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INFORMATIONS ET
CONNAISSANCE MÉDICALES ET
SCIENTIFIQUES
AU TEMPS DU COVID
GILBERT C. FAURE, MD, PHD
PENDANT L’ANNÉE DU RAT
UNIVERSITÉ LORRAINE: FACULTÉ DE MÉDECINE ET CREM
IL ÉTAIT UNE FOIS..
OÙ TROUVER
L’INFORMATION ET LA CONNAISSANCE?
• LIVRES, JOURNAUX SCIENTIFIQUES
• FICHES
• BIBLIOTHÈQUES
MAIS DÈS AVANT 2020
• DU PAPIER AU NUMÉRIQUE
• CROISSANCE EXPONENTIELLE
• DÉJÀ INFOBÉSITÉ
SOURCES D’INFORMATIONS
AVANT/APRÈS COVID 2020
• MASSE D’INFORMATIONS EN CROISSANCE
• PUBLIEES (JOURNAUX SCIENTIFIQUES)
• INTERNET (BLOGS, SITES…)
• AJOUTONS LES RESEAUX SOCIAUX
PUBLICS DE L’INFORMATION
ET
GÉNÉRATIONS
D’UTILISATEURS FINAUX
• DES BOOMERS A LA GÉNÉRATION Z
• DE PUBMED, AL GORE ET LE MALL DE STANFORD À
• HTTPS://WWW.LEMONDE.FR/LES-DECODEURS/ARTICLE/2021/05/10/COMMENT-
BIEN-LIRE-ET-COMPRENDRE-UNE-ETUDE-SCIENTIFIQUE_6079705_4355770.HTML
• LE 17/5/21
APRÈS LE COVID,
AMPLIFICATION DES TENDANCES
ARTICLES ET PREPRINTS
ARXIV (CORNELL UNIVERSITY) (1.8MILLIONS DOCUMENTS EN AVRIL
2021)
QUELLES BASES DE DONNÉES?
• PUBMED/NLM
• SCOPUS, WEB OF SCIENCE
• GOOGLE SCHOLAR
• ACCÈS AU FULL TEXT: SCIHUB …
• RÉSEAUX ACADÉMIQUES: RESEARCHGATE (2008), ACADEMIA (2008) , MYSCIENCEWORK, KUDOS…
• RÉSEAUX SOCIAUX: PENPROFILE, LINKEDIN…
• A TO Z: HTTPS://WWW.TIMESHIGHEREDUCATION.COM/A-Z-SOCIAL-MEDIASCIHUB
OPEN SOURCE
• OPEN ACCESS
• GREEN, GOLD, DIAMOND
• PREPRINTS
• ARXIV
• PRODUCTION MEDRXIV, CHIFFRES, QUALITÉ
OPEN PRACTICES
• OPEN ACCESS
• OPEN SOFTWARE
• IDENTIFIERS (DOI, ORCID)
• OPEN LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS
• COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT, CITIZEN SCIENCE
• FAIR INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY
MAUVAIS COMPORTEMENTS DES
« PUBLISHER’S »
• AUGMENTATION DES TARIFS ABONNEMENTS PAPIER ET NUMÉRIQUES
• ELSEVIER, SPRINGER…
• PREDATORY JOURNALS
• PAS SI NOUVEAU…, « JEFFREY BEALL »
• HTTPS://PREDATORYJOURNALS.COM/JOURNALS/#J
MAUVAIS COMPORTEMENTS DES AUTEURS
• TRICHE (CHEATING)
• PLAGIAT
• FRAUDE SCIENTIFIQUE/RETRACTION WATCH
• CASH REWARDS EN CHINE
• HYPERPROLIFIQUES (2/3 EN BIOLOGIE/SANTÉ)
• 3 ARTICLES PAR SEMAINE
LES RÉSEAUX SOCIAUX
LE TERRITOIRE DES FAKE NEWS
• « INFOX »
• MISINFORMATION
• DISINFORMATION
• FAKE NEWS ET VACCINATIONS (CREM)
NOUVEAUX OUTILS
TROP NOMBREUX?
