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GENDER EQUALITY & WOMEN RIGHT
Dr. Dur Muhammad Pathan
Independent Translator
Law Department
Government of Sindh
• DEFINITION.
• 1. the state in which access to rights or opportunities is unaffected
by gender.
• "legislation that reflected the principles of gender equality"
• 2.Gender equality is achieved when women and men enjoy the same
rights and opportunities across all sectors of society, including
economic participation and decision-making, and when the different
behaviours, aspirations and needs of women and men are equally
valued and favoured.
• 3.Gender equality matters in its own right, and as a prerequisite for
the health and development of families and societies, and a driver of
economic growth.
GENDER EQUALITY
• Gender equality is at the very heart of human rights and
United Nations values. A fundamental principle of the
United Nations Charter adopted by world leaders in 1945 is
"equal rights of men and women", and protecting and
promoting women's human rights is the responsibility of all
States. The High Commissioner for Human Rights recently
pledged to be a Geneva Gender Champion committing to
advance gender equality in OHCHR and in international
fora.
WOMEN’S HUMAN RIGHTS AND
GENDER EQUALITY
• Gender equality is measured by looking at the
representation of men and of women in a range
of roles. A number of international comparative
gender equality indices have been prepared and
these offer a way to compare Ireland’s
achievements with those of other countries.
Each index looks at a distinct list of parameters
and the choice of parameters affects the outcome
for each country.
HOW DO WE MEASURE GENDER
EQUALITY?
• The United Nations Gender Inequality Index is
based on the premise that "all too often, women
and girls are discriminated against in health,
education and the labour market with negative
repercussions for their freedom". The UN GII is
a measure of inequalities based on these
inequalities.
UNITED NATIONS GENDER
INEQUALITY INDEX
Education
& Cultural
The Social
The
Economic
The
Political
The
Literature
ROLE OF WOMEN
1. Gender discrimination
2. Gender- Based violence
2. Sexual violence
3. Trafficking
4. Dowry abuse
5. Domestic Violence, (Head and eyebrow shaving, Acid throwing, Burring, Beating)
6. Honor Killing
7. Custodial abuse
8. Dual systems of laws (Civil & Sharia)
9. Less Rights in getting education.
10. Denial of Right & will in marriage.
11. Employment Discrimination.
12.Equal access to land, property and housing.
13. Less Job opportunities.
14. Use of Islam to deny Women Rights.
15. Want of Male Child.
16. Health Issues.
17. Role of Print and Electronic Media.
Sorrows & Longings of Women
Sorrows & Longings of Women
GENDER DISCRIMINATION
Sorrows & Longings of Women
GENDER- BASED VIOLENCE
Sorrows & Longings of Women
SEXUAL VIOLENCE
Sorrows & Longings of Women
TRAFFICKING
Sorrows & Longings of Women
DOWRY ABUSE
Sorrows & Longings of Women
Domestic Violence
`
Sorrows & Longings of Women
Honor Killing
Sorrows & Longings of Women
Custodial abuse
Sorrows & Longings of Women
Dual systems of laws (Civil & Sharia)
Sorrows & Longings of Women
Less Rights in getting education
Sorrows & Longings of Women
DENIAL OF RIGHT & WILL IN MARRIAGE
• Employment Discrimination
Sorrows & Longings of Women
EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION
Sorrows & Longings of Women
EQUAL ACCESS TO LAND, PROPERTY
AND HOUSING
Sorrows & Longings of Women
LESS JOB OPPORTUNITIES
Sorrows & Longings of Women
USE OF ISLAM TO DENY WOMEN RIGHTS
Sorrows & Longings of Women
WANT OF MALE CHILD
Sorrows & Longings of Women
HEALTH ISSUES
Sorrows & Longings of Women
ROLE OF PRINT AND ELECTRONIC MEDIA
• 1. They do not carry equal status at birth; baby boys are always wished and
welcomed into an average family of Pakistan.
• 2. Women are thought as weak and less beneficial product to parents as
they are supposed to reside at home and take care of the family only.
• 3. Women are told that they will find their real home when they get
married- their paternal home is only a place where they are brought up.
They have to obey the rules of their in-laws house as that is their real place
till death (sometimes they are forced to live irrespective of differences and
brutalities of different kinds towards them).
