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Prime minister Indira
 Gandhi (1914-1984)




         Emir Veledar
       Jonathan Calliste
      November 15, 2011
Jawaharlal Nehru
   (1889-1964)
 Indira Gandhi was the daughter of
 Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru.
Nehru was India’s first Prime Minister.
He was a key figure in the events that
 led to India gaining independence.

Indira Gandhi worked closely with her
  father during his tenure as prime
  minister. When he passed away in
 1964, there was confusion as to who
         would take his spot.
Indira Gandhi became prime minister in 1966. She excelled in office
because she was a powerful speaker. She did a great deal of travelling and
gained support by instituting new left-wing policies. One of the staples of
her campaign was to fight hunger and poverty.
War of 1971
       The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a
        military conflict between India and
        Pakistan. The conflict only lasted 13
      days. Prime minister Indira Gandhi was
        boosted her popularity by defeating
        Pakistan in this war. As a result, East
       Pakistan seceded as the independent
                state of Bangladesh.
Did she help Indian democracy?
Golden Temple




Golden Temple, the holiest shrine of the Sikhs in Amristar.
Sikhs




The Sikh separatists, lead by a man named Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, occupied
    the Golden Temple, the holiest shrine of the Sikhs in Amristar. The Sikh
    separatists used the Golden Temple as a haven and arsenal stronghold.
1984: Indira Gandhi is assassinated.




Indira Gandhi was assassinated on
October 31, 1984. While she was in
her garden, two of her bodyguards
unleashed a barrage of gunfire that
     struck the prime minister.
Police Report of the Assassination




     Extract from the original F.I.R. written in Hindi / English
              (Courtesy Police Station Tughlak Road)
Assassination of Indira Gandhi




Indira Gandhi was rushed to
the hospital after the
barrage of bullets. Surgery
was attempted to remove
the bullets, but Gandhi did
not survive the procedure.
Anti-Sikh Riots




The population which had a Hindu majority were infuriated that the Sikhs killed their
prime minister. Anti-Sikh riots erupted all over New Delhi where Sikhs were targeted
                                   and slaughtered.
Anti-Sikh Riots




These riot mobs were led by congressmen and a passive government watched,
looking helpless even unwilling to help the Sikhs and stop the violence. Some of
the government officials even were involved in the attacks.
1984 Assassination Aftermath




   In just three days, over three thousand Sikhs were killed.
Indira Gandhi




From 1967 to 1974, she was viewed as a strong Indian patriot who took critical actions
to strengthen her newly independent nation. Indira Gandhi was a strong patriot but
        also a deeply flawed democrat who chose the wrong ways to show her
patriotism. There are many mixed feelings and about Indira Gandhi; some view her as
 an Indian hero while others view her as a ruthless power hungry dictator; regardless
                   she was a huge influence in the history of India.
News Clips
• CNN News
  http://youtu.be/gekp9-GFWfM
• IBN CNN News
  http://youtu.be/T2NM2PK8QTM

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Indira gandhippt

  • 1. Prime minister Indira Gandhi (1914-1984) Emir Veledar Jonathan Calliste November 15, 2011
  • 2. Jawaharlal Nehru (1889-1964) Indira Gandhi was the daughter of Indian politician Jawaharlal Nehru. Nehru was India’s first Prime Minister. He was a key figure in the events that led to India gaining independence. Indira Gandhi worked closely with her father during his tenure as prime minister. When he passed away in 1964, there was confusion as to who would take his spot.
  • 3. Indira Gandhi became prime minister in 1966. She excelled in office because she was a powerful speaker. She did a great deal of travelling and gained support by instituting new left-wing policies. One of the staples of her campaign was to fight hunger and poverty.
  • 4. War of 1971 The Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 was a military conflict between India and Pakistan. The conflict only lasted 13 days. Prime minister Indira Gandhi was boosted her popularity by defeating Pakistan in this war. As a result, East Pakistan seceded as the independent state of Bangladesh.
  • 5. Did she help Indian democracy?
  • 6. Golden Temple Golden Temple, the holiest shrine of the Sikhs in Amristar.
  • 7. Sikhs The Sikh separatists, lead by a man named Jarnail Singh Bhindranwale, occupied the Golden Temple, the holiest shrine of the Sikhs in Amristar. The Sikh separatists used the Golden Temple as a haven and arsenal stronghold.
  • 8. 1984: Indira Gandhi is assassinated. Indira Gandhi was assassinated on October 31, 1984. While she was in her garden, two of her bodyguards unleashed a barrage of gunfire that struck the prime minister.
  • 9. Police Report of the Assassination Extract from the original F.I.R. written in Hindi / English (Courtesy Police Station Tughlak Road)
  • 10. Assassination of Indira Gandhi Indira Gandhi was rushed to the hospital after the barrage of bullets. Surgery was attempted to remove the bullets, but Gandhi did not survive the procedure.
  • 11. Anti-Sikh Riots The population which had a Hindu majority were infuriated that the Sikhs killed their prime minister. Anti-Sikh riots erupted all over New Delhi where Sikhs were targeted and slaughtered.
  • 12. Anti-Sikh Riots These riot mobs were led by congressmen and a passive government watched, looking helpless even unwilling to help the Sikhs and stop the violence. Some of the government officials even were involved in the attacks.
  • 13. 1984 Assassination Aftermath In just three days, over three thousand Sikhs were killed.
  • 14. Indira Gandhi From 1967 to 1974, she was viewed as a strong Indian patriot who took critical actions to strengthen her newly independent nation. Indira Gandhi was a strong patriot but also a deeply flawed democrat who chose the wrong ways to show her patriotism. There are many mixed feelings and about Indira Gandhi; some view her as an Indian hero while others view her as a ruthless power hungry dictator; regardless she was a huge influence in the history of India.
  • 15. News Clips • CNN News http://youtu.be/gekp9-GFWfM • IBN CNN News http://youtu.be/T2NM2PK8QTM

Editor's Notes

  1. Sikh’s holiest temple