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‫(؟‬DNS) ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫ھو‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬
‫ﻟﺔ؟‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ؟‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫اﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗرﺗب‬ ‫اﻟذي‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬
‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت؟‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺗدوﯾل‬ ‫ﯾﺗم‬ ‫ﻟﻣﺎذا‬
‫وﻟﺔ‬ّ‫اﻟﻣد‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ICANN ‫ﻟﺗﻘدم‬ ‫اﻟزﻣﻧﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺟدول‬
،‫ﺗوزﯾﻊ‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺎرة‬ ‫ھو‬ ‫اﻟذي‬ ،‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻟﻧظﺎم‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟوظﺎﺋف‬ ‫إﺣدى‬ ‫ﺗﺗﻣﺛل‬
.‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﻋﻧﺎوﯾن‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺛور‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻷﺷﺧﺎص‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺎﻋدة‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺗﺻﻧﯾف‬ ‫وﯾﻣﻛﻧك‬ .‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﺧﯾر‬ ‫اﻟﺟزء‬ ‫ﺗﻣﺛل‬ (TLDs) ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬
:‫ﻓﺋﺗﯾن‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬
‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﻟﺗﻣﺛﯾل‬ ‫اﻷﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫أوﺳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻧطﺎق‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺳﻣﺎح‬ ‫ﺧﺎص‬ ‫وﺗﻧﺳﯾق‬ ‫ﺗﺷﻔﯾر‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ (IDN) ‫ل‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﯾﺳﺗﺧدم‬
z ‫إﻟﻰ‬ a ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻓﻘط‬ ‫اﻟﻼﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺣروف‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺗﺻرة‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧت‬ ،**۲۰۰۹ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫أواﺧر‬ ‫ﺣﺗﻰ‬ .‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬
‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻘدﯾم‬ ‫ﺗم‬ ،۲۰۰۹ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫وﺑﻌد‬ .‫اﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺷدﯾد‬ ‫ﺣرﻛﺎت‬ ‫اﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫دون‬
.‫واﻟﺳﯾرﯾﻠﯾﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺻﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺗﺿﻣن‬ ‫أﺧرى‬ ‫أﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬
‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬
‫اﻟﻣﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬
‫دون‬ z ‫إﻟﻰ‬ a ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻻﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺣروف‬
.‫اﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺷدﯾد‬ ‫ﺣرﻛﺎت‬ ‫اﺳﺗﺧدام‬
‫ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫أﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﺣروف‬
‫اﻟﺑﺷر‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫واﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫اﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫ﻟﯾظل‬
.‫داﺋم‬ ‫اﺗﺻﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬
‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ھﯾﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺗﻲ‬
.‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬
‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ۳۸ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫ﺗم‬
.‫اﻟﺳرﯾﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺗﻌﻘب‬ ‫ﺑرﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬
‫ﻣﺟﺗﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎون‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫وﻟﻛﻧﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻛﺎﻣل‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫ﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫أﺻﺑﺢ‬
‫اﻟﺳﯾﺎﺳﺔ‬ ‫وﺻﺎﻧﻌﻲ‬ ‫واﻟﻠﻐوﯾﯾن‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻧﯾﯾن‬ ‫اﻟﺧﺑراء‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ،‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬
.‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎھﻣﯾن‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫وﻏﯾرھم‬ ‫واﻟﻣﺳﺗﺧدﻣﯾن‬ ‫اﻟﺗطﺑﯾﻘﺎت‬ ‫وﻣطوري‬
‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺗﻛم‬ ‫أﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺿﻣﯾن‬ ‫ﻛﯾﻔﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻧﺣدد‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺎﻋدﺗﻛم‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺣﺗﺎج‬
.‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬
‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ۳٥ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫ﺗم‬
‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬
.‫اﻟﺟدﯾد‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ‫ﺑرﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬
(LGR) ‫اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫ﻗواﻋد‬ ‫ﺗطوﯾر‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﯾﺔ‬ ICANN ‫أطﻠﻘت‬
‫وﺻﯾﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫آﻟﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺎرة‬ ‫اﻟﺑﯾﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫وﻗواﻋد‬ .‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻟﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬
،‫وﻣﺗﻐﯾراﺗﮫ‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺣﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣدد‬ ‫اﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻘواﻋد‬
.‫ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ،‫وﺟد‬ ‫إن‬
‫اﻷول‬ ‫اﻹﺻدار‬ ICANN ‫ﻗدﻣت‬
‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﻧﻔﯾذ‬ ‫ﺗوﺟﯾﮭﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬
.‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬
‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ICANN ‫ﻗدﻣت‬
‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬
‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺟرﯾﺑﯾﺔ‬ test. ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬
.‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻷﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬
ICANN ‫أﻧﺷﺄت‬
‫ُﻌرف‬‫ﯾ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬
‫اﻟﻣﺟﺗﻣﻌﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﺟﺎن‬
‫ﻟﻸﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻛوﯾﻧﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺷﺟﻌت‬
‫واﻟﺻﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ :‫ﻣﺛل‬ ،‫اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ‬
.‫واﻟﺳﯾرﯾﻠﯾﺔ‬
‫اﻟﻣزﯾد‬ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺗطﻠﻊ‬
‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬
‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬
.‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬
(ccTLDs) ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬
(gTLDs) ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬
‫ﻣﻠﯾﺎر‬ ٥ ‫ﻣﺗوﻗﻊ‬
‫اﻷﺧرى‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺟﺗﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫اﻧﺿﻣﺎم‬
۲۰۲۰
***‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗﺧدﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻋدد‬
۲۰۰۰
‫ﻣﻠﯾون‬ ٤۱۳
۲۰۱٤
‫ﻣﻠﯾﺎر‬ ۲٫۹
‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬
.org
‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫ﯾﺳﺗﺧدم‬ ،‫اﻷرﻗﺎم‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ً‫ﻻ‬‫ﺑد‬
