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The Greenhouse Effect
Presenter:
Manoranjan Roy
20145033
The Green House Effect
• The greenhouse effect
is a term that describes
how natural gases in
the earth's atmosphere
reduce the amount of
heat escaping from the
earth into the
atmosphere.
• The more of these
gases there are, the
more the Earth heats
up.
How do greenhouses work?
• Greenhouses work
by trapping heat
from the sun.
• The glass panels
of the greenhouse
let in light but keep
heat from
escaping.
How does Greenhouse Effect occur?
What are these gases?
• The greenhouse
gases are:
Water Vapour
Carbon dioxide
Nitrous Oxide
Methane
CFCs
• Greenhouse gasses are those which
causes the Greenhouse effect.
Carbon Dioxide
•Carbon dioxide is one of the primary Green House
gas, comprising of 54% of the all Green House gasses.
•For the past 60 years the rise in the level of carbon
dioxide is alarming enough to cause severe
setbacks in eco-systems
World’s major polluters
Where do all the carbon dioxide gases come
from?
• Carbon dioxide
 Human respiration.
 Industrialization
 Burning of fossil fuel to generate electricity
 Burning of forest (lesser trees)
 Carbon dioxide is now 1/3 more than before
Industrial Revolution
Methane
• Methane accounts
for 20%of the
‘enhanced
greenhouse effect’.
• It remains in the
atmosphere for 10-12
years. (Less than
other greenhouse
gases)
CFC
CFC is a harmfull gas that depletes the
ozone layer and causes greenhouse effect
• Sources of CFCs
(Chlorofluorocarbons)
 Aerosol sprays
 Coolants in fridge
 and air cons
 Cleaning solvents
 Each CFC molecule can
trap as much heat as
100 000 CO2 molecule.
 Can remain in the
atmosphere for a long time
What Might Happen?
• This warming trend is expected to bring
droughts and flooding of low lying coastal
areas as the polar ice caps melt and raise
sea level.
• The expected negative impact of the
greenhouse effect on human life has been
assessed by some scientists to be second
only to global nuclear war.
Global Warming
• The average global temperature has increased
by almost 1º F over the past century.
• Scientists expect the average global
temperature to increase an additional 2º to 6º
F over the next hundred years. Even a small
increase in temperature over a long time can
change the climate.
Human Health
• Heat stress and other
heat related health
problems are caused
directly by very warm
temperatures and
high
humidity.Example-
Heat exhaustion and
heat stroke.
• Effects of Global Warming
Ecological Systems
• Plants and animals
Climate change may alter the world’s habitats.
All living things are included in and rely on these
places.
Most past climate changes occurred slowly,
allowing plants and animals to adapt to the
new environment or move someplace else.
Plants and animals may not be able to react
quickly enough to survive if future climate
changes occur as rapidly as scientists predict.
Climatic Change
• Global warming will lead to an increase in the
evaporation of water  more water vapour.
• With more water vapour, more rain fall is expected.
• But it is not evenly distributed:
 Dry areas  severe drought condition, water
shortage and heat waves occurs
 Wet areas  floods and avalanches (landslides)
Climatic Change
• Other problems may arise:
 Destroy food crop  rice, wheat and corn
 Affect animals  need to migrate
 Encourage growth of weed and pests  may
lead to diseases like dengue fever, cholera
which are deadly.
How to reduce the Greenhouse
Effect
 BY THE GOVERNMENT:
• Stabilization of the
population growth.
• Reduction of air pollution
from industries (international
agreements)
• Reduction of desertification
and protection of the
rainforest against the
clearance (national
programs)
• Finding alternative fuel
How to reduce the Greenhouse
Effect
 BY PEOPLE:
• Reduce the use of fossil
fuel
• Stop the clearance of
the forest
• Follow the
recommendations to
reduce the emission of
Greenhouse gases.
How to reduce the Greenhouse
Effect
BY US
• Be well inform about the consequences
of Greenhouse Effect
• Change your lifestyle habits to help
save the environment
• Plant trees/conduct massive
Afforestration.
• Eliminate the use of CFCs
Ways you can help make our planet
better.
• Bike, Bus and Walk-
You can saves
energy by
sometimes taking
the bus, riding a
bike or walking,or
try carpooling.
• Creating mass
awareness.
Ways you can help make our planet
better.
• Recycle – When you
recycle, you send
less trash to the
landfill and you help
save natural
resources like trees
and elements such
as aluminum.
Recycle cans, bottles,
plastic bags and
newspapers.
Ways you can help make our planet
better.
• When You Buy, Buy
Cool Stuff
 Buy Products that
don’t use as much
energy
 Buy recyclable
products instead of
non-recyclable ones.
• Solar Energy – can be
used to heat homes,
buildings, water and
to make electricity.
INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO REDUCE
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
 Kyoto treaty
(1997)  was
started to reduce
emission of
greenhouse
gases by 5% of
1990s levels by
2012.
INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO REDUCE
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
• The ParisAgreement: is
an agreement within the
framework of the United
Nations Framework
Convention on Climate
Change (UNFCCC)
dealing with greenhouse
gases emissions
mitigation, adaptation
and finance starting in
the year 2020.
Summary / Conclusion
 Environmental Crisis will affect us:
 Health
• Air pollution  asthma or other
respiratory problems
• Water pollution  poison our food source
e.g fish
• Destruction of forest  lost of possible
medical solutions
 Property
• Floods  property lost
• Pollution  destroy streets and beaches
• Soil erosion  desertification, lost of farm
lands
Summary / Conclusion
 Environmental Crisis will affect us:
 Economic Costs
• Lost in terms of monetary values, industry
and businesses.
