SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Developing
knowledge economies:
    Setting the scene
     Fabrice Hénard-6 March 2013
We will discuss the following…
 Both young and adults drive globalisation

 Knowledge economy is changing itself

 The crisis changed the settings of the knowledge economy

 In response, Governments introduced corrective actions via
  HE
 Government + Crisis + Globalisation!

 Metrics are lacking on internationalisation impacts

 4 policy pointers.

 Thanks and list of contributors
Both youth & adults drive demand for HE

   Expansion of the knowledge economy and growing middle class in many
       developing nations = higher demand for tertiary education.

   Global massification of education, not yet saturated,
     a. Especially in regions with the large young population and climbing
                enrolment rate
           b.   E.g South Asia (where enrolment is still less than ½ of world average),
                sub‐Saharan Africa (still less than quarter of world average) and the Arab
                world.

   The traditional age‐group for higher education is also broadening:
     a. The demand from mature students for higher education is growing in
                many parts of the world.
           b.   A lasting trend for some time.



11/23/08
Knowledge economy is changing itself

   The world of Knowledge Economy is changing in itself :

           a. HE has become an aspiration for all, and not exclusively for the social elites
              HE is increasingly perceived as a social, economic and political driving force
              for progress in developing countries – providing a renewed constituency for
              scientific development, political democracy and justice, and for the quality of
              general education

           b. Science is increasingly global and increasingly perceived as linked to
              human, social and economic progress

           c. Changes in the constituencies for knowledge (e.g. risk governance is a new
              field…)




11/23/08
The crisis has changed the settings of the
     knowledge economy

   The 2008 financial crisis and the subsequent public debt crisis had many negative
       impacts especially on

           a. Business innovation and R&D

           b. Employment rate : Unemployment of highly skilled has increased Quarterly
              unemployment rate for high-skilled workers for selected countries


   Yet, the crisis and the recovery have been uneven across industries… and certain
       countries have better resisted the crisis than others: China, Korea Business funded
       R&D, yearly growth rate remains high




11/23/08
In response, Govts introduced recovering
 measures associated with HE reforms 1/2
 Overall, in response, governments introduced short- term measures and
   longer-term reforms, a large bunch of them focusing on HE with:

    a. High priority and increased resources allocated to Higher Education

    b. Increased budgets for higher education and universities (India, Poland,
       Sweden, Switzerland, etc.)

    c. Development of HE capabilities including infrastructures (Canada, Colombia,
       France, India, etc.)

    d. Maintained or increased hiring of researchers at university during economic
       downturn (Italy)

    e. Changes in the governance of HEIs : Reform of HEIs management and
       funding: confirmed trend in many countries towards greater autonomy and
       more competitive grant funding (away from „block‟ funding) – introduction
       of performance- and indicator-based allocation mechanisms• Strengthen
       evaluation of HEIs and building evaluation capacity…
In response, Govts introduced recovering
 measures associated with HE reforms 2/2

 Strengthen education for innovation…Improve the teaching of STEM• Earlier
   STEM education (Colombia, Germany)• New teaching methods: increased hours
   of instruction (Germany, Ireland, Norway), new curricula, standards
   (Australia, Ireland, UK), new assessment practices (Austria, Norway, Poland)•
   Teacher training…

 Financial incentives to students (Australia‟s income-contingent student
   loans, doctoral/postdocs fellowships etc.)• Tutoring (Sweden‟s free remedial
   classes, etc.), Mentorship, prizes, senior positions (e.g. attract women to S&T
   studies), Set quantitative targets

 Improving the teaching of entrepreneurship: Accelerate knowledge transfer to
   industry and society, Improving the conditions of technology
   transfer, Professionalisation, Raise awareness of IPRs in the research community
   (courses) and the general public (e.g. China: media campaigns and education in
   primary and high schools)…
HE Reforms driving force: internationalisation

  All these measures are driven by a strong impulse to Internationalisation
    which becomes the driver to change:
     a. Higher Education Internationalisation Agenda / strategy (Netherlands)

     b. Open up educational and research programmes, including funding
          mechanisms (Australia, Finland, Ireland, Norway and Slovenia)

     c. Amended legal and framework conditions to allow foreign researchers and
          institutions to participate in research programmes and access research
          infrastructure funded by national sources.

