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Orphan works directive
implementation in the German
cultural heritage domain:
Preliminary thoughts
Francesca Schulze
(German National Library)
Europeana Licensing Workshop
Luxembourg, 13.06.2013
Current situation
3 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
1) What are the aims of the directive?
• Establish a reliable framework to clarify rights for orphan works
• Legal security
2) What do we need?
• Stability and persistence
• Linked open metadata
• Sustain workflow for data exchange
• Suitable cataloguing systems and common metadata descriptions
• Tools to harmonise metadata
• Enrich metadata (legal information) and tools to manage rights infromation
Initial position: Questions
4 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
3) What can DDB and DNB (as project co-ordinator) offer?
• Harmonise and exchange data in EDM as cross-domain aggregator
• Establish persistent links between entities that carry rights-relevant
information
− Aggregation, ProvidedCHO, Web Ressource, Agents, Events, Place, Time
• Provide persistent identifers and resp. services to cultural institutions:
• For works (URN)
• For creators and contributors (URI, German National Authority File), soon:
Integrating publishers (German book traders) in GND
• For digital items (URN)
• Competency network
− Bring together various stakeholders: rights holders, cultural heritage
institutions, collecting societies, metatadata and rights clearing experts
Initial position: Questions
5 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
Rights-relevant information in DDB-EDM format
(main entities)
ore:
Aggregation
edm:
ProvidedCHO
edm:Web
Ressource
edm:Web
Ressource
Physical or Born Digital Thing
⇒all FRBR-entites (Work, Manifestation, Expression,
Item)
⇒Relation to or Literal value for Creators and
Contributors
Metadata record
⇒Licensing possible (CC0 and other)
Digital representation in DDB-Context
⇒Labelling for usage rights:
− DDB-Licence <-> Europeana-Licence (mandatory)
− Literal rights statement (optional)
edm:hasView
edm:aggregatedCHO
6 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
DDB-EDM (Full)DDB-EDM (Full)
ELIB-
EDM
ELIB-
EDM
EDM
Profil(e)
EDM
Profil(e)METS
MODS
METS
MODS
DC-
Profiles
DC-
Profiles
EAD,
LIDO…
EAD,
LIDO…
MARC
XML
MARC
XML
CC0-
Subset,
Europeana
R. Statem.
CC0-
Subset,
Europeana
R. Statem.
Subset
(facets,
hierarchies)
mostly CCO
Subset
(facets,
hierarchies)
mostly CCO
Current DDB-EDM data aggregation workflow
metadata and web
ressource rights statem.
DDB-APIDDB-API
CC/DDB-
Rights
Statements
CC/DDB-
Rights
Statements
7 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
edm:Web
ressource:
Rights indications
in DDB-Portal (mid
2013)
compliant to
dc:rights
compliant to
edm:rights
8 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
<!– Reference Creator -->
<edm:Agent rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/gnd/118540238">
<edm:wasPresent rdf:resource=“http://deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/event/998814423-c" />
<skos:prefLabel xml:lang="de">Goethe, Johann Wolfgang „von“</skos:prefLabel>
</edm:Agent>
<!-- Creation Event -->
<edm:Event rdf:about=“http://deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/event/998814423-c">
<edm:hasType>http://terminology.lido-schema.org/lido00012</edm:hasType>
<crm:P11_had_participant rdf:resource="http://d-nb.info/gnd/118540238" />
</edm:Event>
<!– Provided CHO -->
<edm:ProvidedCHO rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/998814423">
<edm:type>TEXT</edm:type>
<dc:type>Monografie</dc:type>
<edm:wasPresentAt rdf:resource=“http://deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/event/998814423-c" />
<dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/ger" />
<dc:creator>Goethe, Johann Wolfgang „von”</dc:creator>
<dc:title>Faust : eine Tragödie ; Teil 1</dc:title>
<dc:publisher>Amelang</dc:publisher>
<dcterms:issued>1919</dcterms:issued>
<dcterms:extent>173 S.</dcterms:extent>
</edm:ProvidedCHO>
DDB-EDM Example: Stable URIs (Creator)
9 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
DDB-EDM Example: Usage Rights Statements
<!– Web Ressource -->
<edm:WebResource rdf:about="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:2-2009120303">
<dc:type>http://ddb.vocnet.org/medientyp/mt003</dc:type>
<dc:rights>Amelang</rights>
<dcterms:rights>http://www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/lizenzen/rv-fz/</dcterms:rights>
<edm:rights>http://www.europeana.eu/rights/rr-f/</edm:rights>
</edm:WebResource>
<!– Metadata Record -->
<ore:Aggregation rdf:about="http://www.dnb.de/998814423">
<edm:aggregatedCHO rdf:resource="http://d-nb.info/998814423" />
<dcterms:rights> http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.de
</dc:terms:rights>
<edm:provider>Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek</edm:provider>
<edm:dataProvider rdf:resource="http://ld.zdb-services.de/data/organisations/DE-101" />
<edm:isShownBy rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:2-2009120303" />
<edm:dataProvider xml:lang="de">Deutsche Nationalbibliothek</edm:dataProvider>
<edm:isShownAt>http://d-nb.info/99814423</edm:isShownAt>
</ore:Aggregation>
Thoughts for a workflow
11 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
• Creators and Contributors (IPR Holder)
• Legal Person (e.g. author, director, screenplayer, film producer…)
• Legal Body (e.g. editor, production company …)
• Contributors (Usage Rights Holder)
• Legal Body (e.g. publisher)
• Service providers for rights holders
• Distribution: Marketing and publisher service for German book
trade
• Collecting societies (e.g. VG Wort)
1) Production Sphere
12 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
• Cultural Institution (Libraries and others):
• Collects and mediate holdings
• Provides reliable metadata about works and related entities
• DDB / DNB – Aggregation Service
• Collects metadata about work and rights holders from cultural institions,
collecting societies and German book trade
• Homogenises metadata (unified platform ID registry for works and rights
holders)
• Distributes echriched metadata: DPMA, cultural institution, Europeana
• DDB publishes:
− web ressource with respective rights mark in portal (DDB Licensing Model)
− link to the registry of due diligent search documentation (DPMA)
2) Data Management Sphere
13 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
• Cultural Institution:
• Makes due diligent search for orphan works:
− Enriches metadata with all necessary information (creators, contributors)
− Researches missing rights-relevant information, documentation
− Submits research results to Clearing Center (DPMA) via Aggregator DDB
• Orphan work or licence agreement with rights holder?
− Digitisation
• Clearing Center (DPMA - Germany):
• Clarifies possible conflicts with (newly identified) rights holders
• Saves rights holders´ interests (patent)
• Manages reliable Rights Registry (licenses)
• Publishes relevant information about rights clearance results
3) Rightsclearing Sphere
DPMADPMA
Collect.
Soc
Collect.
Soc
ONIX/...
EDM
Draft Workflow for metadata of printed orphan works / Work level
DDBDDB
EuropeanaEuropeana
Current Data flow Link / Search
OHIMOHIM
Booktraders / Production
Sphere
Metadata
Description
Stable,
universal
Data Management Sphere Rightsclearing Sphere
Rights
owner
Cult.
Inst
EAD, LIDO, MARC 21,
…
EDM
CataloguesCatalogues
Future Data flow
Metadata
Rights
Clearing
informatio
n
Unifiying
platform
ID-registry
DNB
Future Link / Search
German
book
trade
German
book
trade
15 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
Sketch: Modelling Rights Clearing in DDB-EDM
edm:event
http://ddb.de/
event/123
edm:ProvidedCHO
http:// urn:nbn:de:eki-
<id>
edm:ProvidedCHO
http:// urn:nbn:de:eki-
<id>
dc:title
Orphan work title
edm:wasPresentAt
edm:hasType
IPR Clearing
http://IPR-Type/1
edm:Agent
http://info:isil/DE-7
edm:wasPresentAt
SUB
Göttingen
rdfs:label
edm:status
IPR Status
http://IPR-
Status/ok
Next steps
17 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
• Meet relevant stakeholders to agree upon workflow for print works
• Define use cases
• Pilot infrastructure (DNB):
– Due diligent search and documentation
– Expand cataloguing and metadata workflow
– Service for unified ID-registry (print works, rights holders)
• Clarify rights modelling and clearing issues:
– Exchange format (EDM)
– Rights Registry at DPMA
– Which contributors for which type of work?
– Distinguish between IPR and usage rights?
• Discuss workflows with other cultural heritage domains
Next steps
18 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013
Thank you!
Questions?
Francesca Schulze
f.schulze@dnb.de
http://www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de

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Francesca Schulze - Europeana Licensing 062013

  • 1. By tom opteris  [CC-BY-NC-SA 2.0], via flickr.com Orphan works directive implementation in the German cultural heritage domain: Preliminary thoughts Francesca Schulze (German National Library) Europeana Licensing Workshop Luxembourg, 13.06.2013
  • 3. 3 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 1) What are the aims of the directive? • Establish a reliable framework to clarify rights for orphan works • Legal security 2) What do we need? • Stability and persistence • Linked open metadata • Sustain workflow for data exchange • Suitable cataloguing systems and common metadata descriptions • Tools to harmonise metadata • Enrich metadata (legal information) and tools to manage rights infromation Initial position: Questions
  • 4. 4 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 3) What can DDB and DNB (as project co-ordinator) offer? • Harmonise and exchange data in EDM as cross-domain aggregator • Establish persistent links between entities that carry rights-relevant information − Aggregation, ProvidedCHO, Web Ressource, Agents, Events, Place, Time • Provide persistent identifers and resp. services to cultural institutions: • For works (URN) • For creators and contributors (URI, German National Authority File), soon: Integrating publishers (German book traders) in GND • For digital items (URN) • Competency network − Bring together various stakeholders: rights holders, cultural heritage institutions, collecting societies, metatadata and rights clearing experts Initial position: Questions
  • 5. 5 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 Rights-relevant information in DDB-EDM format (main entities) ore: Aggregation edm: ProvidedCHO edm:Web Ressource edm:Web Ressource Physical or Born Digital Thing ⇒all FRBR-entites (Work, Manifestation, Expression, Item) ⇒Relation to or Literal value for Creators and Contributors Metadata record ⇒Licensing possible (CC0 and other) Digital representation in DDB-Context ⇒Labelling for usage rights: − DDB-Licence <-> Europeana-Licence (mandatory) − Literal rights statement (optional) edm:hasView edm:aggregatedCHO
  • 6. 6 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 DDB-EDM (Full)DDB-EDM (Full) ELIB- EDM ELIB- EDM EDM Profil(e) EDM Profil(e)METS MODS METS MODS DC- Profiles DC- Profiles EAD, LIDO… EAD, LIDO… MARC XML MARC XML CC0- Subset, Europeana R. Statem. CC0- Subset, Europeana R. Statem. Subset (facets, hierarchies) mostly CCO Subset (facets, hierarchies) mostly CCO Current DDB-EDM data aggregation workflow metadata and web ressource rights statem. DDB-APIDDB-API CC/DDB- Rights Statements CC/DDB- Rights Statements
  • 7. 7 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 edm:Web ressource: Rights indications in DDB-Portal (mid 2013) compliant to dc:rights compliant to edm:rights
  • 8. 8 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 <!– Reference Creator --> <edm:Agent rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/gnd/118540238"> <edm:wasPresent rdf:resource=“http://deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/event/998814423-c" /> <skos:prefLabel xml:lang="de">Goethe, Johann Wolfgang „von“</skos:prefLabel> </edm:Agent> <!-- Creation Event --> <edm:Event rdf:about=“http://deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/event/998814423-c"> <edm:hasType>http://terminology.lido-schema.org/lido00012</edm:hasType> <crm:P11_had_participant rdf:resource="http://d-nb.info/gnd/118540238" /> </edm:Event> <!– Provided CHO --> <edm:ProvidedCHO rdf:about="http://d-nb.info/998814423"> <edm:type>TEXT</edm:type> <dc:type>Monografie</dc:type> <edm:wasPresentAt rdf:resource=“http://deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/event/998814423-c" /> <dcterms:language rdf:resource="http://id.loc.gov/vocabulary/iso639-2/ger" /> <dc:creator>Goethe, Johann Wolfgang „von”</dc:creator> <dc:title>Faust : eine Tragödie ; Teil 1</dc:title> <dc:publisher>Amelang</dc:publisher> <dcterms:issued>1919</dcterms:issued> <dcterms:extent>173 S.</dcterms:extent> </edm:ProvidedCHO> DDB-EDM Example: Stable URIs (Creator)
  • 9. 9 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 DDB-EDM Example: Usage Rights Statements <!– Web Ressource --> <edm:WebResource rdf:about="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:2-2009120303"> <dc:type>http://ddb.vocnet.org/medientyp/mt003</dc:type> <dc:rights>Amelang</rights> <dcterms:rights>http://www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de/lizenzen/rv-fz/</dcterms:rights> <edm:rights>http://www.europeana.eu/rights/rr-f/</edm:rights> </edm:WebResource> <!– Metadata Record --> <ore:Aggregation rdf:about="http://www.dnb.de/998814423"> <edm:aggregatedCHO rdf:resource="http://d-nb.info/998814423" /> <dcterms:rights> http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/deed.de </dc:terms:rights> <edm:provider>Deutsche Digitale Bibliothek</edm:provider> <edm:dataProvider rdf:resource="http://ld.zdb-services.de/data/organisations/DE-101" /> <edm:isShownBy rdf:resource="http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:101:2-2009120303" /> <edm:dataProvider xml:lang="de">Deutsche Nationalbibliothek</edm:dataProvider> <edm:isShownAt>http://d-nb.info/99814423</edm:isShownAt> </ore:Aggregation>
  • 10. Thoughts for a workflow
  • 11. 11 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 • Creators and Contributors (IPR Holder) • Legal Person (e.g. author, director, screenplayer, film producer…) • Legal Body (e.g. editor, production company …) • Contributors (Usage Rights Holder) • Legal Body (e.g. publisher) • Service providers for rights holders • Distribution: Marketing and publisher service for German book trade • Collecting societies (e.g. VG Wort) 1) Production Sphere
  • 12. 12 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 • Cultural Institution (Libraries and others): • Collects and mediate holdings • Provides reliable metadata about works and related entities • DDB / DNB – Aggregation Service • Collects metadata about work and rights holders from cultural institions, collecting societies and German book trade • Homogenises metadata (unified platform ID registry for works and rights holders) • Distributes echriched metadata: DPMA, cultural institution, Europeana • DDB publishes: − web ressource with respective rights mark in portal (DDB Licensing Model) − link to the registry of due diligent search documentation (DPMA) 2) Data Management Sphere
  • 13. 13 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 • Cultural Institution: • Makes due diligent search for orphan works: − Enriches metadata with all necessary information (creators, contributors) − Researches missing rights-relevant information, documentation − Submits research results to Clearing Center (DPMA) via Aggregator DDB • Orphan work or licence agreement with rights holder? − Digitisation • Clearing Center (DPMA - Germany): • Clarifies possible conflicts with (newly identified) rights holders • Saves rights holders´ interests (patent) • Manages reliable Rights Registry (licenses) • Publishes relevant information about rights clearance results 3) Rightsclearing Sphere
  • 14. DPMADPMA Collect. Soc Collect. Soc ONIX/... EDM Draft Workflow for metadata of printed orphan works / Work level DDBDDB EuropeanaEuropeana Current Data flow Link / Search OHIMOHIM Booktraders / Production Sphere Metadata Description Stable, universal Data Management Sphere Rightsclearing Sphere Rights owner Cult. Inst EAD, LIDO, MARC 21, … EDM CataloguesCatalogues Future Data flow Metadata Rights Clearing informatio n Unifiying platform ID-registry DNB Future Link / Search German book trade German book trade
  • 15. 15 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 Sketch: Modelling Rights Clearing in DDB-EDM edm:event http://ddb.de/ event/123 edm:ProvidedCHO http:// urn:nbn:de:eki- <id> edm:ProvidedCHO http:// urn:nbn:de:eki- <id> dc:title Orphan work title edm:wasPresentAt edm:hasType IPR Clearing http://IPR-Type/1 edm:Agent http://info:isil/DE-7 edm:wasPresentAt SUB Göttingen rdfs:label edm:status IPR Status http://IPR- Status/ok
  • 17. 17 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 • Meet relevant stakeholders to agree upon workflow for print works • Define use cases • Pilot infrastructure (DNB): – Due diligent search and documentation – Expand cataloguing and metadata workflow – Service for unified ID-registry (print works, rights holders) • Clarify rights modelling and clearing issues: – Exchange format (EDM) – Rights Registry at DPMA – Which contributors for which type of work? – Distinguish between IPR and usage rights? • Discuss workflows with other cultural heritage domains Next steps
  • 18. 18 Orphan works directive in the German cultural heritage domain • Europeana Licensing Workshop • Luxembourg • 13. Juni 2013 Thank you! Questions? Francesca Schulze f.schulze@dnb.de http://www.deutsche-digitale-bibliothek.de

Editor's Notes

  1. 07.02.2013
  2. German Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA) Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market  expanding cataloguing rules, practises and systems
  3. German Patent and Trade Mark Office (DPMA) HABM = OHIM = Office for Harmonisation in the Internal Marked (Trade Marks and Designs)
  4. Not ditisised work
  5. Service for unified ID-registry (including look-up service) DPMA, BMJ and Collection society (VG Wort) upon possible Information to simplify rights clearance? Which creators and contributors are necessary Work Group: Rights Modelling in EDM? DPMA, OHIM, Arrow, Cross-Domain Metadata Experts (DDB, Europeana) ARROW/PLUS Rights Modelling and Tools for Reuse? Status Due Digiligent Search Workflow in other domains? (tools, in use, projects, sustain?) Rights clearance issues: Distinction between IPR holder and usage rights holder (exploitation rights)? Anforderungen an DPMA / Rights Clearance Experts: Information to simplify rights clearance (e.g. which contributors are relevant for the different type of works)? Which type of works are defined by the rights clearance experts?