• Money need to be spent to restore the
original
• Public Health Services need to be
provided by the government.

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Greenhouse effect (Global Warming) ppt

  • 2. The Green House Effect • The greenhouse effect is a term that describes how natural gases in the earth's atmosphere reduce the amount of heat escaping from the earth into the atmosphere. • The more of these gases there are, the more the Earth heats up.
  • 3. How do greenhouses work? • Greenhouses work by trapping heat from the sun. • The glass panels of the greenhouse let in light but keep heat from escaping.
  • 4. How does Greenhouse Effect occur?
  • 5. What are these gases? • The greenhouse gases are: Water Vapour Carbon dioxide Nitrous Oxide Methane CFCs • Greenhouse gasses are those which causes the Greenhouse effect.
  • 6. Carbon Dioxide •Carbon dioxide is one of the primary Green House gas, comprising of 54% of the all Green House gasses. •For the past 60 years the rise in the level of carbon dioxide is alarming enough to cause severe setbacks in eco-systems World’s major polluters
  • 7. Where do all the carbon dioxide gases come from? • Carbon dioxide  Human respiration.  Industrialization  Burning of fossil fuel to generate electricity  Burning of forest (lesser trees)  Carbon dioxide is now 1/3 more than before Industrial Revolution
  • 8. Methane • Methane accounts for 20%of the ‘enhanced greenhouse effect’. • It remains in the atmosphere for 10-12 years. (Less than other greenhouse gases)
  • 9. CFC CFC is a harmfull gas that depletes the ozone layer and causes greenhouse effect • Sources of CFCs (Chlorofluorocarbons)  Aerosol sprays  Coolants in fridge  and air cons  Cleaning solvents  Each CFC molecule can trap as much heat as 100 000 CO2 molecule.  Can remain in the atmosphere for a long time
  • 10. What Might Happen? • This warming trend is expected to bring droughts and flooding of low lying coastal areas as the polar ice caps melt and raise sea level. • The expected negative impact of the greenhouse effect on human life has been assessed by some scientists to be second only to global nuclear war.
  • 11. Global Warming • The average global temperature has increased by almost 1º F over the past century. • Scientists expect the average global temperature to increase an additional 2º to 6º F over the next hundred years. Even a small increase in temperature over a long time can change the climate.
  • 12. Human Health • Heat stress and other heat related health problems are caused directly by very warm temperatures and high humidity.Example- Heat exhaustion and heat stroke. • Effects of Global Warming
  • 13. Ecological Systems • Plants and animals Climate change may alter the world’s habitats. All living things are included in and rely on these places. Most past climate changes occurred slowly, allowing plants and animals to adapt to the new environment or move someplace else. Plants and animals may not be able to react quickly enough to survive if future climate changes occur as rapidly as scientists predict.
  • 14. Climatic Change • Global warming will lead to an increase in the evaporation of water  more water vapour. • With more water vapour, more rain fall is expected. • But it is not evenly distributed:  Dry areas  severe drought condition, water shortage and heat waves occurs  Wet areas  floods and avalanches (landslides)
  • 15. Climatic Change • Other problems may arise:  Destroy food crop  rice, wheat and corn  Affect animals  need to migrate  Encourage growth of weed and pests  may lead to diseases like dengue fever, cholera which are deadly.
  • 16. How to reduce the Greenhouse Effect  BY THE GOVERNMENT: • Stabilization of the population growth. • Reduction of air pollution from industries (international agreements) • Reduction of desertification and protection of the rainforest against the clearance (national programs) • Finding alternative fuel
  • 17. How to reduce the Greenhouse Effect  BY PEOPLE: • Reduce the use of fossil fuel • Stop the clearance of the forest • Follow the recommendations to reduce the emission of Greenhouse gases.
  • 18. How to reduce the Greenhouse Effect BY US • Be well inform about the consequences of Greenhouse Effect • Change your lifestyle habits to help save the environment • Plant trees/conduct massive Afforestration. • Eliminate the use of CFCs
  • 19. Ways you can help make our planet better. • Bike, Bus and Walk- You can saves energy by sometimes taking the bus, riding a bike or walking,or try carpooling. • Creating mass awareness.
  • 20. Ways you can help make our planet better. • Recycle – When you recycle, you send less trash to the landfill and you help save natural resources like trees and elements such as aluminum. Recycle cans, bottles, plastic bags and newspapers.
  • 21. Ways you can help make our planet better. • When You Buy, Buy Cool Stuff  Buy Products that don’t use as much energy  Buy recyclable products instead of non-recyclable ones. • Solar Energy – can be used to heat homes, buildings, water and to make electricity.
  • 22. INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE EFFECT  Kyoto treaty (1997)  was started to reduce emission of greenhouse gases by 5% of 1990s levels by 2012.
  • 23. INTERNATIONAL EFFORTS TO REDUCE GREENHOUSE EFFECT • The ParisAgreement: is an agreement within the framework of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) dealing with greenhouse gases emissions mitigation, adaptation and finance starting in the year 2020.
  • 24. Summary / Conclusion  Environmental Crisis will affect us:  Health • Air pollution  asthma or other respiratory problems • Water pollution  poison our food source e.g fish • Destruction of forest  lost of possible medical solutions  Property • Floods  property lost • Pollution  destroy streets and beaches • Soil erosion  desertification, lost of farm lands
  • 25. Summary / Conclusion  Environmental Crisis will affect us:  Economic Costs • Lost in terms of monetary values, industry and businesses. • Money need to be spent to restore the original • Public Health Services need to be provided by the government.