     d. Increased presence in foreign countries (Chinese-Danish Centre for Education
          and Research)

     e. Measures to encourage international mobility of researchers and doctoral
          students abroad and return (grants, bi-national programmes, international
          collaboration on R&D projects, etc.)

     f.   Training and education (languages, intercultural skills, etc.)
Mass + Crisis + Globalisation! 1/3

 The Massification, the advent of the crisis and the ongoing globalisation are
 interlinked and are evolving hand in hand. We predict that universities,
 governments or stakeholders will have to cooperate to progress and recover.

     a. HE has become an inevitable social response to globalization

     b. Globalisation shapes political evolution (and revolution) in the developing
         world

     c. Globalisation will allow for a new political role of interconnected researchers
         and academics at world level and for renewed North-South HE partnerships

     d. It will bring about the conditions for immense science development

     e. It opens up new opportunities for socioeconomic and education policies: HE
         institutions as economic enablers, diversifying and interconnecting education
         pathways, linking education and work, fostering community action.
Mass + Crisis + Globalisation! 2/3
 True, HEIs improve the workforce, create jobs, foster innovation, and attract new
 business and industry.

 However, as globalization has fostered a worldwide market for goods and services,
 higher education is no longer a resource confined exclusively to the domestic domain.

 Both political and economic borders have become more porous, allowing individuals
 and institutions to move more freely among nations and economies.

 The local impact of HE needs to be understood through the global context in which it
 exists :
      a. HEIs attract students and resources from beyond immediate communities,
          and indeed beyond national borders.
      b. They can support the expansion of international trade within their local
          communities.
      c. They play a critical role in developing a workforce that is globally competitive;
          a workforce that is crucial for helping existing businesses expand
          internationally and attracting international businesses nearby.
Mass + Crisis + Globalisation! 3/3
 HE also serves as a form of international trade in its own right.

     a. HE might be considered a tradable service. Indeed, the national estimates of
         its economic impact have been substantial.

     b. In USA, HE consistently ranks among the top ten service exports. (NAFSA
         2011), in 2010 – 2011 international students contributed about $28,000 per
         student to the local community through tuition and fees without including
         any type of multiplier effect to track those student dollars into local
         economies,

     c. In Canada $30,000 per student to local economies. About 83,000 students
         worked during their stay, paying about $300 million to the Canadian
         government in various revenues.

     d. HEIS operate physical outposts in more than one nation and each of these
         outposts exerts its own impact on the economies in which it exists. One
         aspect is the itnernational branch campus, there are some 200 operating.
Metrics are lacking re: impacts of
 internationalisation


 While higher education’s international engagements
have become much more expansive in the last decade;
metrics to assess the full breadth of the economic
impact of these engagements have yet to develop
(Lane/Owens)
What shall we do?
  More than one player must be on the
 chess mat!
 Countries have taken different approaches
 to internationalisation ranging from market
 reliance (higher education competition) to
 centralised intervention (with binding
 government regulations).

 HEIs have developed their own
 internationalisation strategies regardless
 of government policies, often focussing on
 international student recruitment. As a
 result, mismatches can arise between
 national and institutional objectives.
4 major policy pointers 1/2
1. Fostering synergies between government and institutions’ policies

In order to help institutions define effective internationalisation strategies, national policies
and country-specific goals for internationalisation should be well-aligned within a
comprehensive policy framework.

2. Making the national framework for internationalisation explicit


Governments need to have a clear view on global HE and whether or not they want to
participate in a more globalised approach to higher education, informed through dialogue
between governments, institutions and other stakeholders. Institutions need to take care
to use language accessible to decision-makers in describing their own internationalisation
strategies and ambitions.

Governments that analyse both the supply and demand sides of internationalisation will
be better placed to understand the driving forces (e.g. dynamic demographics in one
country may inflate outgoing student mobility)
4 major policy pointers 2/2

3. Alignin internationalisation with funding challenges
Funding is crucial to the internationalisation of higher education and needs to be aligned
with the national strategy. Internationalisation’s sustainability, requiring constant
commitment to succeed, emerges at a time with fewer financial resources. 
Investment is
needed in advanced internet networks that enable collaboration in research, provide access
to specialised instrumentation and encourage collaboration for teaching and learning. 


