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Global Accessibility Awareness Day | 2024
‫آمارهایی‬
‫از‬
‫دسترسی‬
‫پذیری‬
‫در‬
‫جهان‬
‫و‬
‫راهکار‬
‫توسعه‬
‫آن‬
‫در‬
‫سازمان‬
‫ها‬
‫حسین‬
‫شرفی‬
●
‫طراح‬
‫محصول‬
‫و‬
‫گاهی‬
‫فرانت‬
-
‫اند‬
‫دولوپر‬
●
‫کارشناس‬
‫ارشد‬
‫نرم‬
‫افزار‬
●
‫مدیریت‬
‫طراحی‬
‫اپلیکیشن‬
‫های‬
‫بانکی‬
(
‫همراه‬
‫کارت‬
،
‫اقتصاد‬
‫نوین‬
،
‫بام‬
‫بانک‬
‫مل‬
‫ی‬
)
●
‫قدیم‬
‫ها‬
:
‫طراح‬
‫محصول‬
‫پرشین‬
‫بالگ‬
…
Linkedin.com/in/Hossein-Sharafi
‫دسترسی‬
‫پذیری‬
‫دیجیت‬
‫ال‬
●
‫فراهم‬
‫ساختن‬
‫امکان‬
‫دسترسی‬
‫بهتر‬
‫به‬
‫محتو‬
‫ای‬
‫وب‬
‫سایتها‬
‫و‬
‫اپلیکیشن‬
‫ها‬
‫برای‬
‫دسته‬
‫ای‬
‫از‬
‫کاربران‬
‫که‬
‫با‬
‫برخی‬
‫معلولیت‬
‫ها‬
‫مواجه‬
‫هستند‬
‫انواع‬
‫معلولیت‬
•
‫معلولیت‬
‫دیداری‬
(
‫نابینایی‬
،
‫‌بینایی‬
‫م‬‫ک‬
،
‫کوررنگی‬
)
•
‫معلولیت‬
‫شنیداری‬
(
‫ناشنوایی‬
،
‫‌شنوایی‬
‫م‬‫ک‬
)
•
‫معلولیت‬
‫حرکتی‬
(
‫مشکالت‬
‫استخوانی‬
،
‫عضالنی‬
،
‫پارکینسون‬
،
‫ام‬
‫اس‬
،
‫فلج‬
‫مغزی‬
…)
•
‫معلولیت‬
‫ذهنی‬
(
‫اوتیسم‬
،
‫دیسلکسیا‬
،
‫دیسکلکولیا‬
)
•
‫معلولیت‬
‫بر‬
‫اثر‬
‫کهولت‬
‫سن‬
‫چرا‬
‫باید‬
‫دسترسی‬
‫پذیر‬
‫باشیم؟‬
●
‫مسئولیت‬
‫اجتماعی‬
‫و‬
‫هویت‬
‫برند‬
●
‫درآمدزایی‬
‫با‬
‫توسعه‬
‫جامعه‬
‫کاربران‬
●
‫پیروی‬
‫از‬
‫قوانین‬
‫حمایت‬
‫از‬
‫معلولین‬
‫آمار‬
‫انواع‬
‫معلولیت‬
‫در‬
‫دنیا‬
●
۸
‫درصد‬
‫آقایان‬
‫و‬
‫نیم‬
‫درصد‬
‫خانمها‬
:
‫کوررنگ‬
●
۱۵
‫درصد‬
‫افراد‬
‫جامعه‬
‫دچار‬
‫نوعی‬
‫معلولیت‬
●
۴۵
‫درصد‬
‫افراد‬
‫باالی‬
۶۵
‫سال‬
‫دچار‬
‫نوعی‬
‫معلولیت‬
●
‫جامعه‬
‫ایران‬
‫در‬
‫حال‬
‫پیر‬
‫شدن‬
‫است‬
(
‫میانگین‬
‫سن‬
‫در‬
‫سال‬
۶۰
‫حدود‬
۱۷
‫سال‬
‫بوده‬
‫میانگین‬
‫سن‬
‫هم‬
‫اکنون‬
۳۳
/
۵
‫سال‬
‫است‬
‫میانگین‬
‫سن‬
‫تا‬
‫ده‬
‫سال‬
‫آینده‬
۳۹
‫سال‬
‫میشود‬
)
15%
13,000.000
13,000,000
۱۳
‫میلیون‬
‫کاربر‬
‫ایرانی‬
‫دائما‬
‫با‬
‫مشکل‬
‫در‬
‫کار‬
‫با‬
‫محصوالت‬
‫دیجیتال‬
‫مو‬
‫اجه‬
‫اند‬
۷۰
‫درصد‬
‫جامعه‬
‫حداقل‬
‫یکبار‬
‫در‬
‫زندگی‬
‫دچار‬
‫معلولیت‬
‫میشود‬
۱۰۰
‫درصد‬
‫انسانها‬
‫محدودیت‬
‫های‬
‫محیطی‬
‫را‬
‫تجربه‬
‫میکنند‬
‫طبق‬
‫آمارهای‬
‫جهانی‬
‫تغییر‬
‫نگاه‬
‫به‬
‫معلولیت‬
(
‫سازمان‬
‫جهانی‬
‫بهداشت‬
)
Disability, as personal attribute
“A disability is any restriction or
lack of ability (resulting from an
impairment) to perform an
activity in the manner or within
the range considered normal
for a human being.”
