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INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
CONTENTS
Introduction
01
04
05
02 Significance of Promoting ITS
03 ITS Technologies
ITS Applications
Benefits of ITS
Traffic jam at Mumbai
3
Traffic jam at Kochi Fuel Consumption
Road accident
( www.indianexpress.com )
Accident at Delhi
According to the studies
 1.24 million death per each year
 3287 death per day
 More than 12 hr traffic block in major city
 To avoid these
 Intelligent Transportation System ( ITS ) created
 First starting in US in 1995
2018, Indian express
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
ITS
mobility services, & E-ticketing
Navigation system,
Smart vehicles & fuels,
GIS, GPS,
traffic safety management
 ITS is an emerging transportation system which is comprised of an advanced information &
telecommunications network for users, roads & vehicles.
 ITS is the integrated application of advanced Technologies using electronics, computers, communications,
& advanced sensors.
 The term (ITS) refers to information and communication technology, applied to transport, infrastructure
and vehicles, that improve transport outcomes.
 ITS is a worldwide initiative to improve the transportation system.
 Its aim is to manage vehicles , passengers and routes , etc…..
 It is used to improve safety , vehicle wear , transportation time.
 It enhance quality of environment.
 ITS is an emerging transportation system which is comprised of an advanced information &
telecommunications network for users, roads & vehicles.
 ITS is the integrated application of advanced Technologies using electronics, computers, communications,
& advanced sensors.
 These applications provide travelers with important information while improving the safety & efficiency of
the transportation system.
 Reducing traffic congestion
 Smoothening traffic flow
 Reducing traffic accidents
 Improving safety
 Enhancing the mobility of travellers, especially the elderly and disabled
 Reducing use of energy
 Reducing fuel consumption
 Reducing pollution
 Reducing capital and operating costs
 Increasing the viability of public transportation
 Responding more effectively to incidents
 Increasing the ease and convenience of travel
• (ATMS) - Advanced Traffic Management Systems
• (VICS) - Vehicle Information & Communication System
• (ATIS) - Advanced Traveller Information System
• (EMS) - Emergency Management System
• (AHS) - Advanced Cruise-assist Highway Systems
• (APTS) - Advanced Public Transportation Systems
• (IMS) - Information Management System,
• (CVO) - Commercial Vehicle Operations
(VICS) - VEHICLE INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION SYSTEM
 It is a digital communication system.
 It provide real time road traffic information to the drivers via car navigation system.
 Information is transmitted in the direction of traffic
Steps in the operation of VICS
 Collecting information
 Processes and edits the collected information
 Providing information
VICS provides three kinds of displays
 Map Display
 Simple Graphic Display
 Text Display
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
(AHS) - ADVANCED CRUISE-ASSIST HIGHWAY SYSTEMS
 It provide information, warning and operational support for accident prevention by using radio
communication between road and vehicle.
 Smart way enables a wide range of information exchange among all of ITS users.
 It require functions capable of sensing road-environment data.
 functions for generating guidance from road-environment data and road-to-vehicle communication.
Use image processing
to…
1) detect road
obstacles
2) other vehicles
3) to observe traffic
(ATIS) - Advanced Traveller Information System
 It provide drivers with real-time travel and traffic information.
 provide Information about delays.
 Help for optimal route selection.
There are three steps to provision of real-time traffic information:
 collection
 processing
 dissemination
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
 Global Positioning Systems
 Geographic Information System
 Weather Information Systems
 Bus Information System
 Traffic And Transit Management
 Real-time Information
 Incident Management
 Emergency Management
 Electronic Toll Collection
 Car Display System
 This is a common method used for traffic studies
 Cell phone linked positioning operation
 High frequency signal is used for data transmission
Global Positioning System ( www.ustraffic.com )
 Operation of GPS is done by 24 satellites ( Rotating twice a day )
 GPS receivers by triangulation method finding location of vehicle
 Based on the obtained data location is plotted in map
 GPS can open at any lighting and weather conditions
Global Positioning System ( www.ustraffic.com )
 Main functional area of ATIS
 Providing location based information of bus and train
 Give data about Shortest Path , Closet Facilities and City Bus Routes
 Shortest path always help to reach the destination in short time
 Closet Facilities will reduce the cost of transportation
 City Bus Routes is help to find the path way of each bus in a city
Global Positioning System ( www.ustraffic.com )
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
• Public Transport Information :- Real-time Bus Stop Information (London, UK)
Kolkata, 2017
DELHI, 2018
• Traffic Signals
• Monitoring throughput…
- Recommended speeds
- Ramp metering
• Incident Management
• Signal priority for…
- Emergency vehicles
- Public transport
Ramp metering
• It is a programmable display system with a LED screen (11.4 × 8.4 cm)
• Speaker provision is provided for listening audio information
• Digitized human word at a rate of 150 words/ min audio information
• The in-vehicle eCall is generated either manually by the vehicle occupants or automatic
via activation of in - vehicle sensors after an accident.
• When activated, device will establish an emergency call carrying both voice & data
directly to the nearest emergency point (nearest Public safety answering point, PSAP).
• The voice call enables vehicle occupant to communicate with the eCall operator.
• At same time, a minimum set of data will be sent to eCall operator receiving the voice call.
• The minimum set of data contains information about the incident, including time, precise
location, the direction the vehicle was traveling, and vehicle identification.
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
• Automobile Traffic
• Public Transport
• Parking
• Airport Arrivals/Departures
• News, Banking, Stocks…
 Information of available slot for park
 Guidance to
- Available facility
- Actual spot
• Electronic toll collection (ETC.) makes it
possible for vehicles to drive through toll gates
at traffic speed, reducing congestion at toll plazas
and automating toll collection.
• An application of electronic signature detection
to passenger and commercial vehicle traffic for
the purpose of collecting tolls
• Allowing motorists to pass through the system
at highway speeds
• Transponder: radio frequency identification
unit that transmits radio signals
 Changeable Message Sign (CMS)
 Highway Advisory Radio (HAR)
 Global Positioning System (GPS)
 Geographic Information System ( GIS )
 Car Display System ( CDS )
 Best Route Analysis
 Wireless Communications
[Also Part Of Application Orientated]
Changeable Message Sign (CMS)
 Devices of this system is provided on the side of the road
 It provide update information about traffic congestions
 It give information to the vehicle to take diversions , speed limit etc..
 Information about road failure
Changeable Message Signal In Germany ( www.samsclub.com )
Highway Advisory Radio ( HAR )
 Airport authority of US was first created this.
 Information is transmitted through small road side
transmitters
 AM/FM methods are used for data transmission
 It provide warnings , advisories and direction to the
drivers.
 Each message is less than one minute duration
HighwayAdvisory Ratio (www.samsclub.com)
WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS
 Radio modem communication on UHF and VHF frequencies are widely used for short and
long range communication within ITS.
 Short-range communications (less than 450 meters) can be accomplished using IEEE
802.11 protocols. Theoretically, the range of these protocols can be extended using
Mobile ad-hoc networks or Mesh networking.
 Longer range communications have been proposed using infrastructure networks such as
WiMAX (IEEE 802.16), Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), or 3G.
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
Point Sensors
Area Sensors
1 2
• Point sensors are placed at specified point
• Range of this sensor is very small
• Each location there is controlling point placed
• These points are sending the information to users
Points Sensors use with…..
• Inductive Loops
• Video Image Detectors
• Piezo Sensors
• Radar Method
• Laser Beam
• Closed Circuit System
Inductive Loops ( www.ustraffic.com )
• Small slots are created by copper wire in road.
• Current is passed through this loops.
• During movement of vehicle electromagnetic induction
occur.
• Difference is collected by single/dual loop detectors.
• Used at highway segment and intersections.
• It is help for counting vehicle number.
( www.ustraffic.com )
• Best method for data collection.
• Help for calculating traffic volume.
• It can focused to a point.
• When a vehicle enter the target area camera ON,
• when it move out, detectors will automatic OFF
• A Piezo electric material is laid in small slots of the road
• During motion a physical pressure created by each vehicle
• Electric voltage induced due to the pressure
Piezo Sensors ( www.calameo.com )
• Road divided into small zones
• A sensor post placed at side of the road
• Source on the post emit micro wave energy
• Detectors are placed at the side of the road for catching the ray
• Vehicle identification done by variation on frequency
Radar Sensors ( www.neouromorphs.com )
• By scanning is done from both side of the road
Laser Beams ( www.msqueen.com )
• Counting traffic condition for a large area
• Count data for long time
• It can also calculate vehicle at parking place
Points Sensors use with…..
• Radio Triangulation
• Wireless Receiver Tags
• License Plate Readers
• Smart Card Method
 Improved safety
 Better traffic flow
 Lower travel cost
 Better environmental quality
 Increased business activity
 Greater user acceptance
 Better travel information
 provide immediate hazard warning
 give information about road condition
 Error free software
 Cost of implementation of ATIS is very high
 Setting receiver stations on car very difficult
 Lac for finding power source
 Data storing need high capacity electronic device
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
 Most of the developed countries are using this method
 ATIS ratio is Higher in Japan, Italy and US
 Canada and UK using full techniques of ATIS
 Automatic warning system is the first ATIS service in Railway (England ) - 1999
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems
CASE STUDY-ATIS IN CHANDIGARH ( DHANUNJAYA REDDI .ET.AL)
 Chandigarh is the only place in India where ATIS installed (2010)
 GIS is the platform for this
 Arc GIS10 software used for controlling all the operation
 It can store the data of 5000 major and minor roads
 300 ATMs,150 Hospitals, 170 Schools and colleges
ATIS is very useful to overcome the traffic congestion problem.
Automatic working will save National Income.
Initial setting cost of ATIS is very high.
Traffic problem in India can easy to solve by this.
Lac of land consumption is the major problem.
Adeveloped country is not a place where poor have cars. Its where the rich use public transportation
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems

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INFRASTRUCTURE FOR SMART CITIES_MOD 3_Intelligent transport systems

  • 2. CONTENTS Introduction 01 04 05 02 Significance of Promoting ITS 03 ITS Technologies ITS Applications Benefits of ITS
  • 3. Traffic jam at Mumbai 3 Traffic jam at Kochi Fuel Consumption Road accident ( www.indianexpress.com ) Accident at Delhi
  • 4. According to the studies  1.24 million death per each year  3287 death per day  More than 12 hr traffic block in major city  To avoid these  Intelligent Transportation System ( ITS ) created  First starting in US in 1995 2018, Indian express
  • 6. ITS mobility services, & E-ticketing Navigation system, Smart vehicles & fuels, GIS, GPS, traffic safety management
  • 7.  ITS is an emerging transportation system which is comprised of an advanced information & telecommunications network for users, roads & vehicles.  ITS is the integrated application of advanced Technologies using electronics, computers, communications, & advanced sensors.  The term (ITS) refers to information and communication technology, applied to transport, infrastructure and vehicles, that improve transport outcomes.  ITS is a worldwide initiative to improve the transportation system.  Its aim is to manage vehicles , passengers and routes , etc…..  It is used to improve safety , vehicle wear , transportation time.  It enhance quality of environment.
  • 8.  ITS is an emerging transportation system which is comprised of an advanced information & telecommunications network for users, roads & vehicles.  ITS is the integrated application of advanced Technologies using electronics, computers, communications, & advanced sensors.  These applications provide travelers with important information while improving the safety & efficiency of the transportation system.
  • 9.  Reducing traffic congestion  Smoothening traffic flow  Reducing traffic accidents  Improving safety  Enhancing the mobility of travellers, especially the elderly and disabled  Reducing use of energy  Reducing fuel consumption  Reducing pollution  Reducing capital and operating costs  Increasing the viability of public transportation  Responding more effectively to incidents  Increasing the ease and convenience of travel
  • 10. • (ATMS) - Advanced Traffic Management Systems • (VICS) - Vehicle Information & Communication System • (ATIS) - Advanced Traveller Information System • (EMS) - Emergency Management System • (AHS) - Advanced Cruise-assist Highway Systems • (APTS) - Advanced Public Transportation Systems • (IMS) - Information Management System, • (CVO) - Commercial Vehicle Operations
  • 11. (VICS) - VEHICLE INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION SYSTEM  It is a digital communication system.  It provide real time road traffic information to the drivers via car navigation system.  Information is transmitted in the direction of traffic Steps in the operation of VICS  Collecting information  Processes and edits the collected information  Providing information
  • 12. VICS provides three kinds of displays  Map Display  Simple Graphic Display  Text Display
  • 14. (AHS) - ADVANCED CRUISE-ASSIST HIGHWAY SYSTEMS  It provide information, warning and operational support for accident prevention by using radio communication between road and vehicle.  Smart way enables a wide range of information exchange among all of ITS users.  It require functions capable of sensing road-environment data.  functions for generating guidance from road-environment data and road-to-vehicle communication.
  • 15. Use image processing to… 1) detect road obstacles 2) other vehicles 3) to observe traffic
  • 16. (ATIS) - Advanced Traveller Information System  It provide drivers with real-time travel and traffic information.  provide Information about delays.  Help for optimal route selection. There are three steps to provision of real-time traffic information:  collection  processing  dissemination
  • 18.  Global Positioning Systems  Geographic Information System  Weather Information Systems  Bus Information System  Traffic And Transit Management  Real-time Information  Incident Management  Emergency Management  Electronic Toll Collection  Car Display System
  • 19.  This is a common method used for traffic studies  Cell phone linked positioning operation  High frequency signal is used for data transmission Global Positioning System ( www.ustraffic.com )
  • 20.  Operation of GPS is done by 24 satellites ( Rotating twice a day )  GPS receivers by triangulation method finding location of vehicle  Based on the obtained data location is plotted in map  GPS can open at any lighting and weather conditions Global Positioning System ( www.ustraffic.com )
  • 21.  Main functional area of ATIS  Providing location based information of bus and train  Give data about Shortest Path , Closet Facilities and City Bus Routes  Shortest path always help to reach the destination in short time  Closet Facilities will reduce the cost of transportation  City Bus Routes is help to find the path way of each bus in a city Global Positioning System ( www.ustraffic.com )
  • 23. • Public Transport Information :- Real-time Bus Stop Information (London, UK)
  • 25. • Traffic Signals • Monitoring throughput… - Recommended speeds - Ramp metering • Incident Management • Signal priority for… - Emergency vehicles - Public transport Ramp metering
  • 26. • It is a programmable display system with a LED screen (11.4 × 8.4 cm) • Speaker provision is provided for listening audio information • Digitized human word at a rate of 150 words/ min audio information
  • 27. • The in-vehicle eCall is generated either manually by the vehicle occupants or automatic via activation of in - vehicle sensors after an accident. • When activated, device will establish an emergency call carrying both voice & data directly to the nearest emergency point (nearest Public safety answering point, PSAP). • The voice call enables vehicle occupant to communicate with the eCall operator. • At same time, a minimum set of data will be sent to eCall operator receiving the voice call. • The minimum set of data contains information about the incident, including time, precise location, the direction the vehicle was traveling, and vehicle identification.
  • 30. • Automobile Traffic • Public Transport • Parking • Airport Arrivals/Departures • News, Banking, Stocks…
  • 31.  Information of available slot for park  Guidance to - Available facility - Actual spot
  • 32. • Electronic toll collection (ETC.) makes it possible for vehicles to drive through toll gates at traffic speed, reducing congestion at toll plazas and automating toll collection. • An application of electronic signature detection to passenger and commercial vehicle traffic for the purpose of collecting tolls • Allowing motorists to pass through the system at highway speeds • Transponder: radio frequency identification unit that transmits radio signals
  • 33.  Changeable Message Sign (CMS)  Highway Advisory Radio (HAR)  Global Positioning System (GPS)  Geographic Information System ( GIS )  Car Display System ( CDS )  Best Route Analysis  Wireless Communications [Also Part Of Application Orientated]
  • 34. Changeable Message Sign (CMS)  Devices of this system is provided on the side of the road  It provide update information about traffic congestions  It give information to the vehicle to take diversions , speed limit etc..  Information about road failure Changeable Message Signal In Germany ( www.samsclub.com )
  • 35. Highway Advisory Radio ( HAR )  Airport authority of US was first created this.  Information is transmitted through small road side transmitters  AM/FM methods are used for data transmission  It provide warnings , advisories and direction to the drivers.  Each message is less than one minute duration HighwayAdvisory Ratio (www.samsclub.com)
  • 36. WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS  Radio modem communication on UHF and VHF frequencies are widely used for short and long range communication within ITS.  Short-range communications (less than 450 meters) can be accomplished using IEEE 802.11 protocols. Theoretically, the range of these protocols can be extended using Mobile ad-hoc networks or Mesh networking.  Longer range communications have been proposed using infrastructure networks such as WiMAX (IEEE 802.16), Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM), or 3G.
  • 40. • Point sensors are placed at specified point • Range of this sensor is very small • Each location there is controlling point placed • These points are sending the information to users Points Sensors use with….. • Inductive Loops • Video Image Detectors • Piezo Sensors • Radar Method • Laser Beam • Closed Circuit System
  • 41. Inductive Loops ( www.ustraffic.com ) • Small slots are created by copper wire in road. • Current is passed through this loops. • During movement of vehicle electromagnetic induction occur. • Difference is collected by single/dual loop detectors. • Used at highway segment and intersections. • It is help for counting vehicle number.
  • 42. ( www.ustraffic.com ) • Best method for data collection. • Help for calculating traffic volume. • It can focused to a point. • When a vehicle enter the target area camera ON, • when it move out, detectors will automatic OFF
  • 43. • A Piezo electric material is laid in small slots of the road • During motion a physical pressure created by each vehicle • Electric voltage induced due to the pressure Piezo Sensors ( www.calameo.com )
  • 44. • Road divided into small zones • A sensor post placed at side of the road • Source on the post emit micro wave energy • Detectors are placed at the side of the road for catching the ray • Vehicle identification done by variation on frequency Radar Sensors ( www.neouromorphs.com )
  • 45. • By scanning is done from both side of the road Laser Beams ( www.msqueen.com )
  • 46. • Counting traffic condition for a large area • Count data for long time • It can also calculate vehicle at parking place Points Sensors use with….. • Radio Triangulation • Wireless Receiver Tags • License Plate Readers • Smart Card Method
  • 47.  Improved safety  Better traffic flow  Lower travel cost  Better environmental quality  Increased business activity  Greater user acceptance  Better travel information  provide immediate hazard warning  give information about road condition  Error free software
  • 48.  Cost of implementation of ATIS is very high  Setting receiver stations on car very difficult  Lac for finding power source  Data storing need high capacity electronic device
  • 50.  Most of the developed countries are using this method  ATIS ratio is Higher in Japan, Italy and US  Canada and UK using full techniques of ATIS  Automatic warning system is the first ATIS service in Railway (England ) - 1999
  • 52. CASE STUDY-ATIS IN CHANDIGARH ( DHANUNJAYA REDDI .ET.AL)  Chandigarh is the only place in India where ATIS installed (2010)  GIS is the platform for this  Arc GIS10 software used for controlling all the operation  It can store the data of 5000 major and minor roads  300 ATMs,150 Hospitals, 170 Schools and colleges
  • 53. ATIS is very useful to overcome the traffic congestion problem. Automatic working will save National Income. Initial setting cost of ATIS is very high. Traffic problem in India can easy to solve by this. Lac of land consumption is the major problem.
  • 54. Adeveloped country is not a place where poor have cars. Its where the rich use public transportation