4. Evaluating internationalisation-related impacts
Governments should explore how to measure the effectiveness of internationalisation.
Student mobility is a visible and measurable effect, although it overshadows the other
important aspects.
I kindly thank the following contributors…
 •   Jason Lane, Taya Owens, Measuring the Economic Impact of Higher Education’s
     International Engagements: Trade and Foreign Direct Investment, Chap 8
     http://www.sunypress.edu/p-5608-universities-and-colleges-as-ec.aspx

 •   J. Lane, Worldwise blog: http://chronicle.com/blogs/worldwise/author/jlane

 •   Dominique Guellec and Sandrine Kergroach OECD Science, Technology and Industry
     Outlook 2012: From the higher education perspective.
     http://fr.slideshare.net/OECDEDU/oecd-science-technology-and-industry-outlook-2012-
     from-the-higher-education-perspective-dominique-guellec-and-sandrine-kergroach

 •   Memduh Karakullukçu, Vice Chairman and President of the Global Relations Forum, Turkey -
     , 2012 http://www.rockinst.org/forumsandevents/oecd/presentations/Memduh_OECD-
     SUNY_APRIL_12_2012_SPEECH-MAY_2012.pdf

 •   José Mariano Gago, Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher
     education? OECD General Conference 2012. http://fr.slideshare.net/OECDEDU/where-have-
     we-got-to-in-attaining-and-sustaining-mass-higher-education-jos-mariano-gago
 Evaluation
                                Capacity Building
                                Quality Expertise




www.learningavenue.frfhenard
@learningavenue.fr

More Related Content

What's hot

IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION
IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION
IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION
Dr. Rosemarie Sibbaluca-Guirre
 
2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow
2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow
2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow
Arif Anwar
 
How public schools benefit local economies
How public schools benefit local economiesHow public schools benefit local economies
How public schools benefit local economies
lexie4
 
Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...
Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...
Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...
iosrjce
 
Report in mas103
Report in mas103Report in mas103
Report in mas103
Sherwin Maningas
 
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
WriteKraft Dissertations
 
apd_ug_BrochureID
apd_ug_BrochureIDapd_ug_BrochureID
apd_ug_BrochureID
Phoebe Russell
 
Globalization & Higher Education
Globalization & Higher EducationGlobalization & Higher Education
Globalization & Higher Education
gayanmedia
 
Globalization and Higher Education: Lessons from Asia
Globalization and Higher Education: Lessons from AsiaGlobalization and Higher Education: Lessons from Asia
Globalization and Higher Education: Lessons from Asia
Rosemary Hilliard
 
The role of co-operation in higher education for development
The role of co-operation in higher education for developmentThe role of co-operation in higher education for development
The role of co-operation in higher education for development
International Water Management Institute (IWMI)
 
A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...
A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...
A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...
Obama White House
 
Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...
Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...
Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...
Hathib KK
 
Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...
Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...
Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...
Hanif Noor
 
Access and equity 1
Access and equity 1Access and equity 1
Access and equity 1
Amie Joan Juanis
 

What's hot (14)

IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION
IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION
IRM 503 ECONOMICS OF EDUCTION
 
2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow
2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow
2005 04-candian aid2education-whatwhyhow
 
How public schools benefit local economies
How public schools benefit local economiesHow public schools benefit local economies
How public schools benefit local economies
 
Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...
Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...
Academic Stress among Home Economics Students in Higher Education: A Case of ...
 
Report in mas103
Report in mas103Report in mas103
Report in mas103
 
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
 
apd_ug_BrochureID
apd_ug_BrochureIDapd_ug_BrochureID
apd_ug_BrochureID
 
Globalization & Higher Education
Globalization & Higher EducationGlobalization & Higher Education
Globalization & Higher Education
 
Globalization and Higher Education: Lessons from Asia
Globalization and Higher Education: Lessons from AsiaGlobalization and Higher Education: Lessons from Asia
Globalization and Higher Education: Lessons from Asia
 
The role of co-operation in higher education for development
The role of co-operation in higher education for developmentThe role of co-operation in higher education for development
The role of co-operation in higher education for development
 
A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...
A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...
A Strategy for American Innovation: Appendix A: Invest in the Building Blocks...
 
Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...
Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...
Educational issues in the context of urbanization, globalization and privatiz...
 
Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...
Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...
Students' Undergraduate Expectations and Post‐graduation Experiences of the V...
 
Access and equity 1
Access and equity 1Access and equity 1
Access and equity 1
 

Viewers also liked

Grill recipes
Grill recipesGrill recipes
Grill recipes
grillrecipes
 
Conv market
Conv marketConv market
Conv market
Armando Castillo
 
La novela mmg
La novela mmgLa novela mmg
La novela mmg
AlanOvOrtiz
 
Untitled Presentation
Untitled PresentationUntitled Presentation
Untitled Presentation
bbety
 
10. baliabideen sintesia
10. baliabideen sintesia10. baliabideen sintesia
10. baliabideen sintesiaEquipoa754
 
Estadisticas de suicidio utah
Estadisticas de suicidio utahEstadisticas de suicidio utah
Estadisticas de suicidio utah
Chaplain Juan Morales
 
العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011
العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011
العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011
Baker AbuBaker
 
Citologia
CitologiaCitologia
PPM_Positioning
PPM_PositioningPPM_Positioning
PPM_Positioning
m0318363
 
Employment litigators wanted
Employment litigators wanted Employment litigators wanted
Employment litigators wanted
cbatz
 
It is a monkey
It is a monkeyIt is a monkey
It is a monkey
languagetimematrix
 
Rational rose 2007
Rational rose 2007Rational rose 2007
Rational rose 2007Zick Zick
 
Simulado de literatura brasileira
Simulado de literatura brasileiraSimulado de literatura brasileira
Simulado de literatura brasileira
Jesrayne Nascimento
 
Gramática da língua portuguesa pasquale cipro neto
Gramática da língua portuguesa   pasquale cipro netoGramática da língua portuguesa   pasquale cipro neto
Gramática da língua portuguesa pasquale cipro neto
Jesrayne Nascimento
 
The troy media advantage
The troy media advantageThe troy media advantage
The troy media advantage
Troy Media
 
Combinatorica teorie
Combinatorica teorieCombinatorica teorie
Combinatorica teorie
colceralina
 
Template forum pa call4ideas_ByMeds
Template forum pa call4ideas_ByMedsTemplate forum pa call4ideas_ByMeds
Template forum pa call4ideas_ByMeds
Luca Crivellari
 

Viewers also liked (18)

Grill recipes
Grill recipesGrill recipes
Grill recipes
 
Conv market
Conv marketConv market
Conv market
 
Ustroystvo kompyutera
Ustroystvo kompyuteraUstroystvo kompyutera
Ustroystvo kompyutera
 
La novela mmg
La novela mmgLa novela mmg
La novela mmg
 
Untitled Presentation
Untitled PresentationUntitled Presentation
Untitled Presentation
 
10. baliabideen sintesia
10. baliabideen sintesia10. baliabideen sintesia
10. baliabideen sintesia
 
Estadisticas de suicidio utah
Estadisticas de suicidio utahEstadisticas de suicidio utah
Estadisticas de suicidio utah
 
العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011
العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011
العلاقة امريكا الاخوان دراسة بكر 7 2011
 
Citologia
CitologiaCitologia
Citologia
 
PPM_Positioning
PPM_PositioningPPM_Positioning
PPM_Positioning
 
Employment litigators wanted
Employment litigators wanted Employment litigators wanted
Employment litigators wanted
 
It is a monkey
It is a monkeyIt is a monkey
It is a monkey
 
Rational rose 2007
Rational rose 2007Rational rose 2007
Rational rose 2007
 
Simulado de literatura brasileira
Simulado de literatura brasileiraSimulado de literatura brasileira
Simulado de literatura brasileira
 
