SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 26
Download to read offline
2! Biografías!
The more students encounter the
diversity of physics and the
variety of jobs that physicists do,
the better placed they’ll be to
make a rewarding choice of
career.!
Irving, Paul W. and Sayre, Eleanor C., Physics Today, 69, 46-51 (2016), !
DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/PT.3.3169!
George Green (1793-1841)!
https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/physics/documents/historical/greenphystoday1203.pdf!
http://ocw.nctu.edu.tw/course/fourier/supplement/george%20green.pdf!
https://www.math.washington.edu/~morrow/334_15/green.pdf !
Nottingham!
De profesión: molinero-panadero!
Formación: posiblemente autodidacta: ¿1808-1823?!
En 1814, John Toplis – headmaster of N. Grammar
School – publica una traducción de Mecanique
Céleste de Laplace. ¿La posible fuente para el
interés de GG en teoría potencial?!
1823: Nottinghan Subscription Library!
1828: An Essay on the Application of Mathematical
Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism.!
1833: Con 40 años es admitido en Cambridge (1837)!
1835-1839: Publica 8 trabajos en hidrodinámica,
ondas y óptica.!
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) (48 años)!
Dedicó los últimos 5 años de su vida ha hacer historia de la
ciencia (reunir y clasificar la obra de Henry Cavendish
(1731-1810).!
To James Maxwell, scientific facts were incomplete without
the knowledge of how they came to be discovered. The
process of discovery held as much interest as the result.
Scientific history was at least as important as political
history and needed to be complete.!
17 de mayo 1861!
James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) (48 años)!
1850: Equilibrio de sólidos elásticos!
1855 y 1860: Teoría del color!
1858: Estabilidad de los anillos de Saturno!
1865: Ingeniería civil: figuras recíprocas y diagramas de
fuerzas en estructuras!
40 Poemas!
William Thompson (Lord Kelvin) (1824-1907)!
¿Por qué lo hacen Lord?!
From	
  1854,	
  James	
  White	
  was	
  producing	
  electrical	
  instruments	
  from	
  
Prof.	
  Thomson's	
  patents,	
  mainly	
  galvanometers	
  and	
  electrometers.	
  
From	
  1876,	
  he	
  manufactured	
  accurate	
  compasses	
  for	
  metal	
  ships	
  and	
  
deep-­‐sea	
  sounding	
  machines	
  from	
  Thomson's	
  designs.	
  At	
  the	
  same	
  
Fme,	
  he	
  made	
  a	
  range	
  of	
  more	
  convenFonal	
  instruments	
  such	
  as	
  
telescopes,	
  microscopes,	
  chronometers	
  and	
  surveying	
  equipment.	
  AHer	
  
White's	
  death	
  in	
  1884,	
  Sir	
  William	
  Thomson	
  raised	
  most	
  of	
  the	
  capital	
  
needed	
  to	
  construct	
  and	
  equip	
  new	
  workshops	
  in	
  Cambridge	
  Street,	
  
Glasgow.	
  William	
  Thomson's	
  patent	
  compass	
  was	
  adopted	
  as	
  a	
  
standard	
  for	
  Royal	
  Navy	
  use	
  by	
  the	
  Admiralty	
  in	
  1889.	
  	
