SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Barcelona, 18 October 2018
Barcelona, 18 October 2018
Funding trends in Europe
Thomas Estermann
Director for Governance, Funding & Public Policy
Development at EUA
Interviewed by
Susanne Barta
Journalist, Italy
© EUA 2018
Outline 1. Public funding: improving investment, slow
recovery
2. Efficiency, effectiveness & value for money:
the new mantra
3. Funding reforms: high expectations
4. EU funding: simpler, more ambitious?
5. Governance & accountability: the ongoing
debate
3
FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE
© EUA 2018 4
over 20% decrease
from -20% to -5%
from -5% to +5%
from +5% to +20%
over 20% increase
Trend 1:
Investment in
universities is
improving;
but recovery not
fast enough
© EUA 2018
Evolution of
public funding
to universities
2016-2017
5
over 5% decrease
between 1 and 5% decrease
between 1% decrease and 1% increase
between 1 and 5% increase
over 5% increase
© EUA 2018
Slowly less
systems with
decreasing
funding patterns
6
Year-on-year change, in real terms
Number of systems increasing/decreasing
funds compared to previous year.
(CH missing for 2015-2016 and 2016-2017)
15
10
17 17
19 19 16
-19
-24
-17 -17
-15 -14 -11
-80%
-60%
-40%
-20%
0%
20%
40%
60%
2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017
Year-on-year change
positive change negative change
© EUA 2018
> 10% increase CZ, IS, UK-WA
5% – 10% increase HR, HU, NL, TR
1 – 5% increase BE-fr, ES, IE, NO, PL, SE, SK, UK-SC
-1% – +1% change AT
1 – 5% decrease
5% – 10% decrease
UK-EN
> 10% decrease
No data
BE-fl, DE, DK, EE, FI, FR, GR, IT, LT,
LU, LV, PT, RS, SI, UK-NI, CH
Funding figures for 2018 are only available for 17 of 34 higher education systems in
the sample.
Public investment in universities in 2018 (in nominal terms)
FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE
TOP INCREASES 2018
(nominal terms)
Wales (14,5%)
Czech Republic (13,8%)
Iceland (11,6%)
TOP INCREASES 2017
(real terms)
Hungary (26,5%)
Iceland (13%)
Ireland (4,8%)
LARGEST DECREASES 2018
(nominal terms)
England (-5,1%)
LARGEST DECREASES 2017
(real terms)
Northern Ireland (-16,8%)
Wales (-7,9%)
England (-6,5%)
© EUA 2018
No catch-up effect?
• Mostly slow trajectories
• Some countries have offset earlier cuts (IS, PT) but the divide has grown with countries that
have had sustained investment over the period
• Ireland sees real terms increase for the first time in the entire period
• Worrying consolidation of significantly lower levels of investment in some countries
8
Link to economic growth?
• Most countries are registering economic growth and higher inflation
• A group of countries that has margin for manoeuvre but fails to invest in the sector
What type of demographic pressures?
• Very different evolutions across Europe
• Central & Eastern Europe confronted to falling student numbers
• Funding growth must be considered in relation to the evolution of the student population
© EUA 2018
Systems with
increasing
funding
9
*Shorter timeframes are used for
the following systems:
BE-fr (2008-2016), CH (2008-
2015) and LU (2009-2017).
Student numbers for TR were
capped at 100% to enhance the
readability of the graph.
95,5%
73,2%
36,1%
31,4%
29,3%
23,3% 23,0% 22% 21,6% 20,5% 20,3%
9,5% 9% 8,9%
5,3%
1,2%
24% 207% 40% 29,2% 26,2% 25,6% 50,3% 2,6% 52,5%
-18,5%
29,9% 7,1% 20,7% 12,2% 14,2% 18,4%
-20%
0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
LU* TR DE CH* NO AT DK SE BE-fl PL BE-fr* PT NL IS FR HR
Funding 2008-17 Student numbers 2008-09 to 2016-17
© EUA 2018
Systems with
decreasing
funding
10
*Shorter timeframes are used for
the following systems:
EE (2008-2016), FI (2010-2016),
SI (2008-2016), GR (2008-2015),
LV (2008-2016), UK-wa (2009-
2017), UK-sc (2010-2017).
-2,9% -4,4%
-10,1% -10,3%
-17,3%
-20,8% -21,6% -21,7%
-26,5%
-28,8%
-31,1% -32,9% -33,4% -33,9%
-58,4%
-60,5%
-71,8%
-35,1%
-0,3%
-21,7%
-24,7%
-8,8%
-12,2%
-7,1%
-3,1%
0,6%
-25,2%
6,8%
-42%
-42,0%
23,5%
15,8%
8,3%
-1,6%
-80%
-60%
-40%
-20%
0%
20%
40%
Funding 2008-17 Student numbers 2008-09 to 2016-17
© EUA 2018 11
STUDENTS
IN TRANSITION
PL
SHRINKING SYSTEMS
HU, LT, SK
DECLINING SYSTEMS
UNDER PRESSURE
CZ,ES, IT
SYSTEMS IN DANGER
IE, RS
GROWING SYSTEMS
UNDER PRESSURE
AT, BE-fl, DE, DK, FR, HR,
IS, NL, TR
FRONTRUNNERS
NO, PT, SE
+
+
_
_FUNDING
Growth of funding & student numbers:
period 2008-2017
© EUA 2018 12
0
-0,28%
-5,75%
-13,05%
-20,45%
-28,82%
-32,67% -34,21%
-36,91%
-33,91%
IRELAND
Growth of funding & student numbers: period 2008-2017
0
2,67%
12,39%
2,50%
-7,93%
-16,96%
-0,08%
4,80%
6,03%
9,49%
PORTUGAL
0,0%-0,4%
13,6%
9,6%
6,9%
19,2%
17,4%
16,5%
26,0%
23,3%
AUSTRIA
www.bit.ly/EUAPFO
Updated version of the tool and
new report available in January
2019
RESOURCES:
© EUA 2018 14
FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE
Trend 2:
Efficiency, effectiveness and
value for money: the new
mantra for higher education &
research
http://bit.ly/ustream-project
© EUA 2018 15
Institutional level
© EUA 2018 16
Human resources
IT
Finance