Gramática da língua portuguesa pasquale cipro neto
Gramática da língua portuguesa   pasquale cipro netoGramática da língua portuguesa   pasquale cipro neto
Gramática da língua portuguesa pasquale cipro neto
 
The troy media advantage
The troy media advantageThe troy media advantage
The troy media advantage
 
Combinatorica teorie
Combinatorica teorieCombinatorica teorie
Combinatorica teorie
 
Template forum pa call4ideas_ByMeds
Template forum pa call4ideas_ByMedsTemplate forum pa call4ideas_ByMeds
Template forum pa call4ideas_ByMeds
 

Similar to Going global2013 henard

Puebla2013 henard
Puebla2013 henardPuebla2013 henard
Puebla2013 henard
Fabrice HENARD
 
Global connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing Education
Global connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing EducationGlobal connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing Education
Global connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing Education
Don Olcott
 
dismantling the curriculum in higher education
dismantling the curriculum in higher educationdismantling the curriculum in higher education
dismantling the curriculum in higher education
Richard Hall
 
The Future of International Education updated 17 August
The Future of International Education updated 17 AugustThe Future of International Education updated 17 August
The Future of International Education updated 17 August
Adrian Soh
 
Globalization report
Globalization reportGlobalization report
Globalization report
Yolanda Sobrepena
 
Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...
Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...
Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...
EduSkills OECD
 
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
WriteKraft Dissertations
 
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
WriteKraft Dissertations
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
WriteKraft Dissertations
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
WriteKraft Dissertations
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
WriteKraft Dissertations
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
WriteKraft Dissertations
 
Submission to the Victorian government on international education
Submission to the Victorian government on international educationSubmission to the Victorian government on international education
Submission to the Victorian government on international education
Adrian Soh
 
Unit x emerging trends in education English Notes
Unit x emerging trends in education English NotesUnit x emerging trends in education English Notes
Unit x emerging trends in education English Notes
Thanavathi C
 
Globalization and Education
Globalization and EducationGlobalization and Education
Globalization and Education
Marylie Tabora
 
Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01
Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01
Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01
Riza Ortizjawili
 
Cecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and Impact
Cecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and ImpactCecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and Impact
Cecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and Impact
CeciliaTsui42
 
Economics in education1/financing Education
Economics in education1/financing EducationEconomics in education1/financing Education
Economics in education1/financing Education
Reve Faith Bagas
 
Ainee louise globalization and education
Ainee louise globalization and educationAinee louise globalization and education
Ainee louise globalization and education
Ainee Louise Jamolin
 
Strategies of human recourse choices and consequence
Strategies of human recourse  choices and consequenceStrategies of human recourse  choices and consequence
Strategies of human recourse choices and consequence
Mohieudeen Mohamed
 

Similar to Going global2013 henard (20)

Puebla2013 henard
Puebla2013 henardPuebla2013 henard
Puebla2013 henard
 
Global connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing Education
Global connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing EducationGlobal connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing Education
Global connections - Bordlerless HE and Continuing Education
 
dismantling the curriculum in higher education
dismantling the curriculum in higher educationdismantling the curriculum in higher education
dismantling the curriculum in higher education
 
The Future of International Education updated 17 August
The Future of International Education updated 17 AugustThe Future of International Education updated 17 August
The Future of International Education updated 17 August
 
Globalization report
Globalization reportGlobalization report
Globalization report
 
Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...
Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...
Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? José ...
 
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
 
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in Punjab [www.writekraft.com]
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
 
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
Higher education in punjab [www.writekraft.com]
 
Submission to the Victorian government on international education
Submission to the Victorian government on international educationSubmission to the Victorian government on international education
Submission to the Victorian government on international education
 
Unit x emerging trends in education English Notes
Unit x emerging trends in education English NotesUnit x emerging trends in education English Notes
Unit x emerging trends in education English Notes
 
Globalization and Education
Globalization and EducationGlobalization and Education
Globalization and Education
 
Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01
Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01
Globalizationandeducation 130113072907-phpapp01
 
Cecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and Impact
Cecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and ImpactCecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and Impact
Cecilia Tsui 2008 Higher Education Development: Quality, Relevance and Impact
 
