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How we open 
the National Assembly 
in South Korea, 
with Technology 
Lucy Park @ Team POPONG 
Nov 8th, 2014 
1 / 26
Abstract This talk consists of two parts. 
We introduce how this movement all started, and 
what we've done since. 
Then, as a tech-centered group mainly formed of 
voluntary citizens in their 20-30s, we share some 
issues that we have either overcome or are going 
through. 
2 / 26
Lucy Park http://lucypark.kr, a.k.a. 박은정, echojuliett, e9t 
PhDc for data mining 
Team POPONG member 
- Goal: Lowering barriers of knowledge via technology 
3 / 26
Team POPONG http://en.popong.com 
Non-partisan 
100% part-time 
Voluntary group 
Started off with students 
Most are engineers in their 20-30s 
Geographically located in various parts of the world 
Primarily focused on, but not limited to opening the national parliament, 
the "National Assembly", in South Korea 
- Goal: Make legislation understandable for ordinary citizens 
- Approach: Collect and organize various government resources 
4 / 26
How we met 
5 / 26
How it all started 
6 / 26
Politics in South Korea 
Atmosphere 
There is a national "hate" for politics 
Politics was very corrupt in the past 
People were arrested for talking freely in 80-90s 
At first, friends, families give us a weird stare, when we say we've 
made a political service 
Elections 
1 vote for all 20+ citizens 
National Assembly vote every 4 yrs, Presidential vote every 5 yrs 
300 members in National Assembly 
The vote rate is low, more than half don't know their representative 
Fun facts on South Korea 
Established in 1948 
50M population (2012) 
Seoul + satellites: 25M 
14-hr difference with EST 
7 / 26
What's the problem? 
People don't know much about politics 
People don't know much about candidates 
People are indifferent to politics 
- But everyone still has a vote 
More fun facts on South Korea 
Ethnically homogeneous 
97.2% are Hanguk-ins 
Linguistically homogeneous 
Korean iff Korea 
Mobillitically(?) homogeneous 
90.1% use Android 
8 / 26
Our approach 
What we need is a healthy vote-monitor loop 
For the electoral system to work, assessment of existing members is 
important 
Eligible members should be elected again, others shouldn't 
For this, people need to 
get interested 
know more about politics and candidates 
Yes, we do have government websites 
9 / 26
Scanned images 
Personal information of a candidate 
10 / 26
Unofficial certifications 
Website of the National Election Commission 
11 / 26
12 / 26
什麼... 
(We stop here for everyone's mental health) 
We later heard from officials that the National Assembly info system was made for members, not the public 
13 / 26
Three strategies 
1. Improve existing tools 
2. Deliver to people 
3. Open the communication channel btw Citizens and Assembly 
14 / 26
1 Improve existing tools 
15 / 26
Politics in Korea http://en.pokr.kr 
We need better information sources 
Information was dissipated 
Assembly's legislative information site wasn't made for citizens 
What we aimed for 
1. Aggregate dissipitated information 
Before: If two members' names were the same, info was mixed 
Assign ID for politicians 
2. Show political timelines of members 
Gather the whole range of data (not just the current Assembly) 
3. Pursuit machine readable formats, better technological approaches 
4. User participation 
http://github.com/teampopong, http://teampopong.uservoice.com 
5. Automate everything 
Fun facts on Korean names 
Most peoples' names are three syllables 
20% are Kims, 20% Lees, 10% are Parks 
16 / 26
Politics in Korea http://en.pokr.kr 
17 / 26
Home > Person > Kim, Jae­Yeon 
person, bill, party, region (ex: Seon­Mi 
Jin, 청년, 무소속, 관악구) 
Profile 
Birthday Oct 30, 1980 
Party Tonghabjinbo Party 
19th Tonghabjinbo Party 
18th Minjunodong Party 
Education 한국외국어대학교 러시아어학과 졸업 
Address 서울특별시 도봉구 창동 
Work 
정당인 
Experiences 
(전)한국외국어대학교 총학생회장 
base region 
서울 
legislation keywords  
[more] 
정보 
공무원 
급여 
근로자 
요구 
파산 
사람 
소득 
자료 
Tonghabjinbo Party 
Kim, Jae­Yeon 
login feedback Korean / English 
18 / 26
Citizens' disscussions using Politics in Korea 
19 / 26
2 Deliver to people 
20 / 26
@pokrbot http://twitter.com/pokrbot 
Don't let the people come to the data, let the data go to the people 
Publish Tweet for every new bill proposed (approx. 25 per day) 
Mention members' Twitter IDs 
Members get interested in the service 
People can use the Twitter platform to reach out to members 
Issues 
What about bill update frequencies? 
Too many Tweets, irrelevant Tweets make people frustrated 
People want to get info on bills that directly affect them 
21 / 26
My page Accessible after login (in Korean) 
A work in progress 
Follow politicians/bills, up/down vote bills, favorite statements 
22 / 26
APIs & data downloads http://data.popong.com 
Why have this data to ourselves? 
Everyone in has different characteristics, perspectives 
People want to make apps of his/her own 
No official legislative API in South Korea 
If anyone opens API & data for public usage, many political services 
will rise 
Lead the goverment by example 
"... so that civil society can spend less time transforming data and more time 
applying it to the problems they face" -- Popolo project 
23 / 26
3 Open the communication 
24 / 26
The communication loop 
Citizens' 
knowledge & attention 
Successful communication 
btw citizens & Assembly members 
Currently, Politics in Korea focuses on effectively conveying information 
As the public's knowledge and interest grows, they will start speaking out 
A very slow process, a long time plan. How to make faster? 
