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Health and
Nutrition
~By Soham Patel, 22BABBA294
SLS PDEU
Science in
everyday life
Introduction
● Nutrition is a basic human need
and a prerequisite for healthy
life.
● A proper diet is essential from
very early age of life for growth,
development and active life.
● The average nutritional
requirements of groups of
people are fixed and depend on
such measurable characteristics
such as age, sex, height, weight,
degree of activity and rate of
growth.
03
❏ Vitamins and minerals
❏ Growth, Development & Nutrition
02
Adolescent Growth Spurt
01
Types of Nutrition
❏ Functions of proteins
Proteins: It’s importance
Micronutrients: The protective
foods
Table of Contents
04
❏ Energy-rich food
Why do we need energy?
❏ Recommended Dietary Allowance
Fat: Human Health
05
06
❏ Cause and cure
Obesity and Nutrition
Proteins: it’s
importance
● Proteins are made from amino acids
● Protein in the form of enzymes and hormones is
required for a wide range of vital metabolic
processes in the body.
● Proteins supply the body-building material and
help body growth and development in children
and adolescents.
● In adults, it helps to maintain the losses that
occur due to wear and tear.
● During pregnancy and lactation, additional
protein is required for synthesis of foetal and
maternal tissue.
01
Foods and their Nutrient
content gm/100g edible portion
Soybean
43.2g
Fish
20g
Meat
22g 13.3g(per egg)
Egg
● Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that
are required for our body in minute amounts to
fight diseases, to support metabolic activities
and protect against infections.
● Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin. It has
important role in vision, immune functions and
integrity of skin and mucus membrane.
● Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient and an
antioxidant. It gives protection against
infections.
● Iron is an essential element for the formation
of hemoglobin in red blood cells and plays an
important role in transport of oxygen.
Micronutrients: The
protective foods 02
● The word adolescent comes from the Latin
word ‘Adolescence’ meaning to grow, to
mature signifying the special features of
adolescence.
● Adequate nutrition is critical for growth spurt
during adolescence.
● Poor nutrition is often cited as one of the
reasons for delay in the onset of puberty,
especially among Indian adolescent girls.
● There is an increased demand for energy,
protein, minerals and vitamins during
adolescence.
Adolescent
Growth Spurt
03
Why do we need
energy?
● Human beings need adequate energy to carry out their
daily routine physical work, maintain body temperature,
metabolic activity and to support growth.
● Energy requirement of an individual is based on daily
energy expenditure. It is also dependent on age, body
weight, level of physical activity, growth and physical
status.
● Children including adolescents obtain 55-60% of their
daily requirement of calories from carbohydrates.
● During pregnancy, additional energy is needed to
support the growth of foetus and the health of pregnant
women.
04
Fat: Human
health
● Fat is an important component of diet and serves a
number of functions in our body.
● Vegetable oils are major dietary sources of essential
fatty acids (EFA) and other unsaturated fatty acids
called MUFAs (monounsaturated fatty acids) and PUFAs
(polyunsaturated fatty acids).
● Adults need to restrict intake of saturated fat (ghee,
butter and hydrogenated fat).
● Animal foods provide high amount of saturated fat.
● Excess intake of saturated fat items like butter, ghee,
and hydrogenated fat could lead to high blood
cholesterol which is not good for health
05
Obesity and
nutrition
● Obesity is a state in which there is a generalized
accumulation of excess fat in adipose tissue in
the body leading to more than 20% of desirable
weight and can even lead to premature death.
● Over-eating and reduced physical activity
together lead to obesity.
● High intake of dietary fat also causes obesity.
● Complex behavior and psychological factors also
cause over-eating and thus lead to obesity.
● Obesity and over-weight are caused by a chronic
imbalance between energy intake and energy
expenditure.
06
● Eat less fried foods.
● Eat more fruits and vegetables.
● Eat more fiber-rich food items like whole grains, grams and sprouts.
● Do regular exercise to keep the body weight within normal limits.
● Slow and steady reduction in body weight is advised.
● Severe fasting may lead to health hazards. Enjoy a variety of foods needed to
balance your physical activity.
● Eat small meals regularly at frequent intervals.
● Cut down sugar, fatty foods and alcohol.
● Use low-fat milk.
● Weight reducing diet must be rich in protein and low in carbohydrates and fat.
Cure of obesity
CREDITS: This presentation template was created by Slidesgo,
including icons by Flaticon, and infographics & images by Freepik
Thank you!
By,
Soham Patel
22BABBA294
SLS PDEU
22babba294@sls.pdpu.ac.in
Please keep this slide for attribution
Hope you have a wonderful day!

