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1902 hill house
1900 Ingram Street Chair     Main street dining table           chair




1-Introduction:

Charles Rennie Mackintosh modern Renaissance man, was Scotland’s
greatest architect, designer, painter and arguably one of the world’s most
admired, who was much ahead of his time. He had far fewer commissions
than his contemporary Frank Lloyd Wright, but with a few bold and
innovative structures—the Glasgow School of Art and Hill House among them
—he had a profound influence on art and architecture at the turn of the
twentieth century. Like Wright, Mackintosh designed in totality, down to the
furniture and fabrics used in his structures, and he was influenced by the
Japanese, particularly in the simplicity of his designs and themes from
nature. In a career of only twenty-five years, Charles Renne Mackintosh
designed well over 300 pieces of furniture, the majority in two relatively
short periods, 1897-1905 and 1916-1919.
Under Francis Newberry, the director of the Glasgow School of Art, a
talented nucleus of artists was established whose work gained recognition
throughout Europe. He also designed several modern interiors and the
appropriate furniture for them. Mackintosh finally moved to France, where
he dedicated himself to painting a remarkable series of original works that
have become as highly prized as his furniture pieces and other designs.
                                                                              2
For over 20 years Mackintosh worked almost exclusively in Glasgow where
all his best-known work was created and where much of it still remains, yet
he left Glasgow in search of greater success and died in London in relative
obscurity. It is perhaps ironic that he was given little recognition by his
native city at the time, for by the end of the 20th century he was being
recognized as the father of 'Glasgow Style' and one of the driving forces
behind a Gift Ideas approach to modern architecture.

2-Early life.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was born at 70 Parson Street, Glasgow on 7th
June 1868,the fourth of 12 childern and second son to Margaret and William
Mackintosh, a clerk in the police force. He grew up in Glasgow and in 1875
attended Reid’s Public School. From the age of nine (1877) he attended
the Allan Glen’s Institution, a private school for the children of tradesmen
and artisans, which specialized in vocational training. At fifteen (1883)
Mackintosh began evening classes at Glasgow School of Art which he
attended until 1894 and he wins many prizes. A year later, in 1884, he
began a five-year apprentice with the Glasgow architects John Hutchins.

While enrolled at the Glasgow School of Art, Mackintosh developed an
artistic relationship with Margaret MacDonald, Frances Macdonald and
Herbert McNair, Known as "The Four", which led to the development of the
‘Glasgow Style. They exhibited posters, furnishings, and a variety of graphic
designs in Glasgow, London, Vienna and Turin. These exhibitions helped
establish Mackintosh's reputation.

These four artists collaborated on designs for furniture, metalwork and
illustration, developing a highly distinctive array of weird images including
abstracted female figures and metamorphic lines reminiscent of Aubrey
Beardsley. Their style earned them the nickname of the 'Spook School' and
their work, particularly in England, was treated with suspicion because of its
decadent influence of Continental art nouveau.

Mackintosh was a model student, spending many hours in the library
consulting architecture and design journals and winning many student prizes
and competitions.



3-Career

Later in1988 or 1989 on qualifying, he joined renowned architects
Honeyman and Keppie, Glasgow Scotland as a draftsman. At the same

                                                                                 3
time he enrolled in several drawing and design classes at Glasgow School of
Art, at that time one of the most important art colleges in Europe.

A prestigious talent, Mackintosh won numerous prizes including in
1890/1891 Alexander Thomson Travelling Studentship which enabled him to
undertake a study tour of Italy.

Due to his work smartness he becomes Senior Assistant in 1896 in
Honeyman and Keppie.

Mackintosh's most important architectural work, was also his first major
project - a new building for the Glasgow School of Art, started in 1896

On 1st January 1901, Charles Rennie Mackintosh become partner with
Honeyman and Keppie , the practice title becoming Honeyman Keppie &
Mackintosh.

Mackintosh was influenced from many places. He particularly likes the simple
forms and natural materials of Japanese design.He were also influenced by
the Modernist movement taking place in Europe. The main concern of this
movement was with present and future, rather than history and tradition.
Mackintosh later became known as the pioneer of the movement, however
much of his work is far more significant and distinct than the utilitarianism of
the Modernist movement.

Unlike the earlier designer, Le Corbusier, whose theory was that houses
were machines for living in where as Mackintosh was concerned about
building for the needs of individual people, and to help them live within a
work of art.

With a design philosophy solidly rooted in Scottish tradition, Mackintosh
disregarded the architecture of Greece and Rome as unsuitable for the
climate or needs Scotland. He believed that a revival of the Scottish Baronial
style, adapted to modern society would meet contemporary needs. His
buildings clearly demonstrate this belief.

Mackintosh created buildings notable for the elegance and clarity of their
spatial concepts, the skillful exploitation of natural and artificial lighting, and
skillful detailing. He felt that each design should work as a whole to which
each carefully contrived detail contributes.



4-End of C.R.Mackintosh Journey.

                                                                                      4
In 1913 Mackintosh left the firm of Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh where
he had been a partner since 1904. After unsuccessfully trying to establish his
own practice, he dedicated his time to landscape painting.

Due to financial hardship, the Mackintoshes had moved in 1923 to Port-
Vendres, a Mediterranean coastal town in southern France with a warm
climate that was a comparably cheaper location in which to live. During this
phase of his life, Mackintosh created a large portfolio of architecture and
landscape watercolor paintings. The couple remained in France for two
years, before being forced to return to London in 1927 due to illness.

That year, Charles Rennie Mackintosh was diagnosed with throat and tongue
cancer. A brief recovery prompted him to leave the hospital and convalesce
at home for a few months. Mackintosh was admitted to a nursing home
where he died on 10 December 1928 at the age of 60 after a relatively short
but largely influential career, leaving many design ideas that will not soon be
forgotten. He is buried in Golders Green Crematorium in London

He was perhaps the most important proponent of Art Nouveau in the
United Kingdom and one of the most influential Scottish designers
and architects of all time.

5-Professional work.

Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s work can be divided into three main areas:

   1. PUBLIC BUILDINGS
   2. PRIVATE HOMES

   3. TEA ROOM

Charles Rennie Mackintosh was the most important exponent of early British
design. While his own style was very individual, he joined with Herbert
MacNair, Francis Macdonald and Margaret Maconald, to form the "The Four,"
later dubbed the "Spook School" of Glasgow. The Four exhibited together for
the first time in Glasgow in 1894, in London in 1896 and in Vienna in 1900.
That same year, Mackintosh married Margaret Macdonald with whom he
collaborated on many of his decorative schemes.

Mackintosh designed several public buildings and private residences in
Glasgow at the turn of the century, including his masterwork, the Glasgow
School of Art (1896-1909). Hill House, Miss Cranston's tea rooms and his
own house in Glasgow are examples of a unique genius that did not mimic


                                                                               5
the predominant Art Nouveau style but created its own world of color,
pattern and form.

