SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Intellectual Property
and Reference Citation
Sonnie Santos
& Atty. Christopher John Lao
May 28, 2014
COPYRIGHT
SOME RIGHTS RESERVED
Basic Concepts :
Intellectual Property Rights
• Sec. 4. Definitions.-
• 4.1. The term "intellectual property rights" consists
of:
• [a] Copyright and Related Rights;
• [b] Trademarks and Service Marks;
• [c] Geographical Indications;
• [d] Industrial Designs;
• [e] Patents;
copyrights
Copyright
OUTLINE
Definitions
Protectable subject matter : original/derivative
Unprotectable subject matter
Rules of Ownership
Rights(see also definitions)/Limitations
Terms of protection
Special Topics (assignment)
Cases (assignment)
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
"Author” : natural person who created the work
Persons
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
“Work of applied art” : artistic creation with
utilitarian functions or incorporated in
a useful article, whether made by hand or
produced on an industrial scale
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
"Communication to the public" or "communicate
to the public” : making of a work available to
the public by wire or wireless means in such
a way that members of the public may
access these works from a place and time
individually chosen by them
(note: internet, webcasting, streaming…)
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
"Public performance” :
in general : recitation, playing, dancing, acting or
otherwise performing the work, either directly or
by means of any device or process;
audiovisual work : showing of its images in
sequence and the making of the sounds
accompanying it audible;
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
sound recording : making the recorded sounds
audible at a place or at places where persons
outside the normal circle of a family and that
family’s closest social acquaintances are or
can be present, irrespective of whether they are
or can be present at the same place and at the
same time, or at different places and/or at
different times, and where the performance can
be perceived without the need for
“communication to the public”
(Note : restaurants, shopping malls, hotels…)
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
"Public lending” : transfer of possession
of the original or a copy of a work or
sound recording for a limited period, for
non-profit purposes, by an institution the
services of which are available to the
public, such as public library or archive
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
• "Rental” : transfer of the possession of
the original or a copy of a work or a
sound recording for a limited period of
time, for profit-making purposes
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
"Reproduction” : making of one (1) or more
copies of a work or a sound recording in
any manner or form
Copyright
Definitions (Section 171)
“Rights Management Information”:
- information which identifies
- information about the terms and
conditions of use
- any number or code that represent such
information
Copyright
• 172.2. Works are protected by the sole
fact of their creation, irrespective of
their mode or form of expression, as
well as of their content, quality and
purpose.
COPYRIGHT EXISTS FROM THE
MOMENT OF CREATION!
Copyright
• Sec. 172. Literary and Artistic Works. -
• 172.1 Literary and artistic works,
hereinafter referred to as "works", are
original intellectual creations in the
literary and artistic domain protected
from the moment of their creation and
shall include in particular:
Copyright
• Books, pamphlets, articles and other
writings;
• Periodicals and newspapers;
• Lectures, sermons, addresses,
dissertations prepared for oral delivery,
whether or not reduced in writing or
other material form;
• Letters
Copyright
• Musical compositions, with or without
words;
• Works of drawing,
painting,
architecture,
sculpture,
engraving,
lithography or other works of
art;
Copyright
• Dramatic or dramatico-musical
compositions; choreographic works or
entertainment in dumb shows;
• Illustrations, maps, plans, sketches,
charts and three-dimensional works
relative to geography, topography,
architecture or science;
Copyright
• Drawings or plastic works of a
scientific or technical character;
• Photographic works including works
produced by a process analogous to
photography; lantern slides;
Copyright
• Audiovisual works and
cinematographic works and works
produced by a process analogous to
cinematography or any process for
making audio-visual recordings;
• Pictorial illustrations and
advertisements;
Copyright
• Computer programs; and
• Other literary, scholarly, scientific and
artistic works.
Copyright
• Sec. 173. Derivative Works. -
• 173.1. The following derivative works
shall also be protected by copyright:
• (a) Dramatizations, translations,
adaptations, abridgments,
arrangements, and other alterations of
literary or artistic works; and
Copyright
• (b) Collections of literary, scholarly or
artistic works, and compilations of data
and other materials which are original
by reason of the selection or
coordination or arrangement of their
contents.
Copyright
Derivative works shall be protected as new
works: Provided however, That such new
work shall not affect the force of any
subsisting copyright upon the original works
employed or any part thereof, or be
construed to imply any right to such use of
the original works, or to secure or extend
copyright in such original works.
(Sec. 173.2,IP Code; Art. 10, TRIPS)
Unprotected Subject Matter
Sec. 175
1-Expressed, explained, illustrated or
embodied in a work : idea, procedure,
system method or operation, concept,
principle, discovery mere data as such
2-Press information : news of the day and
other miscellaneous facts
3-Legislative, administrative or legal nature :
official text any official translation thereof.
Works of the Government
(Sec 176)
No copyright!
However, prior approval of the government
agency or office wherein the work is
created shall be necessary for
exploitation for profit.
may impose other things, such as payment
of royalties.
Works of the Government
(Sec 176)
No prior approval or conditions for ANY
purpose :
statutes, rules and regulations, and
speeches, lectures, sermons, addresses,
and dissertations pronounced, read or
rendered in courts of justice, before
administrative agencies, in deliberative
assemblies and in meetings of public
character
Works of the Government
(Sec 176)
• The Author of speeches, lectures,
sermons, addresses, and dissertations
mentioned in the preceding paragraphs
shall have the exclusive right of making a
collection of his works.
Note : Senator Ople
Works of the Government
(Sec 176)
Government can
1-receive and hold copyrights by
assignment, bequest or otherwise;
2-publish or republish in a public document
any work in which copyright is subsisting
BUT does not mean the copyright is
abridged or annulled NOR authorize any
use or appropriation of such work without
the consent of the copyright owners.
Rules on Ownership
(Sec. 178)
1. original literary and artistic works : author
1. works of joint authorship : co-authors
2.1 but if parts can be used separately and
the author of each part can be identified :
author of each part
Rules on Ownership
(Sec. 178)
3. Work created in the course of employment