• 4. Women are not supposed to ask for their property rights. In most
families their property right is confiscated by force.
• 5. Women of any age are not allowed to go out for the sake of enjoyment
and leisure as they will have to face security and honor threats.
Status of Women in Pakistan
• 6. Parents honor mostly relies on their daughters’ character (girls are
not allowed to keep boyfriend in any circumstance and at any age).
• 7. Boys are usually preferred to girls in deciding about family
matters.
• 8. Girls are not thought as productive and assertive human beings
who can earn a respectable earning and can live according to their
own choice.
• 9. In educating girls, parents prefer subjects like home economics,
arts, history and education so that they could become a perfect
housewife.
• 10. Mostly house chores are thought as girl’s prime responsibility.
Sometimes younger girls look after their elder big brothers and elder
girls take their younger boy siblings for protection and security
when they go out of the home.
Status of Women in Pakistan
• 11. Working women are supposed to fulfill all duties at home as well as at
work place.
• 12. Most girls are prepared thoroughly to become a showpiece in front of
other people who decide about their son’s future wife after rejecting many
girls on the spot.
• 13. There are many concepts that restrict a women’s thirst for knowledge,
work, happy marriage, freedom, and living independently in all areas of
life.
• 14. Divorcee and widows have no respect in society unless they are rich
and belong to a powerful family background.
• 15. Heavy jewelry and rich clothing have become symbols of dignity and
respect for women.
• 16. Women are mostly honored due to their fathers, brothers, husbands, and
children’s status.
Status of Women in Pakistan
• 17. Women after marriage face lots of hindrances from in-laws and‘s side
to get started a new life. They are expected to bear all differences and
injustices with patience and gentle attitude (saying ‘yes’ to all around them
with no objection and anger).
• 18. Women are mostly discriminated on the base of gender in almost all
fields of life.
• 19. Women are not supported by society if they raise their voice for justice
and care.
• 20. Laws about women safety and integrity usually favor men in courts due
to unnecessary pressure and bribery.
Status of Women in Pakistan
• 1. The Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination
against Women (CEDAW)
• Considered the international bill of rights for women, the Convention
defines what constitutes discrimination against women and sets an agenda
for national action to end such discrimination. It was adopted by the United
Nations in 1979 and came into force on 3 September 1981.
• 2. The CEDAW Committee
• Oversight of the Convention is the task of the Committee on the
Elimination of Discrimination against Women, a group of 23 independent
experts on women's rights from different States that have ratified the
Convention. Countries that are parties to the Convention must submit
reports detailing their compliance with its provisions every four years. The
Committee (the treaty body) reviews those reports and may also hear
claims of violations and inquire into situations of grave or systemic
contraventions of women’s rights.
The international framework
• 3. The Special Rapporteur on violence against women
• In 1994 the United Nations resolved to appoint a Special Rapporteur - an
independent expert on the causes and consequences of violence against
women. The Special Rapporteur investigates and monitors violence against
women, and recommends and promotes solutions for its elimination.
• 4. The Working Group
• In 2010 the Human Rights Council established a Working Group on the
issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice to promote
the elimination of laws that discriminate against women and/or have a
discriminatory impact on them.
The international framework
EFFORTS OF GOVERNMENT FOR ENSURING HUMAN-RIGHTS TO THE PEOPLE
Judiciary
Law
Department
Minority
Affair
Human Rights
Department
Legislation (act rule,
replacement, amendment
Directorate
Sindh HR Commission
HR Ombudsman
HR Free Legal Assistance
HR Awareness Program
HR Free Tool Help Line
The Protection Against Harassment of Women at the work Place Act, 2010
The Sind Protection of Human Rights Act, 2011.
The Sindh Child Protection Authority Act, 2011
The Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2013.
The Sindh Child Marriages Restraint Act, 2013.
