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Representing SimModel
in the Web Ontology Language
Pieter Pauwels, Ghent University, Belgium
Edward Corry, National University Ireland Galway, Ireland
James O’Donnell, University College Dublin, Ireland
ICCCBE2014 / CIB W78 2014 - Representing SimModel in the Web Ontology Language
ICCCBE2014 / CIB W78 2014 - Representing SimModel in the Web Ontology Language
ICCCBE2014 / CIB W78 2014 - Representing SimModel in the Web Ontology Language
LINKED BUILDING DATA
Linked Building
Data
LBD
Linked Data in Architecture and
Construction
• Main principles
– distributed / decentralised information management
– interactive information search and reasoning over the web
– sharing partial data
==> higher accessibility of information for human and computer
• remarks
– user-friendliness of SPARQL
– ownership issues (provenance, security, and privacy)
original image in Bazjanac et al., 2011
“Data environments and processing in semi-automated simulation with EnergyPlus.”
28th International CIB W078-W102 Conference.
SimModel for
BEP information exchange
original SimModel schema:
set of six XSD schema’s
1. SIM core
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/SimModelCore
simcore.xsd
2. SIM building model
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/BuildingModel
simbldg.xsd
3. SIM resources general
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeneral
simres.xsd
4. SIM resources geometry
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeometry
simgeom.xsd
5. SIM MEP model
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/MepModel
simmep.xsd
6. SIM model
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/Model
simmodel.xsd
complexType SimFlowMover
abstract complexType SimFlowMover_Default
complexType SimFlowMover_Default_Default
abstract complexType SimFlowMover_Fan
complexType SimFlowMover_Fan_NightVentilation
complexType SimFlowMover_Fan_ZoneExhaust
abstract complexType SimFlowMover_Pump
complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_ConstantSpeedReturn
complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_ConstantSpeedSupply
complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_UserDefined
complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VariableSpeedReturn
complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VariableSpeedSupply
complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VarSpeedCondensateReturn
complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VarSpeedCondensateSupply
XSD Class Hierarchy
Input XSD<xs:complexType name="SimActor">
<xs:complexContent>
<xs:extension base="simres:SimActorDefinition">
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element ref="simres:GlobalId" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
<xs:element ref="simres:OwnerHistory" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
<xs:element ref="simres:ObjectType" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
<xs:element ref="simres:TheActor" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/>
</xs:sequence>
</xs:extension>
</xs:complexContent>
</xs:complexType>
<xs:complexType name="SimResourceObject" abstract="true">
<xs:attribute name="RefId" type="xs:ID" use="required"/>
</xs:complexType>
<xs:element name="GlobalId" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="OwnerHistory" type="xs:IDREF"/>
<xs:element name="ObjectType" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="TheActor" type="xs:IDREF"/>
Class
Class
Properties +
Property Ranges
Property Domains
Output OWLsimres:SimActor
rdfs:subClassOf simres:SimActorDefinition ;
rdf:type owl:Class .
simres:simActor_GlobalId
rdf:type owl:DatatypeProperty;
rdfs:domain simres:SimActor;
rdfs:range xsd:string .
simres:simActor_OwnerHistory
rdf:type owl:ObjectProperty;
rdfs:domain simres:SimActor;
rdfs:range simres:SimResourceObject .
simres:simActor_ObjectType
rdf:type owl:DatatypeProperty;
rdfs:domain simres:SimActor;
rdfs:range xsd:string .
simres:simActor_TheActor
rdf:type owl:ObjectProperty;
rdfs:domain simres:SimActor;
rdfs:range simres:SimResourceObject .
