SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Using Ground Penetrating Radar
for Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Detection
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
UXO are a hazard and need to be safely located
and removed
CNN, 2018 The Guardian, 2017
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
• UXOs exist in regions that have encountered
substantial bombing during past wars, such as Europe,
Asia and the US.
• UXOs deteriorate over time making them more
sensitive and more likely to explode if disturbed.
• UXOs prevent civil land use, are a danger to public
safety and are a significant environmental concern.
• Locating UXO prior to excavation is required to prevent
serious consequences.
The need for UXO Detection
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
• Magnetometers find buried ferrous
(iron-rich) metallic objects, including
UXO
• Easy & quick locates
• Less effective when:
– Other metallic objects are nearby
(utilities, fences, vehicles, etc.)
– Geophysical noise
– Magnetic contamination
Magnetics is the most common Detection Method
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
• Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-invasive technique
for locating subsurface features
• GPR works by emitting radio waves into the ground &
measuring the reflected responses
• GPR can detect bombs and artillery shells
Ground Penetrating Radar can also be used for
UXO detection
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
• GPR can detect all subsurface objects, including
non-metallic items
• The signal is directed into the ground so surface
metal objects do not interfere with GPR data
acquisition
• GPR can help identify linear (utilities) versus
point targets (UXO)
• GPR provides depth information of targets
GPR can overcome the limitations of
magnetics
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
GPR lines can locate possible UXO
UXO
• As GPR data is
collected, the results
are shown in a “cross-
section” view
• A hyperbola indicates
a possible point target
• By examining the
results, GPR can help
locate areas where
UXO could be buried.
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
GPR Grids can help detect UXO on large and
complex sites
• GPR lines can be
processed into
depth slices of
the surveyed
area
• As you slice
through at
varying depths,
point targets &
linear utilities
become visible
Large targets
of interest
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
GPR Grids can help detect UXO on large and
complex sites
• Depth Slices
generated from
the GPR survey
can highlight
point targets
and linear utility
features
Small targets
of interest
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: WWII BMW fabrication plant
• New construction was planned at a WWII BMW
fabrication plant
• 1st ½ meter of soil was littered with metallic debris
from the prior building demolition making a magnetic
survey not possible
• A GPR survey was conducted
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Aerial photo - June 7th 1945, Munich
BMW plant was amidst heavily bombed area
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: WWII BMW fabrication plant
• GPR results showed an anomalous response just
below the surface
• A 1000 lb US Demolition Bomb was uncovered
and successfully defused
• Construction at the site proceeded without
incident
UXO
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North
of Munich
• Over 100 bombs were suspected to be buried throughout the
airport site and needed to be found
• An area of 10,000m2 was surveyed
– Magnetic survey conducted over entire area and suspect areas identified
– GPR lines were collected over the suspected targets to pin point location and
depth of the UXO
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North
of Munich
Excavation of Line 2 based on GPR Results
BOMB
PIPE
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North
of Munich
Excavation of Line 6 based on GPR Results
BOMB
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
• 5 bombs of type GP
150lb T1 (General
Purpose) were found
Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North
of Munich
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: GPR used to confirm magnetometer
and EMI located UXO
• GPR was used to
determine the
exact location &
depth of the
suspected UXO
Depth = 30cm
Depth Slice Results in EKKO_ProjectTM:
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: GPR used to confirm magnetometer
and EMI located UXO
Depth Slice Results in EKKO_ProjectTM:
Depth = 50cm
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: GPR used to confirm magnetometer
and EMI located UXO
Depth Slice Results in EKKO_ProjectTM:
Depth = 60cm
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Example: GPR used to detect artillery shells of
various sizes, weight, depths and compositions
A GPR line was collected over a test pit containing various
artillery shells
5 kg artillery shells
1 kg
artillery
shell Plastic
shell
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
GPR can be deployed in many ways… depending
on your project needs
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Use GPR to make Informed Decisions
• Determine where the UXOs are
• Get an idea of the depth of
UXOs
• Provides an overall picture of
what is in the ground
• Complements other Magnetic
and EMI surveys
• Identify key areas of interest
for further investigation
• Offers a variety of deliverables
Subsurface
Data
Interpretation
Knowledge
Informed
Decisions
VALUE
INFORMATION
Subsurface
Data
Interpretation
Knowledge
Informed
Decisions
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
• GPR provides a detailed picture of what is in the ground
• GPR is cost-effective
• GPR is easy to learn and implement in your workflow
Use GPR for your UXO detection projects
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
• Customized training at your facility
• Regular courses at Sensors & Software Inc.
• Personalized webinars for your team
• Free On-Demand training
Training Available from Sensors & Software
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Online Resources
Newsletters
Case Studies
EKKO_Project software tutorials
© Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc.
Want to learn more?
We would be happy to discuss how you can incorporate GPR into your
UXO detection projects.
Schedule a lunch & learn session today!
Sensors & Software Inc.
1040 Stacey Court
Mississauga, Ontario Canada
L4W 2X8
Office: +1 905 624 8909
http://www.sensoft.ca/
Contact Us
Sensors & Software Europe GmbH
Auf der Haide 8
D-56203 Höhr-Grenzhausen
Germany
Office: +49 (2624) 915 9353
europe.sensoft.ca

