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S U B M I T T E D B Y :
P R A C H I C H A U D H A R Y
HUMAN VALUES
Thinking with love is truth,
Feeling with love is peace,
Acting with love is right conduct,
Understanding with love is non- violence.
- Sathya Sai Baba
INTRODUCTION
 Human values are closely related with human life. No
human life is possible without values. Human Values are
those universal concepts, drivers of action which are
found in all cultures, all societies, all times and in all
places where human beings eke out their lives.
 Human values are a set of consistent behaviors and
measures that guide human beings in doing what is right
and acceptable by the society. They attract dignity,
respect and appropriateness among people. Human
values are used to set laws in most cases. Human values
are people's beliefs, feelings and attitudes towards things,
situations or other people.
 Human values have an inherent energy and
dynamism. Human values do not follow the laws of
physical science. They cannot be depleted. Normally,
when we spend energy our resources we become
drained of energy to the extent of our expenditure.
But human values multiply as they are applied, used,
expressed and acted out. They benefit both the giver
and the recipient.
TYPES OF HUMAN VALUES
 The five human values, which can be found in all
cultures, all societies and in all religions, are
1. Truth (sathya)
2. Right Conduct (dharma)
3. Love (prema)
4. Peace (shanti)
5. Non- Violence (ahimsa)
These values are eternal; they are eternal essences,
which elevate human life to its highest expression,
its highest capacity.
TRUTH
 The desire to know truth has prompted mankind to
ask some of the great questions such as: Who am I?
What is the purpose of life? How can I live fully in
the present moment?
 Learning to speak the truth is a first and vital step in
the formation of strong character.
 Voicing an untruth is an anti-social act and causes
confusion in the mind of both the speaker and
listener and leads to anti-social behavior.
 Telling lies hurts ourselves as well as others in a
subtle, but very real way.
RIGHT CONDUCT
 Information is received through the five senses, i.e.
smell, taste, sight, touch and hearing.
 When this information is referred to the conscience,
the resulting action will be beneficial.
 Every action is preceded by a thought. If the thought
is consciously seen and noted, it aims to assist and is
unselfish, the action will be good for oneself
and others.
 If our minds are busy, or we are daydreaming, the
action may be useless, clumsy or harmful to
ourselves and others.
LOVE
 Love is not an emotion, affected by the sub-
conscious
mind, but is a spontaneous, pure reaction from the
heart.
 It is the power of love which causes one person to
wish happiness for another and take pleasure in their
well-being.
 A beneficial energy (love) is directed towards the
other person. As this energy flows through our
own body first, it also enhances our own health.
 Love is unconditional positive regard for the good
of another. It is giving and unselfish.
PEACE
 We smile when we are happy and contented.
 Contentment is gained when we cease to want to give
ourselves all the apparent 'good' things conveyed to
us through our five senses.
 Inner agitation stops and we are left feeling peaceful.
When there is peace in the individual, there will be
peace in the family, when there is peace in the
family, there will be peace in the community.
In order to learn self esteem, calmness and freedom
from anxiety are necessary.
NON- VIOLENCE
 When the former four values are practiced (i.e. the
conscious mind is keenly aware, love is flowing, there
is peace and action are right) and life is lived without
harming or violating any thing else.
 It is the highest achievement of human living and
encompasses respect for all life ±living in harmony
with nature, not hurting by thought, word or deed.
 Two aspects of non-violence. These are:
Psychological -such as compassion for all.
Social -appreciation of all cultures and religions
and caring for the environment.
TYPES OF HUMAN VALUES AND THEIR
SUB VALUES
Truth Right
Conduct
Love Peace Non-
Violence
Truthfulness Manners Kindness Patience Consideration
Creativity Health
awareness
Friendship Concentration Cooperation
Honesty Helpfulness Forgiveness Positiveness Loyalty
Determination Responsibility Generosity Self
Acceptance
Justice
Fairness Independence Compassion Self Discipline Respect
Trust Perseverance Tolerance Thankfulness Active
Citizenship
Reflection Courage Service Contentment
WATCH
YOUR
WORD
for
TRUTH
ACTION
for
RIGHT
CONDUC
T
THOUGH
T for
PEACE
CHARACTER
for LOVE
HEART for
NON-
VIOLENCE
APPROACHES OF HUMAN VALUES
 There are two main approaches these are:
1. The direct method
2. The inter-curriculum and extra- curriculum method
The direct method- uses five proven teaching
techniques, they are:
•Thought for the day
•Stories
•Values based songs
•Activities
•Silent sitting
THE INTER-CURRICULUM AND
EXTRA-CURRICULUM METHOD
 Organize various clubs like nature club, adventure
club, literature club in the school as a mean of
personal growth helping individual students to
clarify their own thinking through personal
experience, to express their ideas and reflect upon
and modify attitudes. This will also help the students
in a group to know each other as individuals grow
together in a group, deepening their relationship and
learn to tolerate each others, differences.