The Sindh Right of Children To Free & Compulsory Education Act, 2013
The Sindh Protection & Promotion of Breast Feeding & Child Nutrition Act, 2013
The Sindh Protection of Commercial Properties of Minorities Act, 2013
The Sindh Disabled Persons (Employment & Rehabilitation) Bill, 2014
The Sindh School Education Standards & Curriculum Act, 2014

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Gender equality & women right

  • 1. GENDER EQUALITY & WOMEN RIGHT Dr. Dur Muhammad Pathan Independent Translator Law Department Government of Sindh
  • 2. • DEFINITION. • 1. the state in which access to rights or opportunities is unaffected by gender. • "legislation that reflected the principles of gender equality" • 2.Gender equality is achieved when women and men enjoy the same rights and opportunities across all sectors of society, including economic participation and decision-making, and when the different behaviours, aspirations and needs of women and men are equally valued and favoured. • 3.Gender equality matters in its own right, and as a prerequisite for the health and development of families and societies, and a driver of economic growth. GENDER EQUALITY
  • 3. • Gender equality is at the very heart of human rights and United Nations values. A fundamental principle of the United Nations Charter adopted by world leaders in 1945 is "equal rights of men and women", and protecting and promoting women's human rights is the responsibility of all States. The High Commissioner for Human Rights recently pledged to be a Geneva Gender Champion committing to advance gender equality in OHCHR and in international fora. WOMEN’S HUMAN RIGHTS AND GENDER EQUALITY
  • 4. • Gender equality is measured by looking at the representation of men and of women in a range of roles. A number of international comparative gender equality indices have been prepared and these offer a way to compare Ireland’s achievements with those of other countries. Each index looks at a distinct list of parameters and the choice of parameters affects the outcome for each country. HOW DO WE MEASURE GENDER EQUALITY?
  • 5. • The United Nations Gender Inequality Index is based on the premise that "all too often, women and girls are discriminated against in health, education and the labour market with negative repercussions for their freedom". The UN GII is a measure of inequalities based on these inequalities. UNITED NATIONS GENDER INEQUALITY INDEX
  • 7. 1. Gender discrimination 2. Gender- Based violence 2. Sexual violence 3. Trafficking 4. Dowry abuse 5. Domestic Violence, (Head and eyebrow shaving, Acid throwing, Burring, Beating) 6. Honor Killing 7. Custodial abuse 8. Dual systems of laws (Civil & Sharia) 9. Less Rights in getting education. 10. Denial of Right & will in marriage. 11. Employment Discrimination. 12.Equal access to land, property and housing. 13. Less Job opportunities. 14. Use of Islam to deny Women Rights. 15. Want of Male Child. 16. Health Issues. 17. Role of Print and Electronic Media. Sorrows & Longings of Women
  • 8. Sorrows & Longings of Women GENDER DISCRIMINATION
  • 9. Sorrows & Longings of Women GENDER- BASED VIOLENCE
  • 10. Sorrows & Longings of Women SEXUAL VIOLENCE
  • 11. Sorrows & Longings of Women TRAFFICKING
  • 12. Sorrows & Longings of Women DOWRY ABUSE
  • 13. Sorrows & Longings of Women Domestic Violence
  • 14. ` Sorrows & Longings of Women Honor Killing
  • 15. Sorrows & Longings of Women Custodial abuse
  • 16. Sorrows & Longings of Women Dual systems of laws (Civil & Sharia)
  • 17. Sorrows & Longings of Women Less Rights in getting education
  • 18. Sorrows & Longings of Women DENIAL OF RIGHT & WILL IN MARRIAGE
  • 19. • Employment Discrimination Sorrows & Longings of Women EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION
  • 20. Sorrows & Longings of Women EQUAL ACCESS TO LAND, PROPERTY AND HOUSING
  • 21. Sorrows & Longings of Women LESS JOB OPPORTUNITIES
  • 22. Sorrows & Longings of Women USE OF ISLAM TO DENY WOMEN RIGHTS
  • 23. Sorrows & Longings of Women WANT OF MALE CHILD
  • 24. Sorrows & Longings of Women HEALTH ISSUES
  • 25. Sorrows & Longings of Women ROLE OF PRINT AND ELECTRONIC MEDIA
  • 26. • 1. They do not carry equal status at birth; baby boys are always wished and welcomed into an average family of Pakistan. • 2. Women are thought as weak and less beneficial product to parents as they are supposed to reside at home and take care of the family only. • 3. Women are told that they will find their real home when they get married- their paternal home is only a place where they are brought up. They have to obey the rules of their in-laws house as that is their real place till death (sometimes they are forced to live irrespective of differences and brutalities of different kinds towards them). • 4. Women are not supposed to ask for their property rights. In most families their property right is confiscated by force. • 5. Women of any age are not allowed to go out for the sake of enjoyment and leisure as they will have to face security and honor threats. Status of Women in Pakistan