unless there is an agreement, express or
implied, to the contrary :
 employee, if not a part of his regular duties
even if the employee uses the time, facilities
and materials of the employer
 employer, if result of the performance of his
regularly-assigned duties
Rules on Ownership
(Sec. 178)
4. Commissioned work :
the person who commissioned the work
shall have ownership of work,
but the copyright shall remain with the
creator,
unless there is a written stipulation to the
contrary
Rules on Ownership
(Sec. 178)
5. Audiovisual work : the producer, the author of
the scenario, the composer of the music, the
film director, and the author of the work so
adapted.
subject to contrary or other stipulations-
producers : exhibition of the work in any
manner, except the right to collect performing
license fees for the performance of musical
compositions, with or without words,
incorporated into the work
Rules on Ownership
(Sec. 178)
6. Letters :
writer : copyright
addressee : the letter/private communication
Publication :
 consent of writer or heirs
 authorized by court : public good or
interest of justice
Copy or Economic Rights
(Sec 177)
Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or
prevent:
1.Reproduction
2.Derivatives
3.Distribution
4.Rental
5.Public Display
6.Public Performance
7.“Communication to the public
Copy or Economic Rights
(Sec 177)
Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or
prevent:
1.Reproduction : work or substantial
portion
2.Derivatives : dramatization, translation,
adaptation, abridgment, arrangement or
other transformation of the work
Copy or Economic Rights
(Sec 177)
Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or
prevent:
3. Distribution : First public distribution of
the original and each copy of the work by
sale or other forms of transfer of
ownership
Copy or Economic Rights
(Sec 177)
Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or
prevent:
4. Rental of the original or copy (whoever
owns such original or copy) of :
 audiovisual or cinematographic work,
 sound recording,
 computer program,
 compilation of data and other materials
 musical work in graphic form
Copy or Economic Rights
(Sec 177)
Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or
prevent:
5. Public display of the original or a copy
of the work;
6. Public performance of the work; and
7. Other communication to the public of
the work
Copyright
• SEC. 174. Published Edition of Work
In addition to the right to publish granted by
the author, his heirs or assigns, the
publisher shall have a copyright
consisting merely of the right of
reproduction of the typographical
arrangement of the published edition of
the work.
Note : LPE (Low Priced Edition, textbooks)
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• done privately and free of charge
• strictly for a charitable or religious
institution or society
• compatible with fair use and only to the
extent justified for the purpose - source
and the name of the author, if appearing
on the work, are mentioned
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• a specialized format exclusively for the
use of the blind, visually- and reading-
impaired persons
• Non-profit basis
• shall indicate the copyright owner and
the date of the original publication
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• mass media : articles on current political,
social, economic, scientific or religious
topic, lectures, addresses and other works
of the same nature, which are delivered in
public if such use is for information
purposes and has not been expressly
reserved - the source is clearly
indicated
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• Part of reports of current events by means of
photography, cinematography or broadcasting to
the extent necessary for the purpose
• By way of illustration for teaching purposes
and is compatible with fair use : the source and
of the name of the author, if appearing in the
work, are mentioned
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• Recording made in schools, universities,
or educational institutions of a work
included in a broadcast : Provided : (1)
must be deleted within a reasonable
period after they were first broadcast
(2)such recording may not be made from
audiovisual works which are part of the
general cinema repertoire of feature
films except for brief excerpts
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• Use by or under the direction or control of
the Government, by the National Library
or by educational, scientific or
professional institutions where such use
is in the public interest and is compatible
with fair use
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• No admission fee is charged by a club or
institution for charitable or educational
purpose only, whose aim is not profit
making
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• Public display of the original or a copy
Provided :
(1)the work has been published, OR,
(2)that original or the copy displayed has been
sold, given away or otherwise transferred to
another person by the author or his successor in
title EXCEPT work made by means of a film,
slide, television image or otherwise on screen or
by means of any other device or process.
Limitations on copyrights
Sec. 184
• Any use made of a work for the purpose of
any judicial proceedings or for the giving
of legal advice
INTERPRETATION OF LIMITATIONS :
Allow use in a manner which does not
conflict with the normal exploitation of the
work and does not unreasonably
prejudice the right holder's legitimate
interest.
Limitations on copyrights
Fair Use (Sec 185)
Not an infringement :
criticism, comment, news reporting,
teaching including multiple copies for
classroom use,
scholarship,
research, and
similar purposes, including decompilation
(to achieve interoperability)
Limitations on copyrights
Fair Use (Sec 185)
Factors to be considered
Purpose and character of the use, including
whether commercial or non-profit education
purposes
Nature of the copyrighted work
Amount and substantiality of the portion used
in relation to the work as a whole
Effect upon the potential market for or value of
the copyrighted work
Moral Rights (Sec. 193)
1. To require that authorship be attributed
to him, in particular, the right that his
name, as far as practicable, be indicated
in a prominent way on the copies, and in
connection with the public use of his
work;
2. To make any alterations of his work prior
to, or to withhold it from publication
Moral Rights (Sec. 193)
3. To object to any distortion, mutilation or
other modification of, or other
derogatory action in relation to, his work
which would be prejudicial to his honor
or reputation
4. To restrain the use of his name with
respect to any work not of his own
creation or in a distorted version of his
work
TERM OF PROTECTION
Joint Authors
Pseudonymous / Anonymous works
Posthumous works
LIFE + 50 (JANUARY 1 OF NEXT YEAR)
(anonymous/pseudonymous works :
life / publication / making)
APPLIED ART : 25 from making
TERM OF PROTECTION
PHOTOGRAPHIC/AUDIOVISUAL WORK:
50 from publication / making (if
unpublished)
PERFORMERS/PRODUCERS OF SOUND
RECORDING : 50 from
performance/recording (from end of year)
BROADCASTS : 20 YEARS
Intellectual property and copyright
Atty. Chris Lao
Facebook: /christopherjohnlao
Twitter: @iamchrislao
59
www.ASKSonnie.me
@AskSonnie
/AskSonnie

