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Introduction
Globalization and Global warming
Factors leading to Global warming
Average temperatures
The green house effect
Who is responsible ?
Available solutions
Summary
Why I have chosen this TOPIC?


up-to-date problem
everybody has an opinion
connected with globalization
Introduction

Global warming refers to the rising average temperature
of Earth's atmosphere and oceans and its projected
continuation. In the last 100 years, Earth's average surface
temperature increased by about 0.8 C (1.4 F) with about
two thirds of the increase occurring over just the last three
decades. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal,
and scientists are more than 90% certain most of it is
caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases
produced by human activities such as deforestation and
burning fossil fuels. These findings are recognized by the
national science academies of all the major industrialized
countries
Globalization and Global Warming
 The cause of global warming is human activity.

Examples:

 Fossil fuel combustion associated with industrial
 development.

 The burning of forests.

 Biomass combustion - the burning
     of wood, coal, and dung
     for cooking and heat.
Globalization and Global Warming

The inability to solve global warming, is emblematic of the
failures of globalization.

However, it is also an opportunity to use the forces of
globalization for the good of the planet's health.
Factors leading to Global
           Warming

The most important factors in halting climate
change is reducing levels of carbon dioxide in the
atmosphere.

The global average temperature has risen by 0.6
ºC in the last 100 years.

The cost of dealing with the effects of climate
change is almost $300 billion every year.
Projected Changes In Global Temperature
Past EARTH temperatures




 Graph based on data from the Climatic Research Unit of the University of East Anglia.
Past EARTH temperatures




 Graph based on data reported by Moberg, et.al., in Nature, V. 433, 10 February 2005.
Past EARTH temperatures




Global temperature variation for the past 425,000 years. The present is at the right. The horizontal 0 line represents the
1961–1990 average global temperature. The numbers on the left show the variation from that baseline in C.

Image based on data from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.
The Greenhouse Effect


The greenhouse effect is the rise in temperature that
the Earth experiences because certain gases in the
atmosphere trap energy from the sun.

Without these gases, heat would escape back into
space and Earth’s average temperature would be
about 60ºF colder.

Because of how they warm our world, these gases are
referred to as greenhouse gases.
The Greenhouse Effect
Who Is Responsible?
The countries that emit most carbon dioxide contribute
most to climate change.

The world's biggest polluter is the United States. It
produces 20.4 tons of carbon dioxide per person, annually.

The UK release 9.5 tons per person, annually.

In China, carbon dioxide emissions are only 1.9 tons per
person, annually.
What Can Be Done?


In May 1997 Consumer Alert formed a subgroup of the
National Consumer Coalition on climate change policy, the
"Cooler Heads" Coalition, to address the consumer impact of
climate change policies.
A total of 178 countries (including 39 industrialized nations)
signed up to the Kyoto Protocol in 2001.
United States, the world's largest emitter, has not come on
board.
Reducing reliance on fuel will help to slow down the effects
and will help to adapt better to changes in the future.
Possible Implications Of
        Environmental Policies
1. According to a report by the
   Department of Energy, stringent
   targets to reduce fossil-fuel
   emissions in the US will cause
   energy-intensive industries,
   including steel, iron, chemical,
   rubber and plastic, to flee from
   the developed countries to
   undeveloped countries, taking
   with them hundreds of
   thousands of jobs.
Possible Implications Of
        Environmental Policies


2. Carbon taxes will cause relatively large income losses
   in the poorest one-fifth of the population. The poor,
   because they spend a greater proportion of their
   income on necessities, would have few ways to cut
   back to compensate for higher living costs.
Possible Implications Of
      Environmental Policies

3. Stabilizing emissions at 1990 levels by 2010 would
   reduce the growth of US per capita income by 5% per
   year.

4. Senior citizens on fixed incomes would find their
   energy costs escalating and their income dwindling.
Will The Policies Actually Stop
       Global Warming?
By all estimates, only severe reductions in global CO2
emissions -- on the order of 60 percent or more -- will
alter the forecasts.

The resulting economic dislocations would be
tremendous, potentially outweighing the negative
impacts of even the most apocalyptic warming
scenario.

