SlideShare a Scribd company logo
Christian and Muslim
Spirituality
What is Spirituality?
Spirit- in Hebrew: Ruah;
Latin: Spiritus ; Greek :
Pneuma ; Sanskrit: Prajna –
all mean both breath and
spirit, refers to life-force, the
basic energy of being, -
symbolically, spirit is the
breath of life.
Spirituality has to do with the
fundamental propelling forces of our
lives, our most profound loves, passions
and concerns. It is the wellspring of our
sense of meaning and of our will to live,
the source of our deepest desires, values
and dreams. It is the living heart of all the
great world religions and each faith
tradition proclaims that the essence of
spirituality is love.
Christian Spirituality:
Christian Spirituality as a
set of beliefs, values, and
a way of life that reflect
the teachings of the Bible.
A spirituality that relies
on the power of the Holy
Spirit to live according to
God’s will.
“We need to help others to
realize that the only way is to
learn how to encounter others
with the right attitude, which
is to accept and esteem them
as companions along the way,
without interior resistance.
Better yet, it means learning to
find Jesus in the faces of
others, in their voices, in their
pleas.”Pope Francis(E.G.91)
Islamic Spirituality:
Islamic Spirituality is a
path to holiness by which
a Muslim, by internalizing
the spiritual richness
found in Islamic life and
practice, is gradually
transformed into a person
who desires to respond to
God’s grace with faith
and love and to do God’s
will in all things.
Characteristic s of Islamic spirituality:
1) A Qur’an Centered Spirituality;
2) The path to holiness in the pillars of
Islam ;
3) Spiritual life in imitation of
Muhammad ; and
4) The Sufi path to holiness.
A Qur’an-Centered Spirituality:
Reading, reciting, listening
to, studying and reflecting
on the Qur’an make up a
great part of the devotional
life of Muslims. As Muslims
believe the Qur’an to be the
literal word of God, God’s
own speech, their
encounters with the Qur’an
are for them meetings with
God who reveals, teaches,
and forms believers in
holiness.
Every Muslim is expected to memorize
portions of the Qur’an. A Christian
scholar has underlined the importance of
memorizing the Qur’an for Muslims by
likening it to a Christian’s reception of
the Eucharist.)
The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam:
1. The profession of faith (al-shahada).
The profession of faith in the Oneness
of God and the prophethood of
Muhammad is that which constitutes a
person, a member of the Islamic
community (umma). “There is no god
but Allah”. “Muhammad is the
messenger of Allah.”
When a baby is born, the parents
immediately whisper the profession of
faith into the child’s ears, so that the first
human words heard will be those that
make the child a Muslim. In Islam there
is no rite of initiation comparable to
Baptism. A new convert to Islam
professes the shahada in the presence of
witnesses and thereby becomes a
Muslim.
The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam:
2. Ritual daily prayer (al-salat). The salat is
not a lengthy prayer and can be
accomplished in less than 10 mins.. the
timing of the prayer is significant. The
prayer is a reaffirmation of submission to
God at the key moments of the day: at
dawn; at high noon, midafternoon, after
sunset and in the evening before retiring.
The prayer may be compared to Christian
monastic practice of the recitation of the
Divine Office.
A characteristic of salat is that it is accompanied
by fixed bodily postures. The positions of the
body, culminating in the full prostration with
forehead, hands, and knees touching the ground,
symbolically represent submission to Allah. The
ritual opens with the praise: “Glory to God and
sing His praise”. By proclaiming the glory of
God, the Muslim believes that he/she is joining
the heavenly chorus of angels who continually
proclaim God’s glory. Praising God(al-hamdu
li’llah) is a common expression which Muslims
make at times of joy, good fortune, and more
surprisingly, tragedy. The idea is that all things
that happen, both good and bad, come from God
and God should be praised in them all.
The heart of the ritual prayer is the
recitation of the Fatiha, the opening
chapter of the Qur’an followed by an
“Amen” in loud voice, and the recitation
of the Qur’anic verses. The Fatiha
sometimes regarded as the equivalent of
the “Our Father” among Christians.
The Opening(Fatiha) In the name of God,
the Compassionate, the Merciful. All
praise belongs to God, Lord of all worlds.
The Compassionate, the Merciful. Ruler
of Judgment Day. It is You that we
worship, and to You we appeal for help.
Show us the straight way. The way of
those You have graced, not of those on
whom is Your wrath, not of those who
wander astray.
Closely connected with the idea of praise
is that of thanksgiving. The Qur’anic
verse: “Give thanks to the gracious God,
if you are His worshippers(16:14)” The
action of thanksgiving for the Christian
is called Eucharist..
In the salat, as at every recitation of the
Qur’an, Muslims take refuge in God from
the temptation of Satan. The notion of
“taking refuge in God’s mercy” , is
familiar to the 3 O’clock Divine Mercy
prayer of Christians.
The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam:
3. The tithe for the poor (zakat) Every
Muslim is required to give a fixed
percentage of income for the poor of
the community. It differs from
almsgiving(sadaqa). The manner of
collecting and distributing zakat varies
widely in the Islamic world.
Caring for the poor of the community is
not a matter of choice, mood, or feelings
of sympathy. It is required duty for every
obedient Muslim. Any relationship to
God or life of prayer, fasting, and other
acts of worship that do not include the
element of concrete assistance to the poor
of the community is not a fully Islamic
response to the Qur’anic message.
The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam:
4. Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
The key elements for Islamic
spirituality in the Ramadhan fast are
remembrance, celebration, communal
solidarity, spiritual renewal,
forgiveness, and exposure to the
experience of hunger.
Remembrance that the Qur’an was first
revealed during the month of Ramadhan.
During the last week of Ramadhan, on
the Night of Destiny when the Qur’an is
believed to have been sent down from
heaven, and when the Day of Judgement
is popularly expected to arrive, Muslims
are encouraged to spend the entire night
in the mosque, reading the Qur’an,
listening to its recitation, and performing
recommended prayers.
A second element is
celebration and social
solidarity. Communal
performance of a long and
difficult fast, with many
periods of prayer, followed
by communal celebration,
creates a strong sense of
social identity.
Ramadan is a time for renewal
and forgiveness. A time for
repentance , a characteristic it
shares with the Christian Lent.
Muslims believe that through the
faithful practice of Ramadhan, all
their sins are forgiven.
The Feast of the Breaking the
Fast(Id al-F’itr) is celebrated. The Id
is the spiritual New Year of Islam,
the new beginning and starting
over. Having forgiven by God.
Muslims are taught to forgive one
another.
The aspect of Ramadhan fast is the
experience of hunger. Muslims who suffer
from hunger during daylight hours are
asked to recall the fate of millions of
persons in this world who lack sufficient
food. An experience of conscien -tization
towards the plight of the hungry. Muslims
are urged to address concretely the
problems of hunger and starvation.