‫اﻟﺣروف‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻣﺟﻣوﻋﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬
‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫اﺳ‬ ‫ﻟﯾﺷﻛل‬ ‫واﻟواﺻﻼت‬ ‫واﻷرﻗﺎم‬
.‫ﺗذﻛره‬ ‫ﯾﺳﮭل‬
‫ﻋﻧﺎوﯾن‬ ‫ﺗذﻛر‬ ‫اﻟﺻﻌب‬ ‫ﻣن‬
.IP
example.br
example.com
例子.测试пример.испытание
‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ُﺳﺗﺧدم‬‫ﯾ‬ *‫ﺣرﻓﯾن‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﯾﺗﻛون‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬
‫ِﺑل‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺣددة‬ ‫اﻻﺧﺗﺻﺎرات‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ً‫ء‬‫ﺑﻧﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻘﺎطﻌﺎت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺳﯾﺎدة‬ ‫ذات‬
.(ISO) ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻌﺎﯾﯾر‬ ‫اﻟدوﻟﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻧظﻣﺔ‬
‫ﺣرﻓﯾن‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫أﻛﺛر‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﯾﺗﻛون‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬
.net ‫أو‬ .org ‫أو‬ .com ،‫اﻟﻣﺛﺎل‬ ‫ﺳﺑﯾل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻠد؛‬ ‫رﻣز‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺷﯾر‬ ‫وﻻ‬
‫أو‬ ‫ﻻﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﯾر‬ ‫ﺣروف‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬
‫واﻷرﻗﺎم‬ (z ‫إﻟﻰ‬ a) ‫ﺑﺧﻼف‬ ‫ﻻﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺣروف‬
‫ﻣﺻرّح‬ ‫ھو‬ ‫ﻛﻣﺎ‬ ،(-) ‫اﻟﻔﺎﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ورﻣز‬ (9‫إﻟﻰ‬ 0)
.‫اﻟﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫اﻟﺑروﺗوﻛوﻻت‬ ‫ﻗﺑل‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﺑﮫ‬
.‫أﻛﺛر‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺣرﻓﯾن‬ ‫ﺗﺿم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﻣﻛن‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ :‫*ﻣﻼﺣظﺔ‬
.۲۰۰۷ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺟرﯾﺑﯾﺔ‬ test. ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻘدﯾم‬ ‫ﺗم‬ :‫**ﻣﻼﺣظﺔ‬
.(www.InternetLiveStats.com) Internet Live Stats :‫***اﻟﻣﺻدر‬
‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺷﺧﺎص‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﺗﯾﺢ‬
.‫اﻟﻣﺣﻠﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺎﺗﮭم‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟوﺻول‬
۲۰۰۹
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‫ﻣﺛل‬ - ‫ﻣﻣﯾز‬ ‫رﻗم‬ ‫ﻟدﯾﮫ‬ ‫ﻛﻣﺑﯾوﺗر‬ ‫ﺟﮭﺎز‬ ‫ﻛل‬
IP ‫ﻋﻧوان‬ ‫ﯾﺳﻣﻰ‬ - ‫اﻟﺑرﯾدي‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻧوان‬
‫ﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ IP ‫اﻟﺣرﻓﺎن‬ ‫وﯾرﻣز‬ .‫ﺑﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﺧﺎص‬
.‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﺑروﺗوﻛول‬
(TLDs) ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬
icann.org/topics/idn :‫زﯾﺎرة‬ ‫طرﯾق‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻌﻠوﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﻣزﯾد‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌرف‬
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‫اﻟﻌﻧوان‬‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ‫ھو‬ .br
‫اﻟﺑرازﯾل‬ ‫ﻟدوﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬
۲۰۰۰۲۰۱٤
***‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻣ‬‫اﺳﺗﺧدا‬ ‫ﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻛﺛر‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺋوﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻧﺳﺑﺔ‬
٪۳۰
٪۹
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‫اﻟﻣﺗﺣدة‬ ‫اﻟوﻻﯾﺎت‬‫اﻟﻣﺗﺣدة‬ ‫اﻟوﻻﯾﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﯾﺎﺑﺎن‬‫أﻟﻣﺎﻧﯾﺎ‬
٪۲۲
٪۱۰٪۸
‫اﻟﺻﯾن‬‫اﻟﮭﻧد‬
۲۰۰۳۲۰۰۷۲۰۱۰۲۰۱۳۲۰۱٤‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗﻘﺑل‬
