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Gender equality.
SEXISM / SEXISMO
• Sexism: unfair
treatment of people
because of their
sex; prejudice or
discrimination based
on sex; behavior,
conditions, or
attitudes that foster
stereotypes of social
roles based on sex.
• Gender inequality refers to unequal
treatment or perceptions of individuals based
on their gender.
• There are natural differences between the
sexes based on biological and anatomic
factors, most notably differing reproductive
roles. Biological differences include
chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal
differences.
IN THE WORKPLACE / EDUCATION
• Wage discrimination.
• Concentration of women in low-paid jobs;
• Low participation of women in public and
political life
• Insufficient gender equality education and the
maintenance of traditional gender
stereotypes and prejudices
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
• La mujer ha vivido en
situación de
desigualdad y
discriminación a lo
largo de la historia.
• Women have in
inequality and
discrimination
throughout history.
• Ejemplos de
situaciones de
desigualdad, página 65.
Forbidden from driving
• In Saudi Arabia, women aren’t allowed to
drive, or even ride bikes, and men aren’t
allowed to drive women they’re not closely
related to.
Clothing requirements
• Muslim women in Kashmir (India) or in
Pakistan must wear burqas, head to toe
garments that cover their clothes, or risk
being attacked.
Right to divorce
• In many countries, while husbands can divorce
their spouses easily (often instantaneously
through oral repudiation), wives’ access to
divorce is often extremely limited, and they
frequently confront near insurmountable legal
and financial obstacles.
Access to education
• In many areas of Afghanistan or Pakistan, girls
are often taken out of school when they hit
puberty. There are also cultural factors related
to the ‘correctness’ of sending girls to school.
Right to travel
• In Syria, a husband can
prevent his wife from leaving
the country.
• In Iraq, Libya, Jordan,
Morocco, Oman, Egypt,
Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and
Yemen, married women must
have their husband’s written
permission to travel abroad.
In Saudi Arabia, even inside
the country.
Victims of violence
• Women’s unequal legal
rights increase their
vulnerability to violence.
In many countries in the
region, no specific laws or
provisions exist to
penalize domestic
violence, even though
domestic violence is a
widespread problem.
Female infanticide
• China’s one child policy
has heightened the
disdain for female
infants; abortion,
neglect, abandonment,
and infanticide have
been known to occur
to female infants.
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?
v=7W4l4zpPQOs
• http://sadieamanda.wordpress.com/
• Are men and women equal?
• Lets see some facts:
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
• Are you familiar with these?
• How do you think they are connected?
• Joanne K. Rowling
• Author of Harry
Potter books and
the first female
billionaire novelist
Cristina Fernánez de Kirchner,
president of Argentina
Dilma Rousseff,
president of Brazil
Angela Merkel,
Chancellor of Germany
Margaret Chan is the Director-
General
of the World Health
Organization (WHO).
Sheryl Sandberg:
former Google Vice
President –
Current Chief
Operating officer of
Facebook.
LA MUJER A LO LARGO DE LA HISTORIA
• En las sociedades antiguas, el papel
de la mujer era de subordinación
respecto al hombre.
• En el mundo greco-romano, las leyes
permitían al marido el divorcio sin
motivos.
• Las jóvenes se casaban muy pronto,
se dedicaban al cuidado de la casa,
apenas tenían acceso a la educación.
WOMEN THROUGHOUT HISTORY /
• In ancient societies, the role of women was
usually of subordination to men.
• In the Greco-Roman world, the laws allowed
the husband filed for divorce without grounds.
• Young women married soon, they were
devoted to the care of the house and they had
little access to education.
Avances históricos
• Desde la Revolución Francesa,
surgió un movimiento feminista, de
lucha por los derechos de las
mujeres, que tomará fuerza en el
siglo XIX.
• Una de sus principales metas era
conseguir el derecho al voto, lo que
dio lugar al movimiento sufragista.
• Otro hecho decisivo: la
incorporación de la mujer al mundo
laboral durante la Primera Guerra
HISTORICAL PROGRESSES
• Since the French Revolution, a feminist
movement emerged, fighting for the rights of
women. This movement (suffragism) who will
take power in the nineteenth century.