The majority of Mackintosh's three-dimensional work was created with the
help of a small number of patrons within a short period of intense activity
between 1896 and 1910. Francis Newbery was headmaster of the Glasgow
School of Art and was supportive of Mackintosh's ultimately successful bid to
design a Gift Ideas art school building, his most prestigious undertaking. For
Miss Kate Cranston he designed a series of Glasgow tearoom interiors and
for the businessmen William Davidson and Walter Blackie, he was
commissioned to design large private houses, 'Windyhill' in Kilmacolm and
'The Hill house' in Helensburgh.

In Europe, the originality of Mackintosh's style was quickly appreciated and
in Germany and Austria he received the acclaim that he was never truly to
gain at home. In 1900 the Mackintoshes were feted in Vienna as a result of
their contribution to the 8th Vienna Secession and this led to friendships with
designers such as Josef Hoffmann and the commission to design the
Warndorfer Music Salon. In 1902 the Mackintosh Room at the Turin
International Exhibition was also enthusiastically received and he went on to
exhibit in Moscow and Berlin.

Despite this success and with his undoubted influence abroad, Mackintosh's
work met with considerable indifference at home and his career in Glasgow
declined. Few private clients were sufficiently sympathetic to want his 'total
design' of house and interior and he was incapable of compromise.

The Glasgow tea rooms he designed in the early 1900s are perhaps his most
unique contribution in which art, architecture and design came together in a
complete environment. These light, elegant and sophisticated interiors were
an enormous contrast to the gritty, smoky urban city of Glasgow where he
was born, trained and lived for most of his adult life. Glasgow is where the
majority of his work was executed and Mackintosh’s career paralleled the
city’s economic boom. By the end of the 19th century Glasgow was a
wealthy, burgeoning European city with an immense network of trade and
manufacture that supplied the world with coal and ships. It was also a rich
source of commissions for a gifted young architect and designer.

By 1914 Mackintosh had despaired of ever receiving true recognition in
Glasgow and both he and Margaret moved, temporarily, to Walberswick on
the Suffolk Coastline, where he painted many fine flower studies in
watercolor.



                                                                                 6
In 1915 they settled in London and for the next few years Mackintosh
attempted to resume practice as an architect and designer. The designs he
produced at this time for textiles, for the 'Dug-out' Tea Room in Glasgow and
the dramatic interiors for Bassett-Lowke's house in Northampton, England
show him working in a bold Gift Ideas style of decoration, using primary
colors and geometric motifs. It was an output of extraordinary vitality and
originality that went virtually unheeded.

In 1923 the Mackintoshes left London for the South of France where
Mackintosh gave up all thoughts of architecture and design and devoted
himself entirely to painting landscapes. He died in London, of cancer, on 10
December 1928.

Some famous art design projects of Charles Rennie Mackintosh are as
below:

   1. Mackintosh’s Glasgow School of Art, (1897-1909)
      (East wing 1896-1899,West wing 1907-1909)
   2. The interiors of the Mackintoshes own home at 6 Florentine Terrace
      (1906-1914)

   3. Hill House in Helensburgh for Glasgow publisher Walter Blackie
      (1902-1903)

   4. Miss Cranston’s Tea Rooms.

   5. Argyle Street Tea Rooms and later the rooms of Ingram Street and
      Willow Street (1902-1904) are projects of art designed and
      considered down to the finest detail.

   6. His high backed chairs are pieces of furniture or art that every interior
      designer is familiar with as they were of such original and memorable
      proportions.

   7. Scotland Street School (1903-1906)

   8. The interior of 78 Derngate Northampton (1916-1917)




                                                                               7
The Willow Tearoom, Glasgow

6- Furniture design work.




                                                      Chair C.R. Mackintosh
Writing Cabinet, designer C.R. Mackintosh




                                                                              8
Armchair Argyll Street Tea Room                   Smoker's or Billiard Room Chair
                                                        Argyll Street Tea Room




Barrel Chair 1907, Ingram Street Tea Room   Chinese Room Chair 1911 Ingram Street Tea Room




                                                                                         9
Oak Room Chair 1907 Ingram Street Tea Room         Windyhill Entrance Hall




          Oval Room Chair 1909               Cabinet for Kingsborough Gardens, 1902
         Ingram Street Tea Room




                                                                                      10
High Back Stenciled Chair              Chair 1919 Derngate
              Turin 1902




Director's Chair, Glasgow School of Art      Chair C.R. Mackintosh




                                                     Table
                                          Warndorfer Music Salon 1903
  Hich Back Chair Main Street, 1900



                                                                        11
Armchairs Willow Tea Room                            Pen Box 1905 Hous'Hill




     Lattice Back ChairWillow Tea Room                Ladder Back Chairs Willow Tea Room

                 Reference: http://www.achome.co.uk/pictorial/mackintosh.htm


7- Charles Rennie Mackintosh sketch work.




                                                 Design for oval backrail chairs and tables, for the
  Design for a writing cabinet and chair, for    dining room, 'Miss Cranston's' tea rooms, Argyle
     The Hill House, Helensburgh 1904                        Street, Glasgow 1898-9




                                                                                                  12
Design for tables and chair with high back, for the
Design for tables and chair with high back,   Room de Luxe, Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow 1903
for the Room de Luxe, Willow Tea Rooms,
              Glasgow 1903




   Plan of a bedroom, designed for the
Dresdener Werkstatten fur Handwerkskunst             Design for a smoker's cabinet 1899
                  1903




 Design for service trolley, sideboard and
   coffee table, for W.J. Bassett-Lowke               Design for a four-poster bed 1900
                 c.1916-23




                                                                                              13
Design for an easy chair for The Hill House       Settle, for the hall, 120 Mains Street, Glasgow
                   1905                                                     1900


                  Reference: http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/Mackintosh/browse.html




8- Re-production of Charles Rennie Mackintosh

Below are some reproduction examples of Charles Rennie Mackintosh
    furniture design work for the study of furniture design students.

             1904 willow chair                           Charles Rennie Mackintosh Hill House
                                                                        Chair




Charles Rennie Mackintosh created the Willow
Chair (Settee) for the Willow Tea Room in
Glasgow, Scotland between 1902 and 1904.             Dimensions: H 55 1/2" x D 15 1/4" W 16"; SH
Dimensions: H 47" x D 16" x W 37"                    17"




                                                                                              14
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Candida Cottage Chair           Charles Rennie Mackintosh Candida
                                                                    Cottage Armchair




This Candida Cottage Chairs were part of the series
believed to have been designed for the country        These Candida Cottage Chairs were part of the series
home of the industrialist W.Basset Lowke.             believed to have been designed for the country home
Dimensions: H 29 1/2" x D 19 1/4" x W 18"; SH         of the industrialist W.Basset Lowke. The client proved
18"                                                   to be difficult and the design of the table with
                                                      accompanying chairs was not accepted. Dimensions:
                                                      H 29 1/2" x D 18 1/2" x W 20 1/2"; SH 18" ArH 23
                                                      1/2"
    harles Rennie Mackintosh Lowback                   Charles Rennie Mackintosh Argyle Carver
              Ingram Chair                                            Armchair




This low version of the Ingram Chair was the basic
chair used in the White Dining Room and in the
Cloister Room of the Ingram Street Tearooms,          In 1899 at the Art & Crafts exhibition in London
Glasgow. Designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh in     Charles Rennie Mackintosh showed the Argyle Carver
1900.                                                 Armchair.                             Dimensions: H
Dimensions: H 41 3/4" x D 17 3/4" x W 18              54" x D 19" x W 20 1/2"; SH 18",This version is
                                                      without an inserted panel as is in the Glasgow School
                                                      of Art Collection.