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How are gTLD Policies Implemented | Spanish
 

IDN Access Domain Names Infographic Arabic

  • 1. example.com ‫(؟‬DNS) ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫ھو‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫ﻟﺔ؟‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ھﻲ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ؟‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫اﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗرﺗب‬ ‫اﻟذي‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت؟‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺗدوﯾل‬ ‫ﯾﺗم‬ ‫ﻟﻣﺎذا‬ ‫وﻟﺔ‬ّ‫اﻟﻣد‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ICANN ‫ﻟﺗﻘدم‬ ‫اﻟزﻣﻧﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺟدول‬ ،‫ﺗوزﯾﻊ‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺎرة‬ ‫ھو‬ ‫اﻟذي‬ ،‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻟﻧظﺎم‬ ‫اﻷﺳﺎﺳﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟوظﺎﺋف‬ ‫إﺣدى‬ ‫ﺗﺗﻣﺛل‬ .‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﻋﻧﺎوﯾن‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺛور‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻷﺷﺧﺎص‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺎﻋدة‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﺗﺻﻧﯾف‬ ‫وﯾﻣﻛﻧك‬ .‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﺧﯾر‬ ‫اﻟﺟزء‬ ‫ﺗﻣﺛل‬ (TLDs) ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ :‫ﻓﺋﺗﯾن‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﻟﺗﻣﺛﯾل‬ ‫اﻷﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫أوﺳﻊ‬ ‫ﺑﻧطﺎق‬ ‫ﻟﻠﺳﻣﺎح‬ ‫ﺧﺎص‬ ‫وﺗﻧﺳﯾق‬ ‫ﺗﺷﻔﯾر‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ (IDN) ‫ل‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﯾﺳﺗﺧدم‬ z ‫إﻟﻰ‬ a ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻓﻘط‬ ‫اﻟﻼﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﺣروف‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﻘﺗﺻرة‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻛﺎﻧت‬ ،**۲۰۰۹ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫أواﺧر‬ ‫ﺣﺗﻰ‬ .‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻘدﯾم‬ ‫ﺗم‬ ،۲۰۰۹ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫وﺑﻌد‬ .‫اﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺷدﯾد‬ ‫ﺣرﻛﺎت‬ ‫اﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫دون‬ .‫واﻟﺳﯾرﯾﻠﯾﺔ‬ ‫واﻟﺻﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺗﺿﻣن‬ ‫أﺧرى‬ ‫أﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺿﺎﻓﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫دون‬ z ‫إﻟﻰ‬ a ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻻﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺣروف‬ .‫اﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺷدﯾد‬ ‫ﺣرﻛﺎت‬ ‫اﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫أﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﺣروف‬ ‫اﻟﺑﺷر‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫واﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫اﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫ﻟﯾظل‬ .‫داﺋم‬ ‫اﺗﺻﺎل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ھﯾﺋﺔ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺄﺗﻲ‬ .‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ۳۸ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫ﺗم‬ .‫اﻟﺳرﯾﻊ‬ ‫اﻟﺗﻌﻘب‬ ‫ﺑرﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﺟﺗﻣﻊ‬ ‫ﺗﻌﺎون‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺣﺎﺟﺔ‬ ‫وﻟﻛﻧﻧﺎ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻛﺎﻣل‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫ﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫أﺻﺑﺢ‬ ‫اﻟﺳﯾﺎﺳﺔ‬ ‫وﺻﺎﻧﻌﻲ‬ ‫واﻟﻠﻐوﯾﯾن‬ ‫اﻟﻔﻧﯾﯾن‬ ‫اﻟﺧﺑراء‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ،‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟﻣﻲ‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬ .‫اﻟﻣﺳﺎھﻣﯾن‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫وﻏﯾرھم‬ ‫واﻟﻣﺳﺗﺧدﻣﯾن‬ ‫اﻟﺗطﺑﯾﻘﺎت‬ ‫وﻣطوري‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺗﻛم‬ ‫أﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﺿﻣﯾن‬ ‫ﻛﯾﻔﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻧﺣدد‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺎﻋدﺗﻛم‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﻧﺣﺗﺎج‬ .‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ۳٥ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫ﺗم‬ ‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ .‫اﻟﺟدﯾد‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎم‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ‫ﺑرﻧﺎﻣﺞ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬ (LGR) ‫اﻟﻌﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫ﻗواﻋد‬ ‫ﺗطوﯾر‬ ‫ﻋﻣﻠﯾﺔ‬ ICANN ‫أطﻠﻘت‬ ‫وﺻﯾﺎﻧﺔ‬ ‫ﻹﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫آﻟﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ﻋﺑﺎرة‬ ‫اﻟﺑﯾﺎﻧﺎت‬ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫وﻗواﻋد‬ .‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻟﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ،‫وﻣﺗﻐﯾراﺗﮫ‬ ‫ل‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ﻋﻼﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﺻﻼﺣﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺗﺣدد‬ ‫اﻟﺗﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﻘواﻋد‬ .‫ﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺄﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ،‫وﺟد‬ ‫إن‬ ‫اﻷول‬ ‫اﻹﺻدار‬ ICANN ‫ﻗدﻣت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﻧﻔﯾذ‬ ‫ﺗوﺟﯾﮭﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ .‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ICANN ‫ﻗدﻣت‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺟرﯾﺑﯾﺔ‬ test. ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ .‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻷﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ICANN ‫أﻧﺷﺄت‬ ‫ُﻌرف‬‫ﯾ‬ ‫ﻣﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺟﺗﻣﻌﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟﻠﺟﺎن‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺑﺟدﯾﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻛوﯾﻧﮭﺎ‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫وﺷﺟﻌت‬ ‫واﻟﺻﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻌرﺑﯾﺔ‬ :‫ﻣﺛل‬ ،‫اﻟﻣﺧﺗﻠﻔﺔ‬ .‫واﻟﺳﯾرﯾﻠﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻣزﯾد‬ ‫إﻧﺷﺎء‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﺗطﻠﻊ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ .‫اﻟﺟذر‬ ‫ﻣﻧطﻘﺔ‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ (ccTLDs) ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﻟرﻣوز‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ (gTLDs) ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻣﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﻠﯾﺎر‬ ٥ ‫ﻣﺗوﻗﻊ‬ ‫اﻷﺧرى‬ ‫اﻟﻠﻐﺎت‬ ‫ﻣﺟﺗﻣﻌﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﻌدﯾد‬ ‫اﻧﺿﻣﺎم‬ ۲۰۲۰ ***‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗﺧدﻣﻲ‬ ‫ﻋدد‬ ۲۰۰۰ ‫ﻣﻠﯾون‬ ٤۱۳ ۲۰۱٤ ‫ﻣﻠﯾﺎر‬ ۲٫۹ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ .org ‫ﻧظﺎم‬ ‫ﯾﺳﺗﺧدم‬ ،‫اﻷرﻗﺎم‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ً‫ﻻ‬‫ﺑد‬ ‫اﻟﺣروف‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﻣﺟﻣوﻋﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎق‬ ‫اﺳم‬ ‫ًﺎ‬‫ﻣ‬‫اﺳ‬ ‫ﻟﯾﺷﻛل‬ ‫واﻟواﺻﻼت‬ ‫واﻷرﻗﺎم‬ .‫ﺗذﻛره‬ ‫ﯾﺳﮭل‬ ‫ﻋﻧﺎوﯾن‬ ‫ﺗذﻛر‬ ‫اﻟﺻﻌب‬ ‫ﻣن‬ .IP example.br example.com 例子.测试пример.