 Design projects and suggest themes for project work.
 Organize tours and visits in nature, to historic
monuments, temples, factories, farms, power
stations, sewage disposal works and housing
projects.
 Organize student self-government, Mock
parliaments, etc.
 Encourage the students to learn more and more
international and regional languages and provide
facilities for the same.
 Organize exhibitions on history of freedom
movement on permanent basis in the school adding
new dimensions and materials from time to time
 Organize activities like paragraph writing,
storytelling, recitations, group songs, action songs,
solo songs, shadow play, one act play, group dances,
etc. for developing self- confidence, sense of
achievements, self-respect, team spirit and
appreciation by suggesting topics and songs from
history, freedom struggle, in the background of
nationalism and patriotic spirit.
 Organizing debates, declamations and paper reading
contests on the suggested topics for discrimination
between right and wrong and the topics from the
lives of great leaders, patriot and saints.
 Organizing games-sports, scouting guiding, NCC and
Yoga programmes to help cultivate sense of
discipline, punctuality, cooperation and spirit of
competition amongst the students.
 Display quotations from great thinkers on the
themes of value education at all the suitable corners
of the school.
 Put pictures and charts with short biographical notes
of national and international great men who
contributed for the good of the mankind, in libraries,
laboratories, classrooms and halls.
 Ensure that the students participate in plantation
programmes organized by local communities / NGOs
/ Government Departments / Organizations for
improvement of environment.
 Ensure active participation of local community and
parents to strengthen the programme of value
education in schools.
 Participation of students in national days and other
days of national importance. Encourage the spirit of
“Each one teach one”
Your beliefs become your thoughts,
Your thoughts become your words,
Your words become your actions,
Your actions become your habits,
Your habits become your values,
Your values become your destiny.”
― Mahatma Gandhi
Human Values Through Direct and Indirect Methods

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Human Values Through Direct and Indirect Methods

  • 1. S U B M I T T E D B Y : P R A C H I C H A U D H A R Y HUMAN VALUES
  • 2. Thinking with love is truth, Feeling with love is peace, Acting with love is right conduct, Understanding with love is non- violence. - Sathya Sai Baba
  • 3. INTRODUCTION  Human values are closely related with human life. No human life is possible without values. Human Values are those universal concepts, drivers of action which are found in all cultures, all societies, all times and in all places where human beings eke out their lives.  Human values are a set of consistent behaviors and measures that guide human beings in doing what is right and acceptable by the society. They attract dignity, respect and appropriateness among people. Human values are used to set laws in most cases. Human values are people's beliefs, feelings and attitudes towards things, situations or other people.
  • 4.  Human values have an inherent energy and dynamism. Human values do not follow the laws of physical science. They cannot be depleted. Normally, when we spend energy our resources we become drained of energy to the extent of our expenditure. But human values multiply as they are applied, used, expressed and acted out. They benefit both the giver and the recipient.
  • 5. TYPES OF HUMAN VALUES  The five human values, which can be found in all cultures, all societies and in all religions, are 1. Truth (sathya) 2. Right Conduct (dharma) 3. Love (prema) 4. Peace (shanti) 5. Non- Violence (ahimsa) These values are eternal; they are eternal essences, which elevate human life to its highest expression, its highest capacity.
  • 6. TRUTH  The desire to know truth has prompted mankind to ask some of the great questions such as: Who am I? What is the purpose of life? How can I live fully in the present moment?  Learning to speak the truth is a first and vital step in the formation of strong character.  Voicing an untruth is an anti-social act and causes confusion in the mind of both the speaker and listener and leads to anti-social behavior.  Telling lies hurts ourselves as well as others in a subtle, but very real way.