The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam:
5. The Pilgrimage to Mecca(hajj):
The opportunity to make the hajj to
Mecca sometime during one’s life is
the longing of every pious Muslim.
The pilgrimage is a reliving of the
spiritual roots of their faith. Mecca is
not only the scene of Muhammad’s
birth and early prophetic mission but,
as the site of the Ka’ba., the direction
towards which all Muslims pray daily.
The preliminary rites of the
pilgrimage revolve about
Mecca, particularly the
circumambulation of the
Ka’ba, as Muhammad and his
early Companions had done,
and commemorative
reenactment of events from
the life of Abraham, Hagar
and the baby Ismail.
The central and
indispensable act of the
pilgrimage takes place on the
slopes of Mt. Arafat, 30 kms.
Outside Mecca. It was there
that Abraham was ordered to
sacrifice his son Ismail and
the site of Muhammad’s final
sermon.
To understand the deep spiritual
implications of a rite in Arafat is to know
the geography of the place. It is in the
midst of the Arabian desert, is one of the
worlds most arid, hot and inhospitable
locations, and has been since the time of
Muhammad. There is no earthly reason
why anyone would go there, only the
motivation is spiritual.
Islamic Spirituality as Imitation of Muhammad:
An important aspect of Islamic
spirituality is the imitation of
Muhammad. He is understood in the
Qur’an not only as the Messenger but
also as its first hearer. He is the model
Muslim whose life was shaped to the
smallest detail by the Qur’anic
message. He is their friend and mentor
who will intercede for them on
Judgement Day.
Elements of Islamic Spirituality not found
in the Qur’an are recorded in the hadith.
The hadith are collections of
Muhammad’s sayings, deeds and
decisions. The sunna are recommended
actions practice by Muhammad such as
ritual acts, on prayer and instructions on
mundane affairs such as receiving guests,
eating, traveling, carrying on business,
family relations even performance of
bodily functions.
It is sunna to offer cologne to guests.
It is sunna to eat everything on one’s
plate(i.e. not to waste food) It is sunna
to say at the conclusion of a journey,
“Praise God for a safe arrival” (al-
hamdu li’llah ‘ala salama)
The Qur’an and sunna form the
principal bases of the shari’a, the
Islamic way of life. It covers every
aspect of human life, from family
relations, to th social, economic, and
political organization of the community.
The Sufi Path to Holiness:
Islamic Spirituality is commonly known as
“sufism” or ‘tasawwuf’ in Arabic.
Sufis, spiritual teachers of Islam. They stressed
the need for a simple, prayer-centered life and
adopted many of the harsh ascetical practices
of the Christian monks of the desert. The Sufi
would have to learn humility, obedience,
poverty, patience, diligence, temperance in
matters of food and sex, etc. The Sufis knew
the Dark Nights described by the Christian
mystics of the Carmelite tradition. The Sufi
had arrived at the Truth, the ultimate goal of
human life, a union of life with God.
One of the most distinctive characteristic of
Sufi spirituality is their dev’t of Qur’anic
injunction to “Remember God often”(33:40).
The word dhikr means “remembrance” and
can refer to a wide variety of short, repeated
prayers. A form of dhikr is the rosary(tasbih),
recites on each bead one of the Beautiful
Names of God.
The Sufi Way: It is quite simple, we love
each other, we love GOD, and GOD loves us
and that is all.
The Road to Islamic Spirituality:
We can use two (2) Arabic
words that denote the
focus of the activity.
1.) Al-qaib, the heart,
purification of the heart,
2.) Al-nafs, the self-ego,
rectification of the self
Necessity for progression along the path of Spiritual
growth.
1.) Faith, Allah alone is His Master, Sovereign
and Deity
2.) Obedience, accepts subservience(Islam)
submission to Allah
3.) Allah-consciousness, to observe the
distinction between lawful and
unlawful, right and wrong, good and bad in
life.
4.) godliness, highest excellence in words, deeds
and thoughts identifying his will with the will
of Allah and harmonizing it.
Faith (mu’min). . .> Obedience (muslim). .
.> Allah-consciousness(muttaq). .
.>godliness(muhsin)
The Growth to Christian
Spirituality:
“ The fruit of Silence
is Prayer, the fruit of
Prayer is Faith, the
fruit of Faith is
Love, the fruit of
Love is Service, and
the fruit of Service is
Peace.”
(Mo. Teresa of Calcutta)
Silence…. . .> Prayer. . . . ..> Faith. . . .
..> Love. . . . ..> Service. . . . . .>
Peace (salam)
6 Articles of Islamic Faith;: to be a
Muslim one must believe in:
1. One God
2. The angels of God
3. The books of God, esp.
the Qur’an
4. The prophets of God,
esp. Muhammad
5. The Day of Judgment(or
the after life) 6. The
Supremacy of God’s
will(or predestination)
12 Articles of Catholic Faith: The
Apostles’ Creed
6 Precepts of the Church:
1. You shall attend Mass on Sundays and
on holy days of obligation and rest
from servile labor.
2. You shall confess your sins at least
once a year.
3. You shall receive the sacrament of the
Eucharist at least during the Easter
season.
4. You shall observe the days of
fasting and abstinence
established by the Church.
5. You shall help to provide for the
needs of the Church.
6. You shall observe the laws of the
Church concerning marriage.
The precepts of the
Church concern the moral
and Christian life united
with the liturgy and
nourished by it.
Comments from Prof.Wadja K. Esmula,
Acting Dean of Institute of Islamic Studies
University of the Philippines about the
book written by Fr.Thomas Michel,S.J., “A
Christian Looks at Islamic Spirituality”,
published by Silsilah,1997.
- A fact that a leader of the
Christian church positively
writes about Islamic
spirituality is a proof of
enlightenment. It is a
manifestation of a cultural
understanding between
Muslims and Christians.
- I wish to point out why the Qur’an is in
Arabic. Islam is a universal religion. This
is clear from the Qur’an and Muhammad’s
preaching. But, it is true that Muhammad
was an Arab sent to preach God’s Message
in the first instance to Arabs. The Arabs
were not a “chosen people” but Arabic
was in some sense God’s “chosen
language.” “It is sent down as an Arabic
Qur’an”(Q,12:2). In fact the first verse
revealed to Prophet Muhammad was
entitled, “Iqra” meaning “read”(Q,96:1)
- The equivalent of the Qur’an in
Christianity is Christ himself as the
word(logos) of God. If Christ is the Word
made flesh, the Qur’an is the Word made
Book.
- The medium through whom the Word is
given to humanity is, in the case of Islam,
Muhammad, and in the case of
Christianity, Mary. Both received the
Word from Gabriel.. Both are traditionally
regarded as pure or purified vehicles of
revelation: the Prophet as being
unlettered, free from the taint of human
worldly learning, Mary as immaculate.,
free from the taint of human desire.
Both are regarded as chosen esp. by God
as the best creatures worthy to be vehicles
of the Divine Word. The Holy Qur’an says;
“referring to Mary, God has chosen you
and purified you – chosen you above the
women of all nations”(Q.3:42) The
Qur’anic word used for chosen is istafa,
and a common title for the Prophet is al
Mustafa, the chosen one.
- Islamic spirituality extensively
manifested in the pillars of Islam and the
Christian spirituality manifested in Mary
and Jesus should serve as the breeding
ground by Muslims and Christians to
eradicate the monstrous domination of
materialism, so that humankind could
attain perfect happiness both in this world
and in the Hereafter.

