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Hindustan M-45
Hindustan M-45
2
Contact Fungicide
www.hpmindia.com
3
Systemic & Contact Fungicide
About Hindustan M-45
It is a broad-spectrum fungicide with protective action. The product is fungi toxic when
exposed to air. Broad spectrum disease control - Control diseases caused by all four major
classes . Kind of fungicides - Foliar sprays, seed treatment, nursery drenching. Fit for
resistance management - Multisite mode of action, the risk of resistance development is very
low. Cost effective - Cost bene ts for disease control over non-EBDCs. Provide nutrients
Manganese and Zinc as micro nutrients. Environmentally Safe - Low persistence in
environmentasitrapidlydegradesissoilandwater, noleachingpotential.
4
Hindustan M-45
About the crop and
their hazardous disease
Crop diseases are a signi cant yield and quality
constraint for farmers. Crop pathogens can be fungal,
bacterial, viral or nematodes and can damage plant
parts above or below the ground. Identifying
symptoms and knowing when and how to effectively
control diseases is an ongoing challenge for farmers.
HPM’s Hindustan M-45 is a best solution for farmers.
With this product farmers can prevent their crop from
different types of diseses.
www.hpmindia.com
Potato
Potatoes are edible tubers,
available worldwide and all year
long. They are relatively cheap to
grow, rich in nutrients, and they
can make a delicious treat.
Late blight of potato is identi ed by
blackish/brown lesions on leaves and
stems that may be small at rst and
appear water-soaked or have chlorotic
borders but expand rapidly and the entire
leaf becomes become necrotic. In humid
conditions, P. infestans produces
sporangia and sporangiophores on the
surface of infected tissue and the
resulting white sporulation can be seen
at the margins of lesions on abaxial
(lower) surfaces of leaves .
Early blight is the most important foliar
disease of potato. Initial symptoms on
leaves appear as small, black or brown
lesions. Under favorable environmental
conditions, the lesions enlarge and each
is often surrounded by a yellow halo. The
disease progresses during the period of
potato vegetation, and infected leaves
turn yellow and either dry out or fall off
the stem.
Late Blight
Early Blight
6
Hindustan M-45
Tomato is found in every kitchen worldwide in different forms
irrespective of the cuisine. It is used in diverse ways in the form of
salads, juices, sauces, ingredient for various culinary preparations,
etc.Tomato is one of the most important protective food crops of
India. It is grown in 0.458 M ha area with 7.277 M mt production and 15.9
mt/ha productivity.
About tomato and it’s diseases
Early blight is one of the most
common tomato diseases,
occurring nearly every season
wherever tomatoes are grown. It
affects leaves, fruits and stems
and can be severely yield limiting
when susceptible cultivars are
used and weather is favorable.
Leaf spot is caused by the fungus
Septoria lycopersici. This fungus
can attack tomatoes at any stage
of development but symptoms
usually rst appear on the older,
lower leaves and stems when
plants are setting fruit.
Buckeye rot of tomato is caused
by the pathogen Phytophthora
parasitica. It is a fungus that
thrives in warm, wet conditions
and lives in the soil.It is
characterized by a bull’s eye
pattern of dark brown rotting on
the tomato fruit, and affects fruit
that is close to, or lying on the
soil.
Early Blight
Leaf Spot
Buck Eye Rot
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
www.hpmindia.com
7
Gall Midge
Wheat is the world’s most important grain
crop. Wheat is important not only for its
nutritional value, but also for its gluten
content. Gluten is the protein of the wheat
which, when properly developed by kneading,
will trap and hold the yeast gas in the bread
dough causing the bread to rise. Wheat is the
only grain with the proper amount of gluten to
facilitate the rising of bread dough to make
light, soft loaves.
Wheat
Brown rust in wheat is caused by the fungus
Puccinia triticina. Symptoms are small, orange-
brown pustules randomly scattered over leaves. It
is common to see a yellowing of the leaf around the
rust pustules.
Bacterial leaf blight symptoms develop on the uppermost
leaves after plants reach the boot stage. Small water-
soaked lesions expand and eventually coalesce. Initial
lesions become necrotic and turn from gray-green to tan-
white. Slimy droplets may develop on leaves in wet
weather. Entire leaves may become necrotic, but heads
and glumes are typically symptomless.
