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Caelan Zeitler
September 16 2013
TECA 1311
Friedrich Froebel
Friedrich Froebel was born in Oberweissbach, Germany on April 21st, 1782. His mother
died when he was about a year old which left his Dad to find a Stepmother. She was made out to
be anything but nice to Froebel. He was left to learn and do all things by himself, such as educate
himself which lead him to learn by anthesis. That meaning he learned everything backwards. His
Uncle saw his situation and took him under his wing and into his large family. He was then
raised to work in the forests with the tree’s. His job was to inspect the tree’s, tract them, and find
out their ages. This work in the forests taught him to look out and not in and to lend a hand
whenever possible. After two years he was ready to go to school. He then went to Jana and
attended the University there. Since his early education did not prepare him well he then was
failing and couldn’t afford the tuition. He was left to find another job and when that didn’t work
out he figured out his true calling was education. He applied for a job at the Pestalozzi school,
which was a model school of this time. He was accepted for the job and sent to Yverdon,
Switzerland for training. When he returned his classroom became the center of the school. But
his past caught up with him and he was taken out of the school system because he didn’t have a
degree. Times changed and he was called out to war. Upon returning, he made the best decision
of his life. The first Kindergarten opened in 1836. Froebel was 55 years old. He opened his own
school based on his own philosophy and tools to help children grow and learn.
His philosophy was that a child’s education must begin “a hundred years before the child
is born” and was soley based on a child’s complete development. It begins with what a child
should know by instinct and strengthens over time. His school included the idea that children
learn best through senses and through play and he included that in a lot of his teachings. His
school included different age levels and at each level would have a different “gift” that they
would have to achieve to show the elder their gift before they could move on. These gifts are
things that are still used in classrooms today because they take things that your brain has to
concentrate on to figure out. There is five different gifts all in which you have to completely
master before moving onto the next level. An example of one of these gifts is a box with a sliding
lid including different colored balls attached to the box with a string. This is to help the children
learn about colors and they must completely master the colors before they can move on to the
next gift. All of his gifts include ideas like this that use cognitive thinking to figure it out. His
classes also included songs and games that promote the same learning as the gifts taught
children, that you had to learn from outwards rather than in and learning through play would
teach you with hands and heart as well as your head. He also created what is still used in schools
which is known as, “School-mothers” but we know them as “PTA.” He thought that he could
include the Mothers in the school to help give and extra hand. (Just as the PTA does now!) In his
time creating Kindergarten and perfecting his lessons he wrote books that people still read today,
they include his basic philosophies and his ideas on how to teach. These books as well as
Froebel’s ideas and theories are still used today in schools and to help children learn. He coined
the name Kindergarten and is the founder of many ideas that we as future educators are being
taught in college.

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Friedrich froebel paper

  • 1. Caelan Zeitler September 16 2013 TECA 1311 Friedrich Froebel Friedrich Froebel was born in Oberweissbach, Germany on April 21st, 1782. His mother died when he was about a year old which left his Dad to find a Stepmother. She was made out to be anything but nice to Froebel. He was left to learn and do all things by himself, such as educate himself which lead him to learn by anthesis. That meaning he learned everything backwards. His Uncle saw his situation and took him under his wing and into his large family. He was then raised to work in the forests with the tree’s. His job was to inspect the tree’s, tract them, and find out their ages. This work in the forests taught him to look out and not in and to lend a hand whenever possible. After two years he was ready to go to school. He then went to Jana and attended the University there. Since his early education did not prepare him well he then was failing and couldn’t afford the tuition. He was left to find another job and when that didn’t work out he figured out his true calling was education. He applied for a job at the Pestalozzi school, which was a model school of this time. He was accepted for the job and sent to Yverdon, Switzerland for training. When he returned his classroom became the center of the school. But his past caught up with him and he was taken out of the school system because he didn’t have a degree. Times changed and he was called out to war. Upon returning, he made the best decision of his life. The first Kindergarten opened in 1836. Froebel was 55 years old. He opened his own school based on his own philosophy and tools to help children grow and learn.
  • 2. His philosophy was that a child’s education must begin “a hundred years before the child is born” and was soley based on a child’s complete development. It begins with what a child should know by instinct and strengthens over time. His school included the idea that children learn best through senses and through play and he included that in a lot of his teachings. His school included different age levels and at each level would have a different “gift” that they would have to achieve to show the elder their gift before they could move on. These gifts are things that are still used in classrooms today because they take things that your brain has to concentrate on to figure out. There is five different gifts all in which you have to completely master before moving onto the next level. An example of one of these gifts is a box with a sliding lid including different colored balls attached to the box with a string. This is to help the children learn about colors and they must completely master the colors before they can move on to the next gift. All of his gifts include ideas like this that use cognitive thinking to figure it out. His classes also included songs and games that promote the same learning as the gifts taught children, that you had to learn from outwards rather than in and learning through play would teach you with hands and heart as well as your head. He also created what is still used in schools which is known as, “School-mothers” but we know them as “PTA.” He thought that he could include the Mothers in the school to help give and extra hand. (Just as the PTA does now!) In his time creating Kindergarten and perfecting his lessons he wrote books that people still read today, they include his basic philosophies and his ideas on how to teach. These books as well as Froebel’s ideas and theories are still used today in schools and to help children learn. He coined the name Kindergarten and is the founder of many ideas that we as future educators are being taught in college.