Economics in education1/financing Education
Economics in education1/financing EducationEconomics in education1/financing Education
Economics in education1/financing Education
 
Ainee louise globalization and education
Ainee louise globalization and educationAinee louise globalization and education
Ainee louise globalization and education
 
Strategies of human recourse choices and consequence
Strategies of human recourse  choices and consequenceStrategies of human recourse  choices and consequence
Strategies of human recourse choices and consequence
 

Recently uploaded

How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
Celine George
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
JomonJoseph58
 
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School DistrictJuneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
David Douglas School District
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
deepaannamalai16
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Iris Thiele Isip-Tan
 
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
MysoreMuleSoftMeetup
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
Steve Thomason
 
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsxData Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Prof. Dr. K. Adisesha
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
iammrhaywood
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
IsmaelVazquez38
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
ImMuslim
 
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
imrankhan141184
 
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
nitinpv4ai
 
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
khuleseema60
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
Jyoti Chand
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
zuzanka
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
سمير بسيوني
 
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
National Information Standards Organization (NISO)
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
Himanshu Rai
 

Recently uploaded (20)

How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
How to Predict Vendor Bill Product in Odoo 17
 
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 MicroprocessorStack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
Stack Memory Organization of 8086 Microprocessor
 
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School DistrictJuneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
Juneteenth Freedom Day 2024 David Douglas School District
 
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
Standardized tool for Intelligence test.
 
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health SciencesEducational Technology in the Health Sciences
Educational Technology in the Health Sciences
 
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
Mule event processing models | MuleSoft Mysore Meetup #47
 
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two HeartsA Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
A Visual Guide to 1 Samuel | A Tale of Two Hearts
 
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsxData Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
Data Structure using C by Dr. K Adisesha .ppsx
 
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptxNEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
NEWSPAPERS - QUESTION 1 - REVISION POWERPOINT.pptx
 
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
Bossa N’ Roll Records by Ismael Vazquez.
 
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
Geography as a Discipline Chapter 1 __ Class 11 Geography NCERT _ Class Notes...
 
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
Traditional Musical Instruments of Arunachal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh - RAYH...
 
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
Haunted Houses by H W Longfellow for class 10
 
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
MDP on air pollution of class 8 year 2024-2025
 
Wound healing PPT
Wound healing PPTWound healing PPT
Wound healing PPT
 
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptxRESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
RESULTS OF THE EVALUATION QUESTIONNAIRE.pptx
 
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdfمصحف القراءات العشر   أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
مصحف القراءات العشر أعد أحرف الخلاف سمير بسيوني.pdf
 
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
Benner "Expanding Pathways to Publishing Careers"
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 CẢ NĂM - GLOBAL SUCCESS - NĂM HỌC 2024-2025 - ...
 
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem studentsRHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
RHEOLOGY Physical pharmaceutics-II notes for B.pharm 4th sem students
 