More Related Content

What's hot

Many Messengers of God - The Peacemaker
Many Messengers of God - The PeacemakerMany Messengers of God - The Peacemaker
Many Messengers of God - The Peacemaker
Paula Bidwell
 
India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...
India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...
India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...
digitalphotosolution
 
Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)
Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)
Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)
Huba Akhtar
 
Mystics and Saints of Islam
Mystics and Saints of IslamMystics and Saints of Islam
The global messenger
The global messengerThe global messenger
Review of Religions February 2015
Review of Religions February 2015Review of Religions February 2015
Review of Religions February 2015
muzaffertahir9
 
The baha’i faith
The baha’i faithThe baha’i faith
The baha’i faith
Maria Sofea
 
Sufism ppt
Sufism pptSufism ppt
Sufism ppt
c.p. bhatnagar
 
Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...
Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...
Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...
aaaaaaabbbbbbb2
 
Why do we have many religions is there more than one god
Why do we have many religions   is there more than one godWhy do we have many religions   is there more than one god
Why do we have many religions is there more than one god
Sabry Shaheen
 
Sufism in india
Sufism in indiaSufism in india
Sufism in india
HARSHITSHANKAR2
 
Presenting Christ
Presenting ChristPresenting Christ
Presenting Christ
Domenic Marbaniang
 
Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)
Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)
Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)
Shefa Idrees
 
Spirituality vs religion
Spirituality vs religionSpirituality vs religion
Spirituality vs religion
Shivanjani Pujari
 
Sufism and health psychology
Sufism and health psychologySufism and health psychology
Sufism and health psychology
Curtin University, Perth, Australia
 
PeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological Framework
PeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological FrameworkPeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological Framework
PeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological Framework
PeaceBuildersCommunityInc
 
Building Bridges of Peace
 Building Bridges of Peace Building Bridges of Peace
Building Bridges of Peace
muzaffertahir9
 
Peace in a world of conflicts
Peace in a world of conflictsPeace in a world of conflicts
Peace in a world of conflicts
renaud fabbri
 
Spiritual Self
Spiritual SelfSpiritual Self
Spiritual Self
Orlando Pistan, MAEd
 
Islam and Zoroastrianism
Islam and ZoroastrianismIslam and Zoroastrianism
Islam and Zoroastrianism
Jhat Trinidad
 

What's hot (20)

Many Messengers of God - The Peacemaker
Many Messengers of God - The PeacemakerMany Messengers of God - The Peacemaker
Many Messengers of God - The Peacemaker
 
India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...
India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...
India - A Beautiful Land of Spiritual, Pluralistic Ethos Now Entangled in Rel...
 
Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)
Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)
Significance and importance of studying the life of prophet (autosaved)
 
Mystics and Saints of Islam
Mystics and Saints of IslamMystics and Saints of Islam
Mystics and Saints of Islam
 
The global messenger
The global messengerThe global messenger
The global messenger
 
Review of Religions February 2015
Review of Religions February 2015Review of Religions February 2015
Review of Religions February 2015
 
The baha’i faith
The baha’i faithThe baha’i faith
The baha’i faith
 
Sufism ppt
Sufism pptSufism ppt
Sufism ppt
 
Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...
Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...
Principles of islamic spirituality part 1 sufism by shaykh muhammad hisham ka...
 
Why do we have many religions is there more than one god
Why do we have many religions   is there more than one godWhy do we have many religions   is there more than one god
Why do we have many religions is there more than one god
 
Sufism in india
Sufism in indiaSufism in india
Sufism in india
 
Presenting Christ
Presenting ChristPresenting Christ
Presenting Christ
 
Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)
Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)
Significance & Importance of Studying the Life of Holy Prophet (S.A.W)
 
Spirituality vs religion
Spirituality vs religionSpirituality vs religion
Spirituality vs religion
 
Sufism and health psychology
Sufism and health psychologySufism and health psychology
Sufism and health psychology
 
PeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological Framework
PeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological FrameworkPeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological Framework
PeaceBuilding and Transformation: PAR Theological Framework
 
Building Bridges of Peace
 Building Bridges of Peace Building Bridges of Peace
Building Bridges of Peace
 
Peace in a world of conflicts
Peace in a world of conflictsPeace in a world of conflicts
Peace in a world of conflicts
 
Spiritual Self
Spiritual SelfSpiritual Self
Spiritual Self
 
Islam and Zoroastrianism
Islam and ZoroastrianismIslam and Zoroastrianism
Islam and Zoroastrianism
 

Viewers also liked

Dialogue between christian and muslim tagalog
Dialogue between christian and muslim tagalogDialogue between christian and muslim tagalog
Dialogue between christian and muslim tagalog
Arab Muslim
 
"Love" quotes by mother teresa
"Love" quotes by mother teresa"Love" quotes by mother teresa
"Love" quotes by mother teresa
Ningsang Jamir
 
Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008
Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008
Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008
Rose Holley
 
Milestone 2_LT
Milestone 2_LTMilestone 2_LT
Milestone 2_LT
Leustante
 
Christianity and islam by taiwo j
Christianity and islam by taiwo jChristianity and islam by taiwo j
Christianity and islam by taiwo j
Lynn University
 
Lesson 14 Reaching Muslims for Christ
Lesson 14  Reaching Muslims for ChristLesson 14  Reaching Muslims for Christ
Lesson 14 Reaching Muslims for Christ
Austin Boyd
 
Lesson 2 Do We Worship the Same God? Are All Muslims the Same?
Lesson 2   Do We Worship the Same God?  Are All Muslims the Same?Lesson 2   Do We Worship the Same God?  Are All Muslims the Same?
Lesson 2 Do We Worship the Same God? Are All Muslims the Same?
Austin Boyd
 
Similarities Between Islam Christianity
Similarities Between Islam   ChristianitySimilarities Between Islam   Christianity
Similarities Between Islam Christianity
Ahmed Hassan
 
The Womans Status In Christianity & Islam
The Womans Status In Christianity & IslamThe Womans Status In Christianity & Islam
The Womans Status In Christianity & Islam
Iffu Slides
 
Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008
Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008
Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008
muzaffertahir9
 
Interfaith Dialogue
Interfaith DialogueInterfaith Dialogue
Interfaith Dialogue
Robert Munson
 
Interfaith dialogue examples and impact
Interfaith dialogue examples and impactInterfaith dialogue examples and impact
Interfaith dialogue examples and impact
Francis O'Callaghan
 
Christianity vs. Islam
Christianity vs. IslamChristianity vs. Islam
Christianity vs. Islam
amberl88
 

Viewers also liked (13)

Dialogue between christian and muslim tagalog
Dialogue between christian and muslim tagalogDialogue between christian and muslim tagalog
Dialogue between christian and muslim tagalog
 
"Love" quotes by mother teresa
"Love" quotes by mother teresa"Love" quotes by mother teresa
"Love" quotes by mother teresa
 
Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008
Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008
Australian Newspapers Beta Search and Delivery System Nov 2008
 
Milestone 2_LT
Milestone 2_LTMilestone 2_LT
Milestone 2_LT
 
Christianity and islam by taiwo j
Christianity and islam by taiwo jChristianity and islam by taiwo j
Christianity and islam by taiwo j
 
Lesson 14 Reaching Muslims for Christ
Lesson 14  Reaching Muslims for ChristLesson 14  Reaching Muslims for Christ
Lesson 14 Reaching Muslims for Christ
 
Lesson 2 Do We Worship the Same God? Are All Muslims the Same?
Lesson 2   Do We Worship the Same God?  Are All Muslims the Same?Lesson 2   Do We Worship the Same God?  Are All Muslims the Same?
Lesson 2 Do We Worship the Same God? Are All Muslims the Same?
 
