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Raymund E. Narag, PhD
Associate Professor
School of Justice and Public Safety
 Prolonged pretrial detention
▪ Average stay of detainees is 529 days
▪ Twenty percent of PDLs stay in detention for 5 years or
more
▪ Some stay in jail for 15 years or more
 More adverse effect
▪ Poor and less educated stay longer than rich and educated
▪ Women and LGBTQI stay longer than men
▪ Ethno-linguistic minorities stay longer thanTagalogs and
Bisayas
▪ Religious minorities (Muslim) stay longer than Catholics
 Indigency and lack of resources
▪ 53 percent of the detainees have “bailable”
offenses but cannot post bail
 Tedious process
▪ There are numerous requirements and documents
in posting bail and release on recognizance
 Cultural dynamics
▪ Case delay as a legal tactic
 Jail and prison crowding
▪ The Philippines has the highest jail and prison
congestion congestion rate (350%)
 Made worse by the “drug war”
▪ 70 percent of the detainees are drug related
 Complicated by the Covid19 pandemic
 Emergence of “coping mechanisms” in the
jails and prisons
 Recidivism and public safety
Ilac 2020 presentation 17 sep   10am - raymund narag
 Community Bail Bond program https://www.presocbb.org/
▪ Identifying low risk, first time bail offenders
▪ Establish relationships while in jail
▪ If qualified, post cash bail or Release on Recognizance
(Ranges: Php 2,000 or US$ 40 to PhP100,000 or US$
2,000)
▪ Upon release, supervision and monitoring in the
community
▪ Referral to livelihood, educational and medical
programs (for the participant and their families)
▪ 23 participants released; 40 percent are women; all
poor, indigent and less education
Ilac 2020 presentation 17 sep   10am - raymund narag
 Protecting the citizens from the harsh
application of the law
 Reducing jail overcrowding
 Shielding the detainees from the corrupting
influence of jails and prisons
 Reducing risks of jumping bail
 Improving public safety and lowering
recidivism
 Saving government expenses

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Ilac 2020 presentation 17 sep 10am - raymund narag

  • 1. Raymund E. Narag, PhD Associate Professor School of Justice and Public Safety
  • 2.  Prolonged pretrial detention ▪ Average stay of detainees is 529 days ▪ Twenty percent of PDLs stay in detention for 5 years or more ▪ Some stay in jail for 15 years or more  More adverse effect ▪ Poor and less educated stay longer than rich and educated ▪ Women and LGBTQI stay longer than men ▪ Ethno-linguistic minorities stay longer thanTagalogs and Bisayas ▪ Religious minorities (Muslim) stay longer than Catholics
  • 3.  Indigency and lack of resources ▪ 53 percent of the detainees have “bailable” offenses but cannot post bail  Tedious process ▪ There are numerous requirements and documents in posting bail and release on recognizance  Cultural dynamics ▪ Case delay as a legal tactic
  • 4.  Jail and prison crowding ▪ The Philippines has the highest jail and prison congestion congestion rate (350%)  Made worse by the “drug war” ▪ 70 percent of the detainees are drug related  Complicated by the Covid19 pandemic  Emergence of “coping mechanisms” in the jails and prisons  Recidivism and public safety
  • 6.  Community Bail Bond program https://www.presocbb.org/ ▪ Identifying low risk, first time bail offenders ▪ Establish relationships while in jail ▪ If qualified, post cash bail or Release on Recognizance (Ranges: Php 2,000 or US$ 40 to PhP100,000 or US$ 2,000) ▪ Upon release, supervision and monitoring in the community ▪ Referral to livelihood, educational and medical programs (for the participant and their families) ▪ 23 participants released; 40 percent are women; all poor, indigent and less education
  • 8.  Protecting the citizens from the harsh application of the law  Reducing jail overcrowding  Shielding the detainees from the corrupting influence of jails and prisons  Reducing risks of jumping bail  Improving public safety and lowering recidivism  Saving government expenses