More Related Content

What's hot

Gpr application
Gpr applicationGpr application
Gpr application
Vinay c
 
Seismic interpretation and well logging techniques
Seismic interpretation and well logging techniquesSeismic interpretation and well logging techniques
Seismic interpretation and well logging techniques
Pramoda Raj
 
Microwave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensingMicrowave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensing
Soumik Chakraborty
 
ground penetrating radar
ground penetrating radarground penetrating radar
ground penetrating radar
Gauravate
 
Optical remote sensing
Optical remote sensingOptical remote sensing
Optical remote sensing
Mohsin Siddique
 
Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...
Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...
Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...
Society of Petroleum Engineers
 
mateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptx
mateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptxmateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptx
mateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptx
sapna kinattinkara
 
gps system and application in mining
gps system and application in mininggps system and application in mining
gps system and application in mining
SATYABRATA NAYAK
 
Hyperspectral Imaging
Hyperspectral ImagingHyperspectral Imaging
Gpr
GprGpr
74289607 solids-surpac
74289607 solids-surpac74289607 solids-surpac
74289607 solids-surpac
Tessfaye Wolde Gebretsadik
 
Lidar
LidarLidar
Lidar
aksh rana
 
Global navigation satellite system based positioning combined
Global navigation satellite system based positioning   combinedGlobal navigation satellite system based positioning   combined
Global navigation satellite system based positioning combined
Mehjabin Sultana
 
Dgps concept
Dgps conceptDgps concept
Dgps concept
egovindia
 
Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...
Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...
Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...
Andika Perbawa
 
Thermal method in Well logging and Geothermal Energy
Thermal method in Well logging and Geothermal EnergyThermal method in Well logging and Geothermal Energy
Thermal method in Well logging and Geothermal Energy
Amir I. Abdelaziz
 
Reservoir Geophysics
Reservoir GeophysicsReservoir Geophysics
Reservoir Geophysics
Jacob13012
 
Offshore mining
Offshore miningOffshore mining
Offshore mining
AbhiRam152
 
Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...
Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...
Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...
The University of Western Australia
 
Application of Drones for Mining Ooperations
Application of Drones for Mining OoperationsApplication of Drones for Mining Ooperations
Application of Drones for Mining Ooperations
Dr. Alex Vyazmensky
 

What's hot (20)

Gpr application
Gpr applicationGpr application
Gpr application
 
Seismic interpretation and well logging techniques
Seismic interpretation and well logging techniquesSeismic interpretation and well logging techniques
Seismic interpretation and well logging techniques
 