NE PAS OUBLIER L’HUMAIN…
• BASES DE DONNÉES
• BREVETS: LENS.ORG
• CROWDSOURCING OU MYRIADISATION WIKIPEDIA
• WIKIS, WICRIS
• WEB SEMANTIQUE
• INTELLIGENCE ARTIFICIELLE
• BLOCKCHAIN
CURATION
• SCOOP.IT HTTPS://WWW.SCOOP.IT/U/GILBERTCFAURE
• MANY TOPICS: IMMUNOLOGY, AND TERRITORIES
• FINDING, SELECTING, ELEVATING, SHARING INFORMATION
• ORGANIZING, CREATING, ARCHIVING
• LEARNING AND TEACHING
• CURATEUR/TRAILBLAZER/ KNOWLEDGE SCOUT
COMMENT DIFFUSER L’INFORMATION?
AUTRES EXEMPLES NANCÉIENS
• WICRIS PAR JACQUES DUCLOY
• VEILLE ET OBJECTIFS PÉDAGOGIQUES
• PAUL MONTAGNE ET LA FLORE DE LORRAINE
INFORMATIONS
ET CONNAISSANCE
• CONNAISSANCE SCIENTIFIQUE ET MÉDICALE
• TEMPS DE DOUBLEMENT
• IN 1950 WAS 50 YEARS;
• IN 1980, 7 YEARS;
• AND IN 2010, 3.5 YEARS.
• IN 2020 IT IS PROJECTED TO BE 0.2 YEARS—JUST 73 DAYS.
CONNAISSANCE DU COVID ???
• EXEMPLE DU COVID
• VIRUS, SÉQUENCAGE, VARIANTS: OUI ET NON
• ÉPIDÉMIOLOGIE: OUI ET NON
• PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE IMMUNOLOGIQUE: NON
• FACTEURS DE GRAVITÉ ET PRONOSTIC
• IMMUNITÉ CELLULAIRE
• IMMUNITÉ MUQUEUSE
• RECHERCHE CLINIQUE
• EFFICACITÉ ET EFFETS SECONDAIRES DES VACCINS
• SUIVI BIOLOGIQUE DES VACCINS
• SUIVI BIOLOGIQUE ET PRONOSTIC DE LA MALADIE
• LONG COVID
APPRENTISSAGES ET ENSEIGNEMENT
PEDAGOGIE ET/OU ANDRAGOGIE
• APPRENTISSAGES EN LIGNE: E-LEARNING OR (ONLINE)
• I (INFORMAL)- INCREMENTAL- INQUIRY-
• A (ACTIVE-)
• B (BLENDED)- H (HYBRID)
• C (COLLABORATIVE) OR (CONTINUOUS)
• D/LD (DISTANCE) (DELIBERATE)
• S (SELF/DIRECTED)- HEUTAGOGY SOCIAL
• M (MICRO OR BITE-SIZED) MOBILE- MULTIMODAL -
• P (PERSONAL)
• W (WORKPLACE)-
• PROJECT BASED - L
• L-L (LIFE LONG)
N’OUBLIONS PAS L’ÉTUDIANT
L’APPRENANT
• SYNCHRONE OU ASYNCHRONE
• AU CENTRE
LA CONNAISSANCE
ET
AU-DELÀ
DÉCOUVERTE
INNOVATION
FUTURS? DE LA
COMMUNICATION SCIENTIFIQUE
• RÉSULTATS, DATA,
• COMMUNICATIONS CONGRÈS: FROM « BEACHES » TO ZOOM
• SEVILLE, ROME, BRUXELLES, PALMA
• BAMBERG, GLASGOW, BERKELEY
• MODÈLE ÉCONOMIQUE DES PAYS, TERRITOIRES?
• PUBLISHERS ET ÉDITEURS?
• ARTICLES BREVETS, BASES DE DONNÉES..
• CITATIONS (IMPACT FACTOR?)
• HTTPS://BLOGS.LSE.AC.UK/IMPACTOFSOCIALSCIENCES/2021/03/04/THE-POST-COVID-FUTURE-OF-
VIRTUAL-CONFERENCES/
CRISE ET OPPORTUNITÉS
• NOUVEAUX CONTACTS À DISTANCE: SPONTANÉITÉ
• GROUP EFFECT/ NEW TRIBES?
