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HEALTH,
WELLNESS,
ILLNESS, DISEASE
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL
III
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
1
HEALTH
Health refers to the presence or absence of
disease (traditional definition)
• Health is a state of being well and using
every power the individual possesses to the
fullest extent (Nightingale)
• Health is a state of complete physical,
mental and social well-being, and not merely
the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO)
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
2
HEALTH
Health is a dynamic
state of being in which
the developmental and
behavioral potential of
an individual is realized
to the fullest extent
possible. (ANA)
“Health is not a
condition; it is an
adjustment. It is not a
state but a process. “
(President’s
Commission on Health
Needs of the Nation)
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
3
WELLNESS
Wellness is a state
of well-being.
Include self-
responsibility; an
ultimate goal; a
dynamic, growing
process; daily
decision making in
the areas of
nutrition, stress
management,
physical fitness,
preventive health
care and emotional
health and most
importantly the
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
4
COMPONENTS
OF WELLNESS
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
5
WELL-BEING
• A subjective perception of vitality and feeling well, can be described objectively,
experienced and measured and can be plotted in a continuum
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
6
1.
Internal
Variables
Biologic Dimension - Genetic
makeup, sex, age, and
developmental level all significantly
influence a person’s health.
Psychological Dimension- include
mind–body interactions and self-
concept.
Cognitive Dimension- include
lifestyle choices and spiritual and
religious beliefs.
VARIABLES
INFLUENCING
HEALTH
STATUS,
BELIEFS, AND
PRACTICES
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
7
VARIABLES INFLUENCING HEALTH STATUS, BELIEFS,
AND PRACTICES
2.
External
Variables
Environment
Standards of Living
Family and Cultural Beliefs
Social Support Networks
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
8
ILLNESS
•Illness is a highly personal
state in which the person’s
physical, emotional,
intellectual, social,
developmental or spiritual
functioning is thought to
be diminished.
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
9
DISEASE
•Disease is an alteration
in body functioning
resulting in a reduction
of capacities or a
shortening of the
normal life span.
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
10
CLASSIFICATION OF
ILLNESS/DISEASE
Acute illness is typically
characterized by symptoms of
relatively short duration. The
symptoms often appear abruptly
and subside quickly and,
depending on the cause, may or
may not require intervention by
health care professionals.
Chronic illness is one that lasts
for an extended period, usually 6
months or longer, and often for
the person’s life.
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
11
FOUR ASPECTS OF THE SICK ROLE-
PARSONS (1979)
Rights:
1. Clients are not held responsible for their condition. Even if the illness was partially caused by the person’s behavior, the person is not capable of
reversing the condition on their own.
2. Clients are excused from certain social roles and tasks.
Obligations:
3. Clients are obliged to try to get well as quickly as possible. The ill person should follow legitimate advice regarding specialized diet or activity
restrictions that could help them recover.
4. Clients or their families are obliged to seek competent help.
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
12
FIVE STAGES OF ILLNESS- SUCHMAN
(1979)
Stage 1
Symptom
Experiences
Stage 2
Assumption of
the Sick Role
Stage 3
Medical Care
Contact
Stage 4
Dependent
Client Role
Stage 5
Recovery or
Rehabilitation
BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III
13

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HEALTH, ILLNESS, DISEASE, AND WELLNESS

  • 1. HEALTH, WELLNESS, ILLNESS, DISEASE BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 1
  • 2. HEALTH Health refers to the presence or absence of disease (traditional definition) • Health is a state of being well and using every power the individual possesses to the fullest extent (Nightingale) • Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity (WHO) BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 2
  • 3. HEALTH Health is a dynamic state of being in which the developmental and behavioral potential of an individual is realized to the fullest extent possible. (ANA) “Health is not a condition; it is an adjustment. It is not a state but a process. “ (President’s Commission on Health Needs of the Nation) BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 3
  • 4. WELLNESS Wellness is a state of well-being. Include self- responsibility; an ultimate goal; a dynamic, growing process; daily decision making in the areas of nutrition, stress management, physical fitness, preventive health care and emotional health and most importantly the BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 4
  • 5. COMPONENTS OF WELLNESS BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 5
  • 6. WELL-BEING • A subjective perception of vitality and feeling well, can be described objectively, experienced and measured and can be plotted in a continuum BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 6
  • 7. 1. Internal Variables Biologic Dimension - Genetic makeup, sex, age, and developmental level all significantly influence a person’s health. Psychological Dimension- include mind–body interactions and self- concept. Cognitive Dimension- include lifestyle choices and spiritual and religious beliefs. VARIABLES INFLUENCING HEALTH STATUS, BELIEFS, AND PRACTICES BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 7
  • 8. VARIABLES INFLUENCING HEALTH STATUS, BELIEFS, AND PRACTICES 2. External Variables Environment Standards of Living Family and Cultural Beliefs Social Support Networks BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 8
  • 9. ILLNESS •Illness is a highly personal state in which the person’s physical, emotional, intellectual, social, developmental or spiritual functioning is thought to be diminished. BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 9
  • 10. DISEASE •Disease is an alteration in body functioning resulting in a reduction of capacities or a shortening of the normal life span. BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 10
  • 11. CLASSIFICATION OF ILLNESS/DISEASE Acute illness is typically characterized by symptoms of relatively short duration. The symptoms often appear abruptly and subside quickly and, depending on the cause, may or may not require intervention by health care professionals. Chronic illness is one that lasts for an extended period, usually 6 months or longer, and often for the person’s life. BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 11
  • 12. FOUR ASPECTS OF THE SICK ROLE- PARSONS (1979) Rights: 1. Clients are not held responsible for their condition. Even if the illness was partially caused by the person’s behavior, the person is not capable of reversing the condition on their own. 2. Clients are excused from certain social roles and tasks. Obligations: 3. Clients are obliged to try to get well as quickly as possible. The ill person should follow legitimate advice regarding specialized diet or activity restrictions that could help them recover. 4. Clients or their families are obliged to seek competent help. BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 12
  • 13. FIVE STAGES OF ILLNESS- SUCHMAN (1979) Stage 1 Symptom Experiences Stage 2 Assumption of the Sick Role Stage 3 Medical Care Contact Stage 4 Dependent Client Role Stage 5 Recovery or Rehabilitation BY: ROMMEL LUIS C. ISRAEL III 13