Similarities Between Islam Christianity
Similarities Between Islam   ChristianitySimilarities Between Islam   Christianity
Similarities Between Islam Christianity
 
The Womans Status In Christianity & Islam
The Womans Status In Christianity & IslamThe Womans Status In Christianity & Islam
The Womans Status In Christianity & Islam
 
Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008
Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008
Respecting Religious Feelings Peace-symposium-2008
 
Interfaith Dialogue
Interfaith DialogueInterfaith Dialogue
Interfaith Dialogue
 
Interfaith dialogue examples and impact
Interfaith dialogue examples and impactInterfaith dialogue examples and impact
Interfaith dialogue examples and impact
 
Christianity vs. Islam
Christianity vs. IslamChristianity vs. Islam
Christianity vs. Islam
 

Similar to Fr. prudencio alviar, omi christian and muslim spirituality

World religons
World religonsWorld religons
World religons
Ayah Ben
 
Islam-Explained-Brochure.pdf
Islam-Explained-Brochure.pdfIslam-Explained-Brochure.pdf
Islam-Explained-Brochure.pdf
DaviekateAdones1
 
Qur’an
Qur’anQur’an
Qur’an
djmayfann
 
Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptx
Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptxIntroduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptx
Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptx
JonathanMansueto1
 
Islam Project
Islam ProjectIslam Project
Islam Project
8student
 
Islam Project
Islam ProjectIslam Project
Islam Project
Lisa Saldivar
 
Muslim festivals indian ethos
Muslim festivals   indian ethosMuslim festivals   indian ethos
Muslim festivals indian ethos
Varsha Golekar
 
IWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docx
IWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docxIWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docx
IWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docx
DanJunMalutaAnaper
 
Social studies and religion project
Social studies and religion projectSocial studies and religion project
Social studies and religion project
jjjj1969
 
The Pillars Of Islam
The Pillars Of IslamThe Pillars Of Islam
The Pillars Of Islam
FarooqueAhmed20
 
spirituality
spirituality spirituality
spirituality
Ahmad Shahir
 
THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docx
THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docxTHE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docx
THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docx
oreo10
 
Thw World religion-teaching.pptx
Thw World religion-teaching.pptxThw World religion-teaching.pptx
Thw World religion-teaching.pptx
ems5500239
 
World religion-teaching.pptx
World religion-teaching.pptxWorld religion-teaching.pptx
World religion-teaching.pptx
ems5500239
 
Grand Iftar 2023.docx
Grand Iftar 2023.docxGrand Iftar 2023.docx
Grand Iftar 2023.docx
HuzaifaHannan
 
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
Arab Muslim
 
The Spiritual Self
The Spiritual SelfThe Spiritual Self
The Spiritual Self
KimberlyLina1
 
Ramadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptx
Ramadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptxRamadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptx
Ramadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptx
OMG- News12
 
Spirituality of the Family Life Minister
Spirituality of the Family Life MinisterSpirituality of the Family Life Minister
Spirituality of the Family Life Minister
Diocese of Raleigh
 
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
mfm5cell
 

Similar to Fr. prudencio alviar, omi christian and muslim spirituality (20)

World religons
World religonsWorld religons
World religons
 
Islam-Explained-Brochure.pdf
Islam-Explained-Brochure.pdfIslam-Explained-Brochure.pdf
Islam-Explained-Brochure.pdf
 
Qur’an
Qur’anQur’an
Qur’an
 
Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptx
Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptxIntroduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptx
Introduction to World Religions and Belief Systems Lesson 5 - Islam.pptx
 
Islam Project
Islam ProjectIslam Project
Islam Project
 
Islam Project
Islam ProjectIslam Project
Islam Project
 
Muslim festivals indian ethos
Muslim festivals   indian ethosMuslim festivals   indian ethos
Muslim festivals indian ethos
 
IWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docx
IWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docxIWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docx
IWRBS 3-Module-3-Influences-Of-Religion-To-Culture-And-Society.docx
 
Social studies and religion project
Social studies and religion projectSocial studies and religion project
Social studies and religion project
 
The Pillars Of Islam
The Pillars Of IslamThe Pillars Of Islam
The Pillars Of Islam
 
spirituality
spirituality spirituality
spirituality
 
THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docx
THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docxTHE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docx
THE MUSLIM COMMUNITY Muslims around the world values respectfu.docx
 
Thw World religion-teaching.pptx
Thw World religion-teaching.pptxThw World religion-teaching.pptx
Thw World religion-teaching.pptx
 
World religion-teaching.pptx
World religion-teaching.pptxWorld religion-teaching.pptx
World religion-teaching.pptx
 
Grand Iftar 2023.docx
Grand Iftar 2023.docxGrand Iftar 2023.docx
Grand Iftar 2023.docx
 
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
 
The Spiritual Self
The Spiritual SelfThe Spiritual Self
The Spiritual Self
 
Ramadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptx
Ramadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptxRamadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptx
Ramadan A Month of Spiritual Connection and Reflection.pptx
 
Spirituality of the Family Life Minister
Spirituality of the Family Life MinisterSpirituality of the Family Life Minister
Spirituality of the Family Life Minister
 
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam25 most frequently asked questions about islam
25 most frequently asked questions about islam
 

More from eccce821

Paradigm shifts eccce report
Paradigm shifts eccce reportParadigm shifts eccce report
Paradigm shifts eccce report
eccce821
 
Fr jocis: Spiritual Warfare Today
Fr jocis: Spiritual Warfare TodayFr jocis: Spiritual Warfare Today
Fr jocis: Spiritual Warfare Today
eccce821
 
Alejo laudato eccce 2015
Alejo laudato eccce 2015Alejo laudato eccce 2015
Alejo laudato eccce 2015
eccce821
 
Paradigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad Pagadut
Paradigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad PagadutParadigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad Pagadut
Paradigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad Pagadut
eccce821
 
Sources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo Manabat
Sources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo ManabatSources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo Manabat
Sources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo Manabat
eccce821
 
Presentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar Romero
Presentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar RomeroPresentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar Romero
Presentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar Romero
eccce821
 
Fr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcism
Fr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcismFr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcism
Fr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcism
eccce821
 