Blight Brown Rust
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
8
Hindustan M-45
Maize (Zea mays L) is one of the most versatile
emerging crops having wider adaptability under
varied agro-climatic conditions. Globally, maize is
known as queen of cereals because it has the
highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. It
is cultivated on nearly 150 m ha in about 160
countries having wider diversity of soil, climate,
biodiversity and management practices that
contributes 36 % (782 m t) in the global grain
production.
Maize
The most characteristic symptom is the
development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves.
Plants exhibit a stunted and bushy appearance
due to shortening of the internodes. White downy
growth is seen on the lower surface of leaf.
Downy growth also occurs on bracts of green
unopened male owers in the tassel. Small to
large leaves are noticed in the tassel.
Corn leaf blight is a foliar disease of corn
caused by Exserohilum turcicum, the
anamorph of the ascomycete Setosphaeria
turcica. With its characteristic cigar-shaped
lesions, this disease can cause signi cant
yield loss in susceptible corn hybrids.
Downey Milder Leaf Blight
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
www.hpmindia.com
9
Paddy, also called rice
paddy, small , level ,
ooded eld used to
cultivate rice in southern
and eastern Asia. Wet-rice
cultivation is the most
prevalent method of
farming in the Far East,
where it utilizes a small
fraction of the total land
yet feeds the majority of
the rural population.
Paddy
Rice Blast
Blast is caused by the fungus
Magnaporthe oryzae. It can affect all
above ground parts of a rice plant:
leaf, collar, node, neck, parts of
panicle, and sometimes leaf sheath. It
occurs in areas with low soil moisture,
frequent and prolonged periods of
rain shower, and cool temperature in
the daytime. In upland rice, large day-
night temperature differences that
cause dew formation on leaves and
overall cooler temperatures favor the
development ofthe disease.
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
10
Hindustan M-45
Sorghum popularly known
as jowar is the most
important food and fodder
c r o p o f d r y l a n d
agriculture. The cereal crop
is perennial in nature and
possessing corn like leaves
and bearing the grain in a
compact cluster. Sorghum
is the fth most important
cereal crop in the world
after wheat, rice, maize
and barley. It is found in
the arid and semi arid parts
of the world, due to its
feature of being extremely
drought tolerant.
The initial symptoms are reddish brown, water-soaked
lesions that sometimes have narrow, pale green halos. As
they enlarge, they become dark and elongated parallel to
the veins. Numerous lesions form and give the
appearance of irregular blotches. Lesions occur along the
leaf margin or near the midrib and eventually become
large and semicircular or irregular in shape and several
inches long.
Leaf Spot
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
www.hpmindia.com
11
Banana is the most popular fresh fruit in all over the world and its name
comes from the Arabic word 'banan', which means nger. The scienti c
name of Banana is Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. But the old
scienti c names of banana are Musa sapientum and Musa paradisiacal.
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
The fungus readily colonises dead and
dying banana leaves and fruits, and spores
are formed in large numbers; the spores
are then spread in wind-driven rain or
perhaps by insects onto bunches of green
fruit, about 20-40 days after emergence.
The rst symptoms of black Sigatoka
disease are tiny, chlorotic spots that
appear on the bottom (abaxial) surface of
the 3rd or 4th open leaf. The spots grow
into thin brown streaks that are limited by
leaf veins.
Cigar end rot is an important disease of
banana, which is caused by the fungus
Verticillium theobromae. The disease is
prevalent in almost all banana growing
tracts and affects the developing ngers.
Tip Rot
Sigatoka Leaf Spot
Cigarend Rot
12
Hindustan M-45
Grapes come in different colors and forms. There are red, green, and purple grapes,
seedless grapes, grape jelly, grape jam and grape juice, raisins, currents, and
sultanas, not to mention wine. Today, 72 million tons of grapes are grown each year
worldwide, mostly to produce wine. Every year, 7.2 trillion gallons of wine are
produced. Grapes are also a popular nger food.
Grapes
Anthracnose is most common on
young shoots and fruit but can be
found on any succulent plant part.
Lesions on shoots and leaves are
often sunken and can take on a
reddish appearance, especially
near the margins. On leaves, the
centers of the lesions can fall out,
p r o d u c i n g a " s h o t - h o l e "
appearance. Leaves also may curl
and distort.
Symptoms will vary depending on
the age of leaf tissue. New leaves
infected by downy mildew often
develop yellow lesions that look
oily. More mature tissues have an
angular lesion that is yellow to
reddish-brown and limited by leaf
veins. On the lower leaf surface, a
cottony growth ( mycelium) is
often readily apparent.