25 / 26
謝謝 :D 
http://en.popong.com 
http://facebook.com/teampopong 
http://twitter.com/teampopong 
http://*/teampopong 
26 / 26
g0v summit 2014 - How we open the National Assembly in South Korea

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g0v summit 2014 - How we open the National Assembly in South Korea

  • 1. How we open the National Assembly in South Korea, with Technology Lucy Park @ Team POPONG Nov 8th, 2014 1 / 26
  • 2. Abstract This talk consists of two parts. We introduce how this movement all started, and what we've done since. Then, as a tech-centered group mainly formed of voluntary citizens in their 20-30s, we share some issues that we have either overcome or are going through. 2 / 26
  • 3. Lucy Park http://lucypark.kr, a.k.a. 박은정, echojuliett, e9t PhDc for data mining Team POPONG member - Goal: Lowering barriers of knowledge via technology 3 / 26
  • 4. Team POPONG http://en.popong.com Non-partisan 100% part-time Voluntary group Started off with students Most are engineers in their 20-30s Geographically located in various parts of the world Primarily focused on, but not limited to opening the national parliament, the "National Assembly", in South Korea - Goal: Make legislation understandable for ordinary citizens - Approach: Collect and organize various government resources 4 / 26
  • 5. How we met 5 / 26
  • 6. How it all started 6 / 26
  • 7. Politics in South Korea Atmosphere There is a national "hate" for politics Politics was very corrupt in the past People were arrested for talking freely in 80-90s At first, friends, families give us a weird stare, when we say we've made a political service Elections 1 vote for all 20+ citizens National Assembly vote every 4 yrs, Presidential vote every 5 yrs 300 members in National Assembly The vote rate is low, more than half don't know their representative Fun facts on South Korea Established in 1948 50M population (2012) Seoul + satellites: 25M 14-hr difference with EST 7 / 26
  • 8. What's the problem? People don't know much about politics People don't know much about candidates People are indifferent to politics - But everyone still has a vote More fun facts on South Korea Ethnically homogeneous 97.2% are Hanguk-ins Linguistically homogeneous Korean iff Korea Mobillitically(?) homogeneous 90.1% use Android 8 / 26
  • 9. Our approach What we need is a healthy vote-monitor loop For the electoral system to work, assessment of existing members is important Eligible members should be elected again, others shouldn't For this, people need to get interested know more about politics and candidates Yes, we do have government websites 9 / 26
  • 10. Scanned images Personal information of a candidate 10 / 26
  • 11. Unofficial certifications Website of the National Election Commission 11 / 26
  • 13. 什麼... (We stop here for everyone's mental health) We later heard from officials that the National Assembly info system was made for members, not the public 13 / 26
  • 14. Three strategies 1. Improve existing tools 2. Deliver to people 3. Open the communication channel btw Citizens and Assembly 14 / 26
  • 15. 1 Improve existing tools 15 / 26
  • 16. Politics in Korea http://en.pokr.kr We need better information sources Information was dissipated Assembly's legislative information site wasn't made for citizens What we aimed for 1. Aggregate dissipitated information Before: If two members' names were the same, info was mixed Assign ID for politicians 2. Show political timelines of members Gather the whole range of data (not just the current Assembly) 3. Pursuit machine readable formats, better technological approaches 4. User participation http://github.com/teampopong, http://teampopong.uservoice.com 5. Automate everything Fun facts on Korean names Most peoples' names are three syllables 20% are Kims, 20% Lees, 10% are Parks 16 / 26
  • 17. Politics in Korea http://en.pokr.kr 17 / 26
  • 18. Home > Person > Kim, Jae­Yeon person, bill, party, region (ex: Seon­Mi Jin, 청년, 무소속, 관악구) Profile Birthday Oct 30, 1980 Party Tonghabjinbo Party 19th Tonghabjinbo Party 18th Minjunodong Party Education 한국외국어대학교 러시아어학과 졸업 Address 서울특별시 도봉구 창동 Work 정당인 Experiences (전)한국외국어대학교 총학생회장 base region 서울 legislation keywords  [more] 정보 공무원 급여 근로자 요구 파산 사람 소득 자료 Tonghabjinbo Party Kim, Jae­Yeon login feedback Korean / English 18 / 26
  • 19. Citizens' disscussions using Politics in Korea 19 / 26
  • 20. 2 Deliver to people 20 / 26
  • 21. @pokrbot http://twitter.com/pokrbot Don't let the people come to the data, let the data go to the people Publish Tweet for every new bill proposed (approx. 25 per day) Mention members' Twitter IDs Members get interested in the service People can use the Twitter platform to reach out to members Issues What about bill update frequencies? Too many Tweets, irrelevant Tweets make people frustrated People want to get info on bills that directly affect them 21 / 26
  • 22. My page Accessible after login (in Korean) A work in progress Follow politicians/bills, up/down vote bills, favorite statements 22 / 26
  • 23. APIs & data downloads http://data.popong.com Why have this data to ourselves? Everyone in has different characteristics, perspectives People want to make apps of his/her own No official legislative API in South Korea If anyone opens API & data for public usage, many political services will rise Lead the goverment by example "... so that civil society can spend less time transforming data and more time applying it to the problems they face" -- Popolo project 23 / 26
  • 24. 3 Open the communication 24 / 26
  • 25. The communication loop Citizens' knowledge & attention Successful communication btw citizens & Assembly members Currently, Politics in Korea focuses on effectively conveying information As the public's knowledge and interest grows, they will start speaking out A very slow process, a long time plan. How to make faster? 25 / 26
  • 26. 謝謝 :D http://en.popong.com http://facebook.com/teampopong http://twitter.com/teampopong http://*/teampopong 26 / 26