  
Consultor para Atlantic Telegraph Company!
1858!
Yate velero !
Lalla Rookh (1870)!
126 toneladas!
Netherhall !
Casa de campo costa
oeste de Escocia.!
Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910-1995)!
After the early preparatory years, my scientific
work has followed a certain pattern motivated,
principally, by a quest after perspectives. In
practice, this quest has consisted in my
choosing (after some trials and tribulations) a
certain area which appears amenable to
cultivation and compatible with my taste,
abilities, and temperament. And when after
some years of study, I feel that I have
accumulated a sufficient body of knowledge and
achieved a view of my own, I have the urge to
present my point of view, ab initio, in a coherent
account with order, form, and structure.!
Chandra
autobiografía!
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1983/chandrasekhar-bio.html!
http://www-old.ias.ac.in/jarch/jaa/17/233-268.pdf!
Diferentes formas de hacer física!
Rosalyn (Sussman) Yalow (1921-2011)!
Física médica!
Hunter College en New York (B. Sc., 1941)!
Universidad de Illinois, Urbana (Ph. D., 1945)!
(Física nuclear experimental)!
Premio Nobel en Medicina (1977): Desarrollo de la técnica del
radioinmunoensayo (RIA, 1959) – Solomon Bergson (MD). !
… my course work in physics [at Hunter] had been minimal for a major – less!
than that of the other first year graduate students. Therefore at Illinois I sat in on two
undergraduate courses without credit, took three graduate courses and was a half-time
assistant teaching the freshman course in physics.!
AUXILIAR DOCENTE!
(I) Like nearly all first-year teaching assistants, I had never taught before - but unlike
the others I also undertook to observe in the classroom of a young instructor
with an excellent reputation so that I could learn how it should be done.!
JEFE DE GRUPO!
(II) In the training in my laboratory the emphasis has been not only in learning our
research techniques but also our philosophy. I have never aspired to have, nor do I
now want, a laboratory or a cadre of investigators-in-training which is more extensive
than I can personally interact with and supervise.!
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1977/yalow-bio.html!
Rudolf Mössbauer (1929-2011)!
http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1961/mossbauer-bio.html!
“Explain it!” !
“The most important thing is, that you are
able to explain it! You will have exams, there
you have to explain it. Eventually, you pass
them, you get your diploma and you think,
that's it! – No, the whole life is an exam,
you'll have to write applications, you'll have to
discuss with peers... So learn to explain it!
You can train this by explaining to another
student, a colleague. If they are not available,
explain it to your mother – or to your cat!”!
Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1932-2007)!
Cómo seleccionar un tema de investigación y
cuándo cambiarlo!
https://ec.europa.eu/research/rtdinfo/41/print_article_934_en.html!
Nunca solo: prioridad personal crear grupos de teóricos y
experimentales.!
Ciencia pequeña, bajo costo:1961-1965 superconductividad
metales: aleaciones Pb-Sn y luego, Nb-Sn (pero costoso)!
- Difracción neutrones !
- Superconductividad!
- Cristales líquidos!
- Polímeros!
- Fenómenos!
interfaciales!
2004: 72 años!
- Física biológica:!
Neuronas, memoria !
y cáncer.!
2007!
“I get accused of hopping from one subject to another. Other people
spend 20 years on the same problem. Both approaches are necessary.”!
Paul Andre Maurice Dirac (1902-1984)!
Graduado en ingeniería (eléctrica)!
Yes. I think that this engineering education has influenced
me very much in making me learn to tolerate
approximations. My natural feelings were to think that only an
exact theory would be worth considering. Now, engineers always
have to make approximations. I learned that even a theory based
on approximations could be a beautiful theory. I rather got to the
idea that everything in nature was only approximate, and
that one had to be satisfied with approximations, and that
science would develop through getting continually more
and more accurate approximations, but would never attain
complete exactness. I got that point of view through my
engineering training, which I think has influenced me very
much. As a result of that I haven’t been much interested in
questions of mathematical logic or any attempts to form an
absolute measure of accuracy, an absolute standard of
reasoning. I feel that these things are just not important, that the
study of nature through getting ever, improving approximations is
the profitable line of procedure.!
https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4575-1!
Dirac en
entrevista con!
Thomas S. Kuhn!
para APS!
Oral History.!
Paul Andre Maurice Dirac (1902-1984)!
Graduado en ingeniería (eléctrica)!
Diferentes estilos de aprender!
I think all the time I picked up my mathematics more by working
by myself than from lectures. I don’t seem to be able to pick
things up very much from a lecture because I like to jump
forward and jump back again and jump forward and back,
continually. One can’t very well do that if one is listening to
an ordered presentation like a lecture. !
When I go to lectures I usually just get stimulated to think on
certain lines, and then maybe I think along those lines myself
instead of listening to every word the lecturer says. I perhaps
miss a good deal of the lecture for that reason and have to make
it up later in my own reading or something. But all my learning in
mathematics has been rather along those lines. And it still is like
that.!
https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4575-1!
Dirac en
entrevista con!
Thomas S. Kuhn!
para APS!
Oral History.!
Murray Gell-Mann (1929-)!
¿Qué materias (además de física y matemáticas) estudió en Yale una
persona como el físico y Premio Nobel Murray Gell-Mann.!
http://www.webofstories.com/playAll/murray.gell-mann?sId=10569!
La formación de un físico!
Alma Mater: Yale University (B. Sc., 1948)!!
! ! MIT (Ph. D., 1952)!
Cursos: Ornitología, Arqueología, Historia (incluyendo la Historia
Constitucional Británica), Lingüística, Biología y Bacteriología, Filosofía y
Física (con Henry Margenau) y, en el pregrado, tomó cursos del posgrado
en física y matemáticas.!
Ciencia Ficción: aprende las ideas de antimateria y neutrinos (no
enseñadas en el curriculum)!
Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo!
https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/aeer/article/view/399/474!
http://homepages.spa.umn.edu/~shifman/Gribov-Maquette.pdf !
Leningrado!
Años 1960s!
Physico-TechnicalInstitute(PTI)!
AcademyofSciencesoftheUSSR!
Ioffe PTI!
1971:NuclearPhysicsInstitute!
Universidad de
Leningrado,1952 !
Yuri Dokshitzer: [Gribov] had a profound knowledge and skill in
using mathematical methods in physics. However…what
mattered most was…“a picture.” He would approach the
problem from different angles, abstracting its essential
features and illustrating them with the help of simplified models
and analogues from different branches of physics.!
Física de partículas y teoría de campo: Teoría Regge !
Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo!
Karen Ter- Martirossian, Gerasim Eliashberg, L. E. Gurevich, !
I. Ya. Pomeranchuk, Boris Altshuler!
https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/aeer/article/view/399/474!
http://homepages.spa.umn.edu/~shifman/Gribov-Maquette.pdf !
Leningrado!
Años 1960s!
Physico-TechnicalInstitute(PTI)!
AcademyofSciencesoftheUSSR!
Ioffe PTI!
1971:NuclearPhysicsInstitute!
Universidad de
Leningrado,1953 !
Yet salaries stagnated under Khrushchev, and an average physicist in
the seventies earned less than the bus driver that took him to his
institute. Families of physicists, like everyone else, spent
considerable energy in order to satisfy their basic needs, not to
mention obtaining luxuries!
Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo!
https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/aeer/article/view/399/474!
http://homepages.spa.umn.edu/~shifman/Gribov-Maquette.pdf !
Leningrado!
Años 1960s!
Universidad de
Leningrado,1953 !
created ethical norms, lifestyles, and discourses
that were different from the Soviet mainstream. On
the outside, they adapted to the logics of ideological license and of
the economy of scarcity, but inside of the community, that logic was
ridiculed and its adherents ostracized. There the ruling values were
those of the disinterested intellectual, of the context independent
beauty of the physical world, and of the egalitarian community of an
intellectual elite.!
Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo!
Physics was for them far more than a profession: it was a vocation
and a way of life. When they were not at the institute, the
theoreticians worked at home, thinking, smoking, and talking:
“making physics,” as Gribov’s second wife Julia Nyiri, herself a
physicist, called it. Summer and winter schools of theoretical physics
were orgies of undiluted physics-making.!
The physicists of the group ....neither lived in ivory
towers nor were willing accomplices in the state’s
nuclear project. Instead they created a non-state
social space in which lifestyle and values were
substantially influenced by their belief in physical
truth.!
Crearon un espacio social –valores y estilo de vida– influidos por su
creencia en la física y la verdad de la ciencia !
Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo!
RECUENTO DE UN SEMINARIO DE GRIBOV!
There are some ten (10) people and someone is talking,
and I even understand what he is saying. Suddenly a man
with black hair and a sharp narrow face jumps up and says
something, and I see that I understand nothing. I am even
a bit irritated: everything has been fine, why did he have to
jump up! Suddenly a second man…jumps up, a bit older
and starts arguing…Volodia [Gribov] and Karen [Ter-
Martirossian]. After this a total mess sets in. !
The presenter disappears, Volodia and Karen shout at
each other, pick up pieces of chalk, write something. At the
end, Volodia is left alone at the blackboard, explaining
something.… I have understood nothing of the whole
thing…so I go home.!
Phillip Morse (1903-1985), V. M. Kenkre
(Profesor de Física en la University of New
Mexico) y Guillermo Ruggeri (1943-2002). !
Científicos normales: buenos y dedicados	
  
