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- BY BHAVESH YOGESHWAR
PATIL,
1ST PHASE BAMS,
RGESAMC&H, RON
GUIDED BY- Dr. B.B. KATARKI,
DEPUTY
SUPERINTENDENT,
RGESAMC&H, RON
 गुण प्राधान्यता
 Classification of guna
 Importance of शब्दादी गुण
 Importance of गुर्ाादी गुण
 Importance of बुद्धि प्रयत्नान्त गुण
 Importance of परादी गुण
 Dravya are primary or basic while the attributes are secondary (gauna) so they
are called as guna.
 Even then guna’s are praised in every sphere of life.
 In the chikitsa ,dravyas are used which acts on the body and the mind.
 They act through their rasa, guna, virya, vipaka & prabhava.
 Among them guna is supreme due to following reasons ,
1.Rasabhibhava – due to defeating of rasa.
-eg. Tikta rasa aggrevates vata but brahat pancamoola being
even bitter in rasa decreases vata due to its ushna guna
- thus the guna’s defeat the action of rasa.
2.Sankhya Bahulyat – Rasa are 6 in number , vipaka-3, virya-2 in number but the
karmanya / sharira guna’s are 20 in number .
-Hence gunas are superior.
3.Being cause in Vipaka – the action of rasa are based on vipaka & guna effect it.
-The superiority or the inferiority of various vipsks & can
be determined on the basis of various properties of drugs.
-it shows vipaka is dependent on guna.
4. Karma Bahulata – Being more in number & even associated with rasa, guna’s do
multiple actions.
-Hence they are superior.
5. Vishaya Bahulata – the objects of guna i.e. karya dravya are numerous therefore
gunas are superior
Vipaka Attributes
Laghu Laghu, ruksha, tikshna, visada
Guru Sita, snighdha, guru
6. Updesa – in the ayurvedic texts the qualities of drugs are mainly & primarily
described.
-Hence guna’s are superior.
7. Prayoga Bahulya – depending on the attributes dravya are utilised in so many
ways in chikitsa.
-eg. Because of snighdha & Sneha abhyanga is performed.
- the Adrava Bhuta Chikitsa is also given based on attributes.
- Eg. To reduce heavyuness & obesity vyama is suggested
which produces laghutva.
8. Rasa Anugraha – Increasing of rasa & karma is based on guna only.
-eg. Due to shita, snighdha, Madhura & picchila attributes &
laghu vipaka ghrta is supreme in the Madhura rasa drugs.
9. Anumana – The cause isn inferred by action & the qualities of shita & ushna are
the base of the inference of the action of dravya.
• As per Ayurveda गुण are 41 in number.
• साराााः गुर्ाादयो बुद्धिाः प्रयत्नान्तााः परादयाः।
गुणाः प्रोक्ता .......। [च. सु.]
 GUNA ALONG WITH THEIR OBJECTS IS SARTH GUNA.
 VERY IMPORTANT IN THE EXAMINATION OF HINA, AATI AND MITHYA
YOGA OF पंचज्ञानेद्धिय WHICH CAUSES VYADHI OF ज्ञानेद्धिय.
 Eg.
Sr. No. Guna ज्ञानेन्द्रिय Required Clinical Importance
1 SHABDHA श्रोत्रेद्धिय 1.Hearing normal and abnormal heart, bowel, etc sounds.
2. Shabdha asahishnuta in rasa kshaya.
2 SPARSHA त्वगेद्धिय 1.Palpation of body parts.
2.Assessment of body temp.
3.Swapnam katya in meda kshaya.
3 RUPA चक्षु Assessment by observing colour and complexion of patient.
Eg. Jaundice, anaemia, Prabha hani [ in pitta kshaya]
4 RASA रसनेद्धिय Complaints of bitter taste in mouth[in jwara] by patients
5 GANDHA नासा 1.Foul smell of body in sweda vriddhi.
2.Badbreath in tooth decay or gum disorder.
 CALLED AS SHARIR GUNA / KARMANYA GUNA BECAUSE THEY ARE
FOUND IN AAHAR, AUSHADH & DHATUS OF BODY.
 THE BALANCE OF THE DOSHA, DHATU, ETC IS MAINTAINED BY
SAMANYA AND VISHESH GUNA YUKTA AAHAR AND VIHAAR.
 Eg. - Sr. No. CONDITION GUNA REQUIRED TO
CURE
1 JWARA SHITA DRAVRA
2 OILY SKIN RUKSHA DRAVYA
3 DRY SKIN SNIGDHA DRAVYA
4 SHITA RITU USHNA DRAVYA
 CHARAKA HAS DESCRIBED ABOUT SADVRITTA IN HIS SUTRASTHANA
AND AACHAR RASAYANA IN HIS CHIKITSASTHANA.