• CONGRÈS ET CME/CPD EN LIGNE
• FEMMES, JEUNES ET PAYS EN DÉVELOPPEMENT
OPEN SCIENCE
• MOTIVATION OF RESEARCHERS/REVIEWERS
• EVALUATION (PROXIES OR RESEARCH IMPACT)
• CONSENSUS OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY
DÉCLARATION D’INTERÊTS
• « ENDUSER » DE L’IST
• GRIP : GROUPE DE RECHERCHE EN IMMUNOPATHOLOGIE
• SCICOM 1 (1988) ET 2 (1997)
• MESR
• ASSIM, SFI, IUIS : WEBSITE DE L’ASSIM ET CURATION
• UNIVERSITÉ HENRI POINCARÉ: CHARGÉ DE MISSION DOCUMENTATION
• OKCC/C3O: CURATION SUR SCOOP.IT (HTTPS://WWW.SCOOP.IT/U/GILBERTCFAURE)
• ICSU (ISC), UEMS, EACCME
• CREM (J WALTER): ÉQUIPE PIXEL ET PROJET « FAKE NEWS ET VACCINATIONS »
RÉSUMÉ EN 15 POINTS
• IL ÉTAIT UNE FOIS, INFORMATIONS ET CONNAISSANCE
• INFORMATIONS: CROISSANCE EXPONENTIELLE BIEN AVANT 2020: INFOBÉSITÉ
• AVANT ET APRÈS LE COVID: RÉSEAUX SOCIAUX, PREPRINTS
• GENERATIONS X…. Z
• OUTILS DE RECHERCHE: BASES DE DONNÉES
• OPEN: SOURCES, ACCESS, SCIENCE, DATA
• MALPRACTICES : PUBLISHERS
• MALPRACTICES : AUTHORS
• MALPRACTICES : PUBLICS FAKE NEWS
• NOUVEAUX OUTILS: CURATION,
• NOUVEAUX OUTILS: WICRIS ET NATURE
• CONNAISSANCE ET AU-DELÀ?
• LA CONNAISSANCE N’AVANCE PAS: IMMUNOLOGIE ET COVID
• TEACHING AND LEARNING : EN LIGNE, DISTANCE…
• CRISES ET OPPORTUNITÉS

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Informations et connaissance médicales et scientifiques au temps du Covid

  • 1. INFORMATIONS ET CONNAISSANCE MÉDICALES ET SCIENTIFIQUES AU TEMPS DU COVID GILBERT C. FAURE, MD, PHD PENDANT L’ANNÉE DU RAT UNIVERSITÉ LORRAINE: FACULTÉ DE MÉDECINE ET CREM
  • 2. IL ÉTAIT UNE FOIS.. OÙ TROUVER L’INFORMATION ET LA CONNAISSANCE? • LIVRES, JOURNAUX SCIENTIFIQUES • FICHES • BIBLIOTHÈQUES
  • 3. MAIS DÈS AVANT 2020 • DU PAPIER AU NUMÉRIQUE • CROISSANCE EXPONENTIELLE • DÉJÀ INFOBÉSITÉ
  • 4. SOURCES D’INFORMATIONS AVANT/APRÈS COVID 2020 • MASSE D’INFORMATIONS EN CROISSANCE • PUBLIEES (JOURNAUX SCIENTIFIQUES) • INTERNET (BLOGS, SITES…) • AJOUTONS LES RESEAUX SOCIAUX
  • 5. PUBLICS DE L’INFORMATION ET GÉNÉRATIONS D’UTILISATEURS FINAUX • DES BOOMERS A LA GÉNÉRATION Z • DE PUBMED, AL GORE ET LE MALL DE STANFORD À • HTTPS://WWW.LEMONDE.FR/LES-DECODEURS/ARTICLE/2021/05/10/COMMENT- BIEN-LIRE-ET-COMPRENDRE-UNE-ETUDE-SCIENTIFIQUE_6079705_4355770.HTML • LE 17/5/21
