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Do Stand Age or Soil
Nutrients Control Foliar
Chemistry?
Tony Yi Dong
SUNY-ESF
ydong03@syr.edu
Why Do We Care?
Health Deficiency
http://www.hubbardbrook.org
Nutrient Flux
Why Do We Care?
http://fullertoninn.tumblr.com/
• Climate
• Pests
• Browsing
• species competition
• successional status(stand age)
• Soil fertility
Driving Factors
Map made by Matt Vadeboncoeur (Yanai et al. 2012)
Study Site
Site First Growing Season after cut Foliage Collection Date Quan. Pits
M5 1977 2003, 2004 3
M3 1910 2003, 2004
T30 1948 2003, 2004 3
M4 1950 2003, 2004
T20 1958 2003, 2004
H5 1967 2003, 2004
H4 1935 2003, 2004 3
H6 1984 2003, 2004 3
H3 1875 2003, 2004
H1 1939 2003, 2004 3
H2 1875 2003, 2004
M6 1980 2003, 2004 3
C3 (101) 1971 2003, 2004
CC2 1989 2003, 2004
C1 1990 2009 3
C2 1988 2009 3
C4 1978 2009 3
C6 1975 2009 3
C8 1883 2009 3
C9 1890 2009 3
Results
Stand Age
Pin Cherry
Ca K Mg
Ca K Mg
Red Maple
Results
Pin Cherry Mg
y = -0.0318x + 12.213
R² = 0.4921
P<0.01
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140
FoliarCaconcentration(mg/g)
Stand Age (yr)
Red Maple Foliar Ca Vs Stand Age
American Beech
Sugar Maple
Ca K Mg
Ca K
Ca K Mg
MgWhite Birch
Yellow Birch Ca K Mg
American Beech
Sugar Maple
Ca K Mg
Ca K
Ca K Mg
MgWhite Birch
Yellow Birch Ca K Mg
FEEL DISAPPOINTED?
http://sustainyourcreativity.blogspot.com/2010/12/being-someone-else-impressions-from.html
Let’s try soil…….
http://envstudies.brown.edu/research/hamburg/images/pics/horizons.jpg/
Let’s try soil…….
http://envstudies.brown.edu/research/hamburg/images/pics/horizons.jpg/
Ca
y = 16.43x + 6.7689
R² = 0.5795
p=0.0105
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g)
Soil Ca concentration (mg/g)
0-10cm Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca
Sugar Maple Red Maple
y = 2.016x + 6.9993
R² = 0.496
p=0.0156
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5
FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g)
Soil Ca concentration (mg/g)
Oa Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca
y = 10.793x + 8.6595
R² = 0.5018
p=0.0147
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
FoliageCaConcentration(mg/g)
Soil Ca concentration (mg/g)
0-10cm Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca
American Beech
y = 6.253x + 7.1226
R² = 0.5745
p=0.00428
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6
FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g)
Soil Ca concentration (mg/g)
0-10cm Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca
y = 14.396x + 10.276
R² = 0.5015
P=0.005
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35
FoliageCaconcentration
Soil Ca concentration (mg/g)
0-10cm Soil Exchangeable Ca Vs foliage Ca
y = 26.47x + 11.107
R² = 0.3838
P=0.024
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14
FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g)
10-30cm Soil Ca Nutrient Concentration (mg/g)
10-30cm Soil Exchangealbe Ca Vs Foliage Ca
Pin Cherry
y = 14.256x + 10.32
R² = 0.5007
P=0.00936
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35
FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g)
Soil Ca concentration (mg/g)
0-10cm Exchangeable Soil Ca Vs Foliage Ca
y = 23.267x + 11.189
R² = 0.3268
P=0.0419
0
2
4
6
8
10
12
14
16
18
0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.1
FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g)
Soil Ca Concentration (mg/g)
10-30cm Exchangeable Soil Ca Vs Foliage Ca
White Birch
Mg
y = 18.929x + 0.7021
R² = 0.7458
p=0.000
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07
FoliageMgconcentration(mg/g)
Soil Mg concentration (mg/g)
0-10cm Soil exchangeable Mg Vs Foliage Mg
American Beech
White Birch
y = 18.901x + 1.2625
R² = 0.5798
p=0.0105
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07
FoliageMgConcentration9mg/g)
Soil Mg concentration (mg/g)
0-10cm Soil exchangeable Mg Vs Foliage Mg
y = 50.262x + 1.3068
R² = 0.5261
p=0.0176
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
0 0.005 0.01 0.015 0.02 0.025
FoliageMgConcentration(mg/g)
Soil Mg concentration (mg/g)
10-30cm Soil exchangeable Mg Vs Foliage Mg
Conclusion
• Stand age may not be the factor that affects the foliar cation
concentrations for most species
• Natural heterogeneity of soil nutrients may affect foliar cation
concentrations ( PC (Ca), AB(Ca, Mg), RM
(Ca), SM(Ca), WB(Ca, Mg), YB(Ca)), even in a small scale.
• Soil nutrients availability in the 0-10cm may be the best predicator
of foliage cation concentrations
Future plan
• We need more soil data!
Acknowledgements
• Marty Acker
• Mary Arthur
• Matt Vadeboncoeur
• Joel Blum
• Steve Hamburg
• Craig see
• Ruth Yanai
• Mariann Johnston
• Russell Briggs
• All the other shoestring crew
Question?