Leaf spot, caused by Phomopsis
viticola, rst appears as spots on
leaf veins three or four weeks
following rain. Spots are small and
dark with yellow margins. Heavily
infected leaves are distorted or
stunted.
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
www.hpmindia.com
13
Guava is a tropical fruit rich in nutritiоn. With its unique avor,
taste, and health-promoting qualities, the fruit easily ts in the
new functional foods category, often called “super fruits.” It is an
evergreen, tropical shrub or low-growing small tree probably
originated in Middle Americas. Guavas actually thrive in both
humid and dry climates and can tolerate brief periods of cold
spells, but can survive only a few dеgrееs оf frost.
Affected area is covered with
whitish cotton like growth
which develops very fast as
the fruit matures and
pathogen is able to cover
almost the entire surface
within a period of 3-4 days
during humid weather.
Under high relative humidity,
the fruits near the soil level
covered with dense foliage
are most severely affected.
The fallen fruits are badly
affected. The skin of the fruit
below the whitish cottony
growth becomes a little soft,
turns light brown to dark
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
14
14
Hindustan M-45
Apple, (Malus domestica), fruit of
the domesticated tree Malus
domestica (family Rosaceae),
one of the most widely cultivated
tree fruits. The apple is a pome
( eshy) fruit, in which the
ripened ovary and surrounding
tissue both become eshy and
edible. They are delicious, they
are nutritious and a handful may
even help keep doctor away. The
season of apples is here and we
can’t wait to have our ll of these
juicy and crunchy wonders.
Delicious and crunchy, apple fruit
is one of the most popular and
favorite fruits among the health
conscious, tness lovers who
rmly believe in the concept of
“health is wealth.”
Apple
Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
www.hpmindia.com
15
Apple Scab usually noticed on leaves and fruits.
Affected leaves become twisted or puckered and have
black, circular spots on their upper surface. On the
under surface of leaves, the spots are velvety and may
coalesce to cover the whole leaf surface. Severely
affected leaves may turn yellow and drop. Scab can
also infect ower stems and cause owers to drop.
Sooty blotch appears as sooty or cloudy blotches on
the surface of the fruit. The blotches are olive green
with an inde nite outline. The blotches are usually
one fourth of an inch in diameter or larger, and may
coalesce to cover much of the fruit. The “smudge”
appearance results from the presence of hundreds of
minute, dark pycnidia that are interconnected by a
mass of loose, interwoven dark hyphae.
Apple Scab
Sooty Blotch
HPM Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd.

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HPM Hindustan M-45 (Fungicides) Presentation

  • 3. www.hpmindia.com 3 Systemic & Contact Fungicide About Hindustan M-45 It is a broad-spectrum fungicide with protective action. The product is fungi toxic when exposed to air. Broad spectrum disease control - Control diseases caused by all four major classes . Kind of fungicides - Foliar sprays, seed treatment, nursery drenching. Fit for resistance management - Multisite mode of action, the risk of resistance development is very low. Cost effective - Cost bene ts for disease control over non-EBDCs. Provide nutrients Manganese and Zinc as micro nutrients. Environmentally Safe - Low persistence in environmentasitrapidlydegradesissoilandwater, noleachingpotential.
  • 4. 4 Hindustan M-45 About the crop and their hazardous disease Crop diseases are a signi cant yield and quality constraint for farmers. Crop pathogens can be fungal, bacterial, viral or nematodes and can damage plant parts above or below the ground. Identifying symptoms and knowing when and how to effectively control diseases is an ongoing challenge for farmers. HPM’s Hindustan M-45 is a best solution for farmers. With this product farmers can prevent their crop from different types of diseses.