More Related Content

What's hot

Copyright Law in the Digital Age
Copyright Law in the Digital AgeCopyright Law in the Digital Age
Copyright Law in the Digital Age
SharonYang
 
What is Copyright?
What is Copyright?What is Copyright?
What is Copyright?
Robert Farrow
 
Copyright- IPR.pptx
Copyright- IPR.pptxCopyright- IPR.pptx
Copyright- IPR.pptx
Samjhauta Thapa
 
A presentation on Copyright & Copyright Infringement
A presentation on Copyright & Copyright InfringementA presentation on Copyright & Copyright Infringement
A presentation on Copyright & Copyright Infringement
Anand Prabhudesai
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
Libin Kurian
 
Copyright Infringment
Copyright InfringmentCopyright Infringment
Copyright Infringment
Jasleen Rajpal
 
Intellectual Property Rights
Intellectual Property RightsIntellectual Property Rights
Intellectual Property Rights
Nishant Pahad
 
Copyright ppt 1
Copyright ppt 1Copyright ppt 1
Copyright ppt 1
PROF. PUTTU GURU PRASAD
 
Copyright Law
Copyright LawCopyright Law
Copyright Law
mrsbauerart
 
Copyright (presentation)
Copyright (presentation)Copyright (presentation)
Copyright (presentation)
Gagan Varshney
 
COPYRIGHT
COPYRIGHTCOPYRIGHT
COPYRIGHT
Mohan B R
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
Sakshi Saxena
 
Intellectual Property
Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property
Intellectual Property
Škola Futura
 
Software copyright
Software copyrightSoftware copyright
Software copyright
Roshan Chaudhary
 
Intellectual property rights
Intellectual property rightsIntellectual property rights
Intellectual property rights
Kaanael S. Mbise
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
Gagan Varshney
 
copyright law
copyright lawcopyright law
copyright law
Imad Aman
 
IPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTION
IPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTIONIPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTION
IPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTION
R KUMARAVENKATESAN
 
Copyrights and related rights presentation wipo
Copyrights and related rights presentation wipoCopyrights and related rights presentation wipo
Copyrights and related rights presentation wipo
ashutosh3108
 
Copyright (MBA Project)
Copyright (MBA Project)Copyright (MBA Project)
Copyright (MBA Project)
Kajal Jain
 

What's hot (20)

Copyright Law in the Digital Age
Copyright Law in the Digital AgeCopyright Law in the Digital Age
Copyright Law in the Digital Age
 
What is Copyright?
What is Copyright?What is Copyright?
What is Copyright?
 
Copyright- IPR.pptx
Copyright- IPR.pptxCopyright- IPR.pptx
Copyright- IPR.pptx
 
A presentation on Copyright & Copyright Infringement
A presentation on Copyright & Copyright InfringementA presentation on Copyright & Copyright Infringement
A presentation on Copyright & Copyright Infringement
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
 
Copyright Infringment
Copyright InfringmentCopyright Infringment
Copyright Infringment
 
Intellectual Property Rights
Intellectual Property RightsIntellectual Property Rights
Intellectual Property Rights
 
Copyright ppt 1
Copyright ppt 1Copyright ppt 1
Copyright ppt 1
 
Copyright Law
Copyright LawCopyright Law
Copyright Law
 
Copyright (presentation)
Copyright (presentation)Copyright (presentation)
Copyright (presentation)
 
COPYRIGHT
COPYRIGHTCOPYRIGHT
COPYRIGHT
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
 
Intellectual Property
Intellectual PropertyIntellectual Property
Intellectual Property
 
Software copyright
Software copyrightSoftware copyright
Software copyright
 
Intellectual property rights
Intellectual property rightsIntellectual property rights
Intellectual property rights
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
 
copyright law
copyright lawcopyright law
copyright law
 
IPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTION
IPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTIONIPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTION
IPR AND SOFTWARE PROTECTION
 
Copyrights and related rights presentation wipo
Copyrights and related rights presentation wipoCopyrights and related rights presentation wipo
Copyrights and related rights presentation wipo
 
Copyright (MBA Project)
Copyright (MBA Project)Copyright (MBA Project)
Copyright (MBA Project)
 

Viewers also liked

"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174
"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174
"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174
Sonnie Santos
 
Workshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EU
Workshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EUWorkshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EU
Workshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EU
OpenCourseWare Europe
 
Learning and Development Challenges
Learning and Development ChallengesLearning and Development Challenges
Learning and Development Challenges
Sonnie Santos
 
A call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness program
A call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness programA call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness program
A call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness program
Sonnie Santos
 
Biz Outlook for 2013
Biz Outlook for 2013Biz Outlook for 2013
Biz Outlook for 2013
Sonnie Santos
 
17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences
17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences
17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences
Sonnie Santos
 
Purpose Driven Blogs
Purpose Driven BlogsPurpose Driven Blogs
Purpose Driven Blogs
Sonnie Santos
 
OD Initiatives
OD InitiativesOD Initiatives
OD Initiatives
Sonnie Santos
 
17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management
17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management 17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management
17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management
Sonnie Santos
 
17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management
17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management
17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management
Sonnie Santos
 
Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)
Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)
Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)
Sonnie Santos
 
Draft PCOO Social Media Policy
Draft PCOO Social Media PolicyDraft PCOO Social Media Policy
Draft PCOO Social Media Policy
Sonnie Santos
 
Recruitment 3.0
Recruitment 3.0Recruitment 3.0
Recruitment 3.0
Sonnie Santos
 
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2
Sonnie Santos
 
The HR 3.0 Framework
The HR 3.0 FrameworkThe HR 3.0 Framework
The HR 3.0 Framework
Sonnie Santos
 
ASKSonnie's Action Plan form
ASKSonnie's Action Plan formASKSonnie's Action Plan form
ASKSonnie's Action Plan form
Sonnie Santos
 
HR Initiatives
HR InitiativesHR Initiatives
HR Initiatives
Sonnie Santos
 
Week 7 retail change theories
Week 7 retail change theoriesWeek 7 retail change theories
Week 7 retail change theories
SueLayton
 
Guided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and Apllications
Guided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and ApllicationsGuided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and Apllications
Guided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and Apllications
subash_j
 
Chapter 16 - Retailing
Chapter 16 - RetailingChapter 16 - Retailing
Chapter 16 - Retailing
Nicholsb1
 

Viewers also liked (20)

"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174
"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174
"Ending Endo" DOLE Dept. Order #174
 
Workshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EU
Workshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EUWorkshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EU
Workshop Barcelona: Copyright Limitations and Exceptions for Education in the EU
 
Learning and Development Challenges
Learning and Development ChallengesLearning and Development Challenges
Learning and Development Challenges
 
A call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness program
A call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness programA call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness program
A call for a collective online safety and cyber wellness program
 
Biz Outlook for 2013
Biz Outlook for 2013Biz Outlook for 2013
Biz Outlook for 2013
 
17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences
17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences
17th Learning EB- 16 Multiple Intelligences
 