  • 7. RIGHT CONDUCT  Information is received through the five senses, i.e. smell, taste, sight, touch and hearing.  When this information is referred to the conscience, the resulting action will be beneficial.  Every action is preceded by a thought. If the thought is consciously seen and noted, it aims to assist and is unselfish, the action will be good for oneself and others.  If our minds are busy, or we are daydreaming, the action may be useless, clumsy or harmful to ourselves and others.
  • 8. LOVE  Love is not an emotion, affected by the sub- conscious mind, but is a spontaneous, pure reaction from the heart.  It is the power of love which causes one person to wish happiness for another and take pleasure in their well-being.  A beneficial energy (love) is directed towards the other person. As this energy flows through our own body first, it also enhances our own health.  Love is unconditional positive regard for the good of another. It is giving and unselfish.
  • 9. PEACE  We smile when we are happy and contented.  Contentment is gained when we cease to want to give ourselves all the apparent 'good' things conveyed to us through our five senses.  Inner agitation stops and we are left feeling peaceful. When there is peace in the individual, there will be peace in the family, when there is peace in the family, there will be peace in the community. In order to learn self esteem, calmness and freedom from anxiety are necessary.
  • 10. NON- VIOLENCE  When the former four values are practiced (i.e. the conscious mind is keenly aware, love is flowing, there is peace and action are right) and life is lived without harming or violating any thing else.  It is the highest achievement of human living and encompasses respect for all life ±living in harmony with nature, not hurting by thought, word or deed.  Two aspects of non-violence. These are: Psychological -such as compassion for all. Social -appreciation of all cultures and religions and caring for the environment.
  • 11. TYPES OF HUMAN VALUES AND THEIR SUB VALUES Truth Right Conduct Love Peace Non- Violence Truthfulness Manners Kindness Patience Consideration Creativity Health awareness Friendship Concentration Cooperation Honesty Helpfulness Forgiveness Positiveness Loyalty Determination Responsibility Generosity Self Acceptance Justice Fairness Independence Compassion Self Discipline Respect Trust Perseverance Tolerance Thankfulness Active Citizenship Reflection Courage Service Contentment
  • 13. APPROACHES OF HUMAN VALUES  There are two main approaches these are: 1. The direct method 2. The inter-curriculum and extra- curriculum method The direct method- uses five proven teaching techniques, they are: •Thought for the day •Stories •Values based songs •Activities •Silent sitting
  • 14. THE INTER-CURRICULUM AND EXTRA-CURRICULUM METHOD  Organize various clubs like nature club, adventure club, literature club in the school as a mean of personal growth helping individual students to clarify their own thinking through personal experience, to express their ideas and reflect upon and modify attitudes. This will also help the students in a group to know each other as individuals grow together in a group, deepening their relationship and learn to tolerate each others, differences.  Design projects and suggest themes for project work.
  • 15.  Organize tours and visits in nature, to historic monuments, temples, factories, farms, power stations, sewage disposal works and housing projects.  Organize student self-government, Mock parliaments, etc.  Encourage the students to learn more and more international and regional languages and provide facilities for the same.  Organize exhibitions on history of freedom movement on permanent basis in the school adding new dimensions and materials from time to time
  • 16.  Organize activities like paragraph writing, storytelling, recitations, group songs, action songs, solo songs, shadow play, one act play, group dances, etc. for developing self- confidence, sense of achievements, self-respect, team spirit and appreciation by suggesting topics and songs from history, freedom struggle, in the background of nationalism and patriotic spirit.  Organizing debates, declamations and paper reading contests on the suggested topics for discrimination between right and wrong and the topics from the lives of great leaders, patriot and saints.
  • 17.  Organizing games-sports, scouting guiding, NCC and Yoga programmes to help cultivate sense of discipline, punctuality, cooperation and spirit of competition amongst the students.  Display quotations from great thinkers on the themes of value education at all the suitable corners of the school.  Put pictures and charts with short biographical notes of national and international great men who contributed for the good of the mankind, in libraries, laboratories, classrooms and halls.
  • 18.  Ensure that the students participate in plantation programmes organized by local communities / NGOs / Government Departments / Organizations for improvement of environment.  Ensure active participation of local community and parents to strengthen the programme of value education in schools.  Participation of students in national days and other days of national importance. Encourage the spirit of “Each one teach one”
  • 19. Your beliefs become your thoughts, Your thoughts become your words, Your words become your actions, Your actions become your habits, Your habits become your values, Your values become your destiny.” ― Mahatma Gandhi