Phillip McCord Morse (1903-1985) !
“I could act as a scout, looking over many areas, choosing those that appeared most
promising at the time, bringing to bear research techniques that had been developed in other
areas. I could call the attention of others to the potentials of the new area, could help skim the
cream of research, and could persuade students to explore further.!
This skill was not the sort of deep-thinking ability that wins prizes and fame, but it was more in
line with my urge to explore and my new-found enjoyment in teaching. And, to be honest, the
greatest achievements were outside my capabilities. I liked what I was doing; that was the
important thing.”!
“It was clear to me that I was
no Einstein.” 	
  
“I could grasp the essence of a new theory quickly and could take effective
part in exploring its ramifications. But I wasn’t the one to make the initial
breakthrough. This realization cam slowly enough to cushion
disappointment. There were enough other interesting things to do.”!
BSc, 1926, Case School of Applied Science; PhD, 1929, Princeton University. Junto con
Herman Feshbach (1917-2000) es autor del famoso texto: Methods of Theoretical Physics,
1953. Autor de Vibration and Sound y pionero de la Investigación de Operaciones. Primer
director del Brookhaven National Laboratory. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_M._Morse !
Tomado de In at the Beginnings: A Physicist’s Life, MIT Press, 1977 p. 137!
To be blessed with a sharp focus in life is given to
only a few in this world. I am not one of them. This
allows me to do only 'sketches' rather than finished
perfections in whatever I undertake. Clearly, this is
unfortunate. It is also fortunate: I am freed of the need
to concentrate. I can hang loose and dip into that
which pleases at a given moment.!
When I prepare a lecture, I talk to myself. I go for long walks where no
one can hear me or see me mouthing my oratory. The spontaneity helps
and the thoughts form themselves into a structure that is loosely held in
memory. Typically two such attempts are sufficient. The first to form the
lecture, the second to time it. !
Prof. V. M. Kenkre!
Cómo prepararse para dar conferencias!
http://physics.unm.edu/kenkre/Miscellaneous.html#horizontal!
I recall a comment made by a physicist colleague many years ago that a quality lacking in
today’s graduate students was the ability to stay on the job until the carpet was woven
completely. This chance remark has stayed with me over the years.!
My profession at the university demands that I train graduate students to become practicing
physicists. To be a good practicing physicist requires a multitude of qualities, tendencies, and
skills, as I am sure to be a good practicing individual in any field of endeavor does. There is
devotion to the subject, basic intelligence, curiosity, careful observation, intellectual honesty,
creativity, and hard work. !
But there is one more with which I have always had trouble in my own development: refusal to
be content with small achievements. The subtlety of the situation arises from the fact that the
ability to be content with small achievements is also an important prerequisite to success
as a practicing physicist. If one is always seeking after the grandiose, deep frustrations
descend, in no time engulfing the individual in depression. One must learn to enjoy the little
berries one picks in the field even as one prepares to hunt big game. What makes this
whole business of training oneself or one’s students fascinating is that side by side with
developing contentment with small achievements one must develop dissatisfaction with them. It
is subtle. The contentment must come from their being achievements, however small. The
dissatisfaction from their being small, even though they are achievements. One must enjoy every
little joke but must not stop until the entire story is written. One must derive contentment from
every little integral that is evaluated but not stop until the entire theory is constructed.!
http://physics.unm.edu/kenkre/Miscellaneous.html#horizontal!
Carpet Weaving!
V. M. Kenkre!
Primera Publicación!
Siendo estudiante del 8vo
semestre de la Lic. en Física.!
Guillermo Ruggeri!
(1943-2002)!
Lic. en Física, UCV, 1965 !
Ph.D, Universidad de!
Birmingham, 1978.!

More Related Content

What's hot

Thomas kuhn and paradigm shift
Thomas kuhn and paradigm shiftThomas kuhn and paradigm shift
Thomas kuhn and paradigm shift
Bagavathy Durairaj
 
Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)
Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)
Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)
Kris Haamer
 
What history interest me #2
What history interest me #2What history interest me #2
What history interest me #2
bahuman08
 

What's hot (13)

Paradigm by Thomas Kuhn
Paradigm by Thomas KuhnParadigm by Thomas Kuhn
Paradigm by Thomas Kuhn
 
Thomas kuhn and paradigm shift
Thomas kuhn and paradigm shiftThomas kuhn and paradigm shift
Thomas kuhn and paradigm shift
 
Science technology-society from the perspective of philosophy of science
Science technology-society from the perspective of philosophy of scienceScience technology-society from the perspective of philosophy of science
Science technology-society from the perspective of philosophy of science
 
Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)
Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)
Thomas Kuhn & Paradigms (By Kris Haamer)
 
Kuhn vs. Popper
Kuhn vs. PopperKuhn vs. Popper
Kuhn vs. Popper
 
A2 Thomas Kuhn & Scientific Paradigms
A2 Thomas Kuhn & Scientific ParadigmsA2 Thomas Kuhn & Scientific Paradigms
A2 Thomas Kuhn & Scientific Paradigms
 