Purpose Driven Blogs
Purpose Driven BlogsPurpose Driven Blogs
Purpose Driven Blogs
 
OD Initiatives
OD InitiativesOD Initiatives
OD Initiatives
 
17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management
17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management 17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management
17th Learning EB: solving the challenges of talent management
 
17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management
17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management
17th Learning EB: Current trends and challenges on talent management
 
Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)
Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)
Cybercrime Bill (House Bill 5808)
 
Draft PCOO Social Media Policy
Draft PCOO Social Media PolicyDraft PCOO Social Media Policy
Draft PCOO Social Media Policy
 
Recruitment 3.0
Recruitment 3.0Recruitment 3.0
Recruitment 3.0
 
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 2
 
The HR 3.0 Framework
The HR 3.0 FrameworkThe HR 3.0 Framework
The HR 3.0 Framework
 
ASKSonnie's Action Plan form
ASKSonnie's Action Plan formASKSonnie's Action Plan form
ASKSonnie's Action Plan form
 
HR Initiatives
HR InitiativesHR Initiatives
HR Initiatives
 
Week 7 retail change theories
Week 7 retail change theoriesWeek 7 retail change theories
Week 7 retail change theories
 
Guided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and Apllications
Guided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and ApllicationsGuided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and Apllications
Guided Wave Ultrasound - Principles and Apllications
 
Chapter 16 - Retailing
Chapter 16 - RetailingChapter 16 - Retailing
Chapter 16 - Retailing
 

Similar to Intellectual property and copyright

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptx
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptxINTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptx
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptx
Mahesh Kolloju
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
jnsnyder
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
artistshouse
 
IPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptx
IPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptxIPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptx
IPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptx
Mahesh Kolloju
 
iprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdf
iprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdfiprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdf
iprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdf
zohebmusharraf
 
Basics of Copyright Protections Online
Basics of Copyright Protections OnlineBasics of Copyright Protections Online
Basics of Copyright Protections Online
Remove Search Results .com
 
Presentation ipr act
Presentation ipr actPresentation ipr act
Presentation ipr act
Drneetu2
 
Ipr
IprIpr
Copyright issues for audiovisual works
Copyright issues for audiovisual worksCopyright issues for audiovisual works
Copyright issues for audiovisual works
Jonas Sahagun
 
Copyrights 101
Copyrights 101Copyrights 101
Copyrights 101
IABC Houston
 
Intellectual property right and copy right in indian
Intellectual property right and copy right in indian Intellectual property right and copy right in indian
Intellectual property right and copy right in indian
SrikantaSahu10
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
Libin Kurian
 
Lesson 2
Lesson 2Lesson 2
Lesson 2
Lyle
 
Rationale of copyright protection
Rationale of copyright protectionRationale of copyright protection
Rationale of copyright protection
Pratibha Mishra
 
Copy Rights.pptx
Copy Rights.pptxCopy Rights.pptx
Copy Rights.pptx
Dr Shailendra Bhalawe
 
Copy rights UNIT 2.pptx
Copy rights UNIT 2.pptxCopy rights UNIT 2.pptx
Copy rights UNIT 2.pptx
Lokeshc28
 
copyrights.pptx
copyrights.pptxcopyrights.pptx
copyrights.pptx
ShwetaKanwar6
 
Intellecutual property rights in India
Intellecutual property rights in IndiaIntellecutual property rights in India
Intellecutual property rights in India
N Prashant Kumar
 
Intellectual rights ppt
Intellectual rights pptIntellectual rights ppt
Intellectual rights ppt
SukhleenJaggi
 
Copyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTU
Copyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTUCopyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTU
Copyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTU
BamaHari
 

Similar to Intellectual property and copyright (20)

INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptx
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptxINTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptx
INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS TYPE Copyrights LAW.pptx
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
 
IPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptx
IPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptxIPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptx
IPR UNIT 3 Copyrights new (1).pptx
 
iprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdf
iprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdfiprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdf
iprunit3copyrightsnew1-230925185049-70c59c0d.pdf
 
Basics of Copyright Protections Online
Basics of Copyright Protections OnlineBasics of Copyright Protections Online
Basics of Copyright Protections Online
 
Presentation ipr act
Presentation ipr actPresentation ipr act
Presentation ipr act
 
Ipr
IprIpr
Ipr
 
Copyright issues for audiovisual works
Copyright issues for audiovisual worksCopyright issues for audiovisual works
Copyright issues for audiovisual works
 
Copyrights 101
Copyrights 101Copyrights 101
Copyrights 101
 
Intellectual property right and copy right in indian
Intellectual property right and copy right in indian Intellectual property right and copy right in indian
Intellectual property right and copy right in indian
 
Copyright
CopyrightCopyright
Copyright
 
Lesson 2
Lesson 2Lesson 2
Lesson 2
 
Rationale of copyright protection
Rationale of copyright protectionRationale of copyright protection
Rationale of copyright protection
 
Copy Rights.pptx
Copy Rights.pptxCopy Rights.pptx
Copy Rights.pptx
 
Copy rights UNIT 2.pptx
Copy rights UNIT 2.pptxCopy rights UNIT 2.pptx
Copy rights UNIT 2.pptx
 
copyrights.pptx
copyrights.pptxcopyrights.pptx
copyrights.pptx
 
Intellecutual property rights in India
Intellecutual property rights in IndiaIntellecutual property rights in India
Intellecutual property rights in India
 
Intellectual rights ppt
Intellectual rights pptIntellectual rights ppt
Intellectual rights ppt
 
Copyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTU
Copyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTUCopyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTU
Copyrights&RelatedRights , Trademarks according to VTU
 

More from Sonnie Santos

COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation
COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation
COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation
Sonnie Santos
 
A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)
A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)
A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)
Sonnie Santos
 
Duterte Year end report 2017
Duterte Year end report 2017Duterte Year end report 2017
Duterte Year end report 2017
Sonnie Santos
 
Comparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor Code
Comparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor CodeComparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor Code
Comparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor Code
Sonnie Santos
 
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1
Sonnie Santos
 
Does Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic Growth
Does Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic GrowthDoes Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic Growth
Does Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic Growth
Sonnie Santos
 
With Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of Ireland
With Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of IrelandWith Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of Ireland
With Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of Ireland
Sonnie Santos
 
Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811
Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811
Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811
Sonnie Santos
 