 PRACTISING SADVRITTA AND CONSUMPTION OF AACHAR RASAYANA
KEEPS ONE FIT PHYSICALLY AS WELL AS MENTALLY.
 THE CAUSES OF DISEASES ACC. TO AYURVEDAARE PRADNYAAPARADHA
AND असात्म्य इद्धियारा संयोग WHICH CAN BE CURED BY SADVRITTA AND
AACHAR RASAYANA.
 Eg. Sr. no. Condition गुण
1 Shabdha asahishnuta in rasa kshaya द्वेष
2 Ushna kamitva in vata vriddhi इच्छा
3 Shishira preeti in rakta kshaya इच्छा
 ASSOCIATED WITH QUALITIES OF TREATMENT SO THEY ARE ALSO K/A
चचचित्सोपयोगी गुण.
 AS PER AYURVEDA THEY ARE GENERAL ATTRIBUTES OF DRUGS USED IN
PROCESSING, PRESCRIPTION, ETC.
 WITHOUT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THESE GUNA A PHYSICIAN’S
TREATMENT WILL FAIL.
Sr. no. Guna Clinical Applicability
1 Paratva Gives best choice of desha, virya, vipaka,etc for the success of treatment
2 Aparatva These qualities refers to apradhana dravya for health theyb are apatya
3 Yukti In nidana and baishyajya Kalpana planning is necessary for the success of
treatment
4 Sankhya Gives idea of the no. of dushyas’ involved in a vyadhi (eg. Samsarga, sannipata)
5 Samyoga 1.Samyoga of different drugs to cure a vyadhi
2.Sanyog of dosha causing vyadhi
6 Vibhaga Separation of unwanted principle or diseased principles is known
7 Prithaktv
a
Gives knowledge of differential diagnosis and treatment
8 Parimana Helps in planning the required dosage of a drug based on the parimaan of
vitiation
9 Samskara Helps to add or remove the desired and undesired quality in a drug
10 Abhyasa Doing something regularly to preserve health or to get cured.
Eg. 1. In pakshaghata regular exercise i.e. physiotherapy is pathya to cure
it.
Eg.
GUNA PRADHYANNATA.pptx

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GUNA PRADHYANNATA.pptx

  • 1. - BY BHAVESH YOGESHWAR PATIL, 1ST PHASE BAMS, RGESAMC&H, RON GUIDED BY- Dr. B.B. KATARKI, DEPUTY SUPERINTENDENT, RGESAMC&H, RON
  • 2.  गुण प्राधान्यता  Classification of guna  Importance of शब्दादी गुण  Importance of गुर्ाादी गुण  Importance of बुद्धि प्रयत्नान्त गुण  Importance of परादी गुण
  • 3.  Dravya are primary or basic while the attributes are secondary (gauna) so they are called as guna.  Even then guna’s are praised in every sphere of life.  In the chikitsa ,dravyas are used which acts on the body and the mind.  They act through their rasa, guna, virya, vipaka & prabhava.  Among them guna is supreme due to following reasons , 1.Rasabhibhava – due to defeating of rasa. -eg. Tikta rasa aggrevates vata but brahat pancamoola being even bitter in rasa decreases vata due to its ushna guna - thus the guna’s defeat the action of rasa.
  • 4. 2.Sankhya Bahulyat – Rasa are 6 in number , vipaka-3, virya-2 in number but the karmanya / sharira guna’s are 20 in number . -Hence gunas are superior. 3.Being cause in Vipaka – the action of rasa are based on vipaka & guna effect it. -The superiority or the inferiority of various vipsks & can be determined on the basis of various properties of drugs. -it shows vipaka is dependent on guna. 4. Karma Bahulata – Being more in number & even associated with rasa, guna’s do multiple actions. -Hence they are superior. 5. Vishaya Bahulata – the objects of guna i.e. karya dravya are numerous therefore gunas are superior Vipaka Attributes Laghu Laghu, ruksha, tikshna, visada Guru Sita, snighdha, guru
  • 5. 6. Updesa – in the ayurvedic texts the qualities of drugs are mainly & primarily described. -Hence guna’s are superior. 7. Prayoga Bahulya – depending on the attributes dravya are utilised in so many ways in chikitsa. -eg. Because of snighdha & Sneha abhyanga is performed. - the Adrava Bhuta Chikitsa is also given based on attributes. - Eg. To reduce heavyuness & obesity vyama is suggested which produces laghutva. 8. Rasa Anugraha – Increasing of rasa & karma is based on guna only. -eg. Due to shita, snighdha, Madhura & picchila attributes & laghu vipaka ghrta is supreme in the Madhura rasa drugs. 9. Anumana – The cause isn inferred by action & the qualities of shita & ushna are the base of the inference of the action of dravya.