The Structure of scientific revolution
The Structure of scientific revolution The Structure of scientific revolution
The Structure of scientific revolution
 
The structure of scientific revolutions (anuj)
The structure of scientific revolutions (anuj)The structure of scientific revolutions (anuj)
The structure of scientific revolutions (anuj)
 
Paradigms Thomas kuhn Theory
Paradigms Thomas kuhn TheoryParadigms Thomas kuhn Theory
Paradigms Thomas kuhn Theory
 
Natural Science
Natural ScienceNatural Science
Natural Science
 
What history interest me #2
What history interest me #2What history interest me #2
What history interest me #2
 
Kuhn Popper
Kuhn PopperKuhn Popper
Kuhn Popper
 
Philosophy of science paper_A Melodrama of Politics, Science and Religion
Philosophy of science paper_A Melodrama of Politics, Science and ReligionPhilosophy of science paper_A Melodrama of Politics, Science and Religion
Philosophy of science paper_A Melodrama of Politics, Science and Religion
 

Viewers also liked

Medios Publicitarios
Medios PublicitariosMedios Publicitarios
Medios Publicitarios
logan2908
 
elevating-excellence
elevating-excellenceelevating-excellence
elevating-excellence
Tyler Gaskill
 
SES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special Education
SES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special EducationSES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special Education
SES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special Education
Fagen Friedman & Fulfrost
 

Viewers also liked (12)

Los productos que son comercializados dentro del esquema de la economía soci...
Los productos que son comercializados dentro del esquema  de la economía soci...Los productos que son comercializados dentro del esquema  de la economía soci...
Los productos que son comercializados dentro del esquema de la economía soci...
 
Mj Productions
Mj ProductionsMj Productions
Mj Productions
 
Inquiry learning Space (Creare e condividere ILS)
Inquiry learning Space (Creare e condividere ILS)Inquiry learning Space (Creare e condividere ILS)
Inquiry learning Space (Creare e condividere ILS)
 
Medios Publicitarios
Medios PublicitariosMedios Publicitarios
Medios Publicitarios
 
elevating-excellence
elevating-excellenceelevating-excellence
elevating-excellence
 
Instrumentos
InstrumentosInstrumentos
Instrumentos
 
Microsoft
MicrosoftMicrosoft
Microsoft
 
WEBD 162 Week 02 LWD4e
WEBD 162 Week 02 LWD4eWEBD 162 Week 02 LWD4e
WEBD 162 Week 02 LWD4e
 
18 sept 2015 a
18 sept 2015 a18 sept 2015 a
18 sept 2015 a
 
Dicas de excel (10): PAYBACK SIMPLES (PAYBACK PERIOD)
Dicas de excel (10): PAYBACK SIMPLES (PAYBACK PERIOD)Dicas de excel (10): PAYBACK SIMPLES (PAYBACK PERIOD)
Dicas de excel (10): PAYBACK SIMPLES (PAYBACK PERIOD)
 
SES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special Education
SES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special EducationSES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special Education
SES Fall 2015: Exiting Students from Special Education
 
English for business - short notes
English for business - short notesEnglish for business - short notes
English for business - short notes
 

Similar to HUBIOS, Agosto 2016, Parte 2

Lunch with Sir Anthony
Lunch with Sir AnthonyLunch with Sir Anthony
Lunch with Sir Anthony
Dave Doucette
 
Problems and uses of Scientific Method.pptx
Problems and uses of Scientific Method.pptxProblems and uses of Scientific Method.pptx
Problems and uses of Scientific Method.pptx
renliejanep
 
what_is_science.pdf
what_is_science.pdfwhat_is_science.pdf
what_is_science.pdf
zanaveen1
 
Essay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay Thatsnotus
Essay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay  ThatsnotusEssay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay  Thatsnotus
Essay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay Thatsnotus
Sara Roberts
 

Similar to HUBIOS, Agosto 2016, Parte 2 (20)

Lunch with Sir Anthony
Lunch with Sir AnthonyLunch with Sir Anthony
Lunch with Sir Anthony
 
PS.E-MO-6.08: Characterization of Optical Signal by Extension Ratio & the Fib...
PS.E-MO-6.08: Characterization of Optical Signal by Extension Ratio & the Fib...PS.E-MO-6.08: Characterization of Optical Signal by Extension Ratio & the Fib...
PS.E-MO-6.08: Characterization of Optical Signal by Extension Ratio & the Fib...
 
Gustavo E. Romero, Gabriela S. Vila (auth.) - Introduction to Black Hole Astr...
Gustavo E. Romero, Gabriela S. Vila (auth.) - Introduction to Black Hole Astr...Gustavo E. Romero, Gabriela S. Vila (auth.) - Introduction to Black Hole Astr...
Gustavo E. Romero, Gabriela S. Vila (auth.) - Introduction to Black Hole Astr...
 
ECGS Module 1B
ECGS Module 1BECGS Module 1B
ECGS Module 1B
 
Chapter 3 intro and concl ex 01
Chapter 3 intro and concl ex 01Chapter 3 intro and concl ex 01
Chapter 3 intro and concl ex 01
 
Intro the starting point
Intro  the starting pointIntro  the starting point
Intro the starting point
 
700 science experiments for everyone 1
700 science experiments for everyone 1700 science experiments for everyone 1
700 science experiments for everyone 1
 
Science methods res
Science methods resScience methods res
Science methods res
 
Problems and uses of Scientific Method.pptx
Problems and uses of Scientific Method.pptxProblems and uses of Scientific Method.pptx
Problems and uses of Scientific Method.pptx
 
Bringing Reading and Writing into the Biology Classroom
Bringing Reading and Writing into the Biology ClassroomBringing Reading and Writing into the Biology Classroom
Bringing Reading and Writing into the Biology Classroom
 
What is science
What is scienceWhat is science
What is science
 
what_is_science.pdf
what_is_science.pdfwhat_is_science.pdf
what_is_science.pdf
 
What is science
What is scienceWhat is science
What is science
 
what_is_science.pdf
what_is_science.pdfwhat_is_science.pdf
what_is_science.pdf
 
Science terms made_easy
Science terms made_easyScience terms made_easy
Science terms made_easy
 
Essay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay Thatsnotus
Essay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay  ThatsnotusEssay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay  Thatsnotus
Essay On Kite Flying. Unforgettable The Kite Runner Essay Thatsnotus
 
Collected Revision Presentations
Collected Revision PresentationsCollected Revision Presentations
Collected Revision Presentations
 
Richard feynman the-meaning-of-it-all
Richard feynman the-meaning-of-it-allRichard feynman the-meaning-of-it-all
Richard feynman the-meaning-of-it-all
 
Lecture notes2012
Lecture notes2012Lecture notes2012
Lecture notes2012
 
Nature and teaching of science.
Nature and teaching of science.Nature and teaching of science.
Nature and teaching of science.
 

More from José Alvarez Cornett

More from José Alvarez Cornett (20)

Por el cielo va la luna con un niño de la mano
Por el cielo va la luna con un niño de la manoPor el cielo va la luna con un niño de la mano
Por el cielo va la luna con un niño de la mano
 
Aventuras sutiles. 3er Encuentro
Aventuras sutiles. 3er Encuentro Aventuras sutiles. 3er Encuentro
Aventuras sutiles. 3er Encuentro
 
Aventuras sutiles 0.1
Aventuras sutiles 0.1Aventuras sutiles 0.1
Aventuras sutiles 0.1
 
Aventuras sutiles: Conociéndonos. Clase 0.0
Aventuras sutiles: Conociéndonos. Clase 0.0Aventuras sutiles: Conociéndonos. Clase 0.0
Aventuras sutiles: Conociéndonos. Clase 0.0
 
HUBIOS, Agosto 2016, Parte 3
HUBIOS, Agosto 2016, Parte 3HUBIOS, Agosto 2016, Parte 3
HUBIOS, Agosto 2016, Parte 3
 
HUBIOS Agosto 2016 Parte 1
HUBIOS Agosto 2016 Parte 1HUBIOS Agosto 2016 Parte 1
HUBIOS Agosto 2016 Parte 1
 
Hubios 18, 19 y 20
Hubios 18, 19 y 20Hubios 18, 19 y 20
Hubios 18, 19 y 20
 
Venatio y Atlantico Asovac GVHSC 2015
Venatio y Atlantico Asovac GVHSC 2015 Venatio y Atlantico Asovac GVHSC 2015
Venatio y Atlantico Asovac GVHSC 2015
 
Andres Kalnay Asovac GVHSC 2015
Andres Kalnay Asovac GVHSC 2015Andres Kalnay Asovac GVHSC 2015
Andres Kalnay Asovac GVHSC 2015
 
PATENTADAS: INTEVEP, MUJERES y PATENTES
PATENTADAS: INTEVEP, MUJERES y PATENTES PATENTADAS: INTEVEP, MUJERES y PATENTES
PATENTADAS: INTEVEP, MUJERES y PATENTES
 
Latin American School of Physics, Caracas 1966
Latin American School of Physics, Caracas 1966 Latin American School of Physics, Caracas 1966
Latin American School of Physics, Caracas 1966
 
Sondeo Historico Digital Presentacion UCAB
Sondeo Historico Digital Presentacion UCABSondeo Historico Digital Presentacion UCAB
Sondeo Historico Digital Presentacion UCAB
 
Andrés Kálnay y la Mecánica de Nambu en Venezuela
Andrés Kálnay y la Mecánica de Nambu en VenezuelaAndrés Kálnay y la Mecánica de Nambu en Venezuela
Andrés Kálnay y la Mecánica de Nambu en Venezuela
 
Cambios en el índice de vegetación-ndvi Laguna de Tacarigua
Cambios en el índice de vegetación-ndvi Laguna de TacariguaCambios en el índice de vegetación-ndvi Laguna de Tacarigua
Cambios en el índice de vegetación-ndvi Laguna de Tacarigua
 
La creación de una agenda de I+D+i para la cooperación en el desarrollo energ...
La creación de una agenda de I+D+i para la cooperación en el desarrollo energ...La creación de una agenda de I+D+i para la cooperación en el desarrollo energ...
La creación de una agenda de I+D+i para la cooperación en el desarrollo energ...
 
EJE DE SUSTENTABILIDAD AMBIENTAL DE L A UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA ANDRÉS BELLO
EJE DE SUSTENTABILIDAD AMBIENTAL DE L A UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA ANDRÉS BELLOEJE DE SUSTENTABILIDAD AMBIENTAL DE L A UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA ANDRÉS BELLO
EJE DE SUSTENTABILIDAD AMBIENTAL DE L A UNIVERSIDAD CATÓLICA ANDRÉS BELLO
 
THE PHYSICS & MATHEMATICS IN BIOMEDICINE CONSORTIUM
THE PHYSICS & MATHEMATICS IN BIOMEDICINE CONSORTIUM THE PHYSICS & MATHEMATICS IN BIOMEDICINE CONSORTIUM
THE PHYSICS & MATHEMATICS IN BIOMEDICINE CONSORTIUM
 
Cambio y Variabilidad Climática en Venezuela: La aproximación del Centro de M...
Cambio y Variabilidad Climática en Venezuela: La aproximación del Centro de M...Cambio y Variabilidad Climática en Venezuela: La aproximación del Centro de M...
Cambio y Variabilidad Climática en Venezuela: La aproximación del Centro de M...
 