BBL Myths Explained
BBL Myths ExplainedBBL Myths Explained
BBL Myths Explained
Sonnie Santos
 
WorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza Tan
WorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza TanWorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza Tan
WorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza Tan
Sonnie Santos
 
Psychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictors
Psychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictorsPsychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictors
Psychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictors
Sonnie Santos
 
Excellence in People Management
Excellence in People ManagementExcellence in People Management
Excellence in People Management
Sonnie Santos
 
One step backward two steps forward
One step backward two steps forwardOne step backward two steps forward
One step backward two steps forward
Sonnie Santos
 
ISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous Improvement
ISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous ImprovementISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous Improvement
ISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous Improvement
Sonnie Santos
 
Setting up Retirement Fund
Setting up Retirement FundSetting up Retirement Fund
Setting up Retirement Fund
Sonnie Santos
 

More from Sonnie Santos (16)

COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation
COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation
COVID-19 Prevention in the Workplace Presentation
 
A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)
A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)
A guide to TRAIN (Tax Reform for Acceleration and Inclusion)
 
Duterte Year end report 2017
Duterte Year end report 2017Duterte Year end report 2017
Duterte Year end report 2017
 
Comparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor Code
Comparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor CodeComparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor Code
Comparative Table: DO 174, DO 18A, DO 19 and the Labor Code
 
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1
ASKSonnie's Reflection Form 1
 
Does Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic Growth
Does Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic GrowthDoes Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic Growth
Does Ending Endo Contribute to Inclusive Economic Growth
 
With Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of Ireland
With Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of IrelandWith Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of Ireland
With Bangsamoro in mind, How PH can Learn from UK and its Handling of Ireland
 
Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811
Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811
Salient Deletions and Amendments to HB 4994; Substituted by HB 5811
 
BBL Myths Explained
BBL Myths ExplainedBBL Myths Explained
BBL Myths Explained
 
WorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza Tan
WorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza TanWorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza Tan
WorkPlace Bullying by Anna Liza Tan
 
Psychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictors
Psychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictorsPsychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictors
Psychosocial safety climate and workplace bullying as predictors
 
Excellence in People Management
Excellence in People ManagementExcellence in People Management
Excellence in People Management
 
One step backward two steps forward
One step backward two steps forwardOne step backward two steps forward
One step backward two steps forward
 
ISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous Improvement
ISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous ImprovementISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous Improvement
ISO 9001: Customer Focus and Continuous Improvement
 
Employee discipline
Employee disciplineEmployee discipline
Employee discipline
 
Setting up Retirement Fund
Setting up Retirement FundSetting up Retirement Fund
Setting up Retirement Fund
 

Recently uploaded

Green Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdf
Green Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdfGreen Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdf
Green Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdf
shivamkush646
 
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
dimplekumaridk322
 
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - SponsorshipLuxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
uitdiedosfinance
 
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2
projectseasy
 
United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...
United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...
United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...
Newman George Leech
 
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of CustomersManaging Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
SalmanTahir60
 
شركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصري
شركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصريشركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصري
شركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصري
إبراهيم العرجاني
 
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
Auxis Consulting & Outsourcing
 
Restaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel Hammamet
Restaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel HammametRestaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel Hammamet
Restaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel Hammamet
rihabkorbi24
 
TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...
TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...
TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...
kevinkariuki227
 
BBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdf
BBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdfBBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdf
BBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdf
mcdopex6
 
Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...
Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...
Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...
IMARC Group
 
STEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publications
STEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publicationsSTEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publications
STEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publications
mcynthus
 
MEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final Presentation
MEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final PresentationMEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final Presentation
MEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final Presentation
PhysicsUtu
 
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your roleMandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
khidalgo2
 
Top Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdf
Top Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdfTop Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdf
Top Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdf
Top IT Marketing
 
9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance
9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance
9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance
Levership
 
New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
44annissa
 
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
kevinkariuki227
 
1234567891011121314151617181920212223242
12345678910111213141516171819202122232421234567891011121314151617181920212223242
1234567891011121314151617181920212223242
fauzanal343
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Green Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdf
Green Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdfGreen Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdf
Green Minimalist Aesthetic Project Proposal Presentation.pdf
 
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
High Profile Girls Call Bhubaneswar 🎈🔥000XX00000 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Gir...
 
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - SponsorshipLuxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
Luxury Lifestyle Summit 2024 - Sponsorship
 
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2
TALENT ACQUISITION AND MANAGEMENT LECTURE 2
 
United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...
United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...
United Kingdom's Real Estate Mogul: Newman George Leech's Impact on the Swiss...
 
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of CustomersManaging Customer & User Experience of Customers
Managing Customer & User Experience of Customers
 
شركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصري
شركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصريشركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصري
شركات إبراهيم العرجاني: لدعم الاقتصاد المصري
 
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
AI at Work​ The demystification of AI and real-world stories on how to apply ...
 
Restaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel Hammamet
Restaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel HammametRestaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel Hammamet
Restaurant Chiraz Sindbad Hotel Hammamet
 
TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...
TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...
TEST BANK For Auditing & Assurance Services A Systematic Approach, 12th Editi...
 
BBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdf
BBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdfBBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdf
BBA Final SML 501 INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS .pdf
 
Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...
Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...
Singapore Pharmaceutical Market PPT: Growth, Outlook, Demand, Keyplayer Analy...
 
STEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publications
STEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publicationsSTEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publications
STEPIC Innovations 2026 futurism publications
 
MEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final Presentation
MEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final PresentationMEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final Presentation
MEA Union Budget 2024-25 Final Presentation
 
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your roleMandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
Mandated reporting powerpoint to help with understanding your role
 
Top Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdf
Top Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdfTop Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdf
Top Digital Marketing Strategy in 2024.pdf
 
9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance
9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance
9 Lessons From Jeff Bezos’ ONLY Podcast Appearance
 
New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
New Girls Call Mumbai 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
 
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 	  17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
Test Bank For Principles Of Cost Accounting, 17th Edition Edward J. Vander...
 