Infrastructure
Professional,
operational &
support services
Academic
matters
Strategic
governance
© EUA 2018 17
www.efficiency.eua.eu
Reports:
Efficiency, Effectiveness and Value for Money: Insights from the UK and other countries
Efficiency, Effectiveness and Value for Money: Insights from Ireland and other countries
RESOURCES:
© EUA 2018 19
FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE
Trend 3:
High expectations
towards funding
reforms
Photo source
© EUA 2018 20
FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE
© EUA 2018 21
Funding tools
Need to:
• Find the right balance
between public and
private funding
• find the right mix of public
funding tools
• take account of high
percentage of fixed costs
© EUA 2018 22
Funding models
principles
• Develop a long-term perspective
• Find a “public funding mix” suitable for the system
• Simple – transparent – stable – diverse
• Agreement between public authorities and sector on the
purpose and main components / mechanisms of the model
• Share of PBF should be limited and requires additional
resources
• Consultation with the sector on the choice of indicators
• No indicators on which HEIs have little influence (graduate
employment,..)
• Limit administrative effort for the measurement and
generation/collection of data
• Evaluation of possible unintended effects and impact and
external factors)
RESOURCES:
HTTP://BIT.LY/EFFICIENTFUNDING
© EUA 2018
Trend 4:
EU funding for
research yet to get
simpler and meet
the needs
24
© EUA 2018 25
ca. 7%
Average H2020 project
management budget
€6.8 billion*
Spent on unsuccessful H2020
proposals to date
Application Participation
750 pages
H2020 Annotated
Model Grant Agreement
ca. 90%
H2020 proposals remain unfunded
Reporting
ca. 7%
H2020 Projects audited
ca. 4.1%
2016 estimated error rate under
Competitiveness for Jobs and Growth
*Own calculation based on European Commission’s Horizon 2020 Monitoring flash (September 2018) data.
© EUA 2018 26
What are the tensions & challenges around simplification?
• Simplification & financial sustainability
• Trust & control
• Speed & quality
• Change & continuity
• Diversity & standardisation
What are the recommendations for a simpler & more efficient use of resources under the
future EU programmes?
• Logic: institutional management systems geared towards requirements of main funder
• Therefore limit waste & errors by improving acceptance of institutional accounting practices
• For instance: national rules for hiring, depreciation and time-recording, as well as improved procedures for
certifying unit cost calculations
What are the perspectives on EU funding for research & higher education?
• Different state of play for Horizon Europe and Erasmus programmes
• Research & Innovation and Education some of the few policies that are considered for increases
• Key words: synergies with other EU funds and with national funds; efficiency & simplification; financial
ambitions for improved success rate & more balanced participation across the EU
© EUA 2018 27
EUA Campaign: “EU funding for universities”
RESOURCES: HTTP://BIT.LY/EUFUNDINGUNIVERSITIES
© EUA 2018
Trend 5:
Governance &
accountability: an
ongoing debate
throughout Europe
29
© EUA 2018 30
Photo source: Shutterstock
Experimentation External members
Photo source
Threats to autonomy
Photo source
© EUA 2018
Organisational
autonomy:
European
trends
• Co-existence of different legal statuses within systems
• Increased freedom to decide on internal academic
structures and create legal entities.
• Executive leaders are always chosen by the institution
• No linear progress towards increased autonomy (Setbacks
in Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, NRW)
© EUA 2018
External members in
governing bodies:
• Increasing practice with continued
involvement of public authorities
• Discussions about influence
Universities can appoint external members
DK, EE, FI, IT, LT, PT, UK
Universities cannot appoint external
members themselves but make proposals
NO, SE, SK
Universities can appoint part of the external
members
AT, BE-FR, HE (DE), FR, HR, IS, SI
Universities do not control the external
members appointment process
CH, ES, HU, LU, NL, RS
Other appointment process
BE-FL, NRW (DE), IE
Universities cannot include
external members
BB (DE), LV, PL
© EUA 2018
Developments
in the last
decade across
Europe
• Reforms often fail to address the different dimensions of
institutional autonomy
• Countries that have adopted a structured approach have
targeted comparatively weaker dimensions
• Significant changes are harder to implement in large centralised
systems
• Quality & pace of reform implementation under question
• The financial situation has an impact on priorities for reform
• Difficult economic conditions harm university autonomy
• State steering increasingly expressed through funding modalities
& accountability requirements
RESOURCES:
EUA AUTONOMY
SCORECARD
online tool and report
www.university-autonomy.eu
More resources:
www.eua.eu
www.efficiency.eua.eu