  • 6. • As per Ayurveda गुण are 41 in number. • साराााः गुर्ाादयो बुद्धिाः प्रयत्नान्तााः परादयाः। गुणाः प्रोक्ता .......। [च. सु.]
  • 7.  GUNA ALONG WITH THEIR OBJECTS IS SARTH GUNA.  VERY IMPORTANT IN THE EXAMINATION OF HINA, AATI AND MITHYA YOGA OF पंचज्ञानेद्धिय WHICH CAUSES VYADHI OF ज्ञानेद्धिय.  Eg. Sr. No. Guna ज्ञानेन्द्रिय Required Clinical Importance 1 SHABDHA श्रोत्रेद्धिय 1.Hearing normal and abnormal heart, bowel, etc sounds. 2. Shabdha asahishnuta in rasa kshaya. 2 SPARSHA त्वगेद्धिय 1.Palpation of body parts. 2.Assessment of body temp. 3.Swapnam katya in meda kshaya. 3 RUPA चक्षु Assessment by observing colour and complexion of patient. Eg. Jaundice, anaemia, Prabha hani [ in pitta kshaya] 4 RASA रसनेद्धिय Complaints of bitter taste in mouth[in jwara] by patients 5 GANDHA नासा 1.Foul smell of body in sweda vriddhi. 2.Badbreath in tooth decay or gum disorder.
  • 8.  CALLED AS SHARIR GUNA / KARMANYA GUNA BECAUSE THEY ARE FOUND IN AAHAR, AUSHADH & DHATUS OF BODY.  THE BALANCE OF THE DOSHA, DHATU, ETC IS MAINTAINED BY SAMANYA AND VISHESH GUNA YUKTA AAHAR AND VIHAAR.  Eg. - Sr. No. CONDITION GUNA REQUIRED TO CURE 1 JWARA SHITA DRAVRA 2 OILY SKIN RUKSHA DRAVYA 3 DRY SKIN SNIGDHA DRAVYA 4 SHITA RITU USHNA DRAVYA
  • 9.  CHARAKA HAS DESCRIBED ABOUT SADVRITTA IN HIS SUTRASTHANA AND AACHAR RASAYANA IN HIS CHIKITSASTHANA.  PRACTISING SADVRITTA AND CONSUMPTION OF AACHAR RASAYANA KEEPS ONE FIT PHYSICALLY AS WELL AS MENTALLY.  THE CAUSES OF DISEASES ACC. TO AYURVEDAARE PRADNYAAPARADHA AND असात्म्य इद्धियारा संयोग WHICH CAN BE CURED BY SADVRITTA AND AACHAR RASAYANA.  Eg. Sr. no. Condition गुण 1 Shabdha asahishnuta in rasa kshaya द्वेष 2 Ushna kamitva in vata vriddhi इच्छा 3 Shishira preeti in rakta kshaya इच्छा
  • 10.  ASSOCIATED WITH QUALITIES OF TREATMENT SO THEY ARE ALSO K/A चचचित्सोपयोगी गुण.  AS PER AYURVEDA THEY ARE GENERAL ATTRIBUTES OF DRUGS USED IN PROCESSING, PRESCRIPTION, ETC.  WITHOUT THE KNOWLEDGE OF THESE GUNA A PHYSICIAN’S TREATMENT WILL FAIL.
  • 11. Sr. no. Guna Clinical Applicability 1 Paratva Gives best choice of desha, virya, vipaka,etc for the success of treatment 2 Aparatva These qualities refers to apradhana dravya for health theyb are apatya 3 Yukti In nidana and baishyajya Kalpana planning is necessary for the success of treatment 4 Sankhya Gives idea of the no. of dushyas’ involved in a vyadhi (eg. Samsarga, sannipata) 5 Samyoga 1.Samyoga of different drugs to cure a vyadhi 2.Sanyog of dosha causing vyadhi 6 Vibhaga Separation of unwanted principle or diseased principles is known 7 Prithaktv a Gives knowledge of differential diagnosis and treatment 8 Parimana Helps in planning the required dosage of a drug based on the parimaan of vitiation 9 Samskara Helps to add or remove the desired and undesired quality in a drug 10 Abhyasa Doing something regularly to preserve health or to get cured. Eg. 1. In pakshaghata regular exercise i.e. physiotherapy is pathya to cure it. Eg.