• One of his main goals was to get the right to
vote, which resulted in the suffrage movement.
• Another crucial fact: the incorporation of
women into the workforce during World War I
and, above all, World War II.
Sufragistas / Suffragists
• Lecturas página 67
– Ejercicios en grupos, para tu reflexión y el
investiga
La imagen de la mujer
• Estereotipos: creencias y opiniones
preconcebidas sobre la realidad que se
generan a través del tiempo.
• Los estereotipos femeninos y masculinos son
muy numerosos y atribuyen valores,
capacidades y roles distintos a hombres y
mujeres. Suelen ser falsos y ofensivos.
• Página 68
Women’s image
• Stereotypes: beliefs and preconceived
opinions about reality that are generated over
time.
• Male and female stereotypes are very
numerous and they attribute values, skills and​​
different roles to men and women. They are
usually false and offensive.
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
La mujer y los medios de
comunicación
• La mujer, a pesar de los avances de los últimos
años, sigue apareciendo en los medios de
comunicación de manera estereotipada,
mostrando los roles femeninos exagerados.
• Muchas veces se nos presenta como un objeto
sexual.
• Lectura página 69.
Women and the mass media
• Women, despite the
progress of recent years,
continue to appear in the
media in a stereotypal
way, showing
exaggerated feminine
roles.
• Often women are
presented as sexual
objects.
Ejemplos de estereotipos
• Chistes machistas
• Chistes feministas
• - ¿Cómo vuelves loco a un hombre en la
cama? Escondiéndole el mando a distancia de
la tele.
• - ¿Por qué hizo Dios antes al hombre que a la
mujer? Para que al hombre le diese tiempo de
hablar un poco.
Examples of stereotypes
• Sexist jokes.
Gender equality.
Gender equality.
La discriminación de la mujer /
Discrimination against women
• La discriminación es el
trato desigual que
recibe la mujer
respecto al hombre.
• Discrimination is the
unfair treatment of
women relative to
men.
• Page 70
Sin distinción de sexo
• El 8 de marzo es el Día Internacional de la
Mujer Trabajadora.
• Pág. 74 y 75.

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Gender equality.

  • 2. SEXISM / SEXISMO • Sexism: unfair treatment of people because of their sex; prejudice or discrimination based on sex; behavior, conditions, or attitudes that foster stereotypes of social roles based on sex.
  • 3. • Gender inequality refers to unequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender. • There are natural differences between the sexes based on biological and anatomic factors, most notably differing reproductive roles. Biological differences include chromosomes, brain structure, and hormonal differences.
  • 4. IN THE WORKPLACE / EDUCATION • Wage discrimination. • Concentration of women in low-paid jobs; • Low participation of women in public and political life • Insufficient gender equality education and the maintenance of traditional gender stereotypes and prejudices
  • 9. • La mujer ha vivido en situación de desigualdad y discriminación a lo largo de la historia. • Women have in inequality and discrimination throughout history. • Ejemplos de situaciones de desigualdad, página 65.
  • 10. Forbidden from driving • In Saudi Arabia, women aren’t allowed to drive, or even ride bikes, and men aren’t allowed to drive women they’re not closely related to.
  • 11. Clothing requirements • Muslim women in Kashmir (India) or in Pakistan must wear burqas, head to toe garments that cover their clothes, or risk being attacked.
  • 12. Right to divorce • In many countries, while husbands can divorce their spouses easily (often instantaneously through oral repudiation), wives’ access to divorce is often extremely limited, and they frequently confront near insurmountable legal and financial obstacles.
  • 13. Access to education • In many areas of Afghanistan or Pakistan, girls are often taken out of school when they hit puberty. There are also cultural factors related to the ‘correctness’ of sending girls to school.
  • 14. Right to travel • In Syria, a husband can prevent his wife from leaving the country. • In Iraq, Libya, Jordan, Morocco, Oman, Egypt, Bahrain, Saudi Arabia and Yemen, married women must have their husband’s written permission to travel abroad. In Saudi Arabia, even inside the country.