If the policies do not include developing nations the
result will likely be a reallocation of emissions to
developing nations, not a reduction of emissions.
Summary


global problem
atributable to human activities
nature can change it by itself
demand-suply law may change it
Global warming

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Global warming

  • 1.
  • 2. Content Introduction Globalization and Global warming Factors leading to Global warming Average temperatures The green house effect Who is responsible ? Available solutions Summary
  • 3. Why I have chosen this TOPIC? up-to-date problem everybody has an opinion connected with globalization
  • 4. Introduction Global warming refers to the rising average temperature of Earth's atmosphere and oceans and its projected continuation. In the last 100 years, Earth's average surface temperature increased by about 0.8 C (1.4 F) with about two thirds of the increase occurring over just the last three decades. Warming of the climate system is unequivocal, and scientists are more than 90% certain most of it is caused by increasing concentrations of greenhouse gases produced by human activities such as deforestation and burning fossil fuels. These findings are recognized by the national science academies of all the major industrialized countries
  • 5. Globalization and Global Warming The cause of global warming is human activity. Examples: Fossil fuel combustion associated with industrial development. The burning of forests. Biomass combustion - the burning of wood, coal, and dung for cooking and heat.
  • 6. Globalization and Global Warming The inability to solve global warming, is emblematic of the failures of globalization. However, it is also an opportunity to use the forces of globalization for the good of the planet's health.
  • 7. Factors leading to Global Warming The most important factors in halting climate change is reducing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The global average temperature has risen by 0.6 ºC in the last 100 years. The cost of dealing with the effects of climate change is almost $300 billion every year.
  • 8. Projected Changes In Global Temperature
  • 9. Past EARTH temperatures Graph based on data from the Climatic Research Unit of the University of East Anglia.
  • 10. Past EARTH temperatures Graph based on data reported by Moberg, et.al., in Nature, V. 433, 10 February 2005.
  • 11. Past EARTH temperatures Global temperature variation for the past 425,000 years. The present is at the right. The horizontal 0 line represents the 1961–1990 average global temperature. The numbers on the left show the variation from that baseline in C. Image based on data from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • 12. The Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect is the rise in temperature that the Earth experiences because certain gases in the atmosphere trap energy from the sun. Without these gases, heat would escape back into space and Earth’s average temperature would be about 60ºF colder. Because of how they warm our world, these gases are referred to as greenhouse gases.
  • 14. Who Is Responsible? The countries that emit most carbon dioxide contribute most to climate change. The world's biggest polluter is the United States. It produces 20.4 tons of carbon dioxide per person, annually. The UK release 9.5 tons per person, annually. In China, carbon dioxide emissions are only 1.9 tons per person, annually.
  • 15. What Can Be Done? In May 1997 Consumer Alert formed a subgroup of the National Consumer Coalition on climate change policy, the "Cooler Heads" Coalition, to address the consumer impact of climate change policies. A total of 178 countries (including 39 industrialized nations) signed up to the Kyoto Protocol in 2001. United States, the world's largest emitter, has not come on board. Reducing reliance on fuel will help to slow down the effects and will help to adapt better to changes in the future.
  • 16. Possible Implications Of Environmental Policies 1. According to a report by the Department of Energy, stringent targets to reduce fossil-fuel emissions in the US will cause energy-intensive industries, including steel, iron, chemical, rubber and plastic, to flee from the developed countries to undeveloped countries, taking with them hundreds of thousands of jobs.
  • 17. Possible Implications Of Environmental Policies 2. Carbon taxes will cause relatively large income losses in the poorest one-fifth of the population. The poor, because they spend a greater proportion of their income on necessities, would have few ways to cut back to compensate for higher living costs.
  • 18. Possible Implications Of Environmental Policies 3. Stabilizing emissions at 1990 levels by 2010 would reduce the growth of US per capita income by 5% per year. 4. Senior citizens on fixed incomes would find their energy costs escalating and their income dwindling.
  • 19. Will The Policies Actually Stop Global Warming? By all estimates, only severe reductions in global CO2 emissions -- on the order of 60 percent or more -- will alter the forecasts. The resulting economic dislocations would be tremendous, potentially outweighing the negative impacts of even the most apocalyptic warming scenario. If the policies do not include developing nations the result will likely be a reallocation of emissions to developing nations, not a reduction of emissions.
  • 20. Summary global problem atributable to human activities nature can change it by itself demand-suply law may change it