  • 6. APRÈS LE COVID, AMPLIFICATION DES TENDANCES ARTICLES ET PREPRINTS ARXIV (CORNELL UNIVERSITY) (1.8MILLIONS DOCUMENTS EN AVRIL 2021)
  • 7. QUELLES BASES DE DONNÉES? • PUBMED/NLM • SCOPUS, WEB OF SCIENCE • GOOGLE SCHOLAR • ACCÈS AU FULL TEXT: SCIHUB … • RÉSEAUX ACADÉMIQUES: RESEARCHGATE (2008), ACADEMIA (2008) , MYSCIENCEWORK, KUDOS… • RÉSEAUX SOCIAUX: PENPROFILE, LINKEDIN… • A TO Z: HTTPS://WWW.TIMESHIGHEREDUCATION.COM/A-Z-SOCIAL-MEDIASCIHUB
  • 8. OPEN SOURCE • OPEN ACCESS • GREEN, GOLD, DIAMOND • PREPRINTS • ARXIV • PRODUCTION MEDRXIV, CHIFFRES, QUALITÉ
  • 9. OPEN PRACTICES • OPEN ACCESS • OPEN SOFTWARE • IDENTIFIERS (DOI, ORCID) • OPEN LEARNING ENVIRONMENTS • COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT, CITIZEN SCIENCE • FAIR INSTITUTIONAL REPOSITORY
  • 10. MAUVAIS COMPORTEMENTS DES « PUBLISHER’S » • AUGMENTATION DES TARIFS ABONNEMENTS PAPIER ET NUMÉRIQUES • ELSEVIER, SPRINGER… • PREDATORY JOURNALS • PAS SI NOUVEAU…, « JEFFREY BEALL » • HTTPS://PREDATORYJOURNALS.COM/JOURNALS/#J
  • 11. MAUVAIS COMPORTEMENTS DES AUTEURS • TRICHE (CHEATING) • PLAGIAT • FRAUDE SCIENTIFIQUE/RETRACTION WATCH • CASH REWARDS EN CHINE • HYPERPROLIFIQUES (2/3 EN BIOLOGIE/SANTÉ) • 3 ARTICLES PAR SEMAINE
  • 12. LES RÉSEAUX SOCIAUX LE TERRITOIRE DES FAKE NEWS • « INFOX » • MISINFORMATION • DISINFORMATION • FAKE NEWS ET VACCINATIONS (CREM)
  • 13. NOUVEAUX OUTILS TROP NOMBREUX? NE PAS OUBLIER L’HUMAIN… • BASES DE DONNÉES • BREVETS: LENS.ORG • CROWDSOURCING OU MYRIADISATION WIKIPEDIA • WIKIS, WICRIS • WEB SEMANTIQUE • INTELLIGENCE ARTIFICIELLE • BLOCKCHAIN
  • 14. CURATION • SCOOP.IT HTTPS://WWW.SCOOP.IT/U/GILBERTCFAURE • MANY TOPICS: IMMUNOLOGY, AND TERRITORIES • FINDING, SELECTING, ELEVATING, SHARING INFORMATION • ORGANIZING, CREATING, ARCHIVING • LEARNING AND TEACHING • CURATEUR/TRAILBLAZER/ KNOWLEDGE SCOUT
  • 15. COMMENT DIFFUSER L’INFORMATION? AUTRES EXEMPLES NANCÉIENS • WICRIS PAR JACQUES DUCLOY • VEILLE ET OBJECTIFS PÉDAGOGIQUES • PAUL MONTAGNE ET LA FLORE DE LORRAINE
  • 16. INFORMATIONS ET CONNAISSANCE • CONNAISSANCE SCIENTIFIQUE ET MÉDICALE • TEMPS DE DOUBLEMENT • IN 1950 WAS 50 YEARS; • IN 1980, 7 YEARS; • AND IN 2010, 3.5 YEARS. • IN 2020 IT IS PROJECTED TO BE 0.2 YEARS—JUST 73 DAYS.