  • 5. www.hpmindia.com Potato Potatoes are edible tubers, available worldwide and all year long. They are relatively cheap to grow, rich in nutrients, and they can make a delicious treat. Late blight of potato is identi ed by blackish/brown lesions on leaves and stems that may be small at rst and appear water-soaked or have chlorotic borders but expand rapidly and the entire leaf becomes become necrotic. In humid conditions, P. infestans produces sporangia and sporangiophores on the surface of infected tissue and the resulting white sporulation can be seen at the margins of lesions on abaxial (lower) surfaces of leaves . Early blight is the most important foliar disease of potato. Initial symptoms on leaves appear as small, black or brown lesions. Under favorable environmental conditions, the lesions enlarge and each is often surrounded by a yellow halo. The disease progresses during the period of potato vegetation, and infected leaves turn yellow and either dry out or fall off the stem. Late Blight Early Blight
  • 6. 6 Hindustan M-45 Tomato is found in every kitchen worldwide in different forms irrespective of the cuisine. It is used in diverse ways in the form of salads, juices, sauces, ingredient for various culinary preparations, etc.Tomato is one of the most important protective food crops of India. It is grown in 0.458 M ha area with 7.277 M mt production and 15.9 mt/ha productivity. About tomato and it’s diseases Early blight is one of the most common tomato diseases, occurring nearly every season wherever tomatoes are grown. It affects leaves, fruits and stems and can be severely yield limiting when susceptible cultivars are used and weather is favorable. Leaf spot is caused by the fungus Septoria lycopersici. This fungus can attack tomatoes at any stage of development but symptoms usually rst appear on the older, lower leaves and stems when plants are setting fruit. Buckeye rot of tomato is caused by the pathogen Phytophthora parasitica. It is a fungus that thrives in warm, wet conditions and lives in the soil.It is characterized by a bull’s eye pattern of dark brown rotting on the tomato fruit, and affects fruit that is close to, or lying on the soil. Early Blight Leaf Spot Buck Eye Rot Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 7. www.hpmindia.com 7 Gall Midge Wheat is the world’s most important grain crop. Wheat is important not only for its nutritional value, but also for its gluten content. Gluten is the protein of the wheat which, when properly developed by kneading, will trap and hold the yeast gas in the bread dough causing the bread to rise. Wheat is the only grain with the proper amount of gluten to facilitate the rising of bread dough to make light, soft loaves. Wheat Brown rust in wheat is caused by the fungus Puccinia triticina. Symptoms are small, orange- brown pustules randomly scattered over leaves. It is common to see a yellowing of the leaf around the rust pustules. Bacterial leaf blight symptoms develop on the uppermost leaves after plants reach the boot stage. Small water- soaked lesions expand and eventually coalesce. Initial lesions become necrotic and turn from gray-green to tan- white. Slimy droplets may develop on leaves in wet weather. Entire leaves may become necrotic, but heads and glumes are typically symptomless. Blight Brown Rust Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 8. 8 Hindustan M-45 Maize (Zea mays L) is one of the most versatile emerging crops having wider adaptability under varied agro-climatic conditions. Globally, maize is known as queen of cereals because it has the highest genetic yield potential among the cereals. It is cultivated on nearly 150 m ha in about 160 countries having wider diversity of soil, climate, biodiversity and management practices that contributes 36 % (782 m t) in the global grain production. Maize The most characteristic symptom is the development of chlorotic streaks on the leaves. Plants exhibit a stunted and bushy appearance due to shortening of the internodes. White downy growth is seen on the lower surface of leaf. Downy growth also occurs on bracts of green unopened male owers in the tassel. Small to large leaves are noticed in the tassel. Corn leaf blight is a foliar disease of corn caused by Exserohilum turcicum, the anamorph of the ascomycete Setosphaeria turcica. With its characteristic cigar-shaped lesions, this disease can cause signi cant yield loss in susceptible corn hybrids. Downey Milder Leaf Blight Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 9. www.hpmindia.com 9 Paddy, also called rice paddy, small , level , ooded eld used to cultivate rice in southern and eastern Asia. Wet-rice cultivation is the most prevalent method of farming in the Far East, where it utilizes a small fraction of the total land yet feeds the majority of the rural population. Paddy Rice Blast Blast is caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae. It can affect all above ground parts of a rice plant: leaf, collar, node, neck, parts of panicle, and sometimes leaf sheath. It occurs in areas with low soil moisture, frequent and prolonged periods of rain shower, and cool temperature in the daytime. In upland rice, large day- night temperature differences that cause dew formation on leaves and overall cooler temperatures favor the development ofthe disease. Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 10. 