Microwave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensingMicrowave remote sensing
Microwave remote sensing
 
ground penetrating radar
ground penetrating radarground penetrating radar
ground penetrating radar
 
Optical remote sensing
Optical remote sensingOptical remote sensing
Optical remote sensing
 
Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...
Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...
Borehole Seismic Solutions for Integrated Reservoir Characterization and Moni...
 
mateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptx
mateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptxmateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptx
mateorological and ocean monitoring satellite (2).pptx
 
gps system and application in mining
gps system and application in mininggps system and application in mining
gps system and application in mining
 
Hyperspectral Imaging
Hyperspectral ImagingHyperspectral Imaging
Hyperspectral Imaging
 
Gpr
GprGpr
Gpr
 
74289607 solids-surpac
74289607 solids-surpac74289607 solids-surpac
74289607 solids-surpac
 
Lidar
LidarLidar
Lidar
 
Global navigation satellite system based positioning combined
Global navigation satellite system based positioning   combinedGlobal navigation satellite system based positioning   combined
Global navigation satellite system based positioning combined
 
Dgps concept
Dgps conceptDgps concept
Dgps concept
 
Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...
Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...
Application of Low Frequency Passive Seismic Method for Hydrocarbon Detection...
 
Thermal method in Well logging and Geothermal Energy
Thermal method in Well logging and Geothermal EnergyThermal method in Well logging and Geothermal Energy
Thermal method in Well logging and Geothermal Energy
 
Reservoir Geophysics
Reservoir GeophysicsReservoir Geophysics
Reservoir Geophysics
 
Offshore mining
Offshore miningOffshore mining
Offshore mining
 
Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...
Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...
Integration of geological and petrophysical constraints in geophysical joint ...
 
Application of Drones for Mining Ooperations
Application of Drones for Mining OoperationsApplication of Drones for Mining Ooperations
Application of Drones for Mining Ooperations
 

Similar to Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) | Military | UXO

The Use of Geophysics In Ground Investigation
The Use of Geophysics In Ground InvestigationThe Use of Geophysics In Ground Investigation
The Use of Geophysics In Ground Investigation
Claire_Graham
 
GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our Feet
GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our FeetGPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our Feet
GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our Feet
Tec
 
Computer applications in drilling and blasting
Computer applications in drilling and blastingComputer applications in drilling and blasting
Computer applications in drilling and blasting
chemistrya40
 
Understanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdf
Understanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdfUnderstanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdf
Understanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdf
Tec
 
Ground Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden Depths
Ground Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden DepthsGround Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden Depths
Ground Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden Depths
Tec
 
Go beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPR
Go beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPRGo beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPR
Go beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPR
Sensors & Software Inc.
 
Concrete Scanning
Concrete ScanningConcrete Scanning
Concrete Scanning
Expert Office Fitouts
 
Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...
Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...
Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...
Proceq - a Screening Eagle Technologies company
 
Rebar detector test
Rebar detector testRebar detector test
Rebar detector test
Ahmed Abdullah
 
Presentation xenics
Presentation xenicsPresentation xenics
Presentation xenics
Visionlink
 
research1
research1research1
NDT TESTING
NDT  TESTINGNDT  TESTING
NDT TESTING
Arjun Pachauri
 
OGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-Rex
OGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-RexOGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-Rex
OGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-Rex
George Percivall
 
The Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our Feet
The Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our FeetThe Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our Feet
The Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our Feet
Tec
 
The Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path Ahead
The Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path AheadThe Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path Ahead
The Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path Ahead
Tec
 
Multi-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applications
Multi-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applicationsMulti-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applications
Multi-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applications
TELKOMNIKA JOURNAL
 
New NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faults
New NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faultsNew NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faults
New NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faults
David Corbett
 
Gps03
Gps03Gps03
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Global Positioning System (GPS) Global Positioning System (GPS)
Global Positioning System (GPS)
richard_craig
 