Fr. eliseo mercado bbl issues
Fr. eliseo mercado bbl issuesFr. eliseo mercado bbl issues
Fr. eliseo mercado bbl issues
eccce821
 
Fr. conrado casas indigenous curriculum
Fr. conrado casas indigenous curriculumFr. conrado casas indigenous curriculum
Fr. conrado casas indigenous curriculum
eccce821
 
Atty chito liban talk rh law
Atty chito liban talk rh lawAtty chito liban talk rh law
Atty chito liban talk rh law
eccce821
 
Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7
Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7
Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7
eccce821
 
Lumen Fidei: Reflections
Lumen Fidei: ReflectionsLumen Fidei: Reflections
Lumen Fidei: Reflections
eccce821
 
Catechetical Agenda for the Third Millennium
Catechetical Agenda for the Third MillenniumCatechetical Agenda for the Third Millennium
Catechetical Agenda for the Third Millennium
eccce821
 
Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013
Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013
Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013
eccce821
 

More from eccce821 (14)

Paradigm shifts eccce report
Paradigm shifts eccce reportParadigm shifts eccce report
Paradigm shifts eccce report
 
Fr jocis: Spiritual Warfare Today
Fr jocis: Spiritual Warfare TodayFr jocis: Spiritual Warfare Today
Fr jocis: Spiritual Warfare Today
 
Alejo laudato eccce 2015
Alejo laudato eccce 2015Alejo laudato eccce 2015
Alejo laudato eccce 2015
 
Paradigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad Pagadut
Paradigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad PagadutParadigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad Pagadut
Paradigm Shift in Scripture by Dr. Natividad Pagadut
 
Sources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo Manabat
Sources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo ManabatSources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo Manabat
Sources (Content) of Catechesis by Jo Manabat
 
Presentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar Romero
Presentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar RomeroPresentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar Romero
Presentation: Fr. Willian Monsalud and Dr. Pilar Romero
 
Fr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcism
Fr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcismFr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcism
Fr. jocis syquia catechesis on delivernce and exorcism
 
Fr. eliseo mercado bbl issues
Fr. eliseo mercado bbl issuesFr. eliseo mercado bbl issues
Fr. eliseo mercado bbl issues
 
Fr. conrado casas indigenous curriculum
Fr. conrado casas indigenous curriculumFr. conrado casas indigenous curriculum
Fr. conrado casas indigenous curriculum
 
Atty chito liban talk rh law
Atty chito liban talk rh lawAtty chito liban talk rh law
Atty chito liban talk rh law
 
Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7
Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7
Amba henrietta de villa ppcrv power point 7
 
Lumen Fidei: Reflections
Lumen Fidei: ReflectionsLumen Fidei: Reflections
Lumen Fidei: Reflections
 
Catechetical Agenda for the Third Millennium
Catechetical Agenda for the Third MillenniumCatechetical Agenda for the Third Millennium
Catechetical Agenda for the Third Millennium
 
Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013
Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013
Peace.mindanao.catechist.2013
 