1980
Disability, as context dependent
“Disability is not just a health
problem. It is a complex
phenomenon, reflecting the
interaction between features of a
person’s body and features of the
society in which he or she lives”
Today
‫طراحی‬
‫فراگیر‬
| Inclusive Design
‫نیازمندی‬
‫هر‬
‫طیف‬
‫از‬
‫کاربران‬
(
‫بجز‬
‫نابینایان‬
)
2 1
‫کم‬
‫شنوایی‬
/
‫ناشنوایی‬
‫عدم‬
‫اتکا‬
‫به‬
‫صوت‬
‫در‬
‫رابط‬
‫کاربری‬
‫استفاده‬
‫از‬
‫زیرنویس‬
‫استفاده‬
‫از‬
‫واژگان‬
‫آشنا‬
‫نقص‬
‫بینایی‬
(
‫سن‬
‫باال‬
)
‫عدم‬
‫اتکا‬
‫به‬
‫رنگ‬
‫در‬
‫طراحی‬
‫افزایش‬
‫کنتراست‬
‫امکان‬
‫زوم‬
‫در‬
‫صفحه‬
3
‫مشکالت‬
‫حرکتی‬
‫امکان‬
‫کار‬
‫با‬
‫کیبورد‬
‫بزرگ‬
‫نمایی‬
‫المان‬
‫های‬
‫قابل‬
‫کلیک‬
4
‫مشکالت‬
‫شناختی‬
(
‫ذهنی‬
)
‫استفاده‬
‫از‬
‫واژگان‬
‫ساده‬
‫طراحی‬
‫با‬
‫رنگ‬
‫های‬
‫طبیعی‬
‫و‬
‫مالیم‬
‫فرایندهای‬
‫کوتاه‬
‫و‬
‫آسان‬
‫نیازمندی‬
‫کاربران‬
‫نابی‬
‫نا‬
‫ابزارهای‬
‫مورد‬
‫استفاد‬
‫ه‬
‫صفحه‬
‫خوان‬
NVDA
‫ویندوز‬
‫فیچر‬
TalkBack
‫اندروید‬
‫بهینه‬
‫سازی‬
UI
‫برای‬
‫صفحه‬
‫خوان‬
‫ها‬
‫استفاده‬
‫از‬
‫تگ‬
‫های‬
HTML5
‫استفاده‬
‫از‬
‫تگ‬
‫های‬
ARIA
‫بهینه‬
‫سازی‬
‫رابط‬
‫وب‬
‫برای‬
‫کار‬
‫با‬
‫کیبورد‬
‫تست‬
‫رابط‬
‫کاربری‬
‫اپ‬
‫موبایل‬
‫با‬
‫صفحه‬
‫خوان‬
‫تاثیر‬
‫مستقیم‬
‫روی‬
SEO
‫استاندارد‬
‫طراحی‬
‫محصوالت‬
‫دسترس‬
‫پذیر‬
ISO 40500
WCAG
Web
Content
Accessibility
Guideline
www.w3.org/TR/WCAG22/
‫به‬
‫همت‬
:
‫آرتا‬
‫مکبری‬
،
‫حسین‬
‫شرفی‬
،
‫امید‬
‫هاشمی‬
‫نسخه‬
‫فارسی‬
PWCAG
Persian
Web
Content
Accessibility
Guideline
www.PWCAG.ir
‫چه‬
‫کسی‬
‫مسئول‬
‫دسترسی‬
‫پذیری‬
‫است؟‬
‫شناسایی‬
‫نیازهای‬
‫کاربران‬ ●
‫طراحی‬
‫معماری‬
‫اطالعات‬
●
‫بهبود‬
‫یو‬
‫ایکس‬
‫رایتین‬
‫گ‬
●
‫طراحی‬
‫رابط‬
‫کاربری‬
●
‫پیاده‬
‫سازی‬
‫اصولی‬
UI
●
‫بهینه‬
‫سازی‬
‫الیه‬
‫کد‬
‫برای‬
‫صفحه‬
‫خوان‬
‫ها‬
‫تیم‬
‫طراحی‬ ‫تیم‬
‫توسعه‬
‫تیم‬
‫ریسرچ‬
‫فرایندهای‬
‫دسترسی‬
‫پذیری‬
Linkedin.com/in/Hossein-sharafi
Sharafi.net@gmail.com
‫با‬
‫سپاس‬
‫از‬
‫توجه‬
‫ش‬
‫ما‬

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Improve Digital Accessibility (in Farsi) - GAAD 2024