Going global2013 henard

  • 1. Developing knowledge economies: Setting the scene Fabrice Hénard-6 March 2013
  • 2. We will discuss the following…  Both young and adults drive globalisation  Knowledge economy is changing itself  The crisis changed the settings of the knowledge economy  In response, Governments introduced corrective actions via HE  Government + Crisis + Globalisation!  Metrics are lacking on internationalisation impacts  4 policy pointers.  Thanks and list of contributors
  • 3. Both youth & adults drive demand for HE  Expansion of the knowledge economy and growing middle class in many developing nations = higher demand for tertiary education.  Global massification of education, not yet saturated, a. Especially in regions with the large young population and climbing enrolment rate b. E.g South Asia (where enrolment is still less than ½ of world average), sub‐Saharan Africa (still less than quarter of world average) and the Arab world.  The traditional age‐group for higher education is also broadening: a. The demand from mature students for higher education is growing in many parts of the world. b. A lasting trend for some time. 11/23/08
  • 4. Knowledge economy is changing itself  The world of Knowledge Economy is changing in itself : a. HE has become an aspiration for all, and not exclusively for the social elites HE is increasingly perceived as a social, economic and political driving force for progress in developing countries – providing a renewed constituency for scientific development, political democracy and justice, and for the quality of general education b. Science is increasingly global and increasingly perceived as linked to human, social and economic progress c. Changes in the constituencies for knowledge (e.g. risk governance is a new field…) 11/23/08
  • 5. The crisis has changed the settings of the knowledge economy  The 2008 financial crisis and the subsequent public debt crisis had many negative impacts especially on a. Business innovation and R&D b. Employment rate : Unemployment of highly skilled has increased Quarterly unemployment rate for high-skilled workers for selected countries  Yet, the crisis and the recovery have been uneven across industries… and certain countries have better resisted the crisis than others: China, Korea Business funded R&D, yearly growth rate remains high 11/23/08
  • 6. In response, Govts introduced recovering measures associated with HE reforms 1/2  Overall, in response, governments introduced short- term measures and longer-term reforms, a large bunch of them focusing on HE with: a. High priority and increased resources allocated to Higher Education b. Increased budgets for higher education and universities (India, Poland, Sweden, Switzerland, etc.) c. Development of HE capabilities including infrastructures (Canada, Colombia, France, India, etc.) d. Maintained or increased hiring of researchers at university during economic downturn (Italy) e. Changes in the governance of HEIs : Reform of HEIs management and funding: confirmed trend in many countries towards greater autonomy and more competitive grant funding (away from „block‟ funding) – introduction of performance- and indicator-based allocation mechanisms• Strengthen evaluation of HEIs and building evaluation capacity…
  • 7. In response, Govts introduced recovering measures associated with HE reforms 2/2  Strengthen education for innovation…Improve the teaching of STEM• Earlier STEM education (Colombia, Germany)• New teaching methods: increased hours of instruction (Germany, Ireland, Norway), new curricula, standards (Australia, Ireland, UK), new assessment practices (Austria, Norway, Poland)• Teacher training…  Financial incentives to students (Australia‟s income-contingent student loans, doctoral/postdocs fellowships etc.)• Tutoring (Sweden‟s free remedial classes, etc.), Mentorship, prizes, senior positions (e.g. attract women to S&T studies), Set quantitative targets  Improving the teaching of entrepreneurship: Accelerate knowledge transfer to industry and society, Improving the conditions of technology transfer, Professionalisation, Raise awareness of IPRs in the research community (courses) and the general public (e.g. China: media campaigns and education in primary and high schools)…
  • 8. HE Reforms driving force: internationalisation  All these measures are driven by a strong impulse to Internationalisation which becomes the driver to change: a. Higher Education Internationalisation Agenda / strategy (Netherlands) b. Open up educational and research programmes, including funding mechanisms (Australia, Finland, Ireland, Norway and Slovenia) c. Amended legal and framework conditions to allow foreign researchers and institutions to participate in research programmes and access research infrastructure funded by national sources. d. Increased presence in foreign countries (Chinese-Danish Centre for Education and Research) e. Measures to encourage international mobility of researchers and doctoral students abroad and return (grants, bi-national programmes, international collaboration on R&D projects, etc.) f. Training and education (languages, intercultural skills, etc.)
  • 9. Mass + Crisis + Globalisation! 1/3 The Massification, the advent of the crisis and the ongoing globalisation are interlinked and are evolving hand in hand. We predict that universities, governments or stakeholders will have to cooperate to progress and recover. a. HE has become an inevitable social response to globalization b. Globalisation shapes political evolution (and revolution) in the developing world c. Globalisation will allow for a new political role of interconnected researchers and academics at world level and for renewed North-South HE partnerships d. It will bring about the conditions for immense science development e. It opens up new opportunities for socioeconomic and education policies: HE institutions as economic enablers, diversifying and interconnecting education pathways, linking education and work, fostering community action.