  • 15. Victims of violence • Women’s unequal legal rights increase their vulnerability to violence. In many countries in the region, no specific laws or provisions exist to penalize domestic violence, even though domestic violence is a widespread problem.
  • 16. Female infanticide • China’s one child policy has heightened the disdain for female infants; abortion, neglect, abandonment, and infanticide have been known to occur to female infants.
  • 18. • Are men and women equal? • Lets see some facts:
  • 22. • Are you familiar with these? • How do you think they are connected?
  • 23. • Joanne K. Rowling • Author of Harry Potter books and the first female billionaire novelist
  • 24. Cristina Fernánez de Kirchner, president of Argentina Dilma Rousseff, president of Brazil Angela Merkel, Chancellor of Germany
  • 25. Margaret Chan is the Director- General of the World Health Organization (WHO). Sheryl Sandberg: former Google Vice President – Current Chief Operating officer of Facebook.
  • 26. LA MUJER A LO LARGO DE LA HISTORIA • En las sociedades antiguas, el papel de la mujer era de subordinación respecto al hombre. • En el mundo greco-romano, las leyes permitían al marido el divorcio sin motivos. • Las jóvenes se casaban muy pronto, se dedicaban al cuidado de la casa, apenas tenían acceso a la educación.
  • 27. WOMEN THROUGHOUT HISTORY / • In ancient societies, the role of women was usually of subordination to men. • In the Greco-Roman world, the laws allowed the husband filed for divorce without grounds. • Young women married soon, they were devoted to the care of the house and they had little access to education.
  • 28. Avances históricos • Desde la Revolución Francesa, surgió un movimiento feminista, de lucha por los derechos de las mujeres, que tomará fuerza en el siglo XIX. • Una de sus principales metas era conseguir el derecho al voto, lo que dio lugar al movimiento sufragista. • Otro hecho decisivo: la incorporación de la mujer al mundo laboral durante la Primera Guerra
  • 29. HISTORICAL PROGRESSES • Since the French Revolution, a feminist movement emerged, fighting for the rights of women. This movement (suffragism) who will take power in the nineteenth century. • One of his main goals was to get the right to vote, which resulted in the suffrage movement. • Another crucial fact: the incorporation of women into the workforce during World War I and, above all, World War II.
  • 31. • Lecturas página 67 – Ejercicios en grupos, para tu reflexión y el investiga
  • 32. La imagen de la mujer • Estereotipos: creencias y opiniones preconcebidas sobre la realidad que se generan a través del tiempo. • Los estereotipos femeninos y masculinos son muy numerosos y atribuyen valores, capacidades y roles distintos a hombres y mujeres. Suelen ser falsos y ofensivos. • Página 68
  • 33. Women’s image • Stereotypes: beliefs and preconceived opinions about reality that are generated over time. • Male and female stereotypes are very numerous and they attribute values, skills and​​ different roles to men and women. They are usually false and offensive.
  • 38. La mujer y los medios de comunicación • La mujer, a pesar de los avances de los últimos años, sigue apareciendo en los medios de comunicación de manera estereotipada, mostrando los roles femeninos exagerados. • Muchas veces se nos presenta como un objeto sexual. • Lectura página 69.
  • 39. Women and the mass media • Women, despite the progress of recent years, continue to appear in the media in a stereotypal way, showing exaggerated feminine roles. • Often women are presented as sexual objects.
  • 40. Ejemplos de estereotipos • Chistes machistas • Chistes feministas • - ¿Cómo vuelves loco a un hombre en la cama? Escondiéndole el mando a distancia de la tele. • - ¿Por qué hizo Dios antes al hombre que a la mujer? Para que al hombre le diese tiempo de hablar un poco.
  • 44. La discriminación de la mujer / Discrimination against women • La discriminación es el trato desigual que recibe la mujer respecto al hombre. • Discrimination is the unfair treatment of women relative to men. • Page 70
  • 45. Sin distinción de sexo • El 8 de marzo es el Día Internacional de la Mujer Trabajadora. • Pág. 74 y 75.