I scope noisemodel
I scope noisemodelI scope noisemodel
I scope noisemodel
Debbie Wilson
 

Similar to Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) | Military | UXO (20)

The Use of Geophysics In Ground Investigation
The Use of Geophysics In Ground InvestigationThe Use of Geophysics In Ground Investigation
The Use of Geophysics In Ground Investigation
 
GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our Feet
GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our FeetGPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our Feet
GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden World Beneath Our Feet
 
Computer applications in drilling and blasting
Computer applications in drilling and blastingComputer applications in drilling and blasting
Computer applications in drilling and blasting
 
Understanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdf
Understanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdfUnderstanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdf
Understanding the Importance of GPR Utility Locating.pdf
 
Ground Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden Depths
Ground Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden DepthsGround Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden Depths
Ground Penetrating Radar Scanning Revealing the Hidden Depths
 
Go beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPR
Go beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPRGo beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPR
Go beyond EM pipe and cable locators with LMX200 GPR
 
Concrete Scanning
Concrete ScanningConcrete Scanning
Concrete Scanning
 
Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...
Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...
Looking into concrete with stepped-frequency continuous-wave ground-penetrati...
 
Rebar detector test
Rebar detector testRebar detector test
Rebar detector test
 
Presentation xenics
Presentation xenicsPresentation xenics
Presentation xenics
 
research1
research1research1
research1
 
NDT TESTING
NDT  TESTINGNDT  TESTING
NDT TESTING
 
OGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-Rex
OGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-RexOGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-Rex
OGC Update for State of Geospatial Tech at T-Rex
 
The Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our Feet
The Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our FeetThe Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our Feet
The Power of GPR Utility Locating Unveiling The Hidden Secrets Beneath Our Feet
 
The Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path Ahead
The Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path AheadThe Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path Ahead
The Future is Underground GPR Utility Locating and The Path Ahead
 
Multi-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applications
Multi-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applicationsMulti-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applications
Multi-function intelligent robotic in metals detection applications
 
New NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faults
New NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faultsNew NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faults
New NDT technology for assessment of concrete defects and faults
 
Gps03
Gps03Gps03
Gps03
 
Global Positioning System (GPS)
Global Positioning System (GPS) Global Positioning System (GPS)
Global Positioning System (GPS)
 
I scope noisemodel
I scope noisemodelI scope noisemodel
I scope noisemodel
 

Recently uploaded

Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
sunilverma7884
 
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
maigasapphire
 
LeadMagnet IQ Review: Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdf
LeadMagnet IQ Review:  Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdfLeadMagnet IQ Review:  Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdf
LeadMagnet IQ Review: Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdf
SelfMade bd
 
Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3
Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3
Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3
DianaGray10
 
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
shanihomely
 
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Zilliz
 
BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and Disadvantages
BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and DisadvantagesBLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and Disadvantages
BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and Disadvantages
SAI KAILASH R
 
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of MünsterOpencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Matthias Neugebauer
 
UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...
UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...
UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...
FIDO Alliance
 
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
bhumivarma35300
 
The Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and Cities
The Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and CitiesThe Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and Cities
The Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and Cities
Arpan Buwa
 
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptxCamunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
ZachWylie3
 
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Nicolás Lopéz
 
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Debmalya Biswas
 
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdfZaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
AmandaCheung15
 
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
FIDO Alliance
 
Connector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision Making
Connector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision MakingConnector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision Making
Connector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision Making
DianaGray10
 
Google I/O Extended Harare Merged Slides
Google I/O Extended Harare Merged SlidesGoogle I/O Extended Harare Merged Slides
Google I/O Extended Harare Merged Slides
Google Developer Group - Harare
 
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptxMAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
janagijoythi
 
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
bellared2
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
Girls call Kolkata 👀 XXXXXXXXXXX 👀 Rs.9.5 K Cash Payment With Room Delivery
 
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
Girls Call Churchgate 9910780858 Provide Best And Top Girl Service And No1 in...
 