Proyecto RACIMO
Proyecto RACIMO Proyecto RACIMO
Proyecto RACIMO
 
Cátedra ecología, ambiente y sustentabilidad
Cátedra ecología, ambiente y sustentabilidad Cátedra ecología, ambiente y sustentabilidad
Cátedra ecología, ambiente y sustentabilidad
 

Recently uploaded

IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
17thcssbs2
 

Recently uploaded (20)

The Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. HenryThe Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
The Last Leaf, a short story by O. Henry
 
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
UNIT – IV_PCI Complaints: Complaints and evaluation of complaints, Handling o...
 
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdffIATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
IATP How-to Foreign Travel May 2024.pdff
 
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
Exploring Gemini AI and Integration with MuleSoft | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #45
 
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
TỔNG HỢP HƠN 100 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT VẬT LÝ 2024 - TỪ CÁC TRƯỜNG, TRƯ...
 
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
2024_Student Session 2_ Set Plan Preparation.pptx
 
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptxMorse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
Morse OER Some Benefits and Challenges.pptx
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .“O BEIJO” EM ARTE                       .
“O BEIJO” EM ARTE .
 
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
Incoming and Outgoing Shipments in 2 STEPS Using Odoo 17
 
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY STUDIE OF MALE AND FEMALEpptx
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY  STUDIE OF MALE AND FEMALEpptxREPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY  STUDIE OF MALE AND FEMALEpptx
REPRODUCTIVE TOXICITY STUDIE OF MALE AND FEMALEpptx
 
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdfPost Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
Post Exam Fun(da) Intra UEM General Quiz 2024 - Prelims q&a.pdf
 
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & EngineeringBasic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
Basic Civil Engg Notes_Chapter-6_Environment Pollution & Engineering
 
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdfTelling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
Telling Your Story_ Simple Steps to Build Your Nonprofit's Brand Webinar.pdf
 
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
Championnat de France de Tennis de table/
 
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
How to the fix Attribute Error in odoo 17
 
Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...
Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...
Navigating the Misinformation Minefield: The Role of Higher Education in the ...
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
 
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptxfactors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
factors influencing drug absorption-final-2.pptx
 