испытание ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺑﻠدان‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﻣﻊ‬ ‫ُﺳﺗﺧدم‬‫ﯾ‬ *‫ﺣرﻓﯾن‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﯾﺗﻛون‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ‫ِﺑل‬‫ﻗ‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺣددة‬ ‫اﻻﺧﺗﺻﺎرات‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ً‫ء‬‫ﺑﻧﺎ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗﻘﻠﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻘﺎطﻌﺎت‬ ‫أو‬ ‫اﻟﺳﯾﺎدة‬ ‫ذات‬ .(ISO) ‫ﻟﻠﻣﻌﺎﯾﯾر‬ ‫اﻟدوﻟﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻧظﻣﺔ‬ ‫ﺣرﻓﯾن‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫أﻛﺛر‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﯾﺗﻛون‬ ‫أﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ .net ‫أو‬ .org ‫أو‬ .com ،‫اﻟﻣﺛﺎل‬ ‫ﺳﺑﯾل‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﻠد؛‬ ‫رﻣز‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﯾﺷﯾر‬ ‫وﻻ‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﻻﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻏﯾر‬ ‫ﺣروف‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫واﻷرﻗﺎم‬ (z ‫إﻟﻰ‬ a) ‫ﺑﺧﻼف‬ ‫ﻻﺗﯾﻧﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﺣروف‬ ‫ﻣﺻرّح‬ ‫ھو‬ ‫ﻛﻣﺎ‬ ،(-) ‫اﻟﻔﺎﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ورﻣز‬ (9‫إﻟﻰ‬ 0) .‫اﻟﺻﻠﺔ‬ ‫ذات‬ ‫اﻟﺑروﺗوﻛوﻻت‬ ‫ﻗﺑل‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﺑﮫ‬ .‫أﻛﺛر‬ ‫أو‬ ‫ﺣرﻓﯾن‬ ‫ﺗﺿم‬ ‫أن‬ ‫ﯾﻣﻛن‬ ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ :‫*ﻣﻼﺣظﺔ‬ .۲۰۰۷ ‫ﻋﺎم‬ ‫ﻓﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺗﺟرﯾﺑﯾﺔ‬ test. ‫ّوﻟﺔ‬‫د‬‫اﻟﻣ‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺿﻣن‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫ﺗﻘدﯾم‬ ‫ﺗم‬ :‫**ﻣﻼﺣظﺔ‬ .(www.InternetLiveStats.com) Internet Live Stats :‫***اﻟﻣﺻدر‬ ‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ‫ﻟﻸﺷﺧﺎص‬ ‫ﻟﺔ‬ ّ‫اﻟﻣدو‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫ﺗﺗﯾﺢ‬ .‫اﻟﻣﺣﻠﯾﺔ‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺎﺗﮭم‬ ‫ﺑﺎﺳﺗﺧدام‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫ﺑﺎﻟوﺻول‬ ۲۰۰۹ (.china)(.rf) .com.uk ‫ﻣﺛل‬ - ‫ﻣﻣﯾز‬ ‫رﻗم‬ ‫ﻟدﯾﮫ‬ ‫ﻛﻣﺑﯾوﺗر‬ ‫ﺟﮭﺎز‬ ‫ﻛل‬ IP ‫ﻋﻧوان‬ ‫ﯾﺳﻣﻰ‬ - ‫اﻟﺑرﯾدي‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻧوان‬ ‫ﻟﻛﻠﻣﺔ‬ IP ‫اﻟﺣرﻓﺎن‬ ‫وﯾرﻣز‬ .‫ﺑﮫ‬ ‫اﻟﺧﺎص‬ .‫اﻹﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﺑروﺗوﻛول‬ (TLDs) ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ icann.org/topics/idn :‫زﯾﺎرة‬ ‫طرﯾق‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻌﻠوﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﻣزﯾد‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌرف‬ idntlds@icann.org :‫اﻹﻟﻛﺗروﻧﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺑرﯾد‬ ‫ﻋﺑر‬ ‫ﻣراﺳﻠﺗﻧﺎ‬ ‫طرﯾق‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺗك‬ ‫أﺟل‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﺗطوع‬ ‫اﻟﻌﻧوان‬‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗوى‬ ‫ﻧطﺎق‬ ‫ھو‬ .br ‫اﻟﺑرازﯾل‬ ‫ﻟدوﻟﺔ‬ ‫اﻷﻋﻠﻰ‬ ۲۰۰۰۲۰۱٤ ***‫اﻟﻌﺎﻟم‬ ‫ﺣول‬ ‫ﻟﻺﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ‫ﺎ‬ً‫ﻣ‬‫اﺳﺗﺧدا‬ ‫ﺑﻠدان‬ ‫ﺛﻼﺛﺔ‬ ‫ﻷﻛﺛر‬ ‫اﻟﻣﺋوﯾﺔ‬ ‫اﻟﻧﺳﺑﺔ‬ ٪۳۰ ٪۹ ٪٦ ‫اﻟﻣﺗﺣدة‬ ‫اﻟوﻻﯾﺎت‬‫اﻟﻣﺗﺣدة‬ ‫اﻟوﻻﯾﺎت‬ ‫اﻟﯾﺎﺑﺎن‬‫أﻟﻣﺎﻧﯾﺎ‬ ٪۲۲ ٪۱۰٪۸ ‫اﻟﺻﯾن‬‫اﻟﮭﻧد‬ ۲۰۰۳۲۰۰۷۲۰۱۰۲۰۱۳۲۰۱٤‫اﻟﻣﺳﺗﻘﺑل‬ (.arab) twitter.com/icann facebook.com/icannorg ‫ﺑﻠﻐﺗك‬ ‫اﻟﻧطﺎﻗﺎت‬ ‫أﺳﻣﺎء‬ ‫إﻟﻰ‬ ‫اﻟوﺻول‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺗك‬ ‫ﻷﺟل‬ ‫رأﯾك‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ر‬ّ‫ﺑ‬‫ﻋ‬
  • 2. ‫واﺣد‬ ‫إﻧﺗرﻧت‬ ،‫واﺣد‬ ‫ﻋﺎﻟم‬ idntlds@icann.org :‫اﻹﻟﻛﺗروﻧﻲ‬ ‫اﻟﺑرﯾد‬ ‫ﻋﺑر‬ ‫ﻣراﺳﻠﺗﻧﺎ‬ ‫طرﯾق‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫ﻟﻐﺗك‬ ‫أﺟل‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫ﺗطوع‬ icann.org/topics/idn :‫زﯾﺎرة‬ ‫طرﯾق‬ ‫ﻋن‬ ‫اﻟﻣﻌﻠوﻣﺎت‬ ‫ﻣن‬ ‫اﻟﻣزﯾد‬ ‫ﻋﻠﻰ‬ ‫ﺗﻌرف‬ twitter.com/icann twitter.com/icann_pt twitter.com/icann_ar twitter.com/icann_ru facebook.com/icannorg youtube.com/icannnews flickr.com/photos/icann linkedin.com/company/icann weibo.com/icannorg icann-cn slideshare.net/icannpresentations twitter.com/icann_es