1234567891011121314151617181920212223242
12345678910111213141516171819202122232421234567891011121314151617181920212223242
1234567891011121314151617181920212223242
 

Intellectual property and copyright

  • 1. Intellectual Property and Reference Citation Sonnie Santos & Atty. Christopher John Lao May 28, 2014
  • 3. Basic Concepts : Intellectual Property Rights • Sec. 4. Definitions.- • 4.1. The term "intellectual property rights" consists of: • [a] Copyright and Related Rights; • [b] Trademarks and Service Marks; • [c] Geographical Indications; • [d] Industrial Designs; • [e] Patents;
  • 5. Copyright OUTLINE Definitions Protectable subject matter : original/derivative Unprotectable subject matter Rules of Ownership Rights(see also definitions)/Limitations Terms of protection Special Topics (assignment) Cases (assignment)
  • 6. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) "Author” : natural person who created the work Persons
  • 7. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) “Work of applied art” : artistic creation with utilitarian functions or incorporated in a useful article, whether made by hand or produced on an industrial scale
  • 8. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) "Communication to the public" or "communicate to the public” : making of a work available to the public by wire or wireless means in such a way that members of the public may access these works from a place and time individually chosen by them (note: internet, webcasting, streaming…)
  • 9. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) "Public performance” : in general : recitation, playing, dancing, acting or otherwise performing the work, either directly or by means of any device or process; audiovisual work : showing of its images in sequence and the making of the sounds accompanying it audible;
  • 10. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) sound recording : making the recorded sounds audible at a place or at places where persons outside the normal circle of a family and that family’s closest social acquaintances are or can be present, irrespective of whether they are or can be present at the same place and at the same time, or at different places and/or at different times, and where the performance can be perceived without the need for “communication to the public” (Note : restaurants, shopping malls, hotels…)
  • 11. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) "Public lending” : transfer of possession of the original or a copy of a work or sound recording for a limited period, for non-profit purposes, by an institution the services of which are available to the public, such as public library or archive
  • 12. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) • "Rental” : transfer of the possession of the original or a copy of a work or a sound recording for a limited period of time, for profit-making purposes
  • 13. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) "Reproduction” : making of one (1) or more copies of a work or a sound recording in any manner or form
  • 14. Copyright Definitions (Section 171) “Rights Management Information”: - information which identifies - information about the terms and conditions of use - any number or code that represent such information
  • 15. Copyright • 172.2. Works are protected by the sole fact of their creation, irrespective of their mode or form of expression, as well as of their content, quality and purpose. COPYRIGHT EXISTS FROM THE MOMENT OF CREATION!
  • 16. Copyright • Sec. 172. Literary and Artistic Works. - • 172.1 Literary and artistic works, hereinafter referred to as "works", are original intellectual creations in the literary and artistic domain protected from the moment of their creation and shall include in particular:
  • 17. Copyright • Books, pamphlets, articles and other writings; • Periodicals and newspapers; • Lectures, sermons, addresses, dissertations prepared for oral delivery, whether or not reduced in writing or other material form; • Letters
  • 18. Copyright • Musical compositions, with or without words; • Works of drawing, painting, architecture, sculpture, engraving, lithography or other works of art;
  • 19. Copyright • Dramatic or dramatico-musical compositions; choreographic works or entertainment in dumb shows; • Illustrations, maps, plans, sketches, charts and three-dimensional works relative to geography, topography, architecture or science;
  • 20. Copyright • Drawings or plastic works of a scientific or technical character; • Photographic works including works produced by a process analogous to photography; lantern slides;
  • 21. Copyright • Audiovisual works and cinematographic works and works produced by a process analogous to cinematography or any process for making audio-visual recordings; • Pictorial illustrations and advertisements;
  • 22. Copyright • Computer programs; and • Other literary, scholarly, scientific and artistic works.
  • 23. Copyright • Sec. 173. Derivative Works. - • 173.1. The following derivative works shall also be protected by copyright: • (a) Dramatizations, translations, adaptations, abridgments, arrangements, and other alterations of literary or artistic works; and
  • 24. Copyright • (b) Collections of literary, scholarly or artistic works, and compilations of data and other materials which are original by reason of the selection or coordination or arrangement of their contents.
  • 25. Copyright Derivative works shall be protected as new works: Provided however, That such new work shall not affect the force of any subsisting copyright upon the original works employed or any part thereof, or be construed to imply any right to such use of the original works, or to secure or extend copyright in such original works. (Sec. 173.2,IP Code; Art. 10, TRIPS)
  • 26. Unprotected Subject Matter Sec. 175 1-Expressed, explained, illustrated or embodied in a work : idea, procedure, system method or operation, concept, principle, discovery mere data as such 2-Press information : news of the day and other miscellaneous facts 3-Legislative, administrative or legal nature : official text any official translation thereof.
  • 27. Works of the Government (Sec 176) No copyright! However, prior approval of the government agency or office wherein the work is created shall be necessary for exploitation for profit. may impose other things, such as payment of royalties.
  • 28. Works of the Government (Sec 176) No prior approval or conditions for ANY purpose : statutes, rules and regulations, and speeches, lectures, sermons, addresses, and dissertations pronounced, read or rendered in courts of justice, before administrative agencies, in deliberative assemblies and in meetings of public character
  • 29. Works of the Government (Sec 176) • The Author of speeches, lectures, sermons, addresses, and dissertations mentioned in the preceding paragraphs shall have the exclusive right of making a collection of his works. Note : Senator Ople
  • 30. Works of the Government (Sec 176) Government can 1-receive and hold copyrights by assignment, bequest or otherwise; 2-publish or republish in a public document any work in which copyright is subsisting BUT does not mean the copyright is abridged or annulled NOR authorize any use or appropriation of such work without the consent of the copyright owners.
  • 31. Rules on Ownership (Sec. 178) 1. original literary and artistic works : author 1. works of joint authorship : co-authors 2.1 but if parts can be used separately and the author of each part can be identified : author of each part