LeadMagnet IQ Review: Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdf
LeadMagnet IQ Review:  Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdfLeadMagnet IQ Review:  Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdf
LeadMagnet IQ Review: Unlock the Secret to Effortless Traffic and Leads.pdf
 
Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3
Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3
Communications Mining Series - Zero to Hero - Session 3
 
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
Premium Girls Call Mumbai 9920725232 Unlimited Short Providing Girls Service ...
 
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
Garbage In, Garbage Out: Why poor data curation is killing your AI models (an...
 
BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and Disadvantages
BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and DisadvantagesBLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and Disadvantages
BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGY - Advantages and Disadvantages
 
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of MünsterOpencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
Opencast Summit 2024 — Opencast @ University of Münster
 
UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...
UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...
UX Webinar Series: Drive Revenue and Decrease Costs with Passkeys for Consume...
 
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
High Profile Girls call Service Pune 000XX00000 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
 
The Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and Cities
The Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and CitiesThe Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and Cities
The Impact of the Internet of Things (IoT) on Smart Homes and Cities
 
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptxCamunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
Camunda Chapter NY Meetup July 2024.pptx
 
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
Vertex AI Agent Builder - GDG Alicante - Julio 2024
 
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
Gen AI: Privacy Risks of Large Language Models (LLMs)
 
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdfZaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
Zaitechno Handheld Raman Spectrometer.pdf
 
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
UX Webinar Series: Essentials for Adopting Passkeys as the Foundation of your...
 
Connector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision Making
Connector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision MakingConnector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision Making
Connector Corner: Leveraging Snowflake Integration for Smarter Decision Making
 
Google I/O Extended Harare Merged Slides
Google I/O Extended Harare Merged SlidesGoogle I/O Extended Harare Merged Slides
Google I/O Extended Harare Merged Slides
 
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptxMAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
MAKE MONEY ONLINE Unlock Your Income Potential Today.pptx
 
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
Russian Girls Call Navi Mumbai 🎈🔥9920725232 🔥💋🎈 Provide Best And Top Girl Ser...
 