                                                                                                    15
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Square Gate                    Charles Rennie Mackintosh Gate Leg
               Leg Table.                                           Folding Table.




This Mackintosh is one of the Gateleg Table designs
that were submitted to W.J. Basset Lowke. The idea    This Mackintosh Gateleg Table was never produced
was rejected and the table was never produced.        during his lifetime.                Dimensions:
Dimensions: W 39 1/4" x D 39 1/4" x H 30"             Closed: W 22.5" x D 49 1/4" H 29 1/2" |
                                                      Extended: W 70" x D 49 1/4" H 29 1/2"
  Charles Rennie Mackintosh Sideboard                  Charles Rennie Mackintosh Willow Room
                                                                      Coat Rack




                                                      This coat tree was designed for the Room de Luxe of
                                                      the Willow Tea Rooms in Glasgow, Scotland. The
This Charles Rennie Mackintosh sideboard is part of   original was painted silver. Two original examples
a series of models designed by Mackintosh             exist.
supposedly for the country home of W.J. Basset-       Dimensions: H 79" Dia 12 1/4"
Lowke. They were not produced during the lifetime
of Mackintosh. The design of the stained glass
panel in the sideboard is not indicated in the
Mackintosh drawing. Dimensions: H60" x D22 1/2"
x W64 1/2"




                                                                                                  16
Charles Rennie Mackintosh Dug Out Chair




 This armchair, named the "Dug Out" chair for the tearoom that it was designed for, is unmistakably a
Mackintosh design. While no existing examples of the "Dug Out" chair have ever been located, the
details of this chair can be found in the architectural drawings of the Dug Out Tearoom. This, and the
complete furnishings of the tearoom, can be seen in watercolor painting (1917) that remains in the
collection of Glasgow University. The "Dug Out" chair was also believed to be included in the
furniture designed for the home of W. Basset Lowke, along with such pieces as the Gate Leg table
and the Mackintosh Hutch.                        Dimensions: H 33" D 25 1/2" W 33"

Note:- Above shown pictures are from the reproduction of Charles Rennie
Mackintosh original designs for reference.

Useful links:

   1- http://www.smow.com/designers/mackintosh/
   2- http://www.classic-design24.com/uk/tables/dining-table-by-charles-rennie-mackintosh-
      1918.html

   3- http://www.classic-design24.com/uk/armchairs/mackintosh-charles-rennie/armchair-willow-
      by-charles-rennie-mackintosh.html

   4- http://www.brucehamilton.co.uk/


9-Biography

   •   1868 Born in Glasgow, Scotland
   •   1875 Attends Reid’s Public School and, in 1877, Allan Glen’s Institution

   •   1883 Begins evening classes at Glasgow School of Art, which he
       attends until 1894 and where he wins many prizes

   •   1884 Trains with the Glasgow architects John Hutchins


                                                                                                17
•   1889 On qualifying, Makcintosh joins the renowned architects
    Honeyman & Keppie, where he befriends fellow draughtsman Herbert
    MacNair (1868-1955)

•   1891 Travels to Italy on a scholarship tour

•   1894 Develops designs with MacNair and their friends, the sisters
    Margaret and Frances Macdonald. Together they are known as The
    Four. Goes on the first of many sketching holidays in England.

•   1896 Makintosh is the lead designer on Honeyman & Keppie’s
    competition entry for the new Glasgow School of Art. The Four exhibits
    at the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society in London. Designs and
    produces stencil wall decorations for the Buchanan Street tea rooms,
    Glasgow for Miss Cranston

•   1897 Designs Queen’s Cross Church, Glasgow. Construction begins on
    Glasgow School of Art. The Studio publishes an article on Mackintosh

•   1898 Designs several buildings for the 1901 Glasgow International
    Exhibition. Commissioned by Miss Cranston to design the furniture and
    decoration for The Argyle Street tea rooms. Produces designs for
    Ruchill St. Church Halls, Glasgow and two domestic interiors: an all-
    white bedroom at Westdel, Queen’s Palace, Glasgow for Robert
    Maclehose and a dining-room for Hugo Brückmann, editor of
    Dekorative Kunst, in Münich

•   1899 The new Glasgow School of Art opens, as does the Queen’s Cross
    Church, Glasgow

•   1900 Marries Margaret Macdonald. Together they design the
    decoration and furniture for their flat at 120 Mains Street, Glasgow.
    Miss Cranston commissions Mackintosh to design the interior and
    furniture for The Ladies’ Luncheon Room, Ingram Street tearooms.
    Completes designs for Windyhill, Kilmalcolm, his first detached house,
    for his friend William Davidson

•   1901 Becomes a partner in Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh. Designs
    interior and furniture for Mrs Rowat at 14 Kingsborough Gardens,
    Glasgow

•   1902 Designs a music room at Carl-Ludwigstrasse, Vienna for Fritz
    Warndorfer, a supporter of the Secession Movement and later of the


                                                                         18
Wiener Werkstätte. Commissioned to build Hill House, Helensburgh for
    publisher Walter Blackie

•   1903 Miss Cranston commissions Mackintosh to design the exterior
    and interiors of The Willow tea rooms, Glasgow. The Glasgow School
    Board appoints Mackintosh to design the Scotland Street School,
    Glasgow

•   1904 Completes The Hill House, Helensburgh. Designs the decoration
    and furnishings of the hall, dining room, drawing room and two
    bedrooms at
    Hous’hill Nitshill, Glasgow for Miss Cranston and her husband Major
    Cochrane

•   1905 Designs a shop at 233 Sauchiehall Street for Messrs Henry and
    Carruthers. Begins work on Auchinibert, a house at Killearn,
    Stirlingshire for F.J. Shand and on the Dutch Kitchen for the basement
    of the Argyle Street tea rooms, Glasgow

•   1906 Completes the designs for the boardroom at Glasgow School of
    Art. Moves with Margaret to 78 Southpark Avenue, where they create
    new interiors

•   1907 Produces designs for The Oak Room at the Ingram Street tea
    rooms for Miss Cranston and the west wing of Glasgow School of Art

•   1909 Designs the Card Room for Hous’hill as well as the Oval Room
    and ladies’ rest room at the Ingram Street tea rooms. Opening of the
    west wing of Glasgow School of Art

•   1911 Creates the interiors of The Cloister Room and Chinese Room for
    the Ingram Street tea rooms, Glasgow

•   1914 Dissolves partnership in Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh and
    moves to Walberswick, Suffolk where he paints watercolours and is
    suspected by local people of being a spy

•   1915 Moves to Chelsea, London

•   1916 Creates furniture and interiors for 78 Derngate, Northampton for
    W.J. Bassett-Lowke and produces fabric designs for Messrs. Foxton
    and Messrs. Sefton of London



                                                                           19
•     1917 Designs the Dug-Out, a war-time café at the Willow tea rooms
        and clocks for W. J. Bassett-Lowke

  •     1919 Completes designs for a guest bedroom at 8 Derngate,
        Northampton and a cottage at East Grinstead for E.O. Hoppé

  •     1923 Moves to Port Venders in southern France where he paints a
        series of water colors, mainly landscapes

  •     1928 Dies in London of cancer of the tongue

 Drawing room, 120 Mains Street, Glasgow, 1900   Interior hall of The Hill House, 1903




References

   1.       Charles Rennie Mackintosh (World of Arts) by Alan Crawford
   2.       Charles Rennie Mackintosh: Architect, Icon by John
          McKean and Colin baxer.