Fr. prudencio alviar, omi christian and muslim spirituality

  • 2. What is Spirituality? Spirit- in Hebrew: Ruah; Latin: Spiritus ; Greek : Pneuma ; Sanskrit: Prajna – all mean both breath and spirit, refers to life-force, the basic energy of being, - symbolically, spirit is the breath of life.
  • 3. Spirituality has to do with the fundamental propelling forces of our lives, our most profound loves, passions and concerns. It is the wellspring of our sense of meaning and of our will to live, the source of our deepest desires, values and dreams. It is the living heart of all the great world religions and each faith tradition proclaims that the essence of spirituality is love.
  • 4. Christian Spirituality: Christian Spirituality as a set of beliefs, values, and a way of life that reflect the teachings of the Bible. A spirituality that relies on the power of the Holy Spirit to live according to God’s will.
  • 5. “We need to help others to realize that the only way is to learn how to encounter others with the right attitude, which is to accept and esteem them as companions along the way, without interior resistance. Better yet, it means learning to find Jesus in the faces of others, in their voices, in their pleas.”Pope Francis(E.G.91)
  • 6. Islamic Spirituality: Islamic Spirituality is a path to holiness by which a Muslim, by internalizing the spiritual richness found in Islamic life and practice, is gradually transformed into a person who desires to respond to God’s grace with faith and love and to do God’s will in all things.
  • 7. Characteristic s of Islamic spirituality: 1) A Qur’an Centered Spirituality; 2) The path to holiness in the pillars of Islam ; 3) Spiritual life in imitation of Muhammad ; and 4) The Sufi path to holiness.
  • 8. A Qur’an-Centered Spirituality: Reading, reciting, listening to, studying and reflecting on the Qur’an make up a great part of the devotional life of Muslims. As Muslims believe the Qur’an to be the literal word of God, God’s own speech, their encounters with the Qur’an are for them meetings with God who reveals, teaches, and forms believers in holiness.
  • 9. Every Muslim is expected to memorize portions of the Qur’an. A Christian scholar has underlined the importance of memorizing the Qur’an for Muslims by likening it to a Christian’s reception of the Eucharist.)
  • 10. The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam: 1. The profession of faith (al-shahada). The profession of faith in the Oneness of God and the prophethood of Muhammad is that which constitutes a person, a member of the Islamic community (umma). “There is no god but Allah”. “Muhammad is the messenger of Allah.”
  • 11. When a baby is born, the parents immediately whisper the profession of faith into the child’s ears, so that the first human words heard will be those that make the child a Muslim. In Islam there is no rite of initiation comparable to Baptism. A new convert to Islam professes the shahada in the presence of witnesses and thereby becomes a Muslim.
  • 12. The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam: 2. Ritual daily prayer (al-salat). The salat is not a lengthy prayer and can be accomplished in less than 10 mins.. the timing of the prayer is significant. The prayer is a reaffirmation of submission to God at the key moments of the day: at dawn; at high noon, midafternoon, after sunset and in the evening before retiring. The prayer may be compared to Christian monastic practice of the recitation of the Divine Office.
  • 13. A characteristic of salat is that it is accompanied by fixed bodily postures. The positions of the body, culminating in the full prostration with forehead, hands, and knees touching the ground, symbolically represent submission to Allah. The ritual opens with the praise: “Glory to God and sing His praise”. By proclaiming the glory of God, the Muslim believes that he/she is joining the heavenly chorus of angels who continually proclaim God’s glory. Praising God(al-hamdu li’llah) is a common expression which Muslims make at times of joy, good fortune, and more surprisingly, tragedy. The idea is that all things that happen, both good and bad, come from God and God should be praised in them all.
  • 14. The heart of the ritual prayer is the recitation of the Fatiha, the opening chapter of the Qur’an followed by an “Amen” in loud voice, and the recitation of the Qur’anic verses. The Fatiha sometimes regarded as the equivalent of the “Our Father” among Christians.
  • 15. The Opening(Fatiha) In the name of God, the Compassionate, the Merciful. All praise belongs to God, Lord of all worlds. The Compassionate, the Merciful. Ruler of Judgment Day. It is You that we worship, and to You we appeal for help. Show us the straight way. The way of those You have graced, not of those on whom is Your wrath, not of those who wander astray.
  • 16. Closely connected with the idea of praise is that of thanksgiving. The Qur’anic verse: “Give thanks to the gracious God, if you are His worshippers(16:14)” The action of thanksgiving for the Christian is called Eucharist..
  • 17. In the salat, as at every recitation of the Qur’an, Muslims take refuge in God from the temptation of Satan. The notion of “taking refuge in God’s mercy” , is familiar to the 3 O’clock Divine Mercy prayer of Christians.
  • 18. The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam: 3. The tithe for the poor (zakat) Every Muslim is required to give a fixed percentage of income for the poor of the community. It differs from almsgiving(sadaqa). The manner of collecting and distributing zakat varies widely in the Islamic world.
  • 19. Caring for the poor of the community is not a matter of choice, mood, or feelings of sympathy. It is required duty for every obedient Muslim. Any relationship to God or life of prayer, fasting, and other acts of worship that do not include the element of concrete assistance to the poor of the community is not a fully Islamic response to the Qur’anic message.
  • 20. The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam: 4. Fasting during the month of Ramadan. The key elements for Islamic spirituality in the Ramadhan fast are remembrance, celebration, communal solidarity, spiritual renewal, forgiveness, and exposure to the experience of hunger.
  • 21. Remembrance that the Qur’an was first revealed during the month of Ramadhan. During the last week of Ramadhan, on the Night of Destiny when the Qur’an is believed to have been sent down from heaven, and when the Day of Judgement is popularly expected to arrive, Muslims are encouraged to spend the entire night in the mosque, reading the Qur’an, listening to its recitation, and performing recommended prayers.
  • 22. A second element is celebration and social solidarity. Communal performance of a long and difficult fast, with many periods of prayer, followed by communal celebration, creates a strong sense of social identity.
  • 23. Ramadan is a time for renewal and forgiveness. A time for repentance , a characteristic it shares with the Christian Lent. Muslims believe that through the faithful practice of Ramadhan, all their sins are forgiven.
  • 24. The Feast of the Breaking the Fast(Id al-F’itr) is celebrated. The Id is the spiritual New Year of Islam, the new beginning and starting over. Having forgiven by God. Muslims are taught to forgive one another.
  • 25. The aspect of Ramadhan fast is the experience of hunger. Muslims who suffer from hunger during daylight hours are asked to recall the fate of millions of persons in this world who lack sufficient food. An experience of conscien -tization towards the plight of the hungry. Muslims are urged to address concretely the problems of hunger and starvation.
  • 26. The Path to Holiness in the Pillars of Islam: 5. The Pilgrimage to Mecca(hajj): The opportunity to make the hajj to Mecca sometime during one’s life is the longing of every pious Muslim. The pilgrimage is a reliving of the spiritual roots of their faith. Mecca is not only the scene of Muhammad’s birth and early prophetic mission but, as the site of the Ka’ba., the direction towards which all Muslims pray daily.
  • 27. The preliminary rites of the pilgrimage revolve about Mecca, particularly the circumambulation of the Ka’ba, as Muhammad and his early Companions had done, and commemorative reenactment of events from the life of Abraham, Hagar and the baby Ismail.
  • 28. The central and indispensable act of the pilgrimage takes place on the slopes of Mt. Arafat, 30 kms. Outside Mecca. It was there that Abraham was ordered to sacrifice his son Ismail and the site of Muhammad’s final sermon.
  • 29. To understand the deep spiritual implications of a rite in Arafat is to know the geography of the place. It is in the midst of the Arabian desert, is one of the worlds most arid, hot and inhospitable locations, and has been since the time of Muhammad. There is no earthly reason why anyone would go there, only the motivation is spiritual.
  • 30. Islamic Spirituality as Imitation of Muhammad: An important aspect of Islamic spirituality is the imitation of Muhammad. He is understood in the Qur’an not only as the Messenger but also as its first hearer. He is the model Muslim whose life was shaped to the smallest detail by the Qur’anic message. He is their friend and mentor who will intercede for them on Judgement Day.
  • 31. Elements of Islamic Spirituality not found in the Qur’an are recorded in the hadith. The hadith are collections of Muhammad’s sayings, deeds and decisions. The sunna are recommended actions practice by Muhammad such as ritual acts, on prayer and instructions on mundane affairs such as receiving guests, eating, traveling, carrying on business, family relations even performance of bodily functions.
  • 32. It is sunna to offer cologne to guests. It is sunna to eat everything on one’s plate(i.e. not to waste food) It is sunna to say at the conclusion of a journey, “Praise God for a safe arrival” (al- hamdu li’llah ‘ala salama)
  • 33. The Qur’an and sunna form the principal bases of the shari’a, the Islamic way of life. It covers every aspect of human life, from family relations, to th social, economic, and political organization of the community.
  • 34. The Sufi Path to Holiness: Islamic Spirituality is commonly known as “sufism” or ‘tasawwuf’ in Arabic. Sufis, spiritual teachers of Islam. They stressed the need for a simple, prayer-centered life and adopted many of the harsh ascetical practices of the Christian monks of the desert. The Sufi would have to learn humility, obedience, poverty, patience, diligence, temperance in matters of food and sex, etc. The Sufis knew the Dark Nights described by the Christian mystics of the Carmelite tradition. The Sufi had arrived at the Truth, the ultimate goal of human life, a union of life with God.
  • 35. One of the most distinctive characteristic of Sufi spirituality is their dev’t of Qur’anic injunction to “Remember God often”(33:40). The word dhikr means “remembrance” and can refer to a wide variety of short, repeated prayers. A form of dhikr is the rosary(tasbih), recites on each bead one of the Beautiful Names of God. The Sufi Way: It is quite simple, we love each other, we love GOD, and GOD loves us and that is all.
  • 36. The Road to Islamic Spirituality: We can use two (2) Arabic words that denote the focus of the activity. 1.) Al-qaib, the heart, purification of the heart, 2.) Al-nafs, the self-ego, rectification of the self
  • 37. Necessity for progression along the path of Spiritual growth. 1.) Faith, Allah alone is His Master, Sovereign and Deity 2.) Obedience, accepts subservience(Islam) submission to Allah 3.) Allah-consciousness, to observe the distinction between lawful and unlawful, right and wrong, good and bad in life. 4.) godliness, highest excellence in words, deeds and thoughts identifying his will with the will of Allah and harmonizing it.
  • 38. Faith (mu’min). . .> Obedience (muslim). . .> Allah-consciousness(muttaq). . .>godliness(muhsin)
  • 39. The Growth to Christian Spirituality: “ The fruit of Silence is Prayer, the fruit of Prayer is Faith, the fruit of Faith is Love, the fruit of Love is Service, and the fruit of Service is Peace.” (Mo. Teresa of Calcutta)
  • 40. Silence…. . .> Prayer. . . . ..> Faith. . . . ..> Love. . . . ..> Service. . . . . .> Peace (salam)
  • 41. 6 Articles of Islamic Faith;: to be a Muslim one must believe in: 1. One God 2. The angels of God 3. The books of God, esp. the Qur’an 4. The prophets of God, esp. Muhammad 5. The Day of Judgment(or the after life) 6. The Supremacy of God’s will(or predestination)
  • 42. 12 Articles of Catholic Faith: The Apostles’ Creed 6 Precepts of the Church: 1. You shall attend Mass on Sundays and on holy days of obligation and rest from servile labor. 2. You shall confess your sins at least once a year. 3. You shall receive the sacrament of the Eucharist at least during the Easter season.
  • 43. 4. You shall observe the days of fasting and abstinence established by the Church. 5. You shall help to provide for the needs of the Church. 6. You shall observe the laws of the Church concerning marriage.
  • 44. The precepts of the Church concern the moral and Christian life united with the liturgy and nourished by it.
  • 45. Comments from Prof.Wadja K. Esmula, Acting Dean of Institute of Islamic Studies University of the Philippines about the book written by Fr.Thomas Michel,S.J., “A Christian Looks at Islamic Spirituality”, published by Silsilah,1997.
  • 46. - A fact that a leader of the Christian church positively writes about Islamic spirituality is a proof of enlightenment. It is a manifestation of a cultural understanding between Muslims and Christians.
  • 47. - I wish to point out why the Qur’an is in Arabic. Islam is a universal religion. This is clear from the Qur’an and Muhammad’s preaching. But, it is true that Muhammad was an Arab sent to preach God’s Message in the first instance to Arabs. The Arabs were not a “chosen people” but Arabic was in some sense God’s “chosen language.” “It is sent down as an Arabic Qur’an”(Q,12:2). In fact the first verse revealed to Prophet Muhammad was entitled, “Iqra” meaning “read”(Q,96:1)
  • 48. - The equivalent of the Qur’an in Christianity is Christ himself as the word(logos) of God. If Christ is the Word made flesh, the Qur’an is the Word made Book.
  • 49. - The medium through whom the Word is given to humanity is, in the case of Islam, Muhammad, and in the case of Christianity, Mary. Both received the Word from Gabriel.. Both are traditionally regarded as pure or purified vehicles of revelation: the Prophet as being unlettered, free from the taint of human worldly learning, Mary as immaculate., free from the taint of human desire.
  • 50. Both are regarded as chosen esp. by God as the best creatures worthy to be vehicles of the Divine Word. The Holy Qur’an says; “referring to Mary, God has chosen you and purified you – chosen you above the women of all nations”(Q.3:42) The Qur’anic word used for chosen is istafa, and a common title for the Prophet is al Mustafa, the chosen one.
  • 51. - Islamic spirituality extensively manifested in the pillars of Islam and the Christian spirituality manifested in Mary and Jesus should serve as the breeding ground by Muslims and Christians to eradicate the monstrous domination of materialism, so that humankind could attain perfect happiness both in this world and in the Hereafter.