  • 10. Mass + Crisis + Globalisation! 2/3 True, HEIs improve the workforce, create jobs, foster innovation, and attract new business and industry. However, as globalization has fostered a worldwide market for goods and services, higher education is no longer a resource confined exclusively to the domestic domain. Both political and economic borders have become more porous, allowing individuals and institutions to move more freely among nations and economies. The local impact of HE needs to be understood through the global context in which it exists : a. HEIs attract students and resources from beyond immediate communities, and indeed beyond national borders. b. They can support the expansion of international trade within their local communities. c. They play a critical role in developing a workforce that is globally competitive; a workforce that is crucial for helping existing businesses expand internationally and attracting international businesses nearby.
  • 11. Mass + Crisis + Globalisation! 3/3 HE also serves as a form of international trade in its own right. a. HE might be considered a tradable service. Indeed, the national estimates of its economic impact have been substantial. b. In USA, HE consistently ranks among the top ten service exports. (NAFSA 2011), in 2010 – 2011 international students contributed about $28,000 per student to the local community through tuition and fees without including any type of multiplier effect to track those student dollars into local economies, c. In Canada $30,000 per student to local economies. About 83,000 students worked during their stay, paying about $300 million to the Canadian government in various revenues. d. HEIS operate physical outposts in more than one nation and each of these outposts exerts its own impact on the economies in which it exists. One aspect is the itnernational branch campus, there are some 200 operating.
  • 12. Metrics are lacking re: impacts of internationalisation While higher education’s international engagements have become much more expansive in the last decade; metrics to assess the full breadth of the economic impact of these engagements have yet to develop (Lane/Owens)
  • 13. What shall we do? More than one player must be on the chess mat! Countries have taken different approaches to internationalisation ranging from market reliance (higher education competition) to centralised intervention (with binding government regulations). HEIs have developed their own internationalisation strategies regardless of government policies, often focussing on international student recruitment. As a result, mismatches can arise between national and institutional objectives.
  • 14. 4 major policy pointers 1/2 1. Fostering synergies between government and institutions’ policies In order to help institutions define effective internationalisation strategies, national policies and country-specific goals for internationalisation should be well-aligned within a comprehensive policy framework. 
2. Making the national framework for internationalisation explicit Governments need to have a clear view on global HE and whether or not they want to participate in a more globalised approach to higher education, informed through dialogue between governments, institutions and other stakeholders. Institutions need to take care to use language accessible to decision-makers in describing their own internationalisation strategies and ambitions. Governments that analyse both the supply and demand sides of internationalisation will be better placed to understand the driving forces (e.g. dynamic demographics in one country may inflate outgoing student mobility)
  • 15. 4 major policy pointers 2/2 3. Alignin internationalisation with funding challenges Funding is crucial to the internationalisation of higher education and needs to be aligned with the national strategy. Internationalisation’s sustainability, requiring constant commitment to succeed, emerges at a time with fewer financial resources. 
Investment is needed in advanced internet networks that enable collaboration in research, provide access to specialised instrumentation and encourage collaboration for teaching and learning. 
 4. Evaluating internationalisation-related impacts Governments should explore how to measure the effectiveness of internationalisation. Student mobility is a visible and measurable effect, although it overshadows the other important aspects.
  • 16. I kindly thank the following contributors… • Jason Lane, Taya Owens, Measuring the Economic Impact of Higher Education’s International Engagements: Trade and Foreign Direct Investment, Chap 8 http://www.sunypress.edu/p-5608-universities-and-colleges-as-ec.aspx • J. Lane, Worldwise blog: http://chronicle.com/blogs/worldwise/author/jlane • Dominique Guellec and Sandrine Kergroach OECD Science, Technology and Industry Outlook 2012: From the higher education perspective. http://fr.slideshare.net/OECDEDU/oecd-science-technology-and-industry-outlook-2012- from-the-higher-education-perspective-dominique-guellec-and-sandrine-kergroach • Memduh Karakullukçu, Vice Chairman and President of the Global Relations Forum, Turkey - , 2012 http://www.rockinst.org/forumsandevents/oecd/presentations/Memduh_OECD- SUNY_APRIL_12_2012_SPEECH-MAY_2012.pdf • José Mariano Gago, Where have we got to in attaining and sustaining mass higher education? OECD General Conference 2012. http://fr.slideshare.net/OECDEDU/where-have- we-got-to-in-attaining-and-sustaining-mass-higher-education-jos-mariano-gago
  • 17.  Evaluation  Capacity Building  Quality Expertise www.learningavenue.frfhenard @learningavenue.fr