   3.         Charles Rennie Mackintosh Furniture by Roger Billcliffe.

   4.         Charles Rennie Mackintosh: The Complete
          Furniture,Furniture Drawings and Interior Designs: by Roger
          Billcliffe.

   5.       “The Tea rooms of mackintosh” by Alan Crawford and Wendy
          Kaplan,Architecture Week No.81,2002.0109,pC1.1



                                                                                         20
6.       “The Illustrated Encylopedia of Architects and Architecture” New
         York-1991

   7.       “Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architect.Vo.3,London"
         Dictionary of Scottish Architects – DSA Architect Biography Report.

   8.      "Margaret macdonald”, The Official Gateway to Scotland".

   9.      House for an Art Lover, Bellahouston Park, Glasgow 1996.

   10.      The Hunterian, The University of Glasgow. Mackintosh
         Collection, cat no: GLAHA 41142-45

   11.     Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of
         Scotland (RCAHMS),

   12.     "The Glasgow Story: Modern Times". City of Glasgow Culture
         and Leisure Services.

   13.      Charles Rennie Mackintosh: Gallery Plan and Program Guide
         (1996).

   14.     The University of Glasgow’s Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery

   15.     “The Tea rooms of mackintosh” by Alan Crawford and Wendy
         Kaplan,Architecture Week No.81,2002.0109,pC1.1

Useful links

  1. http://www.crmsociety.com/
  2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh

  3.

  4. http://www.greatbuildings.com/cgi-bin/glk?
     http://govan.cent.gla.ac.uk/Museum/MacHouse/MacInfo.html

  5. http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/Mackintosh/sketchbooks

  6. http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/Mackintosh/browse.html

  7. http://www.archiplanet.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh

  8. http://www.architectureweek.com/2002/0109/culture_1-1.html

  9. http://www.isnare.com/?aid=317611&ca=Arts+and+Crafts

  10.http://www.achome.co.uk/pictorial/mackintosh.htm

  11.http://www.archiplanet.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh

  12.http://www.armin-grewe.com/crm/crm-book.htm


                                                                           21
Note: Title page photograph taken on 9 March 2006 by User:Dave souza




        House for an Art Lover Range by Bruce Hamilton,UK




                                                                       22
FIRST COMMENT.


   •   Your Information Regarding Mackintosh Furniture
       Design
Charles Rennie Mackintosh society UK (info@crmsociety.com)
1/8/2013
To: jik_1959@hotmail.com




From:CRM Society (info@crmsociety.com) This sender is in your contact list.
Sent: Tuesday, January 08, 2013 5:33:37 PM
To: jik_1959@hotmail.com

Dear Javeed,

Thank you for your email and for taking the trouble to send us your article – which is indeed
comprehensive.

With the help of one of our volunteer researchers, we have had a look at your article on
Mackintosh and furniture design and feel that there are several issues which would need to be
addressed before you would want to use it for educational purposes - particularly if it was your
intention to have it published at some point.

There are several inaccuracies with names and descriptions and some spelling and you would
need to seek permission to use the photo images from the site holders/books/ or journals, and
also check the accuracy of the information you have used with the authors direct. Some of the
websites are not academically reliable .eg' isnare.com'

You may need to check the references at the end of the article as they need to have a full
description of author, title, publication date, place of publication and page references for
journals. Websites need to be acknowledged as references as well and this would need to be
completed. It would be worth noting that one of the most comprehensive works on Mackintosh
Furniture is the Catalogue Raisonne work by author and scholar Roger Billcliffe – published by
Cameron and Hollis.

Without checking some of your information sources in detail, and then rechecking for
authoritative sources , which would be time consuming for us, we regret, that as we are a small
charitable body, we do not have the resources to supply you with a detailed ‘crit’ of your work.

                                                                                                   23
Perhaps one of your previous college lecturers or tutors at Bucks would be willing to go through
this in detail for you?

We wish you the best of luck with your project, but we can only offer our opinion based on what
we understand from your information to us, and cannot accept any liability for any information
you use which turns out to be inaccurate or any copyright which is infringed.

We realise that you intend to give apprentice projects to design Mackintosh furniture as learning
projects for them – but would point out that Cassina holds a copyright on certain Mackintosh
Chairs (see http://www.cassina.com) and as with all potential copyright issues, you would be
advised to check on the copyright status of any pieces you wished to produce in a commercial
way – not just with Cassina, but with the other holders, which would include the Glasgow School
of Art etc.

 I do hope this is of some help, I regret that we are unable to supply you with a more-detailed
analysis of your work – and wish you well with your continued research into Mackintosh and his
works.

yours sincerely



Dylan Paterson

For, and on behalf of, the Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society

Dylan Paterson

Business and Events Officer

CRM Society

The Mackintosh Church at Queen's Cross

870 Garscube Road

Glasgow G20 7EL




T: +44(0)141 946 6600 or +44(0)141 945 2321

F: +44(0)141 946 7276

E: dylan@crmsociety.com

W: www.crmsociety.com and www.mackintoshchurch.com




                                                                                              24
Mackintosh at The Grand

Treat yourself to this all-inclusive Mackintosh Tour. Organised by the Mackintosh Society and in
partnership with the Grand Central Hotel, you will have access behind the scenes to see some of
Mackintosh’s hidden gems. Book now places are limited.




The Mackintosh Church

Here at The Mackintosh Church we pride ourselves in providing a 'bespoke service' for all your event
needs. If you are looking for somewhere with a difference for your event, then look no further; The
Mackintosh Church is a truly unique venue for a corporate event, wedding or special occasion?




WINNER: Scottish Thistle Awards 2007




                                                                                                       25
Mackintosh at The Grand

Treat yourself to this all-inclusive Mackintosh Tour. Organised by the Mackintosh Society and in
partnership with the Grand Central Hotel, you will have access behind the scenes to see some of
Mackintosh’s hidden gems. Book now places are limited.




The Mackintosh Church

Here at The Mackintosh Church we pride ourselves in providing a 'bespoke service' for all your event
needs. If you are looking for somewhere with a difference for your event, then look no further; The
Mackintosh Church is a truly unique venue for a corporate event, wedding or special occasion?