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Hb2013 dong foliarchem

  • 1. Do Stand Age or Soil Nutrients Control Foliar Chemistry? Tony Yi Dong SUNY-ESF ydong03@syr.edu
  • 2. Why Do We Care? Health Deficiency http://www.hubbardbrook.org
  • 3. Nutrient Flux Why Do We Care? http://fullertoninn.tumblr.com/
  • 4. • Climate • Pests • Browsing • species competition • successional status(stand age) • Soil fertility Driving Factors
  • 5. Map made by Matt Vadeboncoeur (Yanai et al. 2012) Study Site
  • 6. Site First Growing Season after cut Foliage Collection Date Quan. Pits M5 1977 2003, 2004 3 M3 1910 2003, 2004 T30 1948 2003, 2004 3 M4 1950 2003, 2004 T20 1958 2003, 2004 H5 1967 2003, 2004 H4 1935 2003, 2004 3 H6 1984 2003, 2004 3 H3 1875 2003, 2004 H1 1939 2003, 2004 3 H2 1875 2003, 2004 M6 1980 2003, 2004 3 C3 (101) 1971 2003, 2004 CC2 1989 2003, 2004 C1 1990 2009 3 C2 1988 2009 3 C4 1978 2009 3 C6 1975 2009 3 C8 1883 2009 3 C9 1890 2009 3
  • 8. Pin Cherry Ca K Mg Ca K Mg Red Maple Results
  • 10. y = -0.0318x + 12.213 R² = 0.4921 P<0.01 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 FoliarCaconcentration(mg/g) Stand Age (yr) Red Maple Foliar Ca Vs Stand Age
  • 11. American Beech Sugar Maple Ca K Mg Ca K Ca K Mg MgWhite Birch Yellow Birch Ca K Mg
  • 12. American Beech Sugar Maple Ca K Mg Ca K Ca K Mg MgWhite Birch Yellow Birch Ca K Mg
  • 16. Ca y = 16.43x + 6.7689 R² = 0.5795 p=0.0105 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g) Soil Ca concentration (mg/g) 0-10cm Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca Sugar Maple Red Maple y = 2.016x + 6.9993 R² = 0.496 p=0.0156 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 3.5 FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g) Soil Ca concentration (mg/g) Oa Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca y = 10.793x + 8.6595 R² = 0.5018 p=0.0147 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 FoliageCaConcentration(mg/g) Soil Ca concentration (mg/g) 0-10cm Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca American Beech y = 6.253x + 7.1226 R² = 0.5745 p=0.00428 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g) Soil Ca concentration (mg/g) 0-10cm Soil exchangeable Ca Vs Foliage Ca
  • 17. y = 14.396x + 10.276 R² = 0.5015 P=0.005 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 FoliageCaconcentration Soil Ca concentration (mg/g) 0-10cm Soil Exchangeable Ca Vs foliage Ca y = 26.47x + 11.107 R² = 0.3838 P=0.024 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.14 FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g) 10-30cm Soil Ca Nutrient Concentration (mg/g) 10-30cm Soil Exchangealbe Ca Vs Foliage Ca Pin Cherry y = 14.256x + 10.32 R² = 0.5007 P=0.00936 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g) Soil Ca concentration (mg/g) 0-10cm Exchangeable Soil Ca Vs Foliage Ca y = 23.267x + 11.189 R² = 0.3268 P=0.0419 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.08 0.1 0.12 0.1 FoliageCaconcentration(mg/g) Soil Ca Concentration (mg/g) 10-30cm Exchangeable Soil Ca Vs Foliage Ca White Birch
  • 18. Mg y = 18.929x + 0.7021 R² = 0.7458 p=0.000 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 FoliageMgconcentration(mg/g) Soil Mg concentration (mg/g) 0-10cm Soil exchangeable Mg Vs Foliage Mg American Beech White Birch y = 18.901x + 1.2625 R² = 0.5798 p=0.0105 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 0.04 0.05 0.06 0.07 FoliageMgConcentration9mg/g) Soil Mg concentration (mg/g) 0-10cm Soil exchangeable Mg Vs Foliage Mg y = 50.262x + 1.3068 R² = 0.5261 p=0.0176 0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 0 0.005 0.01 0.015 0.02 0.025 FoliageMgConcentration(mg/g) Soil Mg concentration (mg/g) 10-30cm Soil exchangeable Mg Vs Foliage Mg
  • 19. Conclusion • Stand age may not be the factor that affects the foliar cation concentrations for most species • Natural heterogeneity of soil nutrients may affect foliar cation concentrations ( PC (Ca), AB(Ca, Mg), RM (Ca), SM(Ca), WB(Ca, Mg), YB(Ca)), even in a small scale. • Soil nutrients availability in the 0-10cm may be the best predicator of foliage cation concentrations
  • 20. Future plan • We need more soil data!
  • 21. Acknowledgements • Marty Acker • Mary Arthur • Matt Vadeboncoeur • Joel Blum • Steve Hamburg • Craig see • Ruth Yanai • Mariann Johnston • Russell Briggs • All the other shoestring crew

Editor's Notes

  1. Sites description, what, how may? Where, stand age, soil pits informations (detail description later)Map and table of stand age. 22 sites. Another map? Site description?
  2. Change a picture about soil data
  3. Change a picture about soil data
  4. Have problem
  5. The soil are autocorrelated, so it is common to see the correlation in other type of nutrients
  6. Soil heterogeneity in a small scale is still possible to control the foliar chemistry, especially under the backdrop of Acid deposition.Not only Sugar maple is sensitive to the cations, also other species like PC, AB, RM, WB, also other cations such as Mg.
  7. Only 12 sites has quantitatively soil pits, we will collect soil samples from more sites, analyze the soil nutrients availability, which hopefully could allow us gain a better knowledge about the impact of soil nutrient heterogeneity on forest growth.