10 Hindustan M-45 Sorghum popularly known as jowar is the most important food and fodder c r o p o f d r y l a n d agriculture. The cereal crop is perennial in nature and possessing corn like leaves and bearing the grain in a compact cluster. Sorghum is the fth most important cereal crop in the world after wheat, rice, maize and barley. It is found in the arid and semi arid parts of the world, due to its feature of being extremely drought tolerant. The initial symptoms are reddish brown, water-soaked lesions that sometimes have narrow, pale green halos. As they enlarge, they become dark and elongated parallel to the veins. Numerous lesions form and give the appearance of irregular blotches. Lesions occur along the leaf margin or near the midrib and eventually become large and semicircular or irregular in shape and several inches long. Leaf Spot Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 11. www.hpmindia.com 11 Banana is the most popular fresh fruit in all over the world and its name comes from the Arabic word 'banan', which means nger. The scienti c name of Banana is Musa acuminata and Musa balbisiana. But the old scienti c names of banana are Musa sapientum and Musa paradisiacal. Dose : 600-800 gm/acre The fungus readily colonises dead and dying banana leaves and fruits, and spores are formed in large numbers; the spores are then spread in wind-driven rain or perhaps by insects onto bunches of green fruit, about 20-40 days after emergence. The rst symptoms of black Sigatoka disease are tiny, chlorotic spots that appear on the bottom (abaxial) surface of the 3rd or 4th open leaf. The spots grow into thin brown streaks that are limited by leaf veins. Cigar end rot is an important disease of banana, which is caused by the fungus Verticillium theobromae. The disease is prevalent in almost all banana growing tracts and affects the developing ngers. Tip Rot Sigatoka Leaf Spot Cigarend Rot
  • 12. 12 Hindustan M-45 Grapes come in different colors and forms. There are red, green, and purple grapes, seedless grapes, grape jelly, grape jam and grape juice, raisins, currents, and sultanas, not to mention wine. Today, 72 million tons of grapes are grown each year worldwide, mostly to produce wine. Every year, 7.2 trillion gallons of wine are produced. Grapes are also a popular nger food. Grapes Anthracnose is most common on young shoots and fruit but can be found on any succulent plant part. Lesions on shoots and leaves are often sunken and can take on a reddish appearance, especially near the margins. On leaves, the centers of the lesions can fall out, p r o d u c i n g a " s h o t - h o l e " appearance. Leaves also may curl and distort. Symptoms will vary depending on the age of leaf tissue. New leaves infected by downy mildew often develop yellow lesions that look oily. More mature tissues have an angular lesion that is yellow to reddish-brown and limited by leaf veins. On the lower leaf surface, a cottony growth ( mycelium) is often readily apparent. Leaf spot, caused by Phomopsis viticola, rst appears as spots on leaf veins three or four weeks following rain. Spots are small and dark with yellow margins. Heavily infected leaves are distorted or stunted. Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 13. www.hpmindia.com 13 Guava is a tropical fruit rich in nutritiоn. With its unique avor, taste, and health-promoting qualities, the fruit easily ts in the new functional foods category, often called “super fruits.” It is an evergreen, tropical shrub or low-growing small tree probably originated in Middle Americas. Guavas actually thrive in both humid and dry climates and can tolerate brief periods of cold spells, but can survive only a few dеgrееs оf frost. Affected area is covered with whitish cotton like growth which develops very fast as the fruit matures and pathogen is able to cover almost the entire surface within a period of 3-4 days during humid weather. Under high relative humidity, the fruits near the soil level covered with dense foliage are most severely affected. The fallen fruits are badly affected. The skin of the fruit below the whitish cottony growth becomes a little soft, turns light brown to dark Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 14. 14 14 Hindustan M-45 Apple, (Malus domestica), fruit of the domesticated tree Malus domestica (family Rosaceae), one of the most widely cultivated tree fruits. The apple is a pome ( eshy) fruit, in which the ripened ovary and surrounding tissue both become eshy and edible. They are delicious, they are nutritious and a handful may even help keep doctor away. The season of apples is here and we can’t wait to have our ll of these juicy and crunchy wonders. Delicious and crunchy, apple fruit is one of the most popular and favorite fruits among the health conscious, tness lovers who rmly believe in the concept of “health is wealth.” Apple Dose : 600-800 gm/acre
  • 15. www.hpmindia.com 15 Apple Scab usually noticed on leaves and fruits. Affected leaves become twisted or puckered and have black, circular spots on their upper surface. On the under surface of leaves, the spots are velvety and may coalesce to cover the whole leaf surface. Severely affected leaves may turn yellow and drop. Scab can also infect ower stems and cause owers to drop. Sooty blotch appears as sooty or cloudy blotches on the surface of the fruit. The blotches are olive green with an inde nite outline. The blotches are usually one fourth of an inch in diameter or larger, and may coalesce to cover much of the fruit. The “smudge” appearance results from the presence of hundreds of minute, dark pycnidia that are interconnected by a mass of loose, interwoven dark hyphae. Apple Scab Sooty Blotch
  • 16. HPM Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd.