cinematographic films Films(documentary+ Moving) Producer 60-years from the publication.
Broadcasting Broadcasting Agency Broadcasting
Chennels
25 years from the broadcast is
made.
Computer Programme and
data
Software company/
Individuals
TERMS AND OWNERS OF COPYRIGHT (SEC. 22 -29 OF THE COPYRIGHT ACT, 1957)
MEANING OF COPYRIGHT
According to Section 14 of the Act, “copyright” means the exclusive right subject
to the provisions of this Act.
(a) in the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work, not being a computer
programme, -
(i) to reproduce the work in any material form including the storing of it in any
medium by electronic means;
(ii) to issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in circulation;
(iii) to perform the work in public, or communicate it to the public;
(iv) to make any cinematograph film or sound recording in respect of the work;
(v) to make any translation of the work;
(vi) to make any adaptation of the work;
(vii) to do, in relation to a translation or an adaptation of the work, any of the acts
specified in relation to the work in sub-clauses (i) to (vi);
(b) in the case of a computer programme,-
(i) to do any of the acts specified in clause (a);
(ii) to sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for commercial rental
any copy of the computer programme:
to be continued
Provided that such commercial rental does not apply in respect of computer
programmes where the programme itself is not the essential object of the
rental.
(c) in the case of an artistic work,-
(i) to reproduce the work in any material form including depiction in three
dimensions of
a two dimensional work or in two dimensions of a three dimensional work;
(ii) to communicate the work to the public;
(iii) to issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in
circulation;
(iv) to include the work in any cinematograph film;
(v) to make any adaptation of the work;
(vi) to do in relation to an adaptation of the work any of the acts specified in
relation to the work in sub-clauses (i) to (iv);
(d) In the case of cinematograph film, -
(i) to make a copy of the film, including a photograph of any image forming part
thereof;
continue….
to be continued
(ii) to sell or give on hire, or offer for sale or hire, any copy of the film,
regardless of whether such copy has been sold or given on hire on earlier
occasions;
(iii) to communicate the film to the public;
(e) In the case of sound recording, -
(i) to make any other sound recording embodying it;
(ii) to sell or give on hire, or offer for sale or hire, any copy of the sound
recording
regardless of whether such copy has been sold or given on hire on earlier
occasions;
(iii) to communicate the sound recording to the public.
continue….
THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL IPR OFFICES
IPR Office Place
National Copyright Office, India New Delhi
National Geographical Indication
Registry Office, India
Chennai
National Patent Information System,
India
Nagpur
National Trademark Registry Office,
India
Kolkata, Mumbai ,Delhi, Chennai,
Ahmadabad
National Biodiversity Authority
(NBA) ,India
Chennai
Semiconductor Integrated Circuits
Layout-Design Registry Office, India
New Delhi
World Trade Organization (WTO) Geneva
TREATIES OF COPYRIGHT
•International-
•Berne convention(Berne, 1886)- The Berne Convention for the Protection
of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is
an international agreement governing copyright.
•Paris convention(Paris,1883)- The Paris Convention for the Protection of
Industrial Property, was one of the first intellectual property treatise.
•The Universal Copyright Convention (UCC)(Geneva,1952)- It is one of
the two principal international conventions protecting copyright.
•The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)- It is an international patent
law treaty, concluded in 1970.
EXCEPTIONS TO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT IN INDIA
The Indian Copyright Act 1957 exempts certain acts from the ambit of copyright
infringement. India follows fair dealing with a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic
work not being a computer program for the purposes certain specific activities
enumerated in the statute.