WINNER: Scottish Thistle Awards 2007




                                                                                                       25
Mackintosh at The Grand

Treat yourself to this all-inclusive Mackintosh Tour. Organised by the Mackintosh Society and in
partnership with the Grand Central Hotel, you will have access behind the scenes to see some of
Mackintosh’s hidden gems. Book now places are limited.




The Mackintosh Church

Here at The Mackintosh Church we pride ourselves in providing a 'bespoke service' for all your event
needs. If you are looking for somewhere with a difference for your event, then look no further; The
Mackintosh Church is a truly unique venue for a corporate event, wedding or special occasion?




WINNER: Scottish Thistle Awards 2007




                                                                                                       25

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FURNITURE BY charles rennie mackintosh

  • 1. 1
  • 2. 1902 hill house 1900 Ingram Street Chair Main street dining table chair 1-Introduction: Charles Rennie Mackintosh modern Renaissance man, was Scotland’s greatest architect, designer, painter and arguably one of the world’s most admired, who was much ahead of his time. He had far fewer commissions than his contemporary Frank Lloyd Wright, but with a few bold and innovative structures—the Glasgow School of Art and Hill House among them —he had a profound influence on art and architecture at the turn of the twentieth century. Like Wright, Mackintosh designed in totality, down to the furniture and fabrics used in his structures, and he was influenced by the Japanese, particularly in the simplicity of his designs and themes from nature. In a career of only twenty-five years, Charles Renne Mackintosh designed well over 300 pieces of furniture, the majority in two relatively short periods, 1897-1905 and 1916-1919. Under Francis Newberry, the director of the Glasgow School of Art, a talented nucleus of artists was established whose work gained recognition throughout Europe. He also designed several modern interiors and the appropriate furniture for them. Mackintosh finally moved to France, where he dedicated himself to painting a remarkable series of original works that have become as highly prized as his furniture pieces and other designs. 2
  • 3. For over 20 years Mackintosh worked almost exclusively in Glasgow where all his best-known work was created and where much of it still remains, yet he left Glasgow in search of greater success and died in London in relative obscurity. It is perhaps ironic that he was given little recognition by his native city at the time, for by the end of the 20th century he was being recognized as the father of 'Glasgow Style' and one of the driving forces behind a Gift Ideas approach to modern architecture. 2-Early life. Charles Rennie Mackintosh was born at 70 Parson Street, Glasgow on 7th June 1868,the fourth of 12 childern and second son to Margaret and William Mackintosh, a clerk in the police force. He grew up in Glasgow and in 1875 attended Reid’s Public School. From the age of nine (1877) he attended the Allan Glen’s Institution, a private school for the children of tradesmen and artisans, which specialized in vocational training. At fifteen (1883) Mackintosh began evening classes at Glasgow School of Art which he attended until 1894 and he wins many prizes. A year later, in 1884, he began a five-year apprentice with the Glasgow architects John Hutchins. While enrolled at the Glasgow School of Art, Mackintosh developed an artistic relationship with Margaret MacDonald, Frances Macdonald and Herbert McNair, Known as "The Four", which led to the development of the ‘Glasgow Style. They exhibited posters, furnishings, and a variety of graphic designs in Glasgow, London, Vienna and Turin. These exhibitions helped establish Mackintosh's reputation. These four artists collaborated on designs for furniture, metalwork and illustration, developing a highly distinctive array of weird images including abstracted female figures and metamorphic lines reminiscent of Aubrey Beardsley. Their style earned them the nickname of the 'Spook School' and their work, particularly in England, was treated with suspicion because of its decadent influence of Continental art nouveau. Mackintosh was a model student, spending many hours in the library consulting architecture and design journals and winning many student prizes and competitions. 3-Career Later in1988 or 1989 on qualifying, he joined renowned architects Honeyman and Keppie, Glasgow Scotland as a draftsman. At the same 3
  • 4. time he enrolled in several drawing and design classes at Glasgow School of Art, at that time one of the most important art colleges in Europe. A prestigious talent, Mackintosh won numerous prizes including in 1890/1891 Alexander Thomson Travelling Studentship which enabled him to undertake a study tour of Italy. Due to his work smartness he becomes Senior Assistant in 1896 in Honeyman and Keppie. Mackintosh's most important architectural work, was also his first major project - a new building for the Glasgow School of Art, started in 1896 On 1st January 1901, Charles Rennie Mackintosh become partner with Honeyman and Keppie , the practice title becoming Honeyman Keppie & Mackintosh. Mackintosh was influenced from many places. He particularly likes the simple forms and natural materials of Japanese design.He were also influenced by the Modernist movement taking place in Europe. The main concern of this movement was with present and future, rather than history and tradition. Mackintosh later became known as the pioneer of the movement, however much of his work is far more significant and distinct than the utilitarianism of the Modernist movement. Unlike the earlier designer, Le Corbusier, whose theory was that houses were machines for living in where as Mackintosh was concerned about building for the needs of individual people, and to help them live within a work of art. With a design philosophy solidly rooted in Scottish tradition, Mackintosh disregarded the architecture of Greece and Rome as unsuitable for the climate or needs Scotland. He believed that a revival of the Scottish Baronial style, adapted to modern society would meet contemporary needs. His buildings clearly demonstrate this belief. Mackintosh created buildings notable for the elegance and clarity of their spatial concepts, the skillful exploitation of natural and artificial lighting, and skillful detailing. He felt that each design should work as a whole to which each carefully contrived detail contributes. 4-End of C.R.Mackintosh Journey. 4