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Health and nutrition presentation by Soham Patel.pptx

  • 1. Health and Nutrition ~By Soham Patel, 22BABBA294 SLS PDEU Science in everyday life
  • 2. Introduction ● Nutrition is a basic human need and a prerequisite for healthy life. ● A proper diet is essential from very early age of life for growth, development and active life. ● The average nutritional requirements of groups of people are fixed and depend on such measurable characteristics such as age, sex, height, weight, degree of activity and rate of growth.
  • 3. 03 ❏ Vitamins and minerals ❏ Growth, Development & Nutrition 02 Adolescent Growth Spurt 01 Types of Nutrition ❏ Functions of proteins Proteins: It’s importance Micronutrients: The protective foods
  • 4. Table of Contents 04 ❏ Energy-rich food Why do we need energy? ❏ Recommended Dietary Allowance Fat: Human Health 05 06 ❏ Cause and cure Obesity and Nutrition
  • 5. Proteins: it’s importance ● Proteins are made from amino acids ● Protein in the form of enzymes and hormones is required for a wide range of vital metabolic processes in the body. ● Proteins supply the body-building material and help body growth and development in children and adolescents. ● In adults, it helps to maintain the losses that occur due to wear and tear. ● During pregnancy and lactation, additional protein is required for synthesis of foetal and maternal tissue. 01
  • 6. Foods and their Nutrient content gm/100g edible portion Soybean 43.2g Fish 20g Meat 22g 13.3g(per egg) Egg
  • 7. ● Micronutrients are vitamins and minerals that are required for our body in minute amounts to fight diseases, to support metabolic activities and protect against infections. ● Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin. It has important role in vision, immune functions and integrity of skin and mucus membrane. ● Vitamin C is an essential micronutrient and an antioxidant. It gives protection against infections. ● Iron is an essential element for the formation of hemoglobin in red blood cells and plays an important role in transport of oxygen. Micronutrients: The protective foods 02
  • 8. ● The word adolescent comes from the Latin word ‘Adolescence’ meaning to grow, to mature signifying the special features of adolescence. ● Adequate nutrition is critical for growth spurt during adolescence. ● Poor nutrition is often cited as one of the reasons for delay in the onset of puberty, especially among Indian adolescent girls. ● There is an increased demand for energy, protein, minerals and vitamins during adolescence. Adolescent Growth Spurt 03
  • 9. Why do we need energy? ● Human beings need adequate energy to carry out their daily routine physical work, maintain body temperature, metabolic activity and to support growth. ● Energy requirement of an individual is based on daily energy expenditure. It is also dependent on age, body weight, level of physical activity, growth and physical status. ● Children including adolescents obtain 55-60% of their daily requirement of calories from carbohydrates. ● During pregnancy, additional energy is needed to support the growth of foetus and the health of pregnant women. 04
  • 10. Fat: Human health ● Fat is an important component of diet and serves a number of functions in our body. ● Vegetable oils are major dietary sources of essential fatty acids (EFA) and other unsaturated fatty acids called MUFAs (monounsaturated fatty acids) and PUFAs (polyunsaturated fatty acids). ● Adults need to restrict intake of saturated fat (ghee, butter and hydrogenated fat). ● Animal foods provide high amount of saturated fat. ● Excess intake of saturated fat items like butter, ghee, and hydrogenated fat could lead to high blood cholesterol which is not good for health 05
  • 11. Obesity and nutrition ● Obesity is a state in which there is a generalized accumulation of excess fat in adipose tissue in the body leading to more than 20% of desirable weight and can even lead to premature death. ● Over-eating and reduced physical activity together lead to obesity. ● High intake of dietary fat also causes obesity. ● Complex behavior and psychological factors also cause over-eating and thus lead to obesity. ● Obesity and over-weight are caused by a chronic imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. 06
  • 12. ● Eat less fried foods. ● Eat more fruits and vegetables. ● Eat more fiber-rich food items like whole grains, grams and sprouts. ● Do regular exercise to keep the body weight within normal limits. ● Slow and steady reduction in body weight is advised. ● Severe fasting may lead to health hazards. Enjoy a variety of foods needed to balance your physical activity. ● Eat small meals regularly at frequent intervals. ● Cut down sugar, fatty foods and alcohol. ● Use low-fat milk. ● Weight reducing diet must be rich in protein and low in carbohydrates and fat. Cure of obesity
  • 13. CREDITS: This presentation template was created by Slidesgo, including icons by Flaticon, and infographics & images by Freepik Thank you! By, Soham Patel 22BABBA294 SLS PDEU 22babba294@sls.pdpu.ac.in Please keep this slide for attribution Hope you have a wonderful day!