More Related Content

What's hot

United states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employment
United states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employmentUnited states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employment
United states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employment
OECD, Economics Department
 
New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...
New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...
New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...
OECD, Economics Department
 
Australia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting Innovation
Australia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting InnovationAustralia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting Innovation
Australia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting Innovation
OECD, Economics Department
 
New-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growth
New-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growthNew-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growth
New-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growth
OECD, Economics Department
 
Slovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the future
Slovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the futureSlovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the future
Slovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the future
OECD, Economics Department
 
Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...
Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...
Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
France 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employment
France 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employmentFrance 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employment
France 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employment
OECD, Economics Department
 
Austria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing Digitalisation
Austria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing DigitalisationAustria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing Digitalisation
Austria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing Digitalisation
OECD, Economics Department
 
OECD Skills Outlook Global Launch - Skills and Global Value Chains
OECD Skills Outlook Global Launch -  Skills and Global Value ChainsOECD Skills Outlook Global Launch -  Skills and Global Value Chains
OECD Skills Outlook Global Launch - Skills and Global Value Chains
EduSkills OECD
 
Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...
Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...
Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...
OECD, Economics Department
 
OECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growth
OECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growthOECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growth
OECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growth
OECD, Economics Department
 
Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016
Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016
Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016
StatsCommunications
 
New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...
New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...
New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...
Tilastokeskus
 
Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016
Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016
Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016
OECD, Economics Department
 
What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?
What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?
What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?
USAID Projekat održivog lokalnog razvoja
 
Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...
Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...
Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...
OECD, Economics Department
 
Sweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equal
Sweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equalSweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equal
Sweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equal
OECD, Economics Department
 
Turkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecks
Turkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecksTurkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecks
Turkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecks
OECD, Economics Department
 
The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...
The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...
The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...
OECD, Economics Department
 
Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...
Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...
Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...
OECD, Economics Department
 

What's hot (20)

United states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employment
United states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employmentUnited states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employment
United states-2018-oecd-economic-survey-sustaining-growth-and-raising-employment
 
New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...
New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...
New Zealand 2017 OECD Economic survey Boosting productivity and adapting to t...
 
Australia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting Innovation
Australia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting InnovationAustralia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting Innovation
Australia 2017 OECD Economic Survey Boosting Innovation
 
New-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growth
New-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growthNew-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growth
New-Zealand-2015-sustainable-and-inclusive-growth
 
Slovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the future
Slovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the futureSlovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the future
Slovak Republic 2017 OECD Economic Survey investing in the future
 
Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...
Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...
Challenges of International Co-operation in Competition - Stats highlights (2...
 
