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HOW THE STATE
GOVERNMENT WORKS
INTRODUCTION
In this chapter, we examine the work of the
government at the state level. How does this
take place in a democracy? What is the role of a
Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) and
Ministers? How do people express their views or
demand action from government? We look at
these questions through the example of health
WHOSE RESPONSIBILITY
In the above section, you have read about
some events in Patalpuram. You may be familiar
with some official names such as Collector,
Medical Officer, etc. But have you heard of an
MLA and the legislative Assembly? Do you know
the MLA of your area? Can you identify which
party she or he belongs to?
Members of the Legislative Assembly
(MLAs) are elected by the people. They then
become members of the legislative assembly and
also form the government. In this we government.
In this way we say that the MLAs represent people.
This example below will help us understand this
better
 MLA stand for member of the
Legislative Assembly.
 They are elected by people.
 They them become members of the
Legislative Assembly and also form the
government. In this way we say that
the MLAs represent people.
 Every State in India has a Legislative
assembly.
 Each State is divided into different
areas. For example look at the map.
 It shows that the state of Himachal is divided into 68
assembly constituencies.
 From each constituency, the people elect one
representative who then becomes a Member of the
Legislative Assembly (MLA)
 You would have noticed that people stand for elections
in the name of different parties.
 These MLAs, therefore, belong to different political
parties.
 A Political party whose MLAs have won more than half
the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in
majority.
 The political party that has the majority is called the
ruling party and all other members are called the
opposition.
 For example, the Legislative Assembly of the State of
Himachal Pradesh has 68 MLA constituencies.
 Candidates from various political parties won the 2017
assembly elections and became MLAs.
 The members were debating the action taken or not
taken by the government.
 This is because the MLAs are together responsible for the
work of the government.
 In common usage the word ‘Government’ refers to
government departments and various ministers who head
them.
 More correctly, this is called the executive part of the
government. All the MLAs who gather together (assemble)
in the legislative assembly are called the Legislature.
Head of the executive, or the chief minister is formed
among the MLAs.
 The Legislative Assembly is not the only place where
opinions are expressed about the work of the government
and action is demanded.
 You will find newspaper, TV channels and other
organizations regularly taking about the government. Soon
after the discussion in the assembly, there was the press
conference organized by the (Health) concerned minister
 Large numbers of people from different newspapers
were present. The minister and some government officials
were also present. The minister explains the steps the
government taken.
 Reporters ask many questions at this meeting. These
discussions were then reported in different newspapers.
 During the next week, the chief minister and the minster
for health visited Patalpuram district.
 They went to visit the families who had lost their
relatives and also visited people in the hospitals.
 The government announced a compensation for these
families.
CM said a high level enquiry committee will be asked to
look into the needs of the district to provide sanitation
facilities and would request the minister for public Workds
to take care of the needs of proper water supply in the
region.
The government can also decide to make new laws for
the state regarding sanitation and health facilities.
In a democracy, People organise meetings to voice their
opinions and protest against the government
How the State Government Works.pptx

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How the State Government Works.pptx

  • 2. INTRODUCTION In this chapter, we examine the work of the government at the state level. How does this take place in a democracy? What is the role of a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA) and Ministers? How do people express their views or demand action from government? We look at these questions through the example of health
  • 4.
  • 5. In the above section, you have read about some events in Patalpuram. You may be familiar with some official names such as Collector, Medical Officer, etc. But have you heard of an MLA and the legislative Assembly? Do you know the MLA of your area? Can you identify which party she or he belongs to? Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) are elected by the people. They then become members of the legislative assembly and also form the government. In this we government. In this way we say that the MLAs represent people. This example below will help us understand this better
  • 6.  MLA stand for member of the Legislative Assembly.  They are elected by people.  They them become members of the Legislative Assembly and also form the government. In this way we say that the MLAs represent people.  Every State in India has a Legislative assembly.  Each State is divided into different areas. For example look at the map.
  • 7.  It shows that the state of Himachal is divided into 68 assembly constituencies.  From each constituency, the people elect one representative who then becomes a Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA)  You would have noticed that people stand for elections in the name of different parties.  These MLAs, therefore, belong to different political parties.
  • 8.  A Political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies in a state can be said to be in majority.  The political party that has the majority is called the ruling party and all other members are called the opposition.  For example, the Legislative Assembly of the State of Himachal Pradesh has 68 MLA constituencies.  Candidates from various political parties won the 2017 assembly elections and became MLAs.
  • 9.
  • 10.  The members were debating the action taken or not taken by the government.  This is because the MLAs are together responsible for the work of the government.  In common usage the word ‘Government’ refers to government departments and various ministers who head them.  More correctly, this is called the executive part of the government. All the MLAs who gather together (assemble) in the legislative assembly are called the Legislature. Head of the executive, or the chief minister is formed among the MLAs.
  • 11.  The Legislative Assembly is not the only place where opinions are expressed about the work of the government and action is demanded.  You will find newspaper, TV channels and other organizations regularly taking about the government. Soon after the discussion in the assembly, there was the press conference organized by the (Health) concerned minister  Large numbers of people from different newspapers were present. The minister and some government officials were also present. The minister explains the steps the government taken.  Reporters ask many questions at this meeting. These discussions were then reported in different newspapers.
  • 12.  During the next week, the chief minister and the minster for health visited Patalpuram district.  They went to visit the families who had lost their relatives and also visited people in the hospitals.  The government announced a compensation for these families. CM said a high level enquiry committee will be asked to look into the needs of the district to provide sanitation facilities and would request the minister for public Workds to take care of the needs of proper water supply in the region. The government can also decide to make new laws for the state regarding sanitation and health facilities.
  • 13. In a democracy, People organise meetings to voice their opinions and protest against the government