private use, including research;
criticism or review ,
reporting current events in any print media or by broadcast or in a
cinematographic film or by means of photographs,
reproduction for the purpose of a judicial proceeding or of a report of a judicial
proceeding;
reproduction or publication of a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work in any
work prepared by the Secretariat of a Legislature
the reproduction of any literary, dramatic or musical work in a certified copy
made or supplied in accordance with any law for the time being in force;
the reading or recitation in public of any reasonable extract from a published
literary or dramatic work;
the publication in a collection, mainly composed of non-copyright matter, bona
fide intended for the use of educational institutions,
the making of sound if made by or with the license or consent of the owner of the
right in the work
REFERENCE
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copyright
http://copyright.gov.in/documents/copyrightrules1957.pdf
http://www.metastudio.org/Science%20and%20Ethics/file/
readDoc/535a76367d9d331598f49e2d/34_Hb_on_IPR.pdf
http://www.bicpu.edu.in/ipr_ppt/16/ramasarma.pdf
http://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/fair-use/what-is-fair-
use/
http://copyright.gov.in/Documents/CopyrightRules1957.pdf
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Intellectual property right and copy right in indian

  • 1. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT AND COPY RIGHT IN INDIAN CONTEXT Knowledge Sharing session BPCL , Rourkela
  • 2. INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHT  Intellectual property rights (IPR) can be defined as the rights given to people over the creation of their minds. They usually give the creator an exclusive right over the use of his/her creations for a certain period of time. Intellectual property (IP) refers to creations of the mind: inventions, literary and artistic works, and symbols, names, images, and designs used in commerce.  IP is divided into two categories : 1. Industrial property: includes inventions (patents), trademarks, industrial designs, and geographic indications of source. 2. Copyright, which includes literary and artistic works such as novels, poems and plays, films, musical works, artistic works such as drawings, paintings, photographs and sculptures, and architectural designs. Rights related to copyright include those of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and those of broadcasters in their radio and television programs.
  • 3. DIVISION AND SUBDIVISION OF IPR Intellectual Property Right Patents Protection of Integrated Circuits layout design Trademarks Industrial designs Undisclosed information Geographical indications of goods Biological diversity Plant varieties and farmers rights Copyright Writings Paintings Musical works Dramatics works Audiovisual works Sound recordings Photographic works Broadcast Sculpture Drawings Architectural works
  • 4. What is Patent? Patent is a grant for an invention by the Government to the inventor in exchange for full disclosure of the invention to make use of and exploit their inventions for a limited period of time. What is Trademark? A trade mark (popularly known as brand name) in layman’s language is a visual symbol which may be a word signature, name, device, label, numerals or combination of colours used by one undertaking on goods or services or other articles of commerce to distinguish it from other similar goods or services originating from a different undertaking. What is Design? A Design refers to the features of shape, configuration, pattern, ornamentation or composition of lines or colours applied to any article, whether in two or three dimensional (or both) forms What is Geographical Indications Of Goods ? Geographical Indications of Goods are defined as that aspect of industrial property which refers to the geographical indication referring to a country or to a place situated therein as being the country or place of origin of that product. What are Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout design? Semiconductor Integrated Circuit means a product having transistors and other circuitry elements, which are inseparably formed on a semiconductor material or an insulating material or inside the semiconductor material and designed to perform an electronic circuitry function.
  • 5. DURATION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS Types of Intellectual Property Right (IPR) Duration Patent 20 years from the date of filing of patent application Trademark 10 years from the date of making of the application Copyright 60 years generally Geographical Indication 10 years from the date of registration Biological diversity 18 years for trees and vines, 15 years for other crops and extant varieties. Integrated Circuits layout design 10 years counted from the date of filing an application for registration
  • 6. Different law of IPR with the year of establishment (Chronologically) in India: 1.The Copyright Act, 1957 2. The Patents Rules, 1970 3. The Trade Marks Act, 1999, 4. The Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 5. The Designs Act, 2000 6. The Semiconductors Integrated Circuits Layout-Design Act, 2000 7. The Protection of Plant varieties and Farmers’ Rights Act 8. The Biological Diversity Act, 2002 9. Intellectual Property Rights (Imported Goods) Rules, 2007
  • 7. COPYRIGHT  Copyright is a legal right created by the law of a country that grants the creator of an original work like literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works and the producers of cinematograph films and sound recordings exclusive rights for its use and distribution. Copyright is the set of exclusive rights granted to the author or creator of an original work, including the right to copy, distribute and adapt the work. Copyright lasts for a certain time period after which the work is said to enter the public domain. Copyright gives protection for the expression of an idea and not for the idea itself. Copyright protects and reward creativity of writers, artists, designers, dramatists, musicians, architects and producers of sound recordings, cinematograph films and computer software, creates an atmosphere conducive to creativity, which induces them to create more and motivates others to create. The Indian Copyright Act, 1957–Itwas the extension of British Copyright Act, 1911 (amendment in 1983, 1984, 1992, 1994 and 1999, 2012).
  • 8. Copyrighted work Scopes of works Responsibilities Duration(year) Literary work (writing) Books Author Proprietor Lifetime of author +60years Compilation Articles Magazines Newspaper Dramatics works Plays author of the work; Lifetime of author +60years Choreographic work Musical works Audiovisual works the composer Lifetime of composer+60years Music, Graphical Notation Artistic work Paintings Painters / sculptor / Architechturer Lifetime of painter +60years Sculpture Drawings(Includes diagrams , maps, charts etc) Architectural works Sound recordings Producer 60 years from the publication Photographic works Photographs Photographer 60 years from the publication Cinematographic films Films(documentary+ Moving) Producer 60-years from the publication. Broadcasting Broadcasting Agency Broadcasting Chennels 25 years from the broadcast is made. Computer Programme and data Software company/ Individuals TERMS AND OWNERS OF COPYRIGHT (SEC. 22 -29 OF THE COPYRIGHT ACT, 1957)
  • 9. MEANING OF COPYRIGHT According to Section 14 of the Act, “copyright” means the exclusive right subject to the provisions of this Act. (a) in the case of a literary, dramatic or musical work, not being a computer programme, - (i) to reproduce the work in any material form including the storing of it in any medium by electronic means; (ii) to issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in circulation; (iii) to perform the work in public, or communicate it to the public; (iv) to make any cinematograph film or sound recording in respect of the work; (v) to make any translation of the work; (vi) to make any adaptation of the work; (vii) to do, in relation to a translation or an adaptation of the work, any of the acts specified in relation to the work in sub-clauses (i) to (vi); (b) in the case of a computer programme,- (i) to do any of the acts specified in clause (a); (ii) to sell or give on commercial rental or offer for sale or for commercial rental any copy of the computer programme: to be continued
  • 10. Provided that such commercial rental does not apply in respect of computer programmes where the programme itself is not the essential object of the rental. (c) in the case of an artistic work,- (i) to reproduce the work in any material form including depiction in three dimensions of a two dimensional work or in two dimensions of a three dimensional work; (ii) to communicate the work to the public; (iii) to issue copies of the work to the public not being copies already in circulation; (iv) to include the work in any cinematograph film; (v) to make any adaptation of the work; (vi) to do in relation to an adaptation of the work any of the acts specified in relation to the work in sub-clauses (i) to (iv); (d) In the case of cinematograph film, - (i) to make a copy of the film, including a photograph of any image forming part thereof; continue…. to be continued
  • 11. (ii) to sell or give on hire, or offer for sale or hire, any copy of the film, regardless of whether such copy has been sold or given on hire on earlier occasions; (iii) to communicate the film to the public; (e) In the case of sound recording, - (i) to make any other sound recording embodying it; (ii) to sell or give on hire, or offer for sale or hire, any copy of the sound recording regardless of whether such copy has been sold or given on hire on earlier occasions; (iii) to communicate the sound recording to the public. continue….
  • 12.
  • 13. THE NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL IPR OFFICES IPR Office Place National Copyright Office, India New Delhi National Geographical Indication Registry Office, India Chennai National Patent Information System, India Nagpur National Trademark Registry Office, India Kolkata, Mumbai ,Delhi, Chennai, Ahmadabad National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) ,India Chennai Semiconductor Integrated Circuits Layout-Design Registry Office, India New Delhi World Trade Organization (WTO) Geneva
  • 14. TREATIES OF COPYRIGHT •International- •Berne convention(Berne, 1886)- The Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, usually known as the Berne Convention, is an international agreement governing copyright. •Paris convention(Paris,1883)- The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, was one of the first intellectual property treatise. •The Universal Copyright Convention (UCC)(Geneva,1952)- It is one of the two principal international conventions protecting copyright. •The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)- It is an international patent law treaty, concluded in 1970.
  • 15. EXCEPTIONS TO COPYRIGHT INFRINGEMENT IN INDIA The Indian Copyright Act 1957 exempts certain acts from the ambit of copyright infringement. India follows fair dealing with a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work not being a computer program for the purposes certain specific activities enumerated in the statute. private use, including research; criticism or review , reporting current events in any print media or by broadcast or in a cinematographic film or by means of photographs, reproduction for the purpose of a judicial proceeding or of a report of a judicial proceeding; reproduction or publication of a literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work in any work prepared by the Secretariat of a Legislature the reproduction of any literary, dramatic or musical work in a certified copy made or supplied in accordance with any law for the time being in force; the reading or recitation in public of any reasonable extract from a published literary or dramatic work; the publication in a collection, mainly composed of non-copyright matter, bona fide intended for the use of educational institutions, the making of sound if made by or with the license or consent of the owner of the right in the work