France 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employment
France 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employmentFrance 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employment
France 2017 OECD Economic Survey towards more inclusive growth and employment
 
Austria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing Digitalisation
Austria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing DigitalisationAustria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing Digitalisation
Austria 2017 OECD Economic Survey Embracing Digitalisation
 
OECD Skills Outlook Global Launch - Skills and Global Value Chains
OECD Skills Outlook Global Launch -  Skills and Global Value ChainsOECD Skills Outlook Global Launch -  Skills and Global Value Chains
OECD Skills Outlook Global Launch - Skills and Global Value Chains
 
Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...
Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...
Environment and trade: Do stricter environmental policies hurt export competi...
 
OECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growth
OECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growthOECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growth
OECD-main-findings-Luxembourg-2015-diversifying-growth
 
Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016
Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016
Key Findings from Entrepreneurship at a Glance 2016
 
New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...
New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...
New comparative data on migrants, Jens Bjerre, Statistics Denmark, Vebjørn Aa...
 
Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016
Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016
Canada boosting-growth-inclusiveness-oecd-economic-survey-2016
 
What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?
What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?
What are the most probable sectors to invest in Serbia?
 
Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...
Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...
Poland 2016 OECD Economic Survey investing in infrastructure and skills Warsa...
 
Sweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equal
Sweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equalSweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equal
Sweden 2017 OECD Economic Survey Growing more-equal
 
Turkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecks
Turkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecksTurkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecks
Turkey 2016-oecd-economic-survey-removing-productivity-bottlenecks
 
The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...
The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...
The-future-of-productivity-global-dialogue-on-the-future-of-productivity-mexi...
 
Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...
Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...
Enhancing economic-flexibility-what-is-in-it-for-workers-oecd-policy-paper-no...
 

Similar to Funding trends in European Higher Education 2018

Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...
Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...
Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...
European University Association
 
Eua pfo-report-december-2017
Eua pfo-report-december-2017Eua pfo-report-december-2017
Eua pfo-report-december-2017
Giuseppe De Nicolao
 
EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017
EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017
EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017
European University Association
 
OECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD Secretariat
OECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD SecretariatOECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD Secretariat
OECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD Secretariat
OECD Governance
 
Latest Trends in University Funding
Latest Trends in University FundingLatest Trends in University Funding
Latest Trends in University Funding
European University Association
 
Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)
Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)
Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)
International Food Policy Research Institute - Development Strategy and Governance Division
 
Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...
Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...
Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...
OECDregions
 
Offical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governments
Offical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governmentsOffical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governments
Offical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governments
OECDregions
 
Czech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-all
Czech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-allCzech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-all
Czech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-all
OECD, Economics Department
 
Wealth inequality and inclusive growth
Wealth inequality and inclusive growthWealth inequality and inclusive growth
Wealth inequality and inclusive growth
StatsCommunications
 
Subnational Capacities in a Multi-level Context
Subnational Capacities in a Multi-level ContextSubnational Capacities in a Multi-level Context
Subnational Capacities in a Multi-level Context
OECD Governance
 
European Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiency
European Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiencyEuropean Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiency
European Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiency
European University Association
 
Luigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and Policies
Luigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and PoliciesLuigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and Policies
Luigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and Policies
Structuralpolicyanalysis
 
APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...
APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...
APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...
OECD Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs
 
Added value-multi-level-governance
Added value-multi-level-governanceAdded value-multi-level-governance
Added value-multi-level-governance
OECD Governance
 
How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...
How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...
How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...
OECD Governance
 
competitiveness outlook 2016
competitiveness outlook 2016competitiveness outlook 2016
competitiveness outlook 2016
Alan Paic
 
Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)
Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)
Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)
FAO
 
Bond nidos transparency_june2013
Bond nidos transparency_june2013Bond nidos transparency_june2013
Bond nidos transparency_june2013
NIDOS
 
Inclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-Zealand
Inclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-ZealandInclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-Zealand
Inclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-Zealand
OECD Governance
 

Similar to Funding trends in European Higher Education 2018 (20)

Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...
Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...
Trends in university funding in Europe and the impact on universities and man...
 
Eua pfo-report-december-2017
Eua pfo-report-december-2017Eua pfo-report-december-2017
Eua pfo-report-december-2017
 
EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017
EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017
EUA Public Funding Observatory report 2017
 
OECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD Secretariat
OECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD SecretariatOECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD Secretariat
OECD indicators - Edwin Lau, OECD Secretariat
 
Latest Trends in University Funding
Latest Trends in University FundingLatest Trends in University Funding
Latest Trends in University Funding
 
Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)
Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)
Statistics on Public Expenditures for Economic Development (SPEED)
 
Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...
Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...
Decentralised Development Cooperation ODA Extended by local and regional gove...
 
Offical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governments
Offical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governmentsOffical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governments
Offical Development Assistance extended by local and regional governments
 
Czech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-all
Czech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-allCzech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-all
Czech republic-2016-oecd-economic-survey-fostering-prosperity-for-all
 
Wealth inequality and inclusive growth
Wealth inequality and inclusive growthWealth inequality and inclusive growth
Wealth inequality and inclusive growth
 
Subnational Capacities in a Multi-level Context
Subnational Capacities in a Multi-level ContextSubnational Capacities in a Multi-level Context
Subnational Capacities in a Multi-level Context
 
European Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiency
European Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiencyEuropean Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiency
European Funding - a call for dialogue to increase efficiency
 
Luigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and Policies
Luigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and PoliciesLuigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and Policies
Luigi zingales - Weak Productivity: The Role of Financial Factors and Policies
 
APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...
APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...
APEC World Bank Australia Workshop on Investment Promotion and Policy in Kual...
 
Added value-multi-level-governance
Added value-multi-level-governanceAdded value-multi-level-governance
Added value-multi-level-governance
 
How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...
How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...
How evidence based decision making can help deliver infrastructure in the pub...
 
competitiveness outlook 2016
competitiveness outlook 2016competitiveness outlook 2016
competitiveness outlook 2016
 
Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)
Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)
Sector Wide Approaches in Agriculture and Rural Development (SWAps)
 
Bond nidos transparency_june2013
Bond nidos transparency_june2013Bond nidos transparency_june2013
Bond nidos transparency_june2013
 
Inclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-Zealand
Inclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-ZealandInclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-Zealand
Inclusive growth - Fiona Ross, New-Zealand
 

More from European University Association

Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...
Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...
Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...
European University Association
 
Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen.
Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen. Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen.
Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen.
European University Association
 
Covid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European context
Covid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European contextCovid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European context
Covid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European context
European University Association
 
What is IEP
What is IEPWhat is IEP
Why choose IEP
Why choose IEPWhy choose IEP
Diversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutions
Diversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutionsDiversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutions
Diversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutions
European University Association
 
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?
European University Association
 
Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?
Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?
Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?
European University Association
 
2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science
2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science
2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science
European University Association
 
National initiatives in learning and teaching in Europe
National initiatives in learning and teaching in EuropeNational initiatives in learning and teaching in Europe
National initiatives in learning and teaching in Europe
European University Association
 
The landscape of doctoral education in Europe
The landscape of doctoral education in EuropeThe landscape of doctoral education in Europe
The landscape of doctoral education in Europe
European University Association
 
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspective
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspectiveEuropean Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspective
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspective
European University Association
 
EUA Open Access Survey 2018
EUA Open Access Survey 2018EUA Open Access Survey 2018
EUA Open Access Survey 2018
European University Association
 
The European Education Area – a view from the universities
The European Education Area – a view from the universitiesThe European Education Area – a view from the universities
The European Education Area – a view from the universities
European University Association
 
Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...
Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...
Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...
European University Association
 
The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...
The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...
The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...
European University Association
 
Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...
Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...
Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...
European University Association
 
Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...
Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...
Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...
European University Association
 
Trends 2018 report - results preview
Trends 2018 report - results previewTrends 2018 report - results preview
Trends 2018 report - results preview
European University Association
 
Universities & Public Engagement
Universities & Public EngagementUniversities & Public Engagement
Universities & Public Engagement
European University Association
 

More from European University Association (20)

Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...
Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...
Digitally enhanced learning and teaching in European higher education institu...
 
Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen.
Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen. Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen.
Diversität und Inklusion an europäischen Hochschulen.
 
Covid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European context
Covid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European contextCovid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European context
Covid-19 impacts and mitigation strategies. The European context
 
What is IEP
What is IEPWhat is IEP
What is IEP
 
Why choose IEP
Why choose IEPWhy choose IEP
Why choose IEP
 
Diversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutions
Diversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutionsDiversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutions
Diversity, equity and inclusion at European higher education institutions
 
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis?
 
Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?
Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?
Europäische Universitäten: Quo vadis?
 
2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science
2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science
2019 Research Assessment in the Transition to Open Science
 
National initiatives in learning and teaching in Europe
National initiatives in learning and teaching in EuropeNational initiatives in learning and teaching in Europe
National initiatives in learning and teaching in Europe
 
The landscape of doctoral education in Europe
The landscape of doctoral education in EuropeThe landscape of doctoral education in Europe
The landscape of doctoral education in Europe
 
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspective
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspectiveEuropean Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspective
European Universities Initiative: Quo vadis? AN EUA perspective
 
EUA Open Access Survey 2018
EUA Open Access Survey 2018EUA Open Access Survey 2018
EUA Open Access Survey 2018
 
The European Education Area – a view from the universities
The European Education Area – a view from the universitiesThe European Education Area – a view from the universities
The European Education Area – a view from the universities
 
Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...
Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...
Transnational university collaboration in Europe & the future of Erasmus: An ...
 
The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...
The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...
The diverse landscape of doctoral education (EUA-CDE Annual Meeting presentat...
 
Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...
Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...
Impactful Simplification of the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innov...
 
Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...
Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...
Enhancing learning and teaching at european higher education institutions - M...
 
Trends 2018 report - results preview
Trends 2018 report - results previewTrends 2018 report - results preview
Trends 2018 report - results preview
 
Universities & Public Engagement
Universities & Public EngagementUniversities & Public Engagement
Universities & Public Engagement
 

Recently uploaded

Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
ALBERTHISOLER1
 
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
Glenn Rivera
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
mansk2
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
Scholarhat
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
ashutoshklal29
 
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
MANIVALANSR
 
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatMVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
Scholarhat
 
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdfPRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
nservice241
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
Murugan Solaiyappan
 
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
Utsav Yagnik
 
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privilegesLecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Murugan146644
 
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
UmeshTimilsina1
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
mansk2
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
elwoodprias1
 
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
Scholarhat
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
Brigada Eskwela 2024 PowerPoint Update for SY 2024-2025
 
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
DepEd School Calendar 2024-2025 DO_s2024_008
 
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfC# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
C# Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
11EHS Term 3 Week 1 Unit 1 Review: Feedback and improvementpptx
 
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture  produce.pptx
2 Post harvest Physiology of Horticulture produce.pptx
 
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdfC Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
C Interview Questions PDF By Scholarhat.pdf
 
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.pptFIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
FIRST AID PRESENTATION ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY by dr lal.ppt
 
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
slidesgo-mastering-the-art-of-listening-insights-from-robin-sharma-2024070718...
 
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHatMVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
MVC Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat
 
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdfPRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
PRESS RELEASE - UNIVERSITY OF GHANA, JULY 16, 2024.pdf
 
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEWRDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
RDBMS Lecture Notes Unit4 chapter12 VIEW
 
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
2024 Winter SWAYAM NPTEL & A Student.pptx
 
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
11. Post harvest quality, Quality criteria and Judgement.pptx
 
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
BỘ ĐỀ THI HỌC SINH GIỎI CÁC TỈNH MÔN TIẾNG ANH LỚP 9 NĂM HỌC 2023-2024 (CÓ FI...
 
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privilegesLecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
Lecture Notes Unit4 Chapter13 users , roles and privileges
 
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
5. Postharvest deterioration of fruits and vegetables.pptx
 
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
BÀI TẬP BỔ TRỢ 4 KỸ NĂNG TIẾNG ANH LỚP 12 - GLOBAL SUCCESS - FORM MỚI 2025 - ...
 
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
QCE – Unpacking the syllabus Implications for Senior School practices and ass...
 
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptxSD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
SD_Integrating 21st Century Skills in Classroom-based Assessment.pptx
 
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdfASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
ASP.NET Core Interview Questions PDF By ScholarHat.pdf
 

Funding trends in European Higher Education 2018

  • 2. Barcelona, 18 October 2018 Funding trends in Europe Thomas Estermann Director for Governance, Funding & Public Policy Development at EUA Interviewed by Susanne Barta Journalist, Italy
  • 3. © EUA 2018 Outline 1. Public funding: improving investment, slow recovery 2. Efficiency, effectiveness & value for money: the new mantra 3. Funding reforms: high expectations 4. EU funding: simpler, more ambitious? 5. Governance & accountability: the ongoing debate 3 FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE
  • 4. © EUA 2018 4 over 20% decrease from -20% to -5% from -5% to +5% from +5% to +20% over 20% increase Trend 1: Investment in universities is improving; but recovery not fast enough
  • 5. © EUA 2018 Evolution of public funding to universities 2016-2017 5 over 5% decrease between 1 and 5% decrease between 1% decrease and 1% increase between 1 and 5% increase over 5% increase
  • 6. © EUA 2018 Slowly less systems with decreasing funding patterns 6 Year-on-year change, in real terms Number of systems increasing/decreasing funds compared to previous year. (CH missing for 2015-2016 and 2016-2017) 15 10 17 17 19 19 16 -19 -24 -17 -17 -15 -14 -11 -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60% 2010-2011 2011-2012 2012-2013 2013-2014 2014-2015 2015-2016 2016-2017 Year-on-year change positive change negative change
  • 7. © EUA 2018 > 10% increase CZ, IS, UK-WA 5% – 10% increase HR, HU, NL, TR 1 – 5% increase BE-fr, ES, IE, NO, PL, SE, SK, UK-SC -1% – +1% change AT 1 – 5% decrease 5% – 10% decrease UK-EN > 10% decrease No data BE-fl, DE, DK, EE, FI, FR, GR, IT, LT, LU, LV, PT, RS, SI, UK-NI, CH Funding figures for 2018 are only available for 17 of 34 higher education systems in the sample. Public investment in universities in 2018 (in nominal terms) FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE TOP INCREASES 2018 (nominal terms) Wales (14,5%) Czech Republic (13,8%) Iceland (11,6%) TOP INCREASES 2017 (real terms) Hungary (26,5%) Iceland (13%) Ireland (4,8%) LARGEST DECREASES 2018 (nominal terms) England (-5,1%) LARGEST DECREASES 2017 (real terms) Northern Ireland (-16,8%) Wales (-7,9%) England (-6,5%)
  • 8. © EUA 2018 No catch-up effect? • Mostly slow trajectories • Some countries have offset earlier cuts (IS, PT) but the divide has grown with countries that have had sustained investment over the period • Ireland sees real terms increase for the first time in the entire period • Worrying consolidation of significantly lower levels of investment in some countries 8 Link to economic growth? • Most countries are registering economic growth and higher inflation • A group of countries that has margin for manoeuvre but fails to invest in the sector What type of demographic pressures? • Very different evolutions across Europe • Central & Eastern Europe confronted to falling student numbers • Funding growth must be considered in relation to the evolution of the student population
  • 9. © EUA 2018 Systems with increasing funding 9 *Shorter timeframes are used for the following systems: BE-fr (2008-2016), CH (2008- 2015) and LU (2009-2017). Student numbers for TR were capped at 100% to enhance the readability of the graph. 95,5% 73,2% 36,1% 31,4% 29,3% 23,3% 23,0% 22% 21,6% 20,5% 20,3% 9,5% 9% 8,9% 5,3% 1,2% 24% 207% 40% 29,2% 26,2% 25,6% 50,3% 2,6% 52,5% -18,5% 29,9% 7,1% 20,7% 12,2% 14,2% 18,4% -20% 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% LU* TR DE CH* NO AT DK SE BE-fl PL BE-fr* PT NL IS FR HR Funding 2008-17 Student numbers 2008-09 to 2016-17
  • 10. © EUA 2018 Systems with decreasing funding 10 *Shorter timeframes are used for the following systems: EE (2008-2016), FI (2010-2016), SI (2008-2016), GR (2008-2015), LV (2008-2016), UK-wa (2009- 2017), UK-sc (2010-2017). -2,9% -4,4% -10,1% -10,3% -17,3% -20,8% -21,6% -21,7% -26,5% -28,8% -31,1% -32,9% -33,4% -33,9% -58,4% -60,5% -71,8% -35,1% -0,3% -21,7% -24,7% -8,8% -12,2% -7,1% -3,1% 0,6% -25,2% 6,8% -42% -42,0% 23,5% 15,8% 8,3% -1,6% -80% -60% -40% -20% 0% 20% 40% Funding 2008-17 Student numbers 2008-09 to 2016-17
  • 11. © EUA 2018 11 STUDENTS IN TRANSITION PL SHRINKING SYSTEMS HU, LT, SK DECLINING SYSTEMS UNDER PRESSURE CZ,ES, IT SYSTEMS IN DANGER IE, RS GROWING SYSTEMS UNDER PRESSURE AT, BE-fl, DE, DK, FR, HR, IS, NL, TR FRONTRUNNERS NO, PT, SE + + _ _FUNDING Growth of funding & student numbers: period 2008-2017
  • 12. © EUA 2018 12 0 -0,28% -5,75% -13,05% -20,45% -28,82% -32,67% -34,21% -36,91% -33,91% IRELAND Growth of funding & student numbers: period 2008-2017 0 2,67% 12,39% 2,50% -7,93% -16,96% -0,08% 4,80% 6,03% 9,49% PORTUGAL 0,0%-0,4% 13,6% 9,6% 6,9% 19,2% 17,4% 16,5% 26,0% 23,3% AUSTRIA
  • 13. www.bit.ly/EUAPFO Updated version of the tool and new report available in January 2019 RESOURCES:
  • 14. © EUA 2018 14 FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE Trend 2: Efficiency, effectiveness and value for money: the new mantra for higher education & research http://bit.ly/ustream-project
  • 15. © EUA 2018 15 Institutional level
  • 16. © EUA 2018 16 Human resources IT Finance Infrastructure Professional, operational & support services Academic matters Strategic governance
  • 18. www.efficiency.eua.eu Reports: Efficiency, Effectiveness and Value for Money: Insights from the UK and other countries Efficiency, Effectiveness and Value for Money: Insights from Ireland and other countries RESOURCES:
  • 19. © EUA 2018 19 FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE Trend 3: High expectations towards funding reforms Photo source
  • 20. © EUA 2018 20 FUNDING TRENDS IN EUROPE
  • 21. © EUA 2018 21 Funding tools Need to: • Find the right balance between public and private funding • find the right mix of public funding tools • take account of high percentage of fixed costs
  • 22. © EUA 2018 22 Funding models principles • Develop a long-term perspective • Find a “public funding mix” suitable for the system • Simple – transparent – stable – diverse • Agreement between public authorities and sector on the purpose and main components / mechanisms of the model • Share of PBF should be limited and requires additional resources • Consultation with the sector on the choice of indicators • No indicators on which HEIs have little influence (graduate employment,..) • Limit administrative effort for the measurement and generation/collection of data • Evaluation of possible unintended effects and impact and external factors)
  • 24. © EUA 2018 Trend 4: EU funding for research yet to get simpler and meet the needs 24
  • 25. © EUA 2018 25 ca. 7% Average H2020 project management budget €6.8 billion* Spent on unsuccessful H2020 proposals to date Application Participation 750 pages H2020 Annotated Model Grant Agreement ca. 90% H2020 proposals remain unfunded Reporting ca. 7% H2020 Projects audited ca. 4.1% 2016 estimated error rate under Competitiveness for Jobs and Growth *Own calculation based on European Commission’s Horizon 2020 Monitoring flash (September 2018) data.
  • 26. © EUA 2018 26 What are the tensions & challenges around simplification? • Simplification & financial sustainability • Trust & control • Speed & quality • Change & continuity • Diversity & standardisation What are the recommendations for a simpler & more efficient use of resources under the future EU programmes? • Logic: institutional management systems geared towards requirements of main funder • Therefore limit waste & errors by improving acceptance of institutional accounting practices • For instance: national rules for hiring, depreciation and time-recording, as well as improved procedures for certifying unit cost calculations What are the perspectives on EU funding for research & higher education? • Different state of play for Horizon Europe and Erasmus programmes • Research & Innovation and Education some of the few policies that are considered for increases • Key words: synergies with other EU funds and with national funds; efficiency & simplification; financial ambitions for improved success rate & more balanced participation across the EU
  • 27. © EUA 2018 27 EUA Campaign: “EU funding for universities”
  • 29. © EUA 2018 Trend 5: Governance & accountability: an ongoing debate throughout Europe 29
  • 30. © EUA 2018 30 Photo source: Shutterstock Experimentation External members Photo source Threats to autonomy Photo source
  • 31. © EUA 2018 Organisational autonomy: European trends • Co-existence of different legal statuses within systems • Increased freedom to decide on internal academic structures and create legal entities. • Executive leaders are always chosen by the institution • No linear progress towards increased autonomy (Setbacks in Hungary, Ireland, Latvia, NRW)
  • 32. © EUA 2018 External members in governing bodies: • Increasing practice with continued involvement of public authorities • Discussions about influence Universities can appoint external members DK, EE, FI, IT, LT, PT, UK Universities cannot appoint external members themselves but make proposals NO, SE, SK Universities can appoint part of the external members AT, BE-FR, HE (DE), FR, HR, IS, SI Universities do not control the external members appointment process CH, ES, HU, LU, NL, RS Other appointment process BE-FL, NRW (DE), IE Universities cannot include external members BB (DE), LV, PL
  • 33. © EUA 2018 Developments in the last decade across Europe • Reforms often fail to address the different dimensions of institutional autonomy • Countries that have adopted a structured approach have targeted comparatively weaker dimensions • Significant changes are harder to implement in large centralised systems • Quality & pace of reform implementation under question • The financial situation has an impact on priorities for reform • Difficult economic conditions harm university autonomy • State steering increasingly expressed through funding modalities & accountability requirements
  • 34. RESOURCES: EUA AUTONOMY SCORECARD online tool and report www.university-autonomy.eu