  • 5. In 1913 Mackintosh left the firm of Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh where he had been a partner since 1904. After unsuccessfully trying to establish his own practice, he dedicated his time to landscape painting. Due to financial hardship, the Mackintoshes had moved in 1923 to Port- Vendres, a Mediterranean coastal town in southern France with a warm climate that was a comparably cheaper location in which to live. During this phase of his life, Mackintosh created a large portfolio of architecture and landscape watercolor paintings. The couple remained in France for two years, before being forced to return to London in 1927 due to illness. That year, Charles Rennie Mackintosh was diagnosed with throat and tongue cancer. A brief recovery prompted him to leave the hospital and convalesce at home for a few months. Mackintosh was admitted to a nursing home where he died on 10 December 1928 at the age of 60 after a relatively short but largely influential career, leaving many design ideas that will not soon be forgotten. He is buried in Golders Green Crematorium in London He was perhaps the most important proponent of Art Nouveau in the United Kingdom and one of the most influential Scottish designers and architects of all time. 5-Professional work. Charles Rennie Mackintosh’s work can be divided into three main areas: 1. PUBLIC BUILDINGS 2. PRIVATE HOMES 3. TEA ROOM Charles Rennie Mackintosh was the most important exponent of early British design. While his own style was very individual, he joined with Herbert MacNair, Francis Macdonald and Margaret Maconald, to form the "The Four," later dubbed the "Spook School" of Glasgow. The Four exhibited together for the first time in Glasgow in 1894, in London in 1896 and in Vienna in 1900. That same year, Mackintosh married Margaret Macdonald with whom he collaborated on many of his decorative schemes. Mackintosh designed several public buildings and private residences in Glasgow at the turn of the century, including his masterwork, the Glasgow School of Art (1896-1909). Hill House, Miss Cranston's tea rooms and his own house in Glasgow are examples of a unique genius that did not mimic 5
  • 6. the predominant Art Nouveau style but created its own world of color, pattern and form. The majority of Mackintosh's three-dimensional work was created with the help of a small number of patrons within a short period of intense activity between 1896 and 1910. Francis Newbery was headmaster of the Glasgow School of Art and was supportive of Mackintosh's ultimately successful bid to design a Gift Ideas art school building, his most prestigious undertaking. For Miss Kate Cranston he designed a series of Glasgow tearoom interiors and for the businessmen William Davidson and Walter Blackie, he was commissioned to design large private houses, 'Windyhill' in Kilmacolm and 'The Hill house' in Helensburgh. In Europe, the originality of Mackintosh's style was quickly appreciated and in Germany and Austria he received the acclaim that he was never truly to gain at home. In 1900 the Mackintoshes were feted in Vienna as a result of their contribution to the 8th Vienna Secession and this led to friendships with designers such as Josef Hoffmann and the commission to design the Warndorfer Music Salon. In 1902 the Mackintosh Room at the Turin International Exhibition was also enthusiastically received and he went on to exhibit in Moscow and Berlin. Despite this success and with his undoubted influence abroad, Mackintosh's work met with considerable indifference at home and his career in Glasgow declined. Few private clients were sufficiently sympathetic to want his 'total design' of house and interior and he was incapable of compromise. The Glasgow tea rooms he designed in the early 1900s are perhaps his most unique contribution in which art, architecture and design came together in a complete environment. These light, elegant and sophisticated interiors were an enormous contrast to the gritty, smoky urban city of Glasgow where he was born, trained and lived for most of his adult life. Glasgow is where the majority of his work was executed and Mackintosh’s career paralleled the city’s economic boom. By the end of the 19th century Glasgow was a wealthy, burgeoning European city with an immense network of trade and manufacture that supplied the world with coal and ships. It was also a rich source of commissions for a gifted young architect and designer. By 1914 Mackintosh had despaired of ever receiving true recognition in Glasgow and both he and Margaret moved, temporarily, to Walberswick on the Suffolk Coastline, where he painted many fine flower studies in watercolor. 6
  • 7. In 1915 they settled in London and for the next few years Mackintosh attempted to resume practice as an architect and designer. The designs he produced at this time for textiles, for the 'Dug-out' Tea Room in Glasgow and the dramatic interiors for Bassett-Lowke's house in Northampton, England show him working in a bold Gift Ideas style of decoration, using primary colors and geometric motifs. It was an output of extraordinary vitality and originality that went virtually unheeded. In 1923 the Mackintoshes left London for the South of France where Mackintosh gave up all thoughts of architecture and design and devoted himself entirely to painting landscapes. He died in London, of cancer, on 10 December 1928. Some famous art design projects of Charles Rennie Mackintosh are as below: 1. Mackintosh’s Glasgow School of Art, (1897-1909) (East wing 1896-1899,West wing 1907-1909) 2. The interiors of the Mackintoshes own home at 6 Florentine Terrace (1906-1914) 3. Hill House in Helensburgh for Glasgow publisher Walter Blackie (1902-1903) 4. Miss Cranston’s Tea Rooms. 5. Argyle Street Tea Rooms and later the rooms of Ingram Street and Willow Street (1902-1904) are projects of art designed and considered down to the finest detail. 6. His high backed chairs are pieces of furniture or art that every interior designer is familiar with as they were of such original and memorable proportions. 7. Scotland Street School (1903-1906) 8. The interior of 78 Derngate Northampton (1916-1917) 7
  • 8. The Willow Tearoom, Glasgow 6- Furniture design work. Chair C.R. Mackintosh Writing Cabinet, designer C.R. Mackintosh 8
  • 9. Armchair Argyll Street Tea Room Smoker's or Billiard Room Chair Argyll Street Tea Room Barrel Chair 1907, Ingram Street Tea Room Chinese Room Chair 1911 Ingram Street Tea Room 9
  • 10. Oak Room Chair 1907 Ingram Street Tea Room Windyhill Entrance Hall Oval Room Chair 1909 Cabinet for Kingsborough Gardens, 1902 Ingram Street Tea Room 10
  • 11. High Back Stenciled Chair Chair 1919 Derngate Turin 1902 Director's Chair, Glasgow School of Art Chair C.R. Mackintosh Table Warndorfer Music Salon 1903 Hich Back Chair Main Street, 1900 11
  • 12. Armchairs Willow Tea Room Pen Box 1905 Hous'Hill Lattice Back ChairWillow Tea Room Ladder Back Chairs Willow Tea Room Reference: http://www.achome.co.uk/pictorial/mackintosh.htm 7- Charles Rennie Mackintosh sketch work. Design for oval backrail chairs and tables, for the Design for a writing cabinet and chair, for dining room, 'Miss Cranston's' tea rooms, Argyle The Hill House, Helensburgh 1904 Street, Glasgow 1898-9 12
  • 13. Design for tables and chair with high back, for the Design for tables and chair with high back, Room de Luxe, Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow 1903 for the Room de Luxe, Willow Tea Rooms, Glasgow 1903 Plan of a bedroom, designed for the Dresdener Werkstatten fur Handwerkskunst Design for a smoker's cabinet 1899 1903 Design for service trolley, sideboard and coffee table, for W.J. Bassett-Lowke Design for a four-poster bed 1900 c.1916-23 13
  • 14. Design for an easy chair for The Hill House Settle, for the hall, 120 Mains Street, Glasgow 1905 1900 Reference: http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/Mackintosh/browse.html 8- Re-production of Charles Rennie Mackintosh Below are some reproduction examples of Charles Rennie Mackintosh furniture design work for the study of furniture design students. 1904 willow chair Charles Rennie Mackintosh Hill House Chair Charles Rennie Mackintosh created the Willow Chair (Settee) for the Willow Tea Room in Glasgow, Scotland between 1902 and 1904. Dimensions: H 55 1/2" x D 15 1/4" W 16"; SH Dimensions: H 47" x D 16" x W 37" 17" 14
  • 15. Charles Rennie Mackintosh Candida Cottage Chair Charles Rennie Mackintosh Candida Cottage Armchair This Candida Cottage Chairs were part of the series believed to have been designed for the country These Candida Cottage Chairs were part of the series home of the industrialist W.Basset Lowke. believed to have been designed for the country home Dimensions: H 29 1/2" x D 19 1/4" x W 18"; SH of the industrialist W.Basset Lowke. The client proved 18" to be difficult and the design of the table with accompanying chairs was not accepted. Dimensions: H 29 1/2" x D 18 1/2" x W 20 1/2"; SH 18" ArH 23 1/2" harles Rennie Mackintosh Lowback Charles Rennie Mackintosh Argyle Carver Ingram Chair Armchair This low version of the Ingram Chair was the basic chair used in the White Dining Room and in the Cloister Room of the Ingram Street Tearooms, In 1899 at the Art & Crafts exhibition in London Glasgow. Designed by Charles Rennie Mackintosh in Charles Rennie Mackintosh showed the Argyle Carver 1900. Armchair. Dimensions: H Dimensions: H 41 3/4" x D 17 3/4" x W 18 54" x D 19" x W 20 1/2"; SH 18",This version is without an inserted panel as is in the Glasgow School of Art Collection. 15
  • 16. Charles Rennie Mackintosh Square Gate Charles Rennie Mackintosh Gate Leg Leg Table. Folding Table. This Mackintosh is one of the Gateleg Table designs that were submitted to W.J. Basset Lowke. The idea This Mackintosh Gateleg Table was never produced was rejected and the table was never produced. during his lifetime. Dimensions: Dimensions: W 39 1/4" x D 39 1/4" x H 30" Closed: W 22.5" x D 49 1/4" H 29 1/2" | Extended: W 70" x D 49 1/4" H 29 1/2" Charles Rennie Mackintosh Sideboard Charles Rennie Mackintosh Willow Room Coat Rack This coat tree was designed for the Room de Luxe of the Willow Tea Rooms in Glasgow, Scotland. The This Charles Rennie Mackintosh sideboard is part of original was painted silver. Two original examples a series of models designed by Mackintosh exist. supposedly for the country home of W.J. Basset- Dimensions: H 79" Dia 12 1/4" Lowke. They were not produced during the lifetime of Mackintosh. The design of the stained glass panel in the sideboard is not indicated in the Mackintosh drawing. Dimensions: H60" x D22 1/2" x W64 1/2" 16
  • 17. Charles Rennie Mackintosh Dug Out Chair This armchair, named the "Dug Out" chair for the tearoom that it was designed for, is unmistakably a Mackintosh design. While no existing examples of the "Dug Out" chair have ever been located, the details of this chair can be found in the architectural drawings of the Dug Out Tearoom. This, and the complete furnishings of the tearoom, can be seen in watercolor painting (1917) that remains in the collection of Glasgow University. The "Dug Out" chair was also believed to be included in the furniture designed for the home of W. Basset Lowke, along with such pieces as the Gate Leg table and the Mackintosh Hutch. Dimensions: H 33" D 25 1/2" W 33" Note:- Above shown pictures are from the reproduction of Charles Rennie Mackintosh original designs for reference. Useful links: 1- http://www.smow.com/designers/mackintosh/ 2- http://www.classic-design24.com/uk/tables/dining-table-by-charles-rennie-mackintosh- 1918.html 3- http://www.classic-design24.com/uk/armchairs/mackintosh-charles-rennie/armchair-willow- by-charles-rennie-mackintosh.html 4- http://www.brucehamilton.co.uk/ 9-Biography • 1868 Born in Glasgow, Scotland • 1875 Attends Reid’s Public School and, in 1877, Allan Glen’s Institution • 1883 Begins evening classes at Glasgow School of Art, which he attends until 1894 and where he wins many prizes • 1884 Trains with the Glasgow architects John Hutchins 17
  • 18. 1889 On qualifying, Makcintosh joins the renowned architects Honeyman & Keppie, where he befriends fellow draughtsman Herbert MacNair (1868-1955) • 1891 Travels to Italy on a scholarship tour • 1894 Develops designs with MacNair and their friends, the sisters Margaret and Frances Macdonald. Together they are known as The Four. Goes on the first of many sketching holidays in England. • 1896 Makintosh is the lead designer on Honeyman & Keppie’s competition entry for the new Glasgow School of Art. The Four exhibits at the Arts and Crafts Exhibition Society in London. Designs and produces stencil wall decorations for the Buchanan Street tea rooms, Glasgow for Miss Cranston • 1897 Designs Queen’s Cross Church, Glasgow. Construction begins on Glasgow School of Art. The Studio publishes an article on Mackintosh • 1898 Designs several buildings for the 1901 Glasgow International Exhibition. Commissioned by Miss Cranston to design the furniture and decoration for The Argyle Street tea rooms. Produces designs for Ruchill St. Church Halls, Glasgow and two domestic interiors: an all- white bedroom at Westdel, Queen’s Palace, Glasgow for Robert Maclehose and a dining-room for Hugo Brückmann, editor of Dekorative Kunst, in Münich • 1899 The new Glasgow School of Art opens, as does the Queen’s Cross Church, Glasgow • 1900 Marries Margaret Macdonald. Together they design the decoration and furniture for their flat at 120 Mains Street, Glasgow. Miss Cranston commissions Mackintosh to design the interior and furniture for The Ladies’ Luncheon Room, Ingram Street tearooms. Completes designs for Windyhill, Kilmalcolm, his first detached house, for his friend William Davidson • 1901 Becomes a partner in Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh. Designs interior and furniture for Mrs Rowat at 14 Kingsborough Gardens, Glasgow • 1902 Designs a music room at Carl-Ludwigstrasse, Vienna for Fritz Warndorfer, a supporter of the Secession Movement and later of the 18
  • 19. Wiener Werkstätte. Commissioned to build Hill House, Helensburgh for publisher Walter Blackie • 1903 Miss Cranston commissions Mackintosh to design the exterior and interiors of The Willow tea rooms, Glasgow. The Glasgow School Board appoints Mackintosh to design the Scotland Street School, Glasgow • 1904 Completes The Hill House, Helensburgh. Designs the decoration and furnishings of the hall, dining room, drawing room and two bedrooms at Hous’hill Nitshill, Glasgow for Miss Cranston and her husband Major Cochrane • 1905 Designs a shop at 233 Sauchiehall Street for Messrs Henry and Carruthers. Begins work on Auchinibert, a house at Killearn, Stirlingshire for F.J. Shand and on the Dutch Kitchen for the basement of the Argyle Street tea rooms, Glasgow • 1906 Completes the designs for the boardroom at Glasgow School of Art. Moves with Margaret to 78 Southpark Avenue, where they create new interiors • 1907 Produces designs for The Oak Room at the Ingram Street tea rooms for Miss Cranston and the west wing of Glasgow School of Art • 1909 Designs the Card Room for Hous’hill as well as the Oval Room and ladies’ rest room at the Ingram Street tea rooms. Opening of the west wing of Glasgow School of Art • 1911 Creates the interiors of The Cloister Room and Chinese Room for the Ingram Street tea rooms, Glasgow • 1914 Dissolves partnership in Honeyman, Keppie & Mackintosh and moves to Walberswick, Suffolk where he paints watercolours and is suspected by local people of being a spy • 1915 Moves to Chelsea, London • 1916 Creates furniture and interiors for 78 Derngate, Northampton for W.J. Bassett-Lowke and produces fabric designs for Messrs. Foxton and Messrs. Sefton of London 19
  • 20. 1917 Designs the Dug-Out, a war-time café at the Willow tea rooms and clocks for W. J. Bassett-Lowke • 1919 Completes designs for a guest bedroom at 8 Derngate, Northampton and a cottage at East Grinstead for E.O. Hoppé • 1923 Moves to Port Venders in southern France where he paints a series of water colors, mainly landscapes • 1928 Dies in London of cancer of the tongue Drawing room, 120 Mains Street, Glasgow, 1900 Interior hall of The Hill House, 1903 References 1. Charles Rennie Mackintosh (World of Arts) by Alan Crawford 2. Charles Rennie Mackintosh: Architect, Icon by John McKean and Colin baxer. 3. Charles Rennie Mackintosh Furniture by Roger Billcliffe. 4. Charles Rennie Mackintosh: The Complete Furniture,Furniture Drawings and Interior Designs: by Roger Billcliffe. 5. “The Tea rooms of mackintosh” by Alan Crawford and Wendy Kaplan,Architecture Week No.81,2002.0109,pC1.1 20
  • 21. 6. “The Illustrated Encylopedia of Architects and Architecture” New York-1991 7. “Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architect.Vo.3,London" Dictionary of Scottish Architects – DSA Architect Biography Report. 8. "Margaret macdonald”, The Official Gateway to Scotland". 9. House for an Art Lover, Bellahouston Park, Glasgow 1996. 10. The Hunterian, The University of Glasgow. Mackintosh Collection, cat no: GLAHA 41142-45 11. Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS), 12. "The Glasgow Story: Modern Times". City of Glasgow Culture and Leisure Services. 13. Charles Rennie Mackintosh: Gallery Plan and Program Guide (1996). 14. The University of Glasgow’s Hunterian Museum and Art Gallery 15. “The Tea rooms of mackintosh” by Alan Crawford and Wendy Kaplan,Architecture Week No.81,2002.0109,pC1.1 Useful links 1. http://www.crmsociety.com/ 2. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh 3. 4. http://www.greatbuildings.com/cgi-bin/glk? http://govan.cent.gla.ac.uk/Museum/MacHouse/MacInfo.html 5. http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/Mackintosh/sketchbooks 6. http://www.huntsearch.gla.ac.uk/Mackintosh/browse.html 7. http://www.archiplanet.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh 8. http://www.architectureweek.com/2002/0109/culture_1-1.html 9. http://www.isnare.com/?aid=317611&ca=Arts+and+Crafts 10.http://www.achome.co.uk/pictorial/mackintosh.htm 11.http://www.archiplanet.org/wiki/Charles_Rennie_Mackintosh 12.http://www.armin-grewe.com/crm/crm-book.htm 21
  • 22. Note: Title page photograph taken on 9 March 2006 by User:Dave souza House for an Art Lover Range by Bruce Hamilton,UK 22
  • 23. FIRST COMMENT. • Your Information Regarding Mackintosh Furniture Design Charles Rennie Mackintosh society UK (info@crmsociety.com) 1/8/2013 To: jik_1959@hotmail.com From:CRM Society (info@crmsociety.com) This sender is in your contact list. Sent: Tuesday, January 08, 2013 5:33:37 PM To: jik_1959@hotmail.com Dear Javeed, Thank you for your email and for taking the trouble to send us your article – which is indeed comprehensive. With the help of one of our volunteer researchers, we have had a look at your article on Mackintosh and furniture design and feel that there are several issues which would need to be addressed before you would want to use it for educational purposes - particularly if it was your intention to have it published at some point. There are several inaccuracies with names and descriptions and some spelling and you would need to seek permission to use the photo images from the site holders/books/ or journals, and also check the accuracy of the information you have used with the authors direct. Some of the websites are not academically reliable .eg' isnare.com' You may need to check the references at the end of the article as they need to have a full description of author, title, publication date, place of publication and page references for journals. Websites need to be acknowledged as references as well and this would need to be completed. It would be worth noting that one of the most comprehensive works on Mackintosh Furniture is the Catalogue Raisonne work by author and scholar Roger Billcliffe – published by Cameron and Hollis. Without checking some of your information sources in detail, and then rechecking for authoritative sources , which would be time consuming for us, we regret, that as we are a small charitable body, we do not have the resources to supply you with a detailed ‘crit’ of your work. 23
  • 24. Perhaps one of your previous college lecturers or tutors at Bucks would be willing to go through this in detail for you? We wish you the best of luck with your project, but we can only offer our opinion based on what we understand from your information to us, and cannot accept any liability for any information you use which turns out to be inaccurate or any copyright which is infringed. We realise that you intend to give apprentice projects to design Mackintosh furniture as learning projects for them – but would point out that Cassina holds a copyright on certain Mackintosh Chairs (see http://www.cassina.com) and as with all potential copyright issues, you would be advised to check on the copyright status of any pieces you wished to produce in a commercial way – not just with Cassina, but with the other holders, which would include the Glasgow School of Art etc. I do hope this is of some help, I regret that we are unable to supply you with a more-detailed analysis of your work – and wish you well with your continued research into Mackintosh and his works. yours sincerely Dylan Paterson For, and on behalf of, the Charles Rennie Mackintosh Society Dylan Paterson Business and Events Officer CRM Society The Mackintosh Church at Queen's Cross 870 Garscube Road Glasgow G20 7EL T: +44(0)141 946 6600 or +44(0)141 945 2321 F: +44(0)141 946 7276 E: dylan@crmsociety.com W: www.crmsociety.com and www.mackintoshchurch.com 24
  • 25. Mackintosh at The Grand Treat yourself to this all-inclusive Mackintosh Tour. Organised by the Mackintosh Society and in partnership with the Grand Central Hotel, you will have access behind the scenes to see some of Mackintosh’s hidden gems. Book now places are limited. The Mackintosh Church Here at The Mackintosh Church we pride ourselves in providing a 'bespoke service' for all your event needs. If you are looking for somewhere with a difference for your event, then look no further; The Mackintosh Church is a truly unique venue for a corporate event, wedding or special occasion? WINNER: Scottish Thistle Awards 2007 25
  • 26. Mackintosh at The Grand Treat yourself to this all-inclusive Mackintosh Tour. Organised by the Mackintosh Society and in partnership with the Grand Central Hotel, you will have access behind the scenes to see some of Mackintosh’s hidden gems. Book now places are limited. The Mackintosh Church Here at The Mackintosh Church we pride ourselves in providing a 'bespoke service' for all your event needs. If you are looking for somewhere with a difference for your event, then look no further; The Mackintosh Church is a truly unique venue for a corporate event, wedding or special occasion? WINNER: Scottish Thistle Awards 2007 25
  • 27. Mackintosh at The Grand Treat yourself to this all-inclusive Mackintosh Tour. Organised by the Mackintosh Society and in partnership with the Grand Central Hotel, you will have access behind the scenes to see some of Mackintosh’s hidden gems. Book now places are limited. The Mackintosh Church Here at The Mackintosh Church we pride ourselves in providing a 'bespoke service' for all your event needs. If you are looking for somewhere with a difference for your event, then look no further; The Mackintosh Church is a truly unique venue for a corporate event, wedding or special occasion? WINNER: Scottish Thistle Awards 2007 25