  • 32. Rules on Ownership (Sec. 178) 3. Work created in the course of employment unless there is an agreement, express or implied, to the contrary :  employee, if not a part of his regular duties even if the employee uses the time, facilities and materials of the employer  employer, if result of the performance of his regularly-assigned duties
  • 33. Rules on Ownership (Sec. 178) 4. Commissioned work : the person who commissioned the work shall have ownership of work, but the copyright shall remain with the creator, unless there is a written stipulation to the contrary
  • 34. Rules on Ownership (Sec. 178) 5. Audiovisual work : the producer, the author of the scenario, the composer of the music, the film director, and the author of the work so adapted. subject to contrary or other stipulations- producers : exhibition of the work in any manner, except the right to collect performing license fees for the performance of musical compositions, with or without words, incorporated into the work
  • 35. Rules on Ownership (Sec. 178) 6. Letters : writer : copyright addressee : the letter/private communication Publication :  consent of writer or heirs  authorized by court : public good or interest of justice
  • 36. Copy or Economic Rights (Sec 177) Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or prevent: 1.Reproduction 2.Derivatives 3.Distribution 4.Rental 5.Public Display 6.Public Performance 7.“Communication to the public
  • 37. Copy or Economic Rights (Sec 177) Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or prevent: 1.Reproduction : work or substantial portion 2.Derivatives : dramatization, translation, adaptation, abridgment, arrangement or other transformation of the work
  • 38. Copy or Economic Rights (Sec 177) Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or prevent: 3. Distribution : First public distribution of the original and each copy of the work by sale or other forms of transfer of ownership
  • 39. Copy or Economic Rights (Sec 177) Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or prevent: 4. Rental of the original or copy (whoever owns such original or copy) of :  audiovisual or cinematographic work,  sound recording,  computer program,  compilation of data and other materials  musical work in graphic form
  • 40. Copy or Economic Rights (Sec 177) Exclusive right to carry out, authorize or prevent: 5. Public display of the original or a copy of the work; 6. Public performance of the work; and 7. Other communication to the public of the work
  • 41. Copyright • SEC. 174. Published Edition of Work In addition to the right to publish granted by the author, his heirs or assigns, the publisher shall have a copyright consisting merely of the right of reproduction of the typographical arrangement of the published edition of the work. Note : LPE (Low Priced Edition, textbooks)
  • 42. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • done privately and free of charge • strictly for a charitable or religious institution or society • compatible with fair use and only to the extent justified for the purpose - source and the name of the author, if appearing on the work, are mentioned
  • 43. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • a specialized format exclusively for the use of the blind, visually- and reading- impaired persons • Non-profit basis • shall indicate the copyright owner and the date of the original publication
  • 44. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • mass media : articles on current political, social, economic, scientific or religious topic, lectures, addresses and other works of the same nature, which are delivered in public if such use is for information purposes and has not been expressly reserved - the source is clearly indicated
  • 45. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • Part of reports of current events by means of photography, cinematography or broadcasting to the extent necessary for the purpose • By way of illustration for teaching purposes and is compatible with fair use : the source and of the name of the author, if appearing in the work, are mentioned
  • 46. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • Recording made in schools, universities, or educational institutions of a work included in a broadcast : Provided : (1) must be deleted within a reasonable period after they were first broadcast (2)such recording may not be made from audiovisual works which are part of the general cinema repertoire of feature films except for brief excerpts
  • 47. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • Use by or under the direction or control of the Government, by the National Library or by educational, scientific or professional institutions where such use is in the public interest and is compatible with fair use
  • 48. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • No admission fee is charged by a club or institution for charitable or educational purpose only, whose aim is not profit making
  • 49. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • Public display of the original or a copy Provided : (1)the work has been published, OR, (2)that original or the copy displayed has been sold, given away or otherwise transferred to another person by the author or his successor in title EXCEPT work made by means of a film, slide, television image or otherwise on screen or by means of any other device or process.
  • 50. Limitations on copyrights Sec. 184 • Any use made of a work for the purpose of any judicial proceedings or for the giving of legal advice INTERPRETATION OF LIMITATIONS : Allow use in a manner which does not conflict with the normal exploitation of the work and does not unreasonably prejudice the right holder's legitimate interest.
  • 51. Limitations on copyrights Fair Use (Sec 185) Not an infringement : criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching including multiple copies for classroom use, scholarship, research, and similar purposes, including decompilation (to achieve interoperability)
  • 52. Limitations on copyrights Fair Use (Sec 185) Factors to be considered Purpose and character of the use, including whether commercial or non-profit education purposes Nature of the copyrighted work Amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the work as a whole Effect upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work
  • 53. Moral Rights (Sec. 193) 1. To require that authorship be attributed to him, in particular, the right that his name, as far as practicable, be indicated in a prominent way on the copies, and in connection with the public use of his work; 2. To make any alterations of his work prior to, or to withhold it from publication
  • 54. Moral Rights (Sec. 193) 3. To object to any distortion, mutilation or other modification of, or other derogatory action in relation to, his work which would be prejudicial to his honor or reputation 4. To restrain the use of his name with respect to any work not of his own creation or in a distorted version of his work
  • 55. TERM OF PROTECTION Joint Authors Pseudonymous / Anonymous works Posthumous works LIFE + 50 (JANUARY 1 OF NEXT YEAR) (anonymous/pseudonymous works : life / publication / making) APPLIED ART : 25 from making
  • 56. TERM OF PROTECTION PHOTOGRAPHIC/AUDIOVISUAL WORK: 50 from publication / making (if unpublished) PERFORMERS/PRODUCERS OF SOUND RECORDING : 50 from performance/recording (from end of year) BROADCASTS : 20 YEARS
  • 58. Atty. Chris Lao Facebook: /christopherjohnlao Twitter: @iamchrislao