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) | Military | UXO

  • 1. Using Ground Penetrating Radar for Unexploded Ordnance (UXO) Detection
  • 2. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. UXO are a hazard and need to be safely located and removed CNN, 2018 The Guardian, 2017
  • 3. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. • UXOs exist in regions that have encountered substantial bombing during past wars, such as Europe, Asia and the US. • UXOs deteriorate over time making them more sensitive and more likely to explode if disturbed. • UXOs prevent civil land use, are a danger to public safety and are a significant environmental concern. • Locating UXO prior to excavation is required to prevent serious consequences. The need for UXO Detection
  • 4. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. • Magnetometers find buried ferrous (iron-rich) metallic objects, including UXO • Easy & quick locates • Less effective when: – Other metallic objects are nearby (utilities, fences, vehicles, etc.) – Geophysical noise – Magnetic contamination Magnetics is the most common Detection Method
  • 5. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. • Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a non-invasive technique for locating subsurface features • GPR works by emitting radio waves into the ground & measuring the reflected responses • GPR can detect bombs and artillery shells Ground Penetrating Radar can also be used for UXO detection
  • 6. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. • GPR can detect all subsurface objects, including non-metallic items • The signal is directed into the ground so surface metal objects do not interfere with GPR data acquisition • GPR can help identify linear (utilities) versus point targets (UXO) • GPR provides depth information of targets GPR can overcome the limitations of magnetics
  • 7. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. GPR lines can locate possible UXO UXO • As GPR data is collected, the results are shown in a “cross- section” view • A hyperbola indicates a possible point target • By examining the results, GPR can help locate areas where UXO could be buried.
  • 8. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. GPR Grids can help detect UXO on large and complex sites • GPR lines can be processed into depth slices of the surveyed area • As you slice through at varying depths, point targets & linear utilities become visible Large targets of interest
  • 9. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. GPR Grids can help detect UXO on large and complex sites • Depth Slices generated from the GPR survey can highlight point targets and linear utility features Small targets of interest
  • 10. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: WWII BMW fabrication plant • New construction was planned at a WWII BMW fabrication plant • 1st ½ meter of soil was littered with metallic debris from the prior building demolition making a magnetic survey not possible • A GPR survey was conducted
  • 11. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Aerial photo - June 7th 1945, Munich BMW plant was amidst heavily bombed area
  • 12. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: WWII BMW fabrication plant • GPR results showed an anomalous response just below the surface • A 1000 lb US Demolition Bomb was uncovered and successfully defused • Construction at the site proceeded without incident UXO
  • 13. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North of Munich • Over 100 bombs were suspected to be buried throughout the airport site and needed to be found • An area of 10,000m2 was surveyed – Magnetic survey conducted over entire area and suspect areas identified – GPR lines were collected over the suspected targets to pin point location and depth of the UXO
  • 14. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North of Munich Excavation of Line 2 based on GPR Results BOMB PIPE
  • 15. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North of Munich Excavation of Line 6 based on GPR Results BOMB
  • 16. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. • 5 bombs of type GP 150lb T1 (General Purpose) were found Example: 5 UXO located at a 1945 Airport North of Munich
  • 17. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: GPR used to confirm magnetometer and EMI located UXO • GPR was used to determine the exact location & depth of the suspected UXO Depth = 30cm Depth Slice Results in EKKO_ProjectTM:
  • 18. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: GPR used to confirm magnetometer and EMI located UXO Depth Slice Results in EKKO_ProjectTM: Depth = 50cm
  • 19. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: GPR used to confirm magnetometer and EMI located UXO Depth Slice Results in EKKO_ProjectTM: Depth = 60cm
  • 20. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Example: GPR used to detect artillery shells of various sizes, weight, depths and compositions A GPR line was collected over a test pit containing various artillery shells 5 kg artillery shells 1 kg artillery shell Plastic shell
  • 21. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. GPR can be deployed in many ways… depending on your project needs
  • 22. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Use GPR to make Informed Decisions • Determine where the UXOs are • Get an idea of the depth of UXOs • Provides an overall picture of what is in the ground • Complements other Magnetic and EMI surveys • Identify key areas of interest for further investigation • Offers a variety of deliverables Subsurface Data Interpretation Knowledge Informed Decisions VALUE INFORMATION Subsurface Data Interpretation Knowledge Informed Decisions
  • 23. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. • GPR provides a detailed picture of what is in the ground • GPR is cost-effective • GPR is easy to learn and implement in your workflow Use GPR for your UXO detection projects
  • 24. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. • Customized training at your facility • Regular courses at Sensors & Software Inc. • Personalized webinars for your team • Free On-Demand training Training Available from Sensors & Software
  • 25. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Online Resources Newsletters Case Studies EKKO_Project software tutorials
  • 26. © Copyright 2018, Sensors & Software Inc. Want to learn more? We would be happy to discuss how you can incorporate GPR into your UXO detection projects. Schedule a lunch & learn session today! Sensors & Software Inc. 1040 Stacey Court Mississauga, Ontario Canada L4W 2X8 Office: +1 905 624 8909 http://www.sensoft.ca/ Contact Us Sensors & Software Europe GmbH Auf der Haide 8 D-56203 Höhr-Grenzhausen Germany Office: +49 (2624) 915 9353 europe.sensoft.ca

Editor's Notes

  1. Geophysical noise - Ferrous objects in made ground, ferrous geological materials, surface structures and infrastructure and variations in the Earth’s magnetic field Ground obstructions - reworded to Magnetic contamination - eletronics, power lines, man made magnetic fields - some could apply to GPR as well