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Fundamentals of Ayurveda Instructor Dr.(Vaidya) Shekhar Annambhotla Director & Founder Ojas Ayurveda Yoga Wellness Center Macungie, PA 18062 Phone: 484-347-6110 email:shekhar@ojas.us www.ojas.us
“ The Natural force within each of us is the greatest healer of disease” - Hippocrates
COURSE CONENT What is Ayurveda? Basic principles of Ayurveda Branches of Ayurveda Three biological energies (Doshas) and their understanding in modern science understanding Vata, Pitta, and Kapha
Qualities of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha Functions of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha Locations of Vata, Pitta and Kapha Functions of Vata, Pitta and Kapha
  VATA Balanced effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological  Increased effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological  Decreased effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical  Psychological  Effects of vitiation
Aggravating factors of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha Characteristics of Vata, Pitta and Kapha constitutions (Prakriti)
What is AYURVEDA? “ The Knowledge of Life” AYU = LIFE  VEDA = KNOWLEDGE Life = Mind + Body + Spirit
HIGHLIGHTS OF AYURVEDA Traditional system of medicine from India Holistic, natural healing Complementary and integrative system  Addresses the root cause of imbalance Each individual is unique Relationship between Microcosm and Macrocosm
Treatment of the whole mind-body  Rejuvenating and revitalizing system Promotion of immunity, maintenance of health Lifestyle recommendations - diet, daily & seasonal regimen, yoga, meditation, herbs, physiological detoxification  (Panchakarma) Adopts multiple ingredients of whole  plants / herbs and minerals
AYURVEDIC APPROACH TO HEALTH Therapeutic modalities which are: Suited to an individual’s constitution  Seek to restore good health, balance, and  harmony at the levels of body, mind and spirit
Individuals are advised on:  Diet Daily routine  Seasonal regimens Exercise, including  Yoga Asanas Meditation
Herbs Physiological purification methods such as Herbal oil massages Sweat baths Herbal enemas  Herbal steam inhalations
Individual results will vary from person to person Compound preparations:  Multiple ingredients of plants and minerals to help the preparation function as a whole and to balance the total function of the body.  Some herbs enhance the action, while others avoid or minimize possible side effects. AYURVEDIC HERBAL & MINERAL MEDICINES
BASIC PRINCIPLES OF AYURVEDA Five gross elements ( Pancha Maha Bhutas) Three biological energies ( Three Doshas) Three psychological energies ( Three Gunas) Seven body tissues ( Sapta Dhatus) Final refined product of digestion & metabolism, i.e., Vital Immunity  (Ojas)
Understanding of Vital Force  (Prana ) Knowing of Vital Energy  (Tejas) Vital points ( Marma Vignan ) Thirteen channels of circulation (Srotas) Thirteen biological fires ( Agnis) Four states of digestive fire  Toxic, morbid substance ( Ama) Six stages of manifestation of disease  ( Kriya Kalas)
Daily routine ( Dinacharya) Seasonal regimen ( Ritucharya) Dietetics ( Ahara vigyan) Physiological Detoxification ( Pancha Karma) Rejuvenation Program ( Rasayana) Revitalization Program ( Vajikarana)
THE  EIGHT BRANCHES OF AYURVEDA ( ASHTANGA AYURVEDA ) Internal Medicine ( Kaya chikitsa) Surgery ( Shalya tantra ) Ophthalmology & Otorhinolaryngology ( Shalakya tantra ) Pediatrics ( Kaumara britya ) Toxicology ( Agada tantra ) Psychology ( Bhuta vidya ) Rejuvenation ( Rasayana ) Revitalization ( Vajikarana )
Three Biological Energies ( Doshas ) and their understanding in Modern Science
VATA Cellular level Functions of nucleus Somatic level Neurological activities
PITTA Cellular level Functions of mitochondria Somatic level Hormonal & enzymatic activities (Endocrinal)
KAPHA Cellular level Functions of protoplasm Somatic level Various secretary activities (Exocrinal)
UNDERSTANDING  VATA, PITTA, KAPHA
VATA is responsible for: Movement Transportation Communication Neurological activities  o Governed by SROTAS
PITTA is responsible for: Digestion Metabolism Transformation Hormonal, Enzymatic actions  Governed by AGNI
KAPHA is responsible for: Structure Cohesion Binding Lubrication Immune activities  Governed by DHATU
VATA  QUALITIES Dry, rough Cold Light Subtle, minute Changeable, moving Clear, non-sticky Coarse, brittle
PITTA  QUALITIES Slightly oily Heat, warmth Sharp Liquid Sour Moving, flowing Pungent, sour
KAPHA  QUALITIES Heavy Cold Soft Unctuous, oily Sweaty Stable Sticky
FUNCTIONS OF  VATA Breathing Cellular motion Flow of nutrients & waste products Heartbeat, blood flow Movement Natural urges Nerve impulses, blinking Sensory & motor functions
FUNCTIONS OF  PITTA Absorption Assimilation Body temperature Digestion Metabolism Perception Skin coloration & luster Understanding Vitality
FUNCTIONS OF  KAPHA All tissue substances Growth Healing Immunity Lubrication of joints Moisturizing the skin Resistance Stability, strength, structure  Vigor
LOCATIONS OF  VATA Colon (Main) Bladder / kidneys Anus & rectum Waist Pelvis, reproductive organs Legs, feet Bones Ears Skin
LOCATIONS OF  PITTA Small intestine and stomach (Main) Sweat Plasma, blood Liver, spleen Endocrine glands Skin Brain Eyes
LOCATIONS OF  KAPHA · Thorax (Main) · Head, neck · Mouth · Joints · Kidneys · Adipose tissue · Lymphatic system · Stomach, small intestine · Pancreas
BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF VATA PHYSICAL All movements of the body Circulation of the blood Control of the organs of action and perception Curiosity and natural interest Development of tissues Excellent energy level
Flow of nutrients Greater vitality Liveliness Motivation of natural urges Nerve impulse, pulsation, heartbeat Normal respiratory function
Proper coordination of all body functions Release of waste products Sensory & motor functions Sound sleep Stimulation of digestive juices Strong immunity
PSYCHOLOGICAL Clear comprehension Controlled and precise mental activity Creativity Desire to lead an active life Enthusiasm Inspiration Mental alertness Sense of exhilaration
INCREASED EFFECTS OF VATA PHYSICAL Aching pain, cramps Astringent taste in mouth Atrophy of bone marrow Bloating, gas, colic Brittle nails Constipation
Contraction of joints, joint problems Cracked lips, feet and hands Craving for hot things Dehydration Discoloration Dislocation
Dry, rough skin Excessive, irregular movements Giddiness Harshness of speech Hiccups Intolerance to cold Light or interrupted sleep
Nervous twitches Non-specific fatigue Numbness Persistent bodily discharges Perversion of sense of taste Pricking pains Longitudinal lines on nails Loss of vigor and vitality Nerve pain
Rigidity of the body Roughness Shortness of breath Split ends of hair Subluxation Thirst Trembling & twisting of body parts Tremors Underweight Wrinkles on forehead
PSYCHOLOGICAL Aimless talking Anxiety Astonishment Confusion Distraction Disturbed inspiration Excitation
Indecisiveness Insecurity  Fear Harshness Hysterical behavior Impaired memory Inappropriate perception Mental agitation, worry Nervousness
DECREASED EFFECTS OF VATA PHYSICAL  Diminished movements  Diseases manifested by an excess of Kapha  Impaired body functions  Impairment of sense functions  Irregular gastric fire
Less building of tissues Less or slow elimination of waste substances Loss of consciousness Low vitality Lack of energy Nausea Slow, diminished movements Weakness
PSYCHOLOGICAL Lack of enthusiasm Shallow inspiration Dull sensory perception with untimely responses Depletion of life force Loss of joy Grief
EFFECTS OF VATA VITIATION Anorexia Arthritis Bipolar Disorder Chronic constipation Dandruff Depression Dry eczema Epilepsy Glaucoma
Insomnia Kidney problems Lameness Macular Degeneration Mania Osteo Arthritis Osteoporosis Psoriasis Tension headaches
BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF PITTA PHYSICAL Good appetite Balanced digestion Balanced heat regulation Balanced thirst Good eye sight Luster Softness in the body
PSYCHOLOGICAL Cheerfulness Exhilaration Valor Sharp intellect
INCREASED EFFECTS OF PITTA PHYSICAL Burning sensation Excessive heat Suppuration, sloughing Excessive perspiration Softening Itching, redness, discharge, bleeding tendency
Bristling of body hair Bitter taste in mouth Craving for cold substances Excessive hunger Excessive thirst Combustion of tissues
Loss of sleep Very sharp digestion Yellow coloration of stool, urine, eyes, nails, and skin Burning eyes and feet Broken capillaries Horizontal ridges on nails
PSYCHOLOGICAL Anger Irritation, annoyance Excessively critical Excessively cavalier Frustration Hatred, jealousy Overly aggressive, rage Disturbed intellect, internal storm Disturbed or short temper
DECREASED EFFECTS OF PITTA PHYSICAL Impairment of vital essence Lessened or lack of urination Harshness of the body Heaviness Increased mucous Indigestion
Irregular pain and burning Lack of luster Lack of softness in the body Low hunger & thirst Low temperature Pallor of nails and eyes Poor vision Slow digestion Stiffness Tremors
PSYCHOLOGICAL Dull intellect Lack of happiness
EFFECTS OF PITTA VITIATION Acne Allergies Anorexia Colitis Conjunctivitis Contact dermatitis Eczema Fever
Hyperacidity Hypertension Inflammatory diseases Irritable bowel syndrome Jaundice Liver diseases Peptic ulcers Psychosis Rashes Rosacea
BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF KAPHA PHYSICAL Binding, unctuousness Heaviness Lubrication of joints Plumpness Potency Stability of the body Strength, strong immunity Vitality Wound healing
PSYCHOLOGICAL Absence of greed Affection Enthusiasm Firmness Forbearance and fortitude Forgiveness Generosity, knowledge Restraint, patience Understanding
INCREASED EFFECTS OF KAPHA PHYSICAL Astonishment Blocking of the channels Bumps Cohesion Coldness Corpulence Coughing
Disturbed potency Double chin Dullness of gastric fire Excessive excretion Excessive mucus Excessive oiliness Excessive secretions Excessive sleep Excessive sweat
Fainting Firmness Flabbiness Heaviness Humidity Immobility Itching Lack of skin tone
Leanness Lethargic Lethargy Lethargy, laziness Looseness of joints, skin Nasal allergies  Nausea Numbness Oozing, itching
Pallor of skin Physical dullness Puffiness Reduced sensory acuity Secretions from the mouth Separation of bones Sinus congestion
Slow digestion Softening Stickiness Sweetness in mouth Swollen feet, ankles Weakness, lassitude Weight gain
PSYCHOLOGICAL · Attachment · Laziness, inertia · Dullness of mind · Ignorance, emotional heaviness · Negativity · Dysphoria · Possessive, inability to let go · Greed · Lust, envy, stupefaction
DECREASED EFFECTS OF KAPHA PHYSICAL Body aches Cramps Debility Dehydration Dryness Giddiness Heat
Instability Internal burning Lightness Looseness of joints Loss of consciousness Tachycardia (Increased heart rate) Thirst Trembling Wakefulness Weakness
PSYCHOLOGICAL Absence of self control Lack of patience Less forgiving nature
EFFECTS OF KAPHA VITIATION Arthritis Asthma Bronchitis Cancer Colds Coronary heart disease Cough Depression Diabetes
Fibroid tumors Gallstones Edema Impotency Obesity Sinusitis Tumors Urinary stones Wet eczema
VATA AGGRAVATING FACTORS Change of season from summer to autumn Avoidance of tranquil, warm, moist places Eating dry, rough, light, frozen or leftover foods Eating on the run Excessive exposure to dry, cold, cloudy weather Excessive sexual indulgence Excessive wakefulness (staying awake at night, insufficient sleep) 
Falling down, bone fractures, injuries Fasting, insufficient food intake Fear, grief, worry, anxiety, agitation, anger, sadness, misery, mental shock Irregularity in daily and seasonal routines Major abdominal surgery Mental or physical exertion (excessive work, exercise, traveling, speaking) Never lubricating the body Repressing feelings
Astringent, bitter, pungent foods Suppression of natural urges Use of drugs, especially cocaine and speed Excessive, sudden weight loss  (including due to disease) Exposure to high winds Working the night shift Vata  period (time) Afternoon & third part of the night  (2:00 pm – 6:00 pm and 2:00 am – 6:00 am) Third hour after meal After the age of 60
PITTA AGGRAVATING FACTORS Anger, hatred, jealousy, passion Avoidance of cool, fresh, peaceful places Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol Smoking tobacco Excessive consumption of tomatoes, chilies, raw onions, sour foods, and yogurt Engaging in frustrating activities Excessive exposure to heat, sunshine, fire
Exercising at the hottest time of day Exertion, excessive activity, speaking and thinking Fasting (not invariably) Hot, sharp, sour, salty and pungent foods Intake of excess red meat and salted fish or other highly salted foods
Pitta  Period   (middle age, midday, midnight, hot weather) Midday & third part of the night  (10:00 am – 2:00 pm and 10:00 pm – 2:00 am) Second hour after meals Middle age between 30 – 60 years  Repressing feelings Using drugs, especially cocaine, speed or marijuana Wearing tight, hot clothing
KAPHA AGGRAVATING FACTORS Avoidance of invigorating, warm, dry areas Denying your creative self Eating dessert every day, especially rich ones such as cheesecake or ice cream Excessive intake of fatty foods and oil Overeating Excessive rest and sleep (sleeping in the daytime, after meals or too much)
Heavy, unctuous, cold, sweet, sour, saline, slimy food Insufficient mental and physical exercise or work Indulgence in inertia Kapha periods (childhood, morning, evening, cold and wet climate)
Early morning and night (6:00 am – 10:00 am & 6:00 pm – 10:00 pm) First hour after meals Childhood to middle age (0 – 30 years) Living on potato chips & beer Repressing feelings Using drugs, especially sedatives & tranquilizers
Ayurvedic Body types Vata constitution Pitta constitution Kapha constitution Vata Pitta constitution Vata Kapha constitution Pitta Kapha constitution Pitta Vata constitution Kapha Vata constitution Kapha Pitta constitution Vata Pitta Kapha constitution
CHARACTERISTICS OF VATA CONSTITUTION  Irregular hunger and digestion  Display short-lived bursts of emotion  Enthusiasm, liveliness, imagination  Easy excitability  Changing moods  No set hour for bedtime  Keep irregular habits
Light, interrupted sleep; tendency toward insomnia Light, thin, body build Love, excitement and constant change Mental and physical energy comes in bursts Perform activity too quickly Quick to grasp new information, but with poor retention Skip meals easily Tendency to worry Tendency toward constipation Tire easily, tendency to over exert Rapid gait (walking)
CHARACTERISTICS OF PITTA CONSTITUTION Aversion to sun and hot weather Cannot skip or delay meals Enterprising character, likes challenges Fair or ruddy skin, often freckled Determined stride Often thought to be too demanding, sarcastic, or critical by others Follow tight schedules and dislike wasting time Medium build Medium strength and endurance
Precise, articulate speech Sharp hunger and thirst, strong digestion Sharp intellect Take command of situations of feel that they should Tendency toward anger, irritable under stress Wake up at night feeling hot and thirsty
CHARACTERISTICS OF KAPHA CONSITUTION Affectionate, tolerant and forgiving Happy with the status quo and preserve it by conciliating others Cool, smooth, thick, pale, and often oily skin Graceful movements, gliding walk Charming eyes Heavy, prolonged sleep Ponder carefully for a long time before making decisions
Seek emotional comfort through eating Slow digestion, mild hunger Slow to grasp new information, but excellent retentive memory Solid, powerful build Great physical strength and endurance
Steady energy, slow and graceful in action Tendency to be possessive, self-contented Tendency toward obesity or overweight Tranquil, relaxed personality, slow to anger Wake up slowly, lie in bed a long time, and often require coffee in the morning
BENEFITS OF SELF MASSAGE ( ABHYANGA ) Cleanses the body Flushes toxins and impurities Stimulates the immune system Promotes free flow of energies Helps prevent accumulation of physiological imbalances Rejuvenates both the mind and body
Lubricates and promotes flexibility of joints, muscles and tissues Rejuvenates the skin, promotes softness and luster Promotes youthfulness Invigorates the nervous and the endocrine systems through stimulation of the vital points ( marma ) and cutaneous nerves throughout the skin that connect to every part of the body
Scientific Studies on Sesame Oil Massage Significant benefits from massaging newborns, such as enhanced weight gain and responsiveness  (Field T, Scafidi F, Schanberg S 1987 Massage of pre term newborns to improve growth and development. Pediatric Nursing 13:385-387)  (Rice R 1977 Neurophysiological development in premature infants following stimulation, Developmental Psychology 13:69-76)
Dr. Edwards Smith found those who practice sesame oil massage daily have significantly less bacterial infection on their skin.  This may have to do with the major component of sesame oil, linoleic acid, which makes up 40% of the oil.  Lineoleic acid inhibits the growth of pathogenic bacteria, is an anti-inflammatory agent, anticaricinogen.  Sesame oil has been shown to inhibit in vitro malignant melanoma growth (Smith & Salerno 1992) and human colon adenocarcinoma cell line growth (Salerno & Smith 1991), antioxidant (Fukuda et al 1986, Sugano et al 1990)
Scientific Study On Sesame Oil Gargle Dr. Mary Martha Stevens, Chairperson of the Dental Hygiene Department of Wichita State University, found that people who gargled with sesame oil daily had significantly lower (p<0.001) bacteria colony types in sub-gingival probe specimens (“The effects of a sesame oil mouth rinse on the number of oral bacteria colony types.”  (Presented at the 11th International Symposium on Dental Hygiene, Ottawa, Canada, June 1989)

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Fundamentals Of Ayurveda

  • 1. Fundamentals of Ayurveda Instructor Dr.(Vaidya) Shekhar Annambhotla Director & Founder Ojas Ayurveda Yoga Wellness Center Macungie, PA 18062 Phone: 484-347-6110 email:shekhar@ojas.us www.ojas.us
  • 2. “ The Natural force within each of us is the greatest healer of disease” - Hippocrates
  • 3. COURSE CONENT What is Ayurveda? Basic principles of Ayurveda Branches of Ayurveda Three biological energies (Doshas) and their understanding in modern science understanding Vata, Pitta, and Kapha
  • 4. Qualities of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha Functions of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha Locations of Vata, Pitta and Kapha Functions of Vata, Pitta and Kapha
  • 5.   VATA Balanced effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological Increased effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological Decreased effects of Vata, Pitta, Kapha Physical Psychological Effects of vitiation
  • 6. Aggravating factors of Vata, Pitta, and Kapha Characteristics of Vata, Pitta and Kapha constitutions (Prakriti)
  • 7. What is AYURVEDA? “ The Knowledge of Life” AYU = LIFE VEDA = KNOWLEDGE Life = Mind + Body + Spirit
  • 8. HIGHLIGHTS OF AYURVEDA Traditional system of medicine from India Holistic, natural healing Complementary and integrative system Addresses the root cause of imbalance Each individual is unique Relationship between Microcosm and Macrocosm
  • 9. Treatment of the whole mind-body Rejuvenating and revitalizing system Promotion of immunity, maintenance of health Lifestyle recommendations - diet, daily & seasonal regimen, yoga, meditation, herbs, physiological detoxification (Panchakarma) Adopts multiple ingredients of whole plants / herbs and minerals
  • 10. AYURVEDIC APPROACH TO HEALTH Therapeutic modalities which are: Suited to an individual’s constitution Seek to restore good health, balance, and harmony at the levels of body, mind and spirit
  • 11. Individuals are advised on: Diet Daily routine Seasonal regimens Exercise, including Yoga Asanas Meditation
  • 12. Herbs Physiological purification methods such as Herbal oil massages Sweat baths Herbal enemas Herbal steam inhalations
  • 13. Individual results will vary from person to person Compound preparations: Multiple ingredients of plants and minerals to help the preparation function as a whole and to balance the total function of the body. Some herbs enhance the action, while others avoid or minimize possible side effects. AYURVEDIC HERBAL & MINERAL MEDICINES
  • 14. BASIC PRINCIPLES OF AYURVEDA Five gross elements ( Pancha Maha Bhutas) Three biological energies ( Three Doshas) Three psychological energies ( Three Gunas) Seven body tissues ( Sapta Dhatus) Final refined product of digestion & metabolism, i.e., Vital Immunity (Ojas)
  • 15. Understanding of Vital Force (Prana ) Knowing of Vital Energy (Tejas) Vital points ( Marma Vignan ) Thirteen channels of circulation (Srotas) Thirteen biological fires ( Agnis) Four states of digestive fire Toxic, morbid substance ( Ama) Six stages of manifestation of disease ( Kriya Kalas)
  • 16. Daily routine ( Dinacharya) Seasonal regimen ( Ritucharya) Dietetics ( Ahara vigyan) Physiological Detoxification ( Pancha Karma) Rejuvenation Program ( Rasayana) Revitalization Program ( Vajikarana)
  • 17. THE EIGHT BRANCHES OF AYURVEDA ( ASHTANGA AYURVEDA ) Internal Medicine ( Kaya chikitsa) Surgery ( Shalya tantra ) Ophthalmology & Otorhinolaryngology ( Shalakya tantra ) Pediatrics ( Kaumara britya ) Toxicology ( Agada tantra ) Psychology ( Bhuta vidya ) Rejuvenation ( Rasayana ) Revitalization ( Vajikarana )
  • 18. Three Biological Energies ( Doshas ) and their understanding in Modern Science
  • 19. VATA Cellular level Functions of nucleus Somatic level Neurological activities
  • 20. PITTA Cellular level Functions of mitochondria Somatic level Hormonal & enzymatic activities (Endocrinal)
  • 21. KAPHA Cellular level Functions of protoplasm Somatic level Various secretary activities (Exocrinal)
  • 22. UNDERSTANDING VATA, PITTA, KAPHA
  • 23. VATA is responsible for: Movement Transportation Communication Neurological activities o Governed by SROTAS
  • 24. PITTA is responsible for: Digestion Metabolism Transformation Hormonal, Enzymatic actions Governed by AGNI
  • 25. KAPHA is responsible for: Structure Cohesion Binding Lubrication Immune activities Governed by DHATU
  • 26. VATA QUALITIES Dry, rough Cold Light Subtle, minute Changeable, moving Clear, non-sticky Coarse, brittle
  • 27. PITTA QUALITIES Slightly oily Heat, warmth Sharp Liquid Sour Moving, flowing Pungent, sour
  • 28. KAPHA QUALITIES Heavy Cold Soft Unctuous, oily Sweaty Stable Sticky
  • 29. FUNCTIONS OF VATA Breathing Cellular motion Flow of nutrients & waste products Heartbeat, blood flow Movement Natural urges Nerve impulses, blinking Sensory & motor functions
  • 30. FUNCTIONS OF PITTA Absorption Assimilation Body temperature Digestion Metabolism Perception Skin coloration & luster Understanding Vitality
  • 31. FUNCTIONS OF KAPHA All tissue substances Growth Healing Immunity Lubrication of joints Moisturizing the skin Resistance Stability, strength, structure Vigor
  • 32. LOCATIONS OF VATA Colon (Main) Bladder / kidneys Anus & rectum Waist Pelvis, reproductive organs Legs, feet Bones Ears Skin
  • 33. LOCATIONS OF PITTA Small intestine and stomach (Main) Sweat Plasma, blood Liver, spleen Endocrine glands Skin Brain Eyes
  • 34. LOCATIONS OF KAPHA · Thorax (Main) · Head, neck · Mouth · Joints · Kidneys · Adipose tissue · Lymphatic system · Stomach, small intestine · Pancreas
  • 35. BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF VATA PHYSICAL All movements of the body Circulation of the blood Control of the organs of action and perception Curiosity and natural interest Development of tissues Excellent energy level
  • 36. Flow of nutrients Greater vitality Liveliness Motivation of natural urges Nerve impulse, pulsation, heartbeat Normal respiratory function
  • 37. Proper coordination of all body functions Release of waste products Sensory & motor functions Sound sleep Stimulation of digestive juices Strong immunity
  • 38. PSYCHOLOGICAL Clear comprehension Controlled and precise mental activity Creativity Desire to lead an active life Enthusiasm Inspiration Mental alertness Sense of exhilaration
  • 39. INCREASED EFFECTS OF VATA PHYSICAL Aching pain, cramps Astringent taste in mouth Atrophy of bone marrow Bloating, gas, colic Brittle nails Constipation
  • 40. Contraction of joints, joint problems Cracked lips, feet and hands Craving for hot things Dehydration Discoloration Dislocation
  • 41. Dry, rough skin Excessive, irregular movements Giddiness Harshness of speech Hiccups Intolerance to cold Light or interrupted sleep
  • 42. Nervous twitches Non-specific fatigue Numbness Persistent bodily discharges Perversion of sense of taste Pricking pains Longitudinal lines on nails Loss of vigor and vitality Nerve pain
  • 43. Rigidity of the body Roughness Shortness of breath Split ends of hair Subluxation Thirst Trembling & twisting of body parts Tremors Underweight Wrinkles on forehead
  • 44. PSYCHOLOGICAL Aimless talking Anxiety Astonishment Confusion Distraction Disturbed inspiration Excitation
  • 45. Indecisiveness Insecurity  Fear Harshness Hysterical behavior Impaired memory Inappropriate perception Mental agitation, worry Nervousness
  • 46. DECREASED EFFECTS OF VATA PHYSICAL  Diminished movements  Diseases manifested by an excess of Kapha  Impaired body functions  Impairment of sense functions  Irregular gastric fire
  • 47. Less building of tissues Less or slow elimination of waste substances Loss of consciousness Low vitality Lack of energy Nausea Slow, diminished movements Weakness
  • 48. PSYCHOLOGICAL Lack of enthusiasm Shallow inspiration Dull sensory perception with untimely responses Depletion of life force Loss of joy Grief
  • 49. EFFECTS OF VATA VITIATION Anorexia Arthritis Bipolar Disorder Chronic constipation Dandruff Depression Dry eczema Epilepsy Glaucoma
  • 50. Insomnia Kidney problems Lameness Macular Degeneration Mania Osteo Arthritis Osteoporosis Psoriasis Tension headaches
  • 51. BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF PITTA PHYSICAL Good appetite Balanced digestion Balanced heat regulation Balanced thirst Good eye sight Luster Softness in the body
  • 53. INCREASED EFFECTS OF PITTA PHYSICAL Burning sensation Excessive heat Suppuration, sloughing Excessive perspiration Softening Itching, redness, discharge, bleeding tendency
  • 54. Bristling of body hair Bitter taste in mouth Craving for cold substances Excessive hunger Excessive thirst Combustion of tissues
  • 55. Loss of sleep Very sharp digestion Yellow coloration of stool, urine, eyes, nails, and skin Burning eyes and feet Broken capillaries Horizontal ridges on nails
  • 56. PSYCHOLOGICAL Anger Irritation, annoyance Excessively critical Excessively cavalier Frustration Hatred, jealousy Overly aggressive, rage Disturbed intellect, internal storm Disturbed or short temper
  • 57. DECREASED EFFECTS OF PITTA PHYSICAL Impairment of vital essence Lessened or lack of urination Harshness of the body Heaviness Increased mucous Indigestion
  • 58. Irregular pain and burning Lack of luster Lack of softness in the body Low hunger & thirst Low temperature Pallor of nails and eyes Poor vision Slow digestion Stiffness Tremors
  • 59. PSYCHOLOGICAL Dull intellect Lack of happiness
  • 60. EFFECTS OF PITTA VITIATION Acne Allergies Anorexia Colitis Conjunctivitis Contact dermatitis Eczema Fever
  • 61. Hyperacidity Hypertension Inflammatory diseases Irritable bowel syndrome Jaundice Liver diseases Peptic ulcers Psychosis Rashes Rosacea
  • 62. BALANCED FUNCTIONS OF KAPHA PHYSICAL Binding, unctuousness Heaviness Lubrication of joints Plumpness Potency Stability of the body Strength, strong immunity Vitality Wound healing
  • 63. PSYCHOLOGICAL Absence of greed Affection Enthusiasm Firmness Forbearance and fortitude Forgiveness Generosity, knowledge Restraint, patience Understanding
  • 64. INCREASED EFFECTS OF KAPHA PHYSICAL Astonishment Blocking of the channels Bumps Cohesion Coldness Corpulence Coughing
  • 65. Disturbed potency Double chin Dullness of gastric fire Excessive excretion Excessive mucus Excessive oiliness Excessive secretions Excessive sleep Excessive sweat
  • 66. Fainting Firmness Flabbiness Heaviness Humidity Immobility Itching Lack of skin tone
  • 67. Leanness Lethargic Lethargy Lethargy, laziness Looseness of joints, skin Nasal allergies Nausea Numbness Oozing, itching
  • 68. Pallor of skin Physical dullness Puffiness Reduced sensory acuity Secretions from the mouth Separation of bones Sinus congestion
  • 69. Slow digestion Softening Stickiness Sweetness in mouth Swollen feet, ankles Weakness, lassitude Weight gain
  • 70. PSYCHOLOGICAL · Attachment · Laziness, inertia · Dullness of mind · Ignorance, emotional heaviness · Negativity · Dysphoria · Possessive, inability to let go · Greed · Lust, envy, stupefaction
  • 71. DECREASED EFFECTS OF KAPHA PHYSICAL Body aches Cramps Debility Dehydration Dryness Giddiness Heat
  • 72. Instability Internal burning Lightness Looseness of joints Loss of consciousness Tachycardia (Increased heart rate) Thirst Trembling Wakefulness Weakness
  • 73. PSYCHOLOGICAL Absence of self control Lack of patience Less forgiving nature
  • 74. EFFECTS OF KAPHA VITIATION Arthritis Asthma Bronchitis Cancer Colds Coronary heart disease Cough Depression Diabetes
  • 75. Fibroid tumors Gallstones Edema Impotency Obesity Sinusitis Tumors Urinary stones Wet eczema
  • 76. VATA AGGRAVATING FACTORS Change of season from summer to autumn Avoidance of tranquil, warm, moist places Eating dry, rough, light, frozen or leftover foods Eating on the run Excessive exposure to dry, cold, cloudy weather Excessive sexual indulgence Excessive wakefulness (staying awake at night, insufficient sleep) 
  • 77. Falling down, bone fractures, injuries Fasting, insufficient food intake Fear, grief, worry, anxiety, agitation, anger, sadness, misery, mental shock Irregularity in daily and seasonal routines Major abdominal surgery Mental or physical exertion (excessive work, exercise, traveling, speaking) Never lubricating the body Repressing feelings
  • 78. Astringent, bitter, pungent foods Suppression of natural urges Use of drugs, especially cocaine and speed Excessive, sudden weight loss (including due to disease) Exposure to high winds Working the night shift Vata period (time) Afternoon & third part of the night (2:00 pm – 6:00 pm and 2:00 am – 6:00 am) Third hour after meal After the age of 60
  • 79. PITTA AGGRAVATING FACTORS Anger, hatred, jealousy, passion Avoidance of cool, fresh, peaceful places Drinking excessive amounts of alcohol Smoking tobacco Excessive consumption of tomatoes, chilies, raw onions, sour foods, and yogurt Engaging in frustrating activities Excessive exposure to heat, sunshine, fire
  • 80. Exercising at the hottest time of day Exertion, excessive activity, speaking and thinking Fasting (not invariably) Hot, sharp, sour, salty and pungent foods Intake of excess red meat and salted fish or other highly salted foods
  • 81. Pitta Period (middle age, midday, midnight, hot weather) Midday & third part of the night (10:00 am – 2:00 pm and 10:00 pm – 2:00 am) Second hour after meals Middle age between 30 – 60 years Repressing feelings Using drugs, especially cocaine, speed or marijuana Wearing tight, hot clothing
  • 82. KAPHA AGGRAVATING FACTORS Avoidance of invigorating, warm, dry areas Denying your creative self Eating dessert every day, especially rich ones such as cheesecake or ice cream Excessive intake of fatty foods and oil Overeating Excessive rest and sleep (sleeping in the daytime, after meals or too much)
  • 83. Heavy, unctuous, cold, sweet, sour, saline, slimy food Insufficient mental and physical exercise or work Indulgence in inertia Kapha periods (childhood, morning, evening, cold and wet climate)
  • 84. Early morning and night (6:00 am – 10:00 am & 6:00 pm – 10:00 pm) First hour after meals Childhood to middle age (0 – 30 years) Living on potato chips & beer Repressing feelings Using drugs, especially sedatives & tranquilizers
  • 85. Ayurvedic Body types Vata constitution Pitta constitution Kapha constitution Vata Pitta constitution Vata Kapha constitution Pitta Kapha constitution Pitta Vata constitution Kapha Vata constitution Kapha Pitta constitution Vata Pitta Kapha constitution
  • 86. CHARACTERISTICS OF VATA CONSTITUTION  Irregular hunger and digestion  Display short-lived bursts of emotion  Enthusiasm, liveliness, imagination  Easy excitability  Changing moods  No set hour for bedtime  Keep irregular habits
  • 87. Light, interrupted sleep; tendency toward insomnia Light, thin, body build Love, excitement and constant change Mental and physical energy comes in bursts Perform activity too quickly Quick to grasp new information, but with poor retention Skip meals easily Tendency to worry Tendency toward constipation Tire easily, tendency to over exert Rapid gait (walking)
  • 88. CHARACTERISTICS OF PITTA CONSTITUTION Aversion to sun and hot weather Cannot skip or delay meals Enterprising character, likes challenges Fair or ruddy skin, often freckled Determined stride Often thought to be too demanding, sarcastic, or critical by others Follow tight schedules and dislike wasting time Medium build Medium strength and endurance
  • 89. Precise, articulate speech Sharp hunger and thirst, strong digestion Sharp intellect Take command of situations of feel that they should Tendency toward anger, irritable under stress Wake up at night feeling hot and thirsty
  • 90. CHARACTERISTICS OF KAPHA CONSITUTION Affectionate, tolerant and forgiving Happy with the status quo and preserve it by conciliating others Cool, smooth, thick, pale, and often oily skin Graceful movements, gliding walk Charming eyes Heavy, prolonged sleep Ponder carefully for a long time before making decisions
  • 91. Seek emotional comfort through eating Slow digestion, mild hunger Slow to grasp new information, but excellent retentive memory Solid, powerful build Great physical strength and endurance
  • 92. Steady energy, slow and graceful in action Tendency to be possessive, self-contented Tendency toward obesity or overweight Tranquil, relaxed personality, slow to anger Wake up slowly, lie in bed a long time, and often require coffee in the morning
  • 93. BENEFITS OF SELF MASSAGE ( ABHYANGA ) Cleanses the body Flushes toxins and impurities Stimulates the immune system Promotes free flow of energies Helps prevent accumulation of physiological imbalances Rejuvenates both the mind and body
  • 94. Lubricates and promotes flexibility of joints, muscles and tissues Rejuvenates the skin, promotes softness and luster Promotes youthfulness Invigorates the nervous and the endocrine systems through stimulation of the vital points ( marma ) and cutaneous nerves throughout the skin that connect to every part of the body
  • 95. Scientific Studies on Sesame Oil Massage Significant benefits from massaging newborns, such as enhanced weight gain and responsiveness (Field T, Scafidi F, Schanberg S 1987 Massage of pre term newborns to improve growth and development. Pediatric Nursing 13:385-387) (Rice R 1977 Neurophysiological development in premature infants following stimulation, Developmental Psychology 13:69-76)
  • 96. Dr. Edwards Smith found those who practice sesame oil massage daily have significantly less bacterial infection on their skin. This may have to do with the major component of sesame oil, linoleic acid, which makes up 40% of the oil. Lineoleic acid inhibits the growth of pathogenic bacteria, is an anti-inflammatory agent, anticaricinogen. Sesame oil has been shown to inhibit in vitro malignant melanoma growth (Smith & Salerno 1992) and human colon adenocarcinoma cell line growth (Salerno & Smith 1991), antioxidant (Fukuda et al 1986, Sugano et al 1990)
  • 97. Scientific Study On Sesame Oil Gargle Dr. Mary Martha Stevens, Chairperson of the Dental Hygiene Department of Wichita State University, found that people who gargled with sesame oil daily had significantly lower (p<0.001) bacteria colony types in sub-gingival probe specimens (“The effects of a sesame oil mouth rinse on the number of oral bacteria colony types.” (Presented at the 11th International Symposium on Dental Hygiene, Ottawa, Canada, June 1989)