Editor's Notes

  1. “All rights reserved”
  2. All are intellectual creations, separate from expression Copyright = literary artistic worksPatents = inventionsIdeas are not original and protected, but the expression.
  3. Unprotectable- discoveriesExpression is protected not concept
  4. Royalty fee.
  5. RA 10372 Section 4. Section 171.3. of Republic Act No. 8293 is hereby amended to read as follows: "SEC. 171. Definitions. – x x x "171.3. ‘Communication to the public’ or ‘communicate to the public’ means any communication to the public, including broadcasting, rebroadcasting, retransmitting by cable, broadcasting and retransmitting by satellite, and includes the making of a work available to the public by wire or wireless means in such a way that members of the public may access these works from a place and time individually chosen by them;"
  6. Video recording of your talk.
  7. e.g. restaurants
  8. RA 10372 Section 5. Section 171.9. of Republic Act No. 8293 is hereby amended to read as follows: "171.9. ‘Reproduction’ is the making of one (1) or more copies, temporary or permanent, in whole or in part, of a work or a sound recording in any manner or form without prejudice to the provisions of Section 185 of this Act (Sec. 41[E], P.D. No. 49a);"
  9. RA 10372 Section 6. There shall be two new subsections to be added at the end of Section 171.11. to be known as 171.12. and 171.13., both to read as follows: "171.12. ‘Technological measure’ means any technology, device or component that, in the normal course of its operation, restricts acts in respect of a work, performance or sound recording, which are not authorized by the authors, performers or producers of sound recordings concerned or permitted by law; "171.13. ‘Rights management information’ means information which identifies the work, sound recording or performance; the author of the work, producer of the sound recording or performer of the performance; the owner of any right in the work, sound recording or performance; or information about the terms and conditions of the use of the work, sound recording or performance; and any number or code that represent such information, when any of these items is attached to a copy of the work, sound recording or fixation of performance or appears in conjunction with the communication to the public of a work, sound recording or performance."
  10. Beijing Treaty : Audio Visual Rights
  11. Agreement should be clear from the beginning
  12. IP Code SEC. 178. Rules on Copyright Ownership          Copyright ownership shall be governed by the following rules:           178.1. Subject to the provisions of this section, in the case of original literary and artistic works, copyright shall belong to the author of the work;           178.2. In the case of works of joint authorship, the co-authors shall be the original owners of the copyright and in the absence of agreement, their rights shall be governed by the rules on co-ownership. If, however, a work of joint authorship consists of parts that can be used separately and the author of each part can be identified, the author of each part shall be the original owner of the copyright in the part that he has created; 
  13. IP Code 178.3. In the case of work created by an author during and in the course of his employment, the copyright shall belong to:    The employee, if the creation of the object of copyright is not a part of his regular duties even if the employee uses the time, facilities and materials of the employer.      The employer, if the work is the result of the performance of his regularly-assigned duties, unless there is an agreement, express or implied, to the contrary. 
  14. IP Code 178.4. In the case of a work-commissioned by a person other than an employer of the author and who pays for it and the work is made in pursuance of the commission, the person who so commissioned the work shall have ownership of work, but the copyright thereto shall remain with the creator, unless there is a written stipulation to the contrary; 
  15. 178.5. In the case of audiovisual work, the copyright shall belong to the producer, the author of the scenario, the composer of the music, the film director, and the author of the work so adapted. However, subject to contrary or other stipulations among the creators, the producers shall exercise the copyright to an extent required for the exhibition of the work in any manner, except for the right to collect performing license fees for the performance of musical compositions, with or without words, which are incorporated into the work; and 
  16. IP Code Section 178.6. In respect of letters, the copyright shall belong to the writer subject to the provisions of Article 723 of the Civil Code. (Sec. 6, P.D. No. 49a)  Civil Code Art. 723. Letters and other private communications in writing are owned by the person to whom they are addressed and delivered, but they cannot be published or disseminated without the consent of the writer or his heirs. However, the court may authorize their publication or dissemination if the public good or the interest of justice so requires. (n)
  17. IP Code SEC. 177. Copy or Economic Rights          Subject to the provisions of Chapter VIII, copyright or economic rights shall consist of the exclusive right to carry out, authorize or prevent the following acts:           177.1. Reproduction of the work or substantial portion of the work;    177.2 Dramatization, translation, adaptation, abridgment, arrangement or other transformation of the work;           177.3. The first public distribution of the original and each copy of the work by sale or other forms of transfer of ownership;           177.4. Rental of the original or a copy of an audiovisual or cinematographic work, a work embodied in a sound recording, a computer program, a compilation of data and other materials or a musical work in graphic form, irrespective of the ownership of the original or the copy which is the subject of the rental; (n)           177.5. Public display of the original or a copy of the work;           177.6. Public performance of the work; and           177.7. Other communication to the public of the work (Sec. 5, P.D. No. 49a) 
  18. Published edition. E.g. pocket book edition, hardbound edition, Low Price Edition (LPE)
  19. RA 10372 Section 11. Section 184.1. of Republic Act No. 8293 is hereby amended to read as follows: "SEC. 184. Limitations on Copyright. – x x x "(1) the reproduction or distribution of published articles or materials in a specialized format exclusively for the use of the blind, visually- and reading-impaired persons: Provided, That such copies and distribution shall be made on a nonprofit basis and shall indicate the copyright owner and the date of the original publication."
  20. Moral right, no prescription period
  21. SEC. 213. Term of Protection      213.1. Subject to the provisions of Subsections 213.2 to 213.5, the copyright in works under Sections 172 and 173 shall be protected during the life of the author and for fifty (50 years after his death. This rule also applies to posthumous works. (Sec. 21, first sentence, P.D. No. 49a)         213.2. In case of works of joint authorship, the economic rights shall be protected during the life of the last surviving author and for fifty (50) years after his death. (Sec. 21, second sentence, P.D. no. 49)  213.3. In case of anonymous or pseudonymous works, the copyright shall be protected for fifty (50) years from the date on which the work was first lawfully published: Provided, That where, before the expiration of the said period, the author's identity is revealed or is no longer in doubt, the provisions of Subsections 213.1 and 213.2 shall apply, as the case may be: Provided, further, That such works if not published before shall be protected for fifty (50) years counted from the making of the work. (Sec. 23, P.D. No. 49)           213.4. In case of works of applied art the protection shall be for a period of twenty-five (25) years from the date of making. (Sec. 24(B), P.D. No. 49a)         
  22.        213.5. In case of photographic works, the protection shall be for fifty (50) years from publication of the work and, if unpublished, fifty (50) years from the making. (Sec. 24(C), P.D. 49a)          213.6. In case of audio-visual works including those produced by process analogous to photography or any process for making audio-visual recordings, the term shall be fifty (50) years from date of publication and, if unpublished, from the date of making. (Sec. 24(C), P.D. No. 49a)      SEC. 214. Calculation of Term          The term of protection subsequent to the death of the author provided in the preceding Section shall run from the date of his death or of publication, but such terms shall always be deemed to begin on the first day of January of the year following the event which gave rise to them. (Sec. 25, P.D. No. 49)    SEC. 215. Term of Protection for Performers, Producers and Broadcasting Organizations          215.1. The rights granted to performers and producers of sound recordings under this law shall expire:   For performances not incorporated in recordings, fifty (50) years from the end of the year in which the performance took place; and  For sound or image and sound recordings and for performances incorporated therein, fifty (50) years from the end of the year in which the recording took place.    215.2. In case of broadcasts, the term shall be twenty (20) years from the date the broadcast took place. The extended term shall be applied only to old works with subsisting protection under the prior law. (Sec. 55, P.D. No. 49a) 
  23. Trademark Service mark