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Political history of the Czech
Republic
political systems, constitution, government
1918 - 1938
– The first Czechoslovak Republic
– First Czechoslovak state that existed
– Only functioning democracy in central Europe
– President Tomáš Gariggue Masaryk (1918-1935)
– Symbol of democracy even today
1948 - 1989
– 1948 started communist era
– 1968 "Prague spring" - occupation Czechoslovakia Socialist
Republic
– Communists supressed the fundamental rights and freedoms
– in 1977 Charter 77 was founded (expression of protest against
the current political situation)
– Communist era ended in 1989 with the Velvet Revolution
90´s in Czechoslovakia/Czech
Republic
– First Czech president after revolution was Václav Havel
from 1989 to 2003
– 1993 Czechoslovakia was divided into separated states
– 1998 Czechia entered NATO
– Opening of the Czech borders
– Freedom of speech, opinion, press
– Business expansion
2000 – 2022
– 2004 Czech Republic entered EU
– expansion of political parties

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History of politics_ok.pptx

  • 1. Political history of the Czech Republic political systems, constitution, government
  • 2. 1918 - 1938 – The first Czechoslovak Republic – First Czechoslovak state that existed – Only functioning democracy in central Europe – President Tomáš Gariggue Masaryk (1918-1935) – Symbol of democracy even today
  • 3. 1948 - 1989 – 1948 started communist era – 1968 "Prague spring" - occupation Czechoslovakia Socialist Republic – Communists supressed the fundamental rights and freedoms – in 1977 Charter 77 was founded (expression of protest against the current political situation) – Communist era ended in 1989 with the Velvet Revolution
  • 4. 90´s in Czechoslovakia/Czech Republic – First Czech president after revolution was Václav Havel from 1989 to 2003 – 1993 Czechoslovakia was divided into separated states – 1998 Czechia entered NATO – Opening of the Czech borders – Freedom of speech, opinion, press – Business expansion
  • 5. 2000 – 2022 – 2004 Czech Republic entered EU – expansion of political parties