  • 17. CONNAISSANCE DU COVID ??? • EXEMPLE DU COVID • VIRUS, SÉQUENCAGE, VARIANTS: OUI ET NON • ÉPIDÉMIOLOGIE: OUI ET NON • PHYSIOPATHOLOGIE IMMUNOLOGIQUE: NON • FACTEURS DE GRAVITÉ ET PRONOSTIC • IMMUNITÉ CELLULAIRE • IMMUNITÉ MUQUEUSE • RECHERCHE CLINIQUE • EFFICACITÉ ET EFFETS SECONDAIRES DES VACCINS • SUIVI BIOLOGIQUE DES VACCINS • SUIVI BIOLOGIQUE ET PRONOSTIC DE LA MALADIE • LONG COVID
  • 18. APPRENTISSAGES ET ENSEIGNEMENT PEDAGOGIE ET/OU ANDRAGOGIE • APPRENTISSAGES EN LIGNE: E-LEARNING OR (ONLINE) • I (INFORMAL)- INCREMENTAL- INQUIRY- • A (ACTIVE-) • B (BLENDED)- H (HYBRID) • C (COLLABORATIVE) OR (CONTINUOUS) • D/LD (DISTANCE) (DELIBERATE) • S (SELF/DIRECTED)- HEUTAGOGY SOCIAL • M (MICRO OR BITE-SIZED) MOBILE- MULTIMODAL - • P (PERSONAL) • W (WORKPLACE)- • PROJECT BASED - L • L-L (LIFE LONG)
  • 19. N’OUBLIONS PAS L’ÉTUDIANT L’APPRENANT • SYNCHRONE OU ASYNCHRONE • AU CENTRE
  • 21. FUTURS? DE LA COMMUNICATION SCIENTIFIQUE • RÉSULTATS, DATA, • COMMUNICATIONS CONGRÈS: FROM « BEACHES » TO ZOOM • SEVILLE, ROME, BRUXELLES, PALMA • BAMBERG, GLASGOW, BERKELEY • MODÈLE ÉCONOMIQUE DES PAYS, TERRITOIRES? • PUBLISHERS ET ÉDITEURS? • ARTICLES BREVETS, BASES DE DONNÉES.. • CITATIONS (IMPACT FACTOR?) • HTTPS://BLOGS.LSE.AC.UK/IMPACTOFSOCIALSCIENCES/2021/03/04/THE-POST-COVID-FUTURE-OF- VIRTUAL-CONFERENCES/
  • 22. CRISE ET OPPORTUNITÉS • NOUVEAUX CONTACTS À DISTANCE: SPONTANÉITÉ • GROUP EFFECT/ NEW TRIBES? • CONGRÈS ET CME/CPD EN LIGNE • FEMMES, JEUNES ET PAYS EN DÉVELOPPEMENT OPEN SCIENCE • MOTIVATION OF RESEARCHERS/REVIEWERS • EVALUATION (PROXIES OR RESEARCH IMPACT) • CONSENSUS OF SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITY
  • 23. DÉCLARATION D’INTERÊTS • « ENDUSER » DE L’IST • GRIP : GROUPE DE RECHERCHE EN IMMUNOPATHOLOGIE • SCICOM 1 (1988) ET 2 (1997) • MESR • ASSIM, SFI, IUIS : WEBSITE DE L’ASSIM ET CURATION • UNIVERSITÉ HENRI POINCARÉ: CHARGÉ DE MISSION DOCUMENTATION • OKCC/C3O: CURATION SUR SCOOP.IT (HTTPS://WWW.SCOOP.IT/U/GILBERTCFAURE) • ICSU (ISC), UEMS, EACCME • CREM (J WALTER): ÉQUIPE PIXEL ET PROJET « FAKE NEWS ET VACCINATIONS »
  • 24. RÉSUMÉ EN 15 POINTS • IL ÉTAIT UNE FOIS, INFORMATIONS ET CONNAISSANCE • INFORMATIONS: CROISSANCE EXPONENTIELLE BIEN AVANT 2020: INFOBÉSITÉ • AVANT ET APRÈS LE COVID: RÉSEAUX SOCIAUX, PREPRINTS • GENERATIONS X…. Z • OUTILS DE RECHERCHE: BASES DE DONNÉES • OPEN: SOURCES, ACCESS, SCIENCE, DATA • MALPRACTICES : PUBLISHERS • MALPRACTICES : AUTHORS • MALPRACTICES : PUBLICS FAKE NEWS • NOUVEAUX OUTILS: CURATION, • NOUVEAUX OUTILS: WICRIS ET NATURE • CONNAISSANCE ET AU-DELÀ? • LA CONNAISSANCE N’AVANCE PAS: IMMUNOLOGIE ET COVID • TEACHING AND LEARNING : EN LIGNE, DISTANCE… • CRISES ET OPPORTUNITÉS