  • 27. • 6. Parents honor mostly relies on their daughters’ character (girls are not allowed to keep boyfriend in any circumstance and at any age). • 7. Boys are usually preferred to girls in deciding about family matters. • 8. Girls are not thought as productive and assertive human beings who can earn a respectable earning and can live according to their own choice. • 9. In educating girls, parents prefer subjects like home economics, arts, history and education so that they could become a perfect housewife. • 10. Mostly house chores are thought as girl’s prime responsibility. Sometimes younger girls look after their elder big brothers and elder girls take their younger boy siblings for protection and security when they go out of the home. Status of Women in Pakistan
  • 28. • 11. Working women are supposed to fulfill all duties at home as well as at work place. • 12. Most girls are prepared thoroughly to become a showpiece in front of other people who decide about their son’s future wife after rejecting many girls on the spot. • 13. There are many concepts that restrict a women’s thirst for knowledge, work, happy marriage, freedom, and living independently in all areas of life. • 14. Divorcee and widows have no respect in society unless they are rich and belong to a powerful family background. • 15. Heavy jewelry and rich clothing have become symbols of dignity and respect for women. • 16. Women are mostly honored due to their fathers, brothers, husbands, and children’s status. Status of Women in Pakistan
  • 29. • 17. Women after marriage face lots of hindrances from in-laws and‘s side to get started a new life. They are expected to bear all differences and injustices with patience and gentle attitude (saying ‘yes’ to all around them with no objection and anger). • 18. Women are mostly discriminated on the base of gender in almost all fields of life. • 19. Women are not supported by society if they raise their voice for justice and care. • 20. Laws about women safety and integrity usually favor men in courts due to unnecessary pressure and bribery. Status of Women in Pakistan
  • 30. • 1. The Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) • Considered the international bill of rights for women, the Convention defines what constitutes discrimination against women and sets an agenda for national action to end such discrimination. It was adopted by the United Nations in 1979 and came into force on 3 September 1981. • 2. The CEDAW Committee • Oversight of the Convention is the task of the Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, a group of 23 independent experts on women's rights from different States that have ratified the Convention. Countries that are parties to the Convention must submit reports detailing their compliance with its provisions every four years. The Committee (the treaty body) reviews those reports and may also hear claims of violations and inquire into situations of grave or systemic contraventions of women’s rights. The international framework
  • 31. • 3. The Special Rapporteur on violence against women • In 1994 the United Nations resolved to appoint a Special Rapporteur - an independent expert on the causes and consequences of violence against women. The Special Rapporteur investigates and monitors violence against women, and recommends and promotes solutions for its elimination. • 4. The Working Group • In 2010 the Human Rights Council established a Working Group on the issue of discrimination against women in law and in practice to promote the elimination of laws that discriminate against women and/or have a discriminatory impact on them. The international framework
  • 32. EFFORTS OF GOVERNMENT FOR ENSURING HUMAN-RIGHTS TO THE PEOPLE Judiciary Law Department Minority Affair Human Rights Department Legislation (act rule, replacement, amendment Directorate Sindh HR Commission HR Ombudsman HR Free Legal Assistance HR Awareness Program HR Free Tool Help Line The Protection Against Harassment of Women at the work Place Act, 2010 The Sind Protection of Human Rights Act, 2011. The Sindh Child Protection Authority Act, 2011 The Domestic Violence (Prevention and Protection) Act, 2013. The Sindh Child Marriages Restraint Act, 2013. The Sindh Right of Children To Free & Compulsory Education Act, 2013 The Sindh Protection & Promotion of Breast Feeding & Child Nutrition Act, 2013 The Sindh Protection of Commercial Properties of Minorities Act, 2013 The Sindh Disabled Persons (Employment & Rehabilitation) Bill, 2014 The Sindh School Education Standards & Curriculum Act, 2014