alternative SimModel schema:
set of six OWL ontologies
1. SIM core
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/SimModelCore
simcore.owl
2. SIM building model
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/BuildingModel
simbldg.owl
3. SIM resources general
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeneral
simres.owl
4. SIM resources geometry
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeometry
simgeom.owl
5. SIM MEP model
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/MepModel
simmep.owl
6. SIM model
http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/Model
simmodel.owl
Select a simmodel .xml-file
Linked Data in Architecture and
Construction
• Main principles
– distributed / decentralised information management
– interactive information search and reasoning over the web
– sharing partial data
==> higher accessibility of information for human and computer
• remarks
– user-friendliness of SPARQL
– ownership issues (provenance, security, and privacy)
Thank you
Pieter Pauwels
Ghent University
pipauwel.pauwels@ugent.be

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ICCCBE2014 / CIB W78 2014 - Representing SimModel in the Web Ontology Language

  • 1. Representing SimModel in the Web Ontology Language Pieter Pauwels, Ghent University, Belgium Edward Corry, National University Ireland Galway, Ireland James O’Donnell, University College Dublin, Ireland
  • 7. LBD
  • 8. Linked Data in Architecture and Construction • Main principles – distributed / decentralised information management – interactive information search and reasoning over the web – sharing partial data ==> higher accessibility of information for human and computer • remarks – user-friendliness of SPARQL – ownership issues (provenance, security, and privacy)
  • 9. original image in Bazjanac et al., 2011 “Data environments and processing in semi-automated simulation with EnergyPlus.” 28th International CIB W078-W102 Conference. SimModel for BEP information exchange
  • 10. original SimModel schema: set of six XSD schema’s 1. SIM core http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/SimModelCore simcore.xsd 2. SIM building model http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/BuildingModel simbldg.xsd 3. SIM resources general http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeneral simres.xsd 4. SIM resources geometry http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeometry simgeom.xsd 5. SIM MEP model http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/MepModel simmep.xsd 6. SIM model http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/Model simmodel.xsd
  • 11. complexType SimFlowMover abstract complexType SimFlowMover_Default complexType SimFlowMover_Default_Default abstract complexType SimFlowMover_Fan complexType SimFlowMover_Fan_NightVentilation complexType SimFlowMover_Fan_ZoneExhaust abstract complexType SimFlowMover_Pump complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_ConstantSpeedReturn complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_ConstantSpeedSupply complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_UserDefined complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VariableSpeedReturn complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VariableSpeedSupply complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VarSpeedCondensateReturn complexType SimFlowMover_Pump_VarSpeedCondensateSupply XSD Class Hierarchy
  • 12. Input XSD<xs:complexType name="SimActor"> <xs:complexContent> <xs:extension base="simres:SimActorDefinition"> <xs:sequence> <xs:element ref="simres:GlobalId" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/> <xs:element ref="simres:OwnerHistory" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/> <xs:element ref="simres:ObjectType" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/> <xs:element ref="simres:TheActor" minOccurs="0" maxOccurs="1"/> </xs:sequence> </xs:extension> </xs:complexContent> </xs:complexType> <xs:complexType name="SimResourceObject" abstract="true"> <xs:attribute name="RefId" type="xs:ID" use="required"/> </xs:complexType> <xs:element name="GlobalId" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="OwnerHistory" type="xs:IDREF"/> <xs:element name="ObjectType" type="xs:string"/> <xs:element name="TheActor" type="xs:IDREF"/> Class Class Properties + Property Ranges Property Domains
  • 13. Output OWLsimres:SimActor rdfs:subClassOf simres:SimActorDefinition ; rdf:type owl:Class . simres:simActor_GlobalId rdf:type owl:DatatypeProperty; rdfs:domain simres:SimActor; rdfs:range xsd:string . simres:simActor_OwnerHistory rdf:type owl:ObjectProperty; rdfs:domain simres:SimActor; rdfs:range simres:SimResourceObject . simres:simActor_ObjectType rdf:type owl:DatatypeProperty; rdfs:domain simres:SimActor; rdfs:range xsd:string . simres:simActor_TheActor rdf:type owl:ObjectProperty; rdfs:domain simres:SimActor; rdfs:range simres:SimResourceObject .
  • 14. alternative SimModel schema: set of six OWL ontologies 1. SIM core http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/SimModelCore simcore.owl 2. SIM building model http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/BuildingModel simbldg.owl 3. SIM resources general http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeneral simres.owl 4. SIM resources geometry http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/ResourcesGeometry simgeom.owl 5. SIM MEP model http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/MepModel simmep.owl 6. SIM model http://www.lbl.gov/namespaces/Sim/Model simmodel.owl
  • 15. Select a simmodel .xml-file
  • 16. Linked Data in Architecture and Construction • Main principles – distributed / decentralised information management – interactive information search and reasoning over the web – sharing partial data ==> higher accessibility of information for human and computer • remarks – user-friendliness of SPARQL – ownership issues (provenance, security, and privacy)
  • 17. Thank you Pieter Pauwels Ghent University pipauwel.pauwels@ugent.be