HUBIOS, Agosto 2016, Parte 2

  • 2. The more students encounter the diversity of physics and the variety of jobs that physicists do, the better placed they’ll be to make a rewarding choice of career.! Irving, Paul W. and Sayre, Eleanor C., Physics Today, 69, 46-51 (2016), ! DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/PT.3.3169!
  • 3.
  • 4. George Green (1793-1841)! https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/physics/documents/historical/greenphystoday1203.pdf! http://ocw.nctu.edu.tw/course/fourier/supplement/george%20green.pdf! https://www.math.washington.edu/~morrow/334_15/green.pdf ! Nottingham! De profesión: molinero-panadero! Formación: posiblemente autodidacta: ¿1808-1823?! En 1814, John Toplis – headmaster of N. Grammar School – publica una traducción de Mecanique Céleste de Laplace. ¿La posible fuente para el interés de GG en teoría potencial?! 1823: Nottinghan Subscription Library! 1828: An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism.! 1833: Con 40 años es admitido en Cambridge (1837)! 1835-1839: Publica 8 trabajos en hidrodinámica, ondas y óptica.!
  • 5. James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) (48 años)! Dedicó los últimos 5 años de su vida ha hacer historia de la ciencia (reunir y clasificar la obra de Henry Cavendish (1731-1810).! To James Maxwell, scientific facts were incomplete without the knowledge of how they came to be discovered. The process of discovery held as much interest as the result. Scientific history was at least as important as political history and needed to be complete.! 17 de mayo 1861!
  • 6. James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) (48 años)! 1850: Equilibrio de sólidos elásticos! 1855 y 1860: Teoría del color! 1858: Estabilidad de los anillos de Saturno! 1865: Ingeniería civil: figuras recíprocas y diagramas de fuerzas en estructuras! 40 Poemas!
  • 7. William Thompson (Lord Kelvin) (1824-1907)! ¿Por qué lo hacen Lord?! From  1854,  James  White  was  producing  electrical  instruments  from   Prof.  Thomson's  patents,  mainly  galvanometers  and  electrometers.   From  1876,  he  manufactured  accurate  compasses  for  metal  ships  and   deep-­‐sea  sounding  machines  from  Thomson's  designs.  At  the  same   Fme,  he  made  a  range  of  more  convenFonal  instruments  such  as   telescopes,  microscopes,  chronometers  and  surveying  equipment.  AHer   White's  death  in  1884,  Sir  William  Thomson  raised  most  of  the  capital   needed  to  construct  and  equip  new  workshops  in  Cambridge  Street,   Glasgow.  William  Thomson's  patent  compass  was  adopted  as  a   standard  for  Royal  Navy  use  by  the  Admiralty  in  1889.     Consultor para Atlantic Telegraph Company!
  • 9. Yate velero ! Lalla Rookh (1870)! 126 toneladas! Netherhall ! Casa de campo costa oeste de Escocia.!
  • 10. Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1910-1995)! After the early preparatory years, my scientific work has followed a certain pattern motivated, principally, by a quest after perspectives. In practice, this quest has consisted in my choosing (after some trials and tribulations) a certain area which appears amenable to cultivation and compatible with my taste, abilities, and temperament. And when after some years of study, I feel that I have accumulated a sufficient body of knowledge and achieved a view of my own, I have the urge to present my point of view, ab initio, in a coherent account with order, form, and structure.! Chandra autobiografía! http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1983/chandrasekhar-bio.html! http://www-old.ias.ac.in/jarch/jaa/17/233-268.pdf! Diferentes formas de hacer física!
  • 11. Rosalyn (Sussman) Yalow (1921-2011)! Física médica! Hunter College en New York (B. Sc., 1941)! Universidad de Illinois, Urbana (Ph. D., 1945)! (Física nuclear experimental)! Premio Nobel en Medicina (1977): Desarrollo de la técnica del radioinmunoensayo (RIA, 1959) – Solomon Bergson (MD). ! … my course work in physics [at Hunter] had been minimal for a major – less! than that of the other first year graduate students. Therefore at Illinois I sat in on two undergraduate courses without credit, took three graduate courses and was a half-time assistant teaching the freshman course in physics.! AUXILIAR DOCENTE! (I) Like nearly all first-year teaching assistants, I had never taught before - but unlike the others I also undertook to observe in the classroom of a young instructor with an excellent reputation so that I could learn how it should be done.! JEFE DE GRUPO! (II) In the training in my laboratory the emphasis has been not only in learning our research techniques but also our philosophy. I have never aspired to have, nor do I now want, a laboratory or a cadre of investigators-in-training which is more extensive than I can personally interact with and supervise.! http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1977/yalow-bio.html!
  • 12. Rudolf Mössbauer (1929-2011)! http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/physics/laureates/1961/mossbauer-bio.html! “Explain it!” ! “The most important thing is, that you are able to explain it! You will have exams, there you have to explain it. Eventually, you pass them, you get your diploma and you think, that's it! – No, the whole life is an exam, you'll have to write applications, you'll have to discuss with peers... So learn to explain it! You can train this by explaining to another student, a colleague. If they are not available, explain it to your mother – or to your cat!”!
  • 13. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (1932-2007)! Cómo seleccionar un tema de investigación y cuándo cambiarlo! https://ec.europa.eu/research/rtdinfo/41/print_article_934_en.html! Nunca solo: prioridad personal crear grupos de teóricos y experimentales.! Ciencia pequeña, bajo costo:1961-1965 superconductividad metales: aleaciones Pb-Sn y luego, Nb-Sn (pero costoso)! - Difracción neutrones ! - Superconductividad! - Cristales líquidos! - Polímeros! - Fenómenos! interfaciales! 2004: 72 años! - Física biológica:! Neuronas, memoria ! y cáncer.! 2007! “I get accused of hopping from one subject to another. Other people spend 20 years on the same problem. Both approaches are necessary.”!
  • 14. Paul Andre Maurice Dirac (1902-1984)! Graduado en ingeniería (eléctrica)! Yes. I think that this engineering education has influenced me very much in making me learn to tolerate approximations. My natural feelings were to think that only an exact theory would be worth considering. Now, engineers always have to make approximations. I learned that even a theory based on approximations could be a beautiful theory. I rather got to the idea that everything in nature was only approximate, and that one had to be satisfied with approximations, and that science would develop through getting continually more and more accurate approximations, but would never attain complete exactness. I got that point of view through my engineering training, which I think has influenced me very much. As a result of that I haven’t been much interested in questions of mathematical logic or any attempts to form an absolute measure of accuracy, an absolute standard of reasoning. I feel that these things are just not important, that the study of nature through getting ever, improving approximations is the profitable line of procedure.! https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4575-1! Dirac en entrevista con! Thomas S. Kuhn! para APS! Oral History.!
  • 15. Paul Andre Maurice Dirac (1902-1984)! Graduado en ingeniería (eléctrica)! Diferentes estilos de aprender! I think all the time I picked up my mathematics more by working by myself than from lectures. I don’t seem to be able to pick things up very much from a lecture because I like to jump forward and jump back again and jump forward and back, continually. One can’t very well do that if one is listening to an ordered presentation like a lecture. ! When I go to lectures I usually just get stimulated to think on certain lines, and then maybe I think along those lines myself instead of listening to every word the lecturer says. I perhaps miss a good deal of the lecture for that reason and have to make it up later in my own reading or something. But all my learning in mathematics has been rather along those lines. And it still is like that.! https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/oral-histories/4575-1! Dirac en entrevista con! Thomas S. Kuhn! para APS! Oral History.!
  • 16. Murray Gell-Mann (1929-)! ¿Qué materias (además de física y matemáticas) estudió en Yale una persona como el físico y Premio Nobel Murray Gell-Mann.! http://www.webofstories.com/playAll/murray.gell-mann?sId=10569! La formación de un físico! Alma Mater: Yale University (B. Sc., 1948)!! ! ! MIT (Ph. D., 1952)! Cursos: Ornitología, Arqueología, Historia (incluyendo la Historia Constitucional Británica), Lingüística, Biología y Bacteriología, Filosofía y Física (con Henry Margenau) y, en el pregrado, tomó cursos del posgrado en física y matemáticas.! Ciencia Ficción: aprende las ideas de antimateria y neutrinos (no enseñadas en el curriculum)!
  • 17. Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo! https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/aeer/article/view/399/474! http://homepages.spa.umn.edu/~shifman/Gribov-Maquette.pdf ! Leningrado! Años 1960s! Physico-TechnicalInstitute(PTI)! AcademyofSciencesoftheUSSR! Ioffe PTI! 1971:NuclearPhysicsInstitute! Universidad de Leningrado,1952 ! Yuri Dokshitzer: [Gribov] had a profound knowledge and skill in using mathematical methods in physics. However…what mattered most was…“a picture.” He would approach the problem from different angles, abstracting its essential features and illustrating them with the help of simplified models and analogues from different branches of physics.! Física de partículas y teoría de campo: Teoría Regge !
  • 18. Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo! Karen Ter- Martirossian, Gerasim Eliashberg, L. E. Gurevich, ! I. Ya. Pomeranchuk, Boris Altshuler! https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/aeer/article/view/399/474! http://homepages.spa.umn.edu/~shifman/Gribov-Maquette.pdf ! Leningrado! Años 1960s! Physico-TechnicalInstitute(PTI)! AcademyofSciencesoftheUSSR! Ioffe PTI! 1971:NuclearPhysicsInstitute! Universidad de Leningrado,1953 ! Yet salaries stagnated under Khrushchev, and an average physicist in the seventies earned less than the bus driver that took him to his institute. Families of physicists, like everyone else, spent considerable energy in order to satisfy their basic needs, not to mention obtaining luxuries!
  • 19. Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo! https://scholarworks.iu.edu/journals/index.php/aeer/article/view/399/474! http://homepages.spa.umn.edu/~shifman/Gribov-Maquette.pdf ! Leningrado! Años 1960s! Universidad de Leningrado,1953 ! created ethical norms, lifestyles, and discourses that were different from the Soviet mainstream. On the outside, they adapted to the logics of ideological license and of the economy of scarcity, but inside of the community, that logic was ridiculed and its adherents ostracized. There the ruling values were those of the disinterested intellectual, of the context independent beauty of the physical world, and of the egalitarian community of an intellectual elite.!
  • 20. Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo! Physics was for them far more than a profession: it was a vocation and a way of life. When they were not at the institute, the theoreticians worked at home, thinking, smoking, and talking: “making physics,” as Gribov’s second wife Julia Nyiri, herself a physicist, called it. Summer and winter schools of theoretical physics were orgies of undiluted physics-making.! The physicists of the group ....neither lived in ivory towers nor were willing accomplices in the state’s nuclear project. Instead they created a non-state social space in which lifestyle and values were substantially influenced by their belief in physical truth.! Crearon un espacio social –valores y estilo de vida– influidos por su creencia en la física y la verdad de la ciencia !
  • 21. Gribov (1930-1997) y su círculo! RECUENTO DE UN SEMINARIO DE GRIBOV! There are some ten (10) people and someone is talking, and I even understand what he is saying. Suddenly a man with black hair and a sharp narrow face jumps up and says something, and I see that I understand nothing. I am even a bit irritated: everything has been fine, why did he have to jump up! Suddenly a second man…jumps up, a bit older and starts arguing…Volodia [Gribov] and Karen [Ter- Martirossian]. After this a total mess sets in. ! The presenter disappears, Volodia and Karen shout at each other, pick up pieces of chalk, write something. At the end, Volodia is left alone at the blackboard, explaining something.… I have understood nothing of the whole thing…so I go home.!
  • 22. Phillip Morse (1903-1985), V. M. Kenkre (Profesor de Física en la University of New Mexico) y Guillermo Ruggeri (1943-2002). ! Científicos normales: buenos y dedicados  
  • 23. Phillip McCord Morse (1903-1985) ! “I could act as a scout, looking over many areas, choosing those that appeared most promising at the time, bringing to bear research techniques that had been developed in other areas. I could call the attention of others to the potentials of the new area, could help skim the cream of research, and could persuade students to explore further.! This skill was not the sort of deep-thinking ability that wins prizes and fame, but it was more in line with my urge to explore and my new-found enjoyment in teaching. And, to be honest, the greatest achievements were outside my capabilities. I liked what I was doing; that was the important thing.”! “It was clear to me that I was no Einstein.”   “I could grasp the essence of a new theory quickly and could take effective part in exploring its ramifications. But I wasn’t the one to make the initial breakthrough. This realization cam slowly enough to cushion disappointment. There were enough other interesting things to do.”! BSc, 1926, Case School of Applied Science; PhD, 1929, Princeton University. Junto con Herman Feshbach (1917-2000) es autor del famoso texto: Methods of Theoretical Physics, 1953. Autor de Vibration and Sound y pionero de la Investigación de Operaciones. Primer director del Brookhaven National Laboratory. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_M._Morse ! Tomado de In at the Beginnings: A Physicist’s Life, MIT Press, 1977 p. 137!
  • 24. To be blessed with a sharp focus in life is given to only a few in this world. I am not one of them. This allows me to do only 'sketches' rather than finished perfections in whatever I undertake. Clearly, this is unfortunate. It is also fortunate: I am freed of the need to concentrate. I can hang loose and dip into that which pleases at a given moment.! When I prepare a lecture, I talk to myself. I go for long walks where no one can hear me or see me mouthing my oratory. The spontaneity helps and the thoughts form themselves into a structure that is loosely held in memory. Typically two such attempts are sufficient. The first to form the lecture, the second to time it. ! Prof. V. M. Kenkre! Cómo prepararse para dar conferencias! http://physics.unm.edu/kenkre/Miscellaneous.html#horizontal!
  • 25. I recall a comment made by a physicist colleague many years ago that a quality lacking in today’s graduate students was the ability to stay on the job until the carpet was woven completely. This chance remark has stayed with me over the years.! My profession at the university demands that I train graduate students to become practicing physicists. To be a good practicing physicist requires a multitude of qualities, tendencies, and skills, as I am sure to be a good practicing individual in any field of endeavor does. There is devotion to the subject, basic intelligence, curiosity, careful observation, intellectual honesty, creativity, and hard work. ! But there is one more with which I have always had trouble in my own development: refusal to be content with small achievements. The subtlety of the situation arises from the fact that the ability to be content with small achievements is also an important prerequisite to success as a practicing physicist. If one is always seeking after the grandiose, deep frustrations descend, in no time engulfing the individual in depression. One must learn to enjoy the little berries one picks in the field even as one prepares to hunt big game. What makes this whole business of training oneself or one’s students fascinating is that side by side with developing contentment with small achievements one must develop dissatisfaction with them. It is subtle. The contentment must come from their being achievements, however small. The dissatisfaction from their being small, even though they are achievements. One must enjoy every little joke but must not stop until the entire story is written. One must derive contentment from every little integral that is evaluated but not stop until the entire theory is constructed.! http://physics.unm.edu/kenkre/Miscellaneous.html#horizontal! Carpet Weaving! V. M. Kenkre!
  • 26. Primera Publicación! Siendo estudiante del 8vo semestre de la Lic. en Física.! Guillermo Ruggeri! (1943-2002)! Lic. en Física, UCV, 1965 ! Ph.D, Universidad de! Birmingham, 1978.!