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FREE
 Good!
       is


  AISA • Nairobi • October 2010
            John Iglar
 International Community School
      Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
FREE
Good!
Good!
Good!
Good!
Good!
Good!
Caveat:
      ≠
           ≠

               ≠

  $£€     is for spending
Why?
Community
http://opensourceschools.org.uk/


                             http://flossed.org/


       http://opensource.com/


                          http://www.schoolforge.net/


  http://www.k12opensource.com/
Customize
Programming
FREE
            GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Nobody should be restricted by the software they use.
There are four freedoms that every user should have:
the freedom to use the software for any purpose,
●



the freedom to change the software to suit your needs,
●


●
 the freedom to share the software with your friends and
neighbors, and
the freedom to share the changes you make.
●
License
                        GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
                                Version 3, 29 June 2007
Copyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <http://fsf.org/>
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document,
but changing it is not allowed.

Preamble
The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software
and other kinds of works.
The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to
take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the
GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to
share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free
software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNU
General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any
other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your
programs, too.
●
    Operating System
                                Cost                          Estimated costs of software
                                                           (based on licenses for 200 computers)
    ●
        Windows vs. Linux
                                          $120,000

●
    Productivity Suite
    ●
        Microsoft Office vs. OpenOffice   $100,000



●
    Applications                           $80,000

    ●
        Mavis Beacon vs. TuxType                                                                            Hardware
                                                                                                            Admin/Student
                                                                                                            Communication
    ●
        Photoshop vs. Gimp                 $60,000                                                          Applications
                                                                                                            Productivity Suite
                                                                                                            Operating System
    ●
        InDesign vs. Scribus
                                           $40,000
    ●
        Inspiration vs. Freeplane
●
    Communication                          $20,000


    ●
        FirstClass vs. Zimbra
                                               $0
●
    Admin/Student Info                               200 Netbooks
                                                                    Proprietary Software
                                                                                     Open Source Software

    ●
        Admin+ vs. Centre
But isn't it niche software?




  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10187248
But isn't it niche software?
But isn't it niche software?
                      Web Browser Usage
                               as reported by W3schools.com

70%


60%


50%


40%


30%


20%


10%


0%
  2007         2008                                 2009                       2010


           Internet Explorer       Firefox      Chrome        Safari   Opera
But isn't it niche software?
But isn't it niche software?




  http://www.webmasterpro.de/portal/news/2010/01/25/verbreitung-
  von-office-programmen-openoffice-ueber-21.html
But I NEED Microsoft Office
         ...don't I?!
But who uses OpenOffice?
   ●
       Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of South Africa
   ●
       Ministry of Defence in Singapore
   ●
       University of Southern Denmark
   ●
       City of Rovereto (Trento -Italy)
   ●
       City of Birmingham (UK)
   ●
       The Guardian newspaper (UK)
   ●
       City of Berlin (Germany)
   ●
       French Ministry of Interior
   ●
       Howard County Libraries (Maryland, USA)
   ●
       City of Steamboat Springs (Colorado, USA)
   ●
       Earlham College (Illinois, USA)
   ●
       Maine Learning with Technology Institute (Maine, USA)

http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Major_OpenOffice.org_Deployments
Who cares about ODF?
  ●
      Government of Belgium
      ●
          “From September 2008 on, all document exchanges within the services of the
          Belgian government will have to be in an open, standard format, according to the
          proposal. ODF is the only accepted standard in the proposal.”
  ●
      State of Misiones (Argentina)
      ●
          “Any electronic document created or generated by the state government of
          Misiones/Argentina aimed to store and distribute information to state offices and
          employees must use the OpenDocument format ( ISO/IEC 26300 specification ).”
  ●
      US Government
      ●
          “each agency shall take prompt steps to expand access to information by making
          it available online in open formats...…..An open format is one that is platform
          independent, machine readable, and made available to the public without
          restrictions that would impede the re-use of that information........”
  ●
      Governments of Norway, Denmark...



http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Major_OpenOffice.org_Deployments
Case study
Communication




●
    Saved money (license, annual license, training costs)
●
    More flexible
●
    More features
●
    Add accounts (all students)
●
    Support from wiki, forum, community
●
    Training available online & in various locations
Productivity Applications




●
    Save licencing costs
●
    Same version all operating systems
●
    Freely distributable
●
    Keep MS for those positions that need it
●
    Teach students processes, not procedures
Others




●
    Moodle for all online course materials
●
    Drupal for website creation and management
●
    Linux for servers
●
    iFolder for synchronizing data on laptops
●
    Scribus for desktop publishing
Operating System


                          +                    +

●
    Multiple OS across campus
●
    Different OS promote student flexibility
●
    Linux keeps older machines running longer
●
    Train students to be thinking users, not automatic consumers of one
    system
Bottom line?
Over-reliance on a standard
‘office’ application and operating
system restricted their
opportunities to develop generic
and transferable skills.


  The importance of ICT: information and communication
 technology in primary and secondary schools, 2005/2008
                 Date: 03 Mar 2009   Publisher: Ofsted
What next?
Start small
●
    Try TuxType or Gimp or Inkscape
●
    Add Firefox as an alternative
    web browser
●
    Don't “rip & replace” but
    supplement
●
    Add value by setting up a
    Moodle server
●
    Explore alternatives for
    communication or
    administration
●
    Get community support by
    handing out free software
●
    Partner up with local schools for
    training and distributing
    software
TAKE THE
PLUNGE
Any questions?




    For links and this slideshow

sites.google.com/site/aisafreeisgood
FREE
Good!

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Free is good

  • 1. FREE Good! is AISA • Nairobi • October 2010 John Iglar International Community School Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 2.
  • 10. Caveat: ≠ ≠ ≠ $£€ is for spending
  • 11. Why?
  • 12. Community http://opensourceschools.org.uk/ http://flossed.org/ http://opensource.com/ http://www.schoolforge.net/ http://www.k12opensource.com/
  • 15. FREE GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Nobody should be restricted by the software they use. There are four freedoms that every user should have: the freedom to use the software for any purpose, ● the freedom to change the software to suit your needs, ● ● the freedom to share the software with your friends and neighbors, and the freedom to share the changes you make. ●
  • 16. License GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE Version 3, 29 June 2007 Copyright © 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc. <http://fsf.org/> Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this license document, but changing it is not allowed. Preamble The GNU General Public License is a free, copyleft license for software and other kinds of works. The licenses for most software and other practical works are designed to take away your freedom to share and change the works. By contrast, the GNU General Public License is intended to guarantee your freedom to share and change all versions of a program--to make sure it remains free software for all its users. We, the Free Software Foundation, use the GNU General Public License for most of our software; it applies also to any other work released this way by its authors. You can apply it to your programs, too.
  • 17. Operating System Cost Estimated costs of software (based on licenses for 200 computers) ● Windows vs. Linux $120,000 ● Productivity Suite ● Microsoft Office vs. OpenOffice $100,000 ● Applications $80,000 ● Mavis Beacon vs. TuxType Hardware Admin/Student Communication ● Photoshop vs. Gimp $60,000 Applications Productivity Suite Operating System ● InDesign vs. Scribus $40,000 ● Inspiration vs. Freeplane ● Communication $20,000 ● FirstClass vs. Zimbra $0 ● Admin/Student Info 200 Netbooks Proprietary Software Open Source Software ● Admin+ vs. Centre
  • 18. But isn't it niche software? http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/10187248
  • 19. But isn't it niche software?
  • 20. But isn't it niche software? Web Browser Usage as reported by W3schools.com 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 2007 2008 2009 2010 Internet Explorer Firefox Chrome Safari Opera
  • 21. But isn't it niche software?
  • 22. But isn't it niche software? http://www.webmasterpro.de/portal/news/2010/01/25/verbreitung- von-office-programmen-openoffice-ueber-21.html
  • 23. But I NEED Microsoft Office ...don't I?!
  • 24. But who uses OpenOffice? ● Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of South Africa ● Ministry of Defence in Singapore ● University of Southern Denmark ● City of Rovereto (Trento -Italy) ● City of Birmingham (UK) ● The Guardian newspaper (UK) ● City of Berlin (Germany) ● French Ministry of Interior ● Howard County Libraries (Maryland, USA) ● City of Steamboat Springs (Colorado, USA) ● Earlham College (Illinois, USA) ● Maine Learning with Technology Institute (Maine, USA) http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Major_OpenOffice.org_Deployments
  • 25. Who cares about ODF? ● Government of Belgium ● “From September 2008 on, all document exchanges within the services of the Belgian government will have to be in an open, standard format, according to the proposal. ODF is the only accepted standard in the proposal.” ● State of Misiones (Argentina) ● “Any electronic document created or generated by the state government of Misiones/Argentina aimed to store and distribute information to state offices and employees must use the OpenDocument format ( ISO/IEC 26300 specification ).” ● US Government ● “each agency shall take prompt steps to expand access to information by making it available online in open formats...…..An open format is one that is platform independent, machine readable, and made available to the public without restrictions that would impede the re-use of that information........” ● Governments of Norway, Denmark... http://wiki.services.openoffice.org/wiki/Major_OpenOffice.org_Deployments
  • 27. Communication ● Saved money (license, annual license, training costs) ● More flexible ● More features ● Add accounts (all students) ● Support from wiki, forum, community ● Training available online & in various locations
  • 28. Productivity Applications ● Save licencing costs ● Same version all operating systems ● Freely distributable ● Keep MS for those positions that need it ● Teach students processes, not procedures
  • 29. Others ● Moodle for all online course materials ● Drupal for website creation and management ● Linux for servers ● iFolder for synchronizing data on laptops ● Scribus for desktop publishing
  • 30. Operating System + + ● Multiple OS across campus ● Different OS promote student flexibility ● Linux keeps older machines running longer ● Train students to be thinking users, not automatic consumers of one system
  • 32.
  • 33. Over-reliance on a standard ‘office’ application and operating system restricted their opportunities to develop generic and transferable skills. The importance of ICT: information and communication technology in primary and secondary schools, 2005/2008 Date: 03 Mar 2009 Publisher: Ofsted
  • 35.
  • 36. Start small ● Try TuxType or Gimp or Inkscape ● Add Firefox as an alternative web browser ● Don't “rip & replace” but supplement ● Add value by setting up a Moodle server ● Explore alternatives for communication or administration ● Get community support by handing out free software ● Partner up with local schools for training and distributing software
  • 38. Any